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Embargo will expire: 13-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 10:55 AM EDT

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Newswise: A Closer Look at Water-Splitting’s Solar Fuel Potential
Released: 6-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
A Closer Look at Water-Splitting’s Solar Fuel Potential
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Scientists at Berkeley Lab and the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) have gained important new insight into how the performance of a promising semiconducting thin film can be optimized at the nanoscale for renewable energy technologies such as solar fuels.

Newswise: Hubble Uses Earth as a Proxy for Identifying Oxygen on Potentially Habitable Planets Around Other Stars
Released: 6-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Hubble Uses Earth as a Proxy for Identifying Oxygen on Potentially Habitable Planets Around Other Stars
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Astronomers used Hubble during a total lunar eclipse to detect ozone in our planet’s atmosphere by looking at Earthlight reflected off the Moon in ultraviolet wavelengths. This method serves as a proxy for how astronomers will observe Earth-like exoplanets in search of life.

5-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Research into worker health and safety in the cannabis industry is critical and nearly absent
University of Washington

Legal marijuana is one of America’s fastest-growing industries, yet little scientific research exists on the unique workplace and health risks faced by cannabis workers. A special issue of the journal Annals of Work Exposures and Health explores worker safety in cannabis industry.

3-Aug-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Understanding Alcohol-Related Violence: What is its Place and Role in the Wider Context of Aggression?
Research Society on Alcoholism

Aggressive behavior often, but not always, occurs alongside alcohol and drug misuse. Indeed, alcohol and drugs contribute to at least 40% of violent acts. However, despite the importance of substance misuse to understanding aggression, the relationships between alcohol-related, drug-related, and non-substance-related aggression are unclear. In particular, it is not known if these are three different facets of an individual’s overall aggressive tendency, or if they are three distinct and separate entities. A new analysis reported in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research has probed this question using statistical modeling.

3-Aug-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Challenging Dogma, Recovery from Alcohol Use Disorder Can Sometimes Include Heavy Drinking
Research Society on Alcoholism

Recovering from alcohol use disorder (AUD) can sometimes involve drinking reductions that do not come close to abstinence, according to recent research — challenging the dogma that recovery from AUD requires abstinence or infrequent drinking. In a new study, one in five participants achieved stable recovery while occasionally drinking heavily. These participants reported success in various measures of life satisfaction, functioning, and health several years after treatment for AUD, according to the study in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Their experience highlights the value of any drinking reduction. This study expands a body of work that is calling into question the longstanding emphasis — in research and recovery programs, including Alcoholics Anonymous — on drinking practices as a primary measure of success. A similar shift is taking place around other psychiatric disorders, with recovery increasingly measured by improved health and functioning over the absence of

Released: 6-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Blood Test May Point to Patients at Higher Risk for COVID-19 Deterioration, Death
George Washington University

George Washington University researchers found five biomarkers associated with higher odds of clinical deterioration and death in COVID-19 patients. Published in Future Medicine, these findings will help physicians better predict outcomes for COVID-19 patients in the U.S.

Newswise: Penn’s ‘Enhanced Recovery’ Program Significantly Reduces Post-Op Opioid Use
6-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Penn’s ‘Enhanced Recovery’ Program Significantly Reduces Post-Op Opioid Use
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Penn Medicine researchers found that when an “Enhanced Recovery After Surgery” protocol was employed—which optimizes patients’ surgical care before, during, and after surgery—the majority of patients did not need opioids for pain management at one, three, and six months after elective spinal and peripheral nerve surgery.

Newswise: UVA Named to Newsweek’s Best Maternity Hospitals List
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
UVA Named to Newsweek’s Best Maternity Hospitals List
University of Virginia Health System

For meeting a set of rigorous best practices for maternity care, University of Virginia Medical Center, UVA Women’s Services and UVA Children’s have been named to Newsweek’s Best Maternity Hospitals 2020 list.

Newswise:Video Embedded poison-control-chasing-the-antidote
VIDEO
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Poison control: Chasing the antidote
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

A fast-acting antidote to mitigate the effects of organophosphate poisoning requires a reactivator that can effectively and efficiently cross the blood-brain barrier, bind loosely to the enzyme, chemically snatch the poison and then leave quickly. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is using neutron diffraction data towards improving a novel reactivator design.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Algorithm Created By “Deep Learning” Identifies Potential Therapeutic Targets Throughout Genome
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

A team of researchers have developed an algorithm through machine learning that helps predict sites of DNA methylation – a process that can change the activity of DNA without changing its overall structure – and could identify disease-causing mechanisms that would otherwise be missed by conventional screening methods.

Newswise: FAU’s ‘Fantastic Four’ Researchers Receive Prestigious NSF CAREER Awards
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:30 AM EDT
FAU’s ‘Fantastic Four’ Researchers Receive Prestigious NSF CAREER Awards
Florida Atlantic University

Four FAU researchers have received the coveted NSF Early Career (CAREER) award for research to develop a low-cost, disposable point-of-care platform to detect current and emerging infectious diseases; for a cognitive screening tool for the early detection of Alzheimer’s disease using wearables and a smartphone; for mathematical tools and new ways of coding to enhance cybersecurity; and to better understand how marine animals tune, or dynamically adjust their movements using their skin and skeletons.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:10 AM EDT
Recovery After Severe COVID Infection Poses Unique Challenges
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

As more patients recovered from COVID-19 are discharged from stressed ICUs, they face multiple problems brought on by the pandemic.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Researchers discover sex-specific differences in neural mechanisms for glucose regulation
Tufts University

Researchers from Tufts have discovered neural mechanisms in mice specific to females that switch estrogen from playing a protective role in glucose metabolism to a disruptive role. The discovery could provide clues to the increased risk of insulin resistance and diabetes among post-menopausal women.

Newswise: Riverview Medical Center Foundation Welcomes New Trustees
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Riverview Medical Center Foundation Welcomes New Trustees
Hackensack Meridian Health

Hackensack Meridian Riverview Medical Center Foundation is pleased to announce the addition of Robin L. Klein and Maria Maher to the Riverview Medical Center Foundation Board of Trustees.

Newswise: Bayshore Medical Center Foundation Welcomes New Trustee
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Bayshore Medical Center Foundation Welcomes New Trustee
Hackensack Meridian Health

Hackensack Meridian Bayshore Medical Center Foundation is pleased to announce the addition of Lori Ann Davidson to the Bayshore Medical Center Foundation Board of Trustees.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Southern Ocean Medical Center Foundation Elects New Officers and Members to Board of Trustees
Hackensack Meridian Health

Hackensack Meridian Southern Ocean Medical Center Foundation has elected new officers to its board of trustees. Deborah Mathis has been elected as chair, Skye Gibson as vice chair, Sean Kauffman as treasurer and Joan Hart has been re-elected as secretary, with each serving a two-year term. Additionally, Christopher Fritz and Matthew Matey have joined the board of trustees.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Jersey Shore University Medical Center Foundation Welcomes Seven New Trustees
Hackensack Meridian Health

Hackensack Meridian Jersey Shore University Medical Center Foundation is pleased to announce the addition of David M. Epstein, Esq., Harpreet Pall, M.D., MBA, CPE, Sandra Keary, Jeremy Grunin, Rick Loshiavo, Alexander Taylor and Gary Tolchin to the Jersey Shore University Medical Center Foundation Board of Trustees.

Newswise: Two-Thirds of Adults Support Vaccination, National Survey Says
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Two-Thirds of Adults Support Vaccination, National Survey Says
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

When a COVID-19 vaccine becomes available, 66 percent of adults are likely to get vaccinated, and have their children vaccinated as well, according to a new nationwide survey led by researchers from Rutgers University–New Brunswick, Northeastern, Harvard, and Northwestern universities.

Newswise: First Food-Grade Intermediate Wheatgrass Released
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:00 AM EDT
First Food-Grade Intermediate Wheatgrass Released
American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

University of Minnesota researchers report the release of the first commercially available intermediate wheatgrass cultivar

Newswise: Sanford Burnham Prebys awarded $4.5 million NIH grant for mental illness therapeutics
4-Aug-2020 5:00 AM EDT
Sanford Burnham Prebys awarded $4.5 million NIH grant for mental illness therapeutics
Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute has been awarded a $4.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to identify new therapies for mental health disorders. The research will be headed by Layton Smith, Ph.D., and Michael Jackson, Ph.D., of the Institute’s Conrad Prebys Center for Chemical Genomics. The funding supports the discovery of new classes of drugs that target “orphan” receptors to treat psychological conditions such as schizophrenia, depression, anxiety and substance abuse.

Newswise: The Medical Minute: Common eye conditions in children
Released: 6-Aug-2020 7:25 AM EDT
The Medical Minute: Common eye conditions in children
Penn State Health

While pediatricians routinely screen infants and toddlers for vision problems, parents should also be aware of common eye conditions. With knowledge and action, they can help set up their children for healthy vision — for the classroom and beyond.

Newswise: Study sheds new light on vein formation in plants
Released: 6-Aug-2020 6:25 AM EDT
Study sheds new light on vein formation in plants
University of Adelaide

An international team of researchers including the University of Adelaide, has found plant hormones known as strigolactones suppress the transportation of auxin, the main plant hormone involved in vein formation, so that vein formation occurs slower and with greater focus.

4-Aug-2020 4:05 PM EDT
Genes Related to Down Syndrome Abnormalities May Protect Against Solid Tumors
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Scientists from Stanley Manne Children’s Research Institute at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago discovered that a set of genes with decreased expression in individuals with Down syndrome may lead to clinical abnormalities in this population, such as poor muscle development and heart valve problems. Impairment in these same genes may also protect people with Down syndrome from developing solid tumors. Their findings were published in Scientific Reports.

Newswise: Non-Invasive Nerve Stimulation Boosts Learning of Foreign Language Sounds
3-Aug-2020 4:00 PM EDT
Non-Invasive Nerve Stimulation Boosts Learning of Foreign Language Sounds
Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

New research by neuroscientists at the University of Pittsburgh and UC San Francisco (UCSF) revealed that a simple, earbud-like device developed at UCSF that imperceptibly stimulates a key nerve leading to the brain could significantly improve the wearer’s ability to learn sounds of a new language.

Newswise: Management gender diversity essential in adversity
Released: 5-Aug-2020 10:05 PM EDT
Management gender diversity essential in adversity
University of Adelaide

A study by an international team of researchers suggests that gender-balanced teams help businesses, especially in adverse times.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 10:05 PM EDT
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health team leading California state study of air pollution and COVID-19
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

UCLA Fielding School of Public Health team leading California state study of air pollution and COVID-19. A research team led by UCLA Fielding School of Public Health faculty has been awarded a contract to study connections between air pollution and the COVID-19 pandemic, officials said.

4-Aug-2020 8:10 AM EDT
Whiteness of AI erases people of colour from our ‘imagined futures’, researchers argue
University of Cambridge

The overwhelming ‘Whiteness’ of artificial intelligence – from stock images and cinematic robots to the dialects of virtual assistants – removes people of colour from the way humanity thinks about its technology-enhanced future, according to Cambridge researchers.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 7:05 PM EDT
Planned Medicare Cuts Deal Heavy Blow to Nation’s Ophthalmologists
American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)

Ophthalmology lost more patient volume due to the COVID-19 pandemic than any other medical specialty.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:25 PM EDT
Waning attention to climate change amid pandemic could have lasting effects
University of Colorado Boulder

Attention to climate change has significantly declined in recent months, as the pandemic has monopolized news coverage. That's concerning, say study authors who found that simply directing one's attention to an environmental risk—even briefly and involuntarily—makes people more concerned about it and willing to take action.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:20 PM EDT
Problem gambling and crime appear co-symptomatic, not causal
University at Buffalo

New research from a University at Buffalo sociologist is providing valuable insight into better understanding the association between criminal behaviors and problem gambling. “We’re finding that it’s not so much that problem gambling causes crime, but rather that the same background characteristics that contribute to predicting the likelihood of someone being a problem gambler also predict that they’ll engage in crime,” says Christopher Dennison, an assistant professor of sociology at UB.

Newswise: UIC physicist earns innovation award from Microscopy Today
Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:15 PM EDT
UIC physicist earns innovation award from Microscopy Today
University of Illinois at Chicago

Groundbreaking approach in high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy has been judged to be one of the 10 best microscopy innovations in the 2020 Microscopy Today Innovation Award competition.

Newswise: Promising new research identifies innovative approach for controlling defects in 3D printing
Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:05 PM EDT
Promising new research identifies innovative approach for controlling defects in 3D printing
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne scientists use temperature data to tune — and fix — defects in 3D-printed metallic parts.

Newswise: Philanthropist and Real Estate Developer, Howard S. Brown Makes $2.5 Million Gift to UM School of Medicine
Released: 5-Aug-2020 4:15 PM EDT
Philanthropist and Real Estate Developer, Howard S. Brown Makes $2.5 Million Gift to UM School of Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Mr. Brown’s Gift Memorializes his Daughter, Esther Ann Brown Adler, and Establishes the Thomas M. Scalea, MD Endowed Distinguished Professorship in Trauma Surgery

Newswise:Video Embedded uab-department-of-pathology-develops-strategy-to-support-guidesafe-entry-testing-process-more-than-200-000-samples
VIDEO
Released: 5-Aug-2020 4:10 PM EDT
UAB Department of Pathology develops strategy to support GuideSafe™ Entry Testing, process more than 200,000 samples
University of Alabama at Birmingham

This strategy will allow for ramping up testing capacity tenfold for the next 20-plus days leading up to the start of school.

Newswise: 239511_web.jpg
Released: 5-Aug-2020 4:05 PM EDT
Journalists' Twitter use shows them talking within smaller bubbles
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Usher and Ng, journalism professors at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, identified nine clusters of journalists or “communities of practice” in their study, published online by the journal Social Media and Society.

31-Jul-2020 4:50 PM EDT
Vitamin D Twice a Day May Keep Vertigo Away
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Taking vitamin D and calcium twice a day may reduce your chances of getting vertigo again, according to a study published in the August 5, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 3:35 PM EDT
To bond with nature, kids need solitary activities outdoors
North Carolina State University

A new study found solitary activities like fishing, hunting or exploring outside are key to building strong bonds between children and nature. Activities like these encourage children to both enjoy being outside and to feel comfortable there.

Newswise: Dr. Kathleen Yaremchuk Recognized with Trailblazer Award
Released: 5-Aug-2020 3:20 PM EDT
Dr. Kathleen Yaremchuk Recognized with Trailblazer Award
Henry Ford Health System

DETROIT – Kathleen Yaremchuk, M.D., chair of the Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery at Henry Ford Health System, was announced as the 2020 Helen F. Krause, MD Trailblazer Award recipient by Women In Otolaryngology (WIO).The announcement was published in the August issue of the American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery magazine.

Newswise: Turning carbon dioxide into liquid fuel
Released: 5-Aug-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Turning carbon dioxide into liquid fuel
Argonne National Laboratory

University reports a new electrocatalyst that converts carbon dioxide and water into ethanol with very high energy efficiency, high selectivity for the desired final product and low cost.

Newswise: 239458_web.jpg
Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:50 PM EDT
New findings on enzymes with important role in SARS-CoV-2 infection
Uppsala University

Researchers at Uppsala University have described the presence, throughout the human body, of the enzyme ACE2.

Newswise: Button Project Lets Children See the Faces Behind the Masks
Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Button Project Lets Children See the Faces Behind the Masks
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

When COVID-19 cases began rising in Nashville, masking became a regular part of life across Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Children’s Hospital as one of several public health safety measures to protect employees and patients from potential COVID-19 exposure. Children’s Hospital decided to get creative to ensure that the 1,700 children and families who visit the hospital and clinics each day can see that the same friendly faces they’ve always known still exist behind the masks.

Newswise: 239468_web.jpg
Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:45 PM EDT
Body weight has surprising, alarming impact on brain function
IOS Press

As a person's weight goes up, all regions of the brain go down in activity and blood flow, according to a new brain imaging study in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

Newswise: noirlab2019a.jpg
Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:35 PM EDT
Astronomers Sink Their Teeth Into Special Supernova
NSF’s National Optical-Infrared Astronomy Research Laboratory

Astronomers using several telescopes at NOIRLab, including the Southern Astrophysical Research (SOAR) Telescope, have obtained critical data on a particular type of exploding star that produces copious amounts of calcium. The calcium produced in this unique type of supernova explosion is the same calcium found in our bones and teeth and these events account for up to half of the calcium found in the Universe.

Newswise: 239474_web.jpg
Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:30 PM EDT
Gut microbes shape our antibodies before we are infected by pathogens
University of Bern

B cells are white blood cells that develop to produce antibodies.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:30 PM EDT
AAOS Alarmed by CMS Proposal that Reduces the Value of and Access to Orthopaedic Care
American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons

American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) President Joseph A. Bosco III, MD, FAAOS, issued the following statement in response to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ (CMS) newly released Calendar Year (CY) 2021 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule rule, which proposes to reduce all orthopaedic surgical services by approximately 5%.


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