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Released: 30-Sep-2020 6:25 PM EDT
Study reveals unnecessary stress testing performed prior to knee and hip replacement surgeries
University of Chicago Medical Center

A new study shows the overall rate of preoperative stress testing for hip and knee replacements has been decreasing consistently since 2006, but that many stress tests performed each year were unnecessary.

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Embargo will expire: 2-Oct-2020 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 30-Sep-2020 6:05 PM EDT

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Newswise: New Research Provides Clues on Optimizing Cell Defenses When Viruses Attack
Released: 30-Sep-2020 5:25 PM EDT
New Research Provides Clues on Optimizing Cell Defenses When Viruses Attack
University of California San Diego

Research by UC San Diego scientists is providing new clues on how cells defend themselves from attack from viruses. The new study advance’s science’s understanding of interferons— proteins that help combat viruses like SARS-CoV-2—with possible implications for new clinical treatments.

Newswise: Yale Trial Validates Immunotherapy Treatment for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
28-Sep-2020 11:30 AM EDT
Yale Trial Validates Immunotherapy Treatment for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Yale Cancer Center

The immunotherapy drug atezolizumab improves survival over standard chemotherapy for many patients with newly diagnosed non-small cell lung cancer, according to a new study led by Yale Cancer Center researchers.

Newswise: Women's Health Symposium at Mercy Medical Center
Released: 30-Sep-2020 4:10 PM EDT
Women's Health Symposium at Mercy Medical Center
Mercy Medical Center

A premier medical education opportunity for nurse practitioners and physician assistants.

Released: 30-Sep-2020 4:05 PM EDT
St. Jude recognized as clinical care center for rare von Hippel-Lindau syndrome
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital has been designated as a von Hippel-Lindau Clinical Care Center by the VHL Alliance. St. Jude is the first and only VHL Alliance-recognized Clinical Care Center dedicated solely to children.

Released: 30-Sep-2020 4:05 PM EDT
New Biomarkers for Glioma Treatment Response
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Biomarkers using mass cytometry can assess patient response to an emerging vaccine for a specific pediatric brain tumor, according to a recent multi-center study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

29-Sep-2020 9:40 AM EDT
Even in People with Parkinson’s Gene, Coffee May Be Protective
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Even for people with a gene mutation tied to Parkinson’s disease, coffee consumption may be associated with a lower risk of actually developing the disease, according to a new study published in the September 30, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

29-Sep-2020 9:55 AM EDT
“There’s No Place Like Home” for Rehab After Stroke
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Stroke patients who get professional rehabilitation training in their homes through live video consultations may recover their motor skills better than those who do their rehab in person with a therapist at an outpatient rehabilitation facility, according to a study published in the September 30, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Remote rehabilitation may also promote greater brain connectivity, the study said.

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Released: 30-Sep-2020 3:45 PM EDT
Investigational COVID-19 vaccine well-tolerated, generates immune response in older adults
NIH, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

A Phase 1 trial of an investigational mRNA vaccine to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection has shown that the vaccine is well-tolerated and generates a strong immune response in older adults.

Released: 30-Sep-2020 3:35 PM EDT
Income Tied to Health Disparities in Chicago Parents
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

In Chicago, only 36 percent of parents with low household income reported being in better health, compared to 57 percent of parents with low to middle income and 75 percent of parents with high income, according to a survey released by Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago and the Chicago Department of Public Health (CDPH).

Newswise: Poor Cognitive Performance Predicts Impairment in Activities of Daily Living Years Later
Released: 30-Sep-2020 3:10 PM EDT
Poor Cognitive Performance Predicts Impairment in Activities of Daily Living Years Later
University of California San Diego Health

Subtle differences in cognition may help identify individuals at risk for becoming dependent years later upon others to complete daily activities, such as managing medications or finances and other essential activities.

Newswise: Tufts University to lead $100M program to reduce risk of zoonotic viral spillover, spread
Released: 30-Sep-2020 2:10 PM EDT
Tufts University to lead $100M program to reduce risk of zoonotic viral spillover, spread
Tufts University

Tufts University will lead a $100 million, five-year program to understand and address threats posed by zoonotic viral diseases that can “spill over” from animals to humans, such as SARS-CoV-2, in an effort to reduce risk of infection, amplification, and spread, USAID announced today.

29-Sep-2020 2:30 PM EDT
Antipsychotics for Treating Adult Depression Linked with Higher Mortality
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers researchers have reported an increased mortality risk in adults with depression who initiated augmentation with newer antipsychotic medications compared to a control group that initiated augmentation with a second antidepressant.

Newswise: 244496_web.jpg
Released: 30-Sep-2020 1:50 PM EDT
The ancient Neanderthal hand in severe COVID-19
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University - OIST

Since first appearing in late 2019, the novel virus, SARS-CoV-2, has had a range of impacts on those it infects.

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Embargo will expire: 2-Oct-2020 12:15 AM EDT Released to reporters: 30-Sep-2020 1:50 PM EDT

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Newswise: Repeated Pregnancy Loss May Be Tied to the Olfactory System, Weizmann Institute Scientists Find
Released: 30-Sep-2020 1:10 PM EDT
Repeated Pregnancy Loss May Be Tied to the Olfactory System, Weizmann Institute Scientists Find
Weizmann Institute of Science

Pregnant mice typically miscarry when exposed to the odor of a male who did not father their pups. Weizmann research provides evidence that the same effect occurs in women with unexplained repeated pregnancy loss (uRPL), who apparently process messages about male body odor differently. This could help identify causes and prevention of uRPL.

Released: 30-Sep-2020 12:55 PM EDT
Study supports airborne spread of COVID-19 indoors
JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

New research from the University of Georgia supports growing evidence for airborne transmission of COVID-19 in enclosed spaces.

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Embargo will expire: 3-Oct-2020 10:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 30-Sep-2020 12:45 PM EDT

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Released: 30-Sep-2020 12:30 PM EDT
Maryland Smith's Conference on Health IT & Analytics Goes Virtual Oct. 8-10
University of Maryland, Robert H. Smith School of Business

Researchers, clinical executives and policymakers will share and discuss the latest findings and practices connected to the design, implementation and use of information technology and artificial intelligence in healthcare in this 11th annual event.

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Embargo will expire: 2-Oct-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 30-Sep-2020 12:30 PM EDT

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Newswise: New study finds antidepressant drug effective in treating “lazy eye” in adults
Released: 30-Sep-2020 12:25 PM EDT
New study finds antidepressant drug effective in treating “lazy eye” in adults
University of California, Irvine

In a new study, published in Current Biology, researchers from the University of California, Irvine School of Medicine reveal how subanesthetic ketamine, which is used for pain management and as an antidepressant in humans, is effective in treating adult amblyopia, a brain disorder commonly known as “lazy eye.”

Released: 30-Sep-2020 12:10 PM EDT
Largest COVID-19 contact-tracing finds children key to spread, evidence of superspreaders
Princeton University

A study of more than a half-million people in India who were exposed to the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, or COVID-19, suggests that the virus' continued spread is driven by only a small percentage of those who become infected.

Released: 30-Sep-2020 11:50 AM EDT
Duke Clinical Research Institute, UNC Center for Health Equity Research, and Partners Receive $80 Million Award from NIH to Help Expand COVID-19 Testing
Duke Health

The Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI), in partnership with the Center for Health Equity Research at UNC-Chapel Hill and Community-Campus Partnerships for Health, has received an $80 million award to serve as the coordinating and data collection center for a four-year program that will overcome barriers and increase uptake of testing among underserved and vulnerable populations across the U.S.

Newswise: $5 million NIH grant awarded to reduce COVID-19-related disparities in vulnerable populations
Released: 30-Sep-2020 11:45 AM EDT
$5 million NIH grant awarded to reduce COVID-19-related disparities in vulnerable populations
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

To help reduce COVID-19-related health disparities in vulnerable populations in Texas, a multi-institutional team of researchers led by UTHealth in Houston will identify disease hotspots and testing deserts in racially diverse areas, and then develop and evaluate intervention strategies to increase testing.

Newswise: New research collaboration enhances primary care
Released: 30-Sep-2020 11:35 AM EDT
New research collaboration enhances primary care
McMaster University

The collaborate will bring together researchers, clinicians, educators and partners to work on issues that will address the diverse needs of our community, including bringing paramedics into subsidized housing, prison health research, indigenous teaching through art, bringing trained volunteers into the homes of older adults, studying how to reduce the number of unnecessary medications a patient takes, and more.

Newswise: 2020 $100k Jean Mayer Prize from Tufts Nutrition awarded for tackling COVID-19 food crisis
Released: 30-Sep-2020 11:00 AM EDT
2020 $100k Jean Mayer Prize from Tufts Nutrition awarded for tackling COVID-19 food crisis
Tufts University

The Friedman School at Tufts awards the 2020 $100k Jean Mayer Prize in Nutrition Science & Policy to HEAL Food Alliance, the James Beard Foundation, and World Central Kitchen for their work during COVID-19 to support food equity and nutrition for all. A virtual ceremony will be held on Oct. 14.

29-Sep-2020 11:15 AM EDT
The Novel Role of Microglia as Modulators of Neurons in the Brain Is Discovered by Mount Sinai Researchers
Mount Sinai Health System

Findings offer potential target for treating behavioral abnormalities associated with neurodegenerative conditions like Alzheimer’s Disease

28-Sep-2020 5:05 PM EDT
Hydroxychloroquine No More Effective Than Placebo in Preventing COVID-19
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Clinical trial shows health care workers in contact with COVID-19 patients who took hydroxychloroquine each day did not reduce their rate of infection

Newswise: New Mechanism of Cell Survival in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Released: 30-Sep-2020 10:35 AM EDT
New Mechanism of Cell Survival in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Wistar Institute

Researchers at The Wistar Institute unraveled a mechanism employed by chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells for their survival.

Released: 30-Sep-2020 10:05 AM EDT
Gene links short-term memory to unexpected brain area
Cornell University

A new study in mice identifies a gene that is critical for short-term memory but functions in a part of the brain not traditionally associated with memory.

25-Sep-2020 7:05 PM EDT
Women and Racial Minorities are Marginalized in Trials of Medications for Alcohol Use Disorder
Research Society on Alcoholism

Women and racial minorities are seriously underrepresented in trials of medicines for alcohol use disorder (AUD) despite evidence that these treatments affect demographic groups differently. This is according to a review in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, which may be the first to evaluate sex and racial representation in studies relating to the three pharmacological treatments approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for AUD. Previous research indicates that sex and race/ethnicity likely influence the prevalence of AUD, its risk of health consequences, and the effectiveness of treatments.

25-Sep-2020 7:05 PM EDT
Seekers Versus Non-Seekers of Treatment for Alcohol Dependence: Implications for Drug Development
Research Society on Alcoholism

A new report has highlighted key differences between participants in early and later stages of drug research for alcohol use disorder (AUD), which could affect study findings and confound evaluations of novel treatments. In the US, only 4% of people with diagnosed AUD receive medication to treat their condition, and currently only three drugs are approved for this purpose. Early-stage laboratory studies of new treatments, which often involve controlled alcohol use, usually enroll heavy drinkers who have not sought treatment for their AUD. Later-stage trials, however, typically enroll patients who have sought treatment (and hence better reflect those who might be prescribed an approved treatment in clinical practice). A lower motivation and ‘readiness to change’ of non-treatment seekers compared with treatment seekers could affect drinking behavior and medication adherence in research studies. As such, it is vital to compare these groups and assess for differences that could influence s

Released: 30-Sep-2020 9:25 AM EDT
Screen time can change visual perception — and that’s not necessarily bad
Binghamton University, State University of New York

The coronavirus pandemic has shifted many of our interactions online, with Zoom video calls replacing in-person classes, work meetings, conferences and other events. Will all that screen time damage our vision? Maybe not. It turns out that our visual perception is highly adaptable, according to research from Psychology Professor and Cognitive and Brain Sciences Coordinator Peter Gerhardstein’s lab at Binghamton University.

Newswise: Study Explores Link Between Methamphetamine Use And Risky Sexual Behavior
Released: 30-Sep-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Study Explores Link Between Methamphetamine Use And Risky Sexual Behavior
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Recreational use of the illicit drug methamphetamine has long been associated with increases in overall impatient and risky behavior. Now, a new study by Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers affirms that meth use increases not only sexual desire but also, specifically and measurably, the risk of casual sex without a condom for those who have an increase in sexual desire.

Released: 30-Sep-2020 8:30 AM EDT
Physiologists Predict Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Winners
American Physiological Society (APS)

With the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine just a few days away, several members of the American Physiological Society’s (APS) elected Council are sharing their predictions for the researchers who might receive the honor.

Newswise: FAU Receives $5.3 Million NIH Grant to Detect Cognitive Change in Older Drivers
Released: 30-Sep-2020 8:30 AM EDT
FAU Receives $5.3 Million NIH Grant to Detect Cognitive Change in Older Drivers
Florida Atlantic University

Testing a readily and rapidly available, discreet in-vehicle sensing system could provide the first step toward future widespread, low-cost early warnings of cognitive change in older drivers. The use of an advanced, multimodal approach involves the development of novel driving sensors and integration of data from a battery of cognitive function tests, eye tracking and driving behaviors and factors. These in-vehicle technologies could help detect abnormal driving behavior that may be attributed to cognitive impairment.

Newswise: UVA Children’s Opening Pediatric Liver Clinic in Richmond
Released: 30-Sep-2020 8:25 AM EDT
UVA Children’s Opening Pediatric Liver Clinic in Richmond
University of Virginia Health System

UVA Children’s is opening a pediatric hepatology clinic in Richmond on Oct. 6 that will provide comprehensive care for children with liver disease, including evaluations for liver transplants.

Newswise: Hackensack Meridian Health Launches Circle of Compassion, a Financial Assistance Program to Benefit Health Care Heroes
Released: 30-Sep-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Hackensack Meridian Health Launches Circle of Compassion, a Financial Assistance Program to Benefit Health Care Heroes
Hackensack Meridian Health

Hackensack Meridian Health has launched the Circle of Compassion program, which provides compassionate, timely and equitable financial assistance to team members affected by a disaster or personal monetary hardship. Built on the existing team member financial assistance programs available through two of the network’s philanthropic entities, Hackensack University Medical Center Foundation (Colleague to Colleague Fund) and Meridian Health Foundation (When in Need Fund), the Circle of Compassion program was developed in quick response to the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on the financial health of team members throughout Hackensack Meridian Health.

Newswise: UM171 saves another life
Released: 30-Sep-2020 6:00 AM EDT
UM171 saves another life
Universite de Montreal

Developed in Canada, the UM171 molecule was used in a blood transplant by a Montreal medical team on a young man suffering from severe aplastic anemia, an autoimmune disease.

Newswise:Video Embedded animation-to-bring-clarity-to-dense-breasts
VIDEO
Released: 29-Sep-2020 11:05 PM EDT
Animation to bring clarity to dense breasts
University of Adelaide

A group of Australia’s leading breast cancer researchers is raising awareness about the importance of breast density in detecting breast cancer – and they’ve released a new easy-to-understand animation to help save women’s lives.

Released: 29-Sep-2020 7:05 PM EDT
Research into SARS-CoV-2 mutation “hotspots” raises implications for vaccines and therapeutics
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

Researchers have found at least 10 distinct “hotspot” mutations in more than 80% of randomly selected SAR-CoV-2 sequences from six countries, and these genome hotspots – seen as "typos" that can occur as the virus replicates during cellular division – could have a significant impact in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Embargo will expire: 5-Oct-2020 5:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 29-Sep-2020 7:05 PM EDT

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Newswise: New “Buzz” about Fighting COVID-19 at Baltimore-Area Barbershops
Released: 29-Sep-2020 6:30 PM EDT
New “Buzz” about Fighting COVID-19 at Baltimore-Area Barbershops
LifeBridge Health

LifeBridge Health Partners with Live Chair Health to Offer Coronavirus Support And Expansion of Barbershop Health Screening Program

Newswise: Cerebral palsy also has genetic underpinnings
Released: 29-Sep-2020 6:20 PM EDT
Cerebral palsy also has genetic underpinnings
Washington University in St. Louis

Scientists have identified mutations in single genes that can be responsible for at least some cases of cerebral palsy, according to a new study led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The study indicates that many of the mutations occur randomly and are not inherited from a child’s parents. The new knowledge could help improve the diagnosis of cerebral palsy and lead to future therapies.

Released: 29-Sep-2020 5:30 PM EDT
American Dental Hygienists’ Association Teams Up with Colgate for National Dental Hygiene Month
American Dental Hygienists' Association

October is National Dental Hygiene Month, and ADHA and Colgate have partnered to celebrate dental hygienists.

Newswise: Statement: Science Must Drive Clinical Practice, Public Health Policy
Released: 29-Sep-2020 5:20 PM EDT
Statement: Science Must Drive Clinical Practice, Public Health Policy
American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) has released a position statement calling for all healthcare decision-making to be anchored in the best scientific evidence available. The statement reinforces nursing professionals’ commitment to following the best evidence possible to provide care for patients and families.

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Embargo will expire: 5-Oct-2020 12:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 29-Sep-2020 5:00 PM EDT

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