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Newswise: First Detailed Look at How Charge Transfer Distorts a Molecule’s Structure
Released: 4-May-2021 6:05 PM EDT
First Detailed Look at How Charge Transfer Distorts a Molecule’s Structure
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

When light hits certain molecules, it dislodges electrons and creates areas of positive and negative charge. An X-ray free-electron laser study has directly observed how this charge transfer affects a molecule's structure for the first time.

Newswise: ECS Announces Search for New ECS Journal Editor-in-Chief
Released: 4-May-2021 5:00 PM EDT
ECS Announces Search for New ECS Journal Editor-in-Chief
The Electrochemical Society

Pennington, NJ – The Electrochemical Society (ECS) seeks nominations for the founding Editor-in-Chief (EIC) of ECS Sensors Plus, a new journal being launched in 2021. The EIC, together with the Editorial Board, ensures the smooth operation and success of the Journal. Nomination submissions are accepted as of May 18, 2021, via the EIC Sensors Plus Nominations Form (available as of May 18) and must be received by June 17, 2021.

Newswise: 262953_web.jpg
Released: 4-May-2021 4:05 PM EDT
Climate change impacts conservation sites across the Americas
Durham University

A continental-scale network of conservation sites is likely to remain effective under future climate change scenarios, despite a predicted shift in key species distributions.

Newswise:  Helping companies use high-performance computing to improve U.S. manufacturing
Released: 4-May-2021 3:45 PM EDT
Helping companies use high-performance computing to improve U.S. manufacturing
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne is helping U.S. companies solve pressing manufacturing challenges through an innovative program that provides access to Argonne’s world-class computing resources and technical expertise.

Newswise: NAU team finds U.S. greenhouse gas emissions decline during COVID lockdown 3x greater than previously reported
Released: 4-May-2021 3:20 PM EDT
NAU team finds U.S. greenhouse gas emissions decline during COVID lockdown 3x greater than previously reported
Northern Arizona University

The team of scientists built a reliable, real-time emissions estimate system to inform and correct public policy as the United States takes on a new pollution reduction target.

Newswise: Using artificial intelligence to recover energy, nutrients and freshwater from municipal wastewater
Released: 4-May-2021 2:25 PM EDT
Using artificial intelligence to recover energy, nutrients and freshwater from municipal wastewater
Argonne National Laboratory

The Department of Energy has awarded Argonne and partners $2 million to develop an artificial intelligence-assisted system for energy, nutrient and freshwater recovery from municipal wastewater.

Released: 4-May-2021 1:50 PM EDT
Climate action potential in waste incineration plants
ETH Zürich

Over the coming decades, our economy and society will need to dramatically reduce greenhouse gas emissions as called for in the Paris Agreement.

Released: 4-May-2021 1:10 PM EDT
HEPA filter effectively reduces airborne respiratory particles generated during vigorous exercise that can transmit viruses
Mayo Clinic

A pair of Mayo Clinic studies shed light on something that is typically difficult to see with the eye: respiratory aerosols. Such aerosol particles of varying sizes are a common component of breath, and they are a typical mode of transmission for respiratory viruses like COVID-19 to spread to other people and surfaces.

Newswise: Breakthrough Study Shows No-take Marine Reserves Benefit Overfished Reefs
Released: 4-May-2021 1:10 PM EDT
Breakthrough Study Shows No-take Marine Reserves Benefit Overfished Reefs
Wildlife Conservation Society

A powerful, long-term study from WCS adds scientific backing for global calls for conserving 30 percent of the world’s ocean.

Released: 4-May-2021 12:50 PM EDT
Tip Sheet: Latest research on COVID-19, health disparities, antibodies to parainfluenza, and neuron function
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

SEATTLE — May 4, 2021 — Below are summaries of recent Fred Hutch research findings and other news.If you are covering news at the upcoming American Society of Gene & Cell Therapy, American Society of Clinical Oncology, or other conferences, feel free to reach out to our media team for help sourcing experts:

Newswise: Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.14 C per decade
Released: 4-May-2021 12:15 PM EDT
Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.14 C per decade
University of Alabama Huntsville

Global Temperature Report: April 2021 (New Reference Base, 1991-2020)

Newswise: Will the Next Generation of Exascale Supercomputers Be Able To Work With Complex Petascale Data?
Released: 4-May-2021 12:05 PM EDT
Will the Next Generation of Exascale Supercomputers Be Able To Work With Complex Petascale Data?
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

George Slota, a computer scientist at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has been granted a prestigious National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) award to develop approaches to matching exascale computers with petascale datasets.

Newswise: After 17 Years Underground, the Brood X Cicadas are Coming!
Released: 4-May-2021 12:05 PM EDT
After 17 Years Underground, the Brood X Cicadas are Coming!
George Washington University

George Washington University researchers are studying the impact of the cicadas on the ecosystem and environment.

Released: 4-May-2021 10:45 AM EDT
Epitranscriptomics, Xenobiotic Nuclear Receptors, Arsenic Exposure, and More Featured in May 2021 Toxicological Sciences
Society of Toxicology

Research on biomarkers, carcinogenesis, regulatory science, and more is available in the latest issue of Toxicological Sciences.

Newswise: IMAGE RELEASE: New Look at a Bright Stellar Nursery
Released: 4-May-2021 10:00 AM EDT
IMAGE RELEASE: New Look at a Bright Stellar Nursery
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

New, high-resolution VLA images of a giant molecular cloud where new stars are being born show changes since a set of observations made more than two decades ago. Tracking changes in this region over time can reveal new details about the process of star formation and the interactions of outflows from young stars.

Newswise: ORNL’s superb materials expertise, data and AI tools propel progress
Released: 4-May-2021 10:00 AM EDT
ORNL’s superb materials expertise, data and AI tools propel progress
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

At the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, scientists use artificial intelligence, or AI, to accelerate the discovery and development of materials for energy and information technologies.

Newswise: Tiny plastic particles in the environment
Released: 4-May-2021 9:25 AM EDT
Tiny plastic particles in the environment
Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

The images leave no one cold: giant vortices of floating plastic trash in the world's oceans with sometimes devastating consequences for their inhabitants – the sobering legacy of our modern lifestyle. Weathering and degradation processes produce countless tiny particles that can now be detected in virtually all ecosystems. But how dangerous are the smallest of them, so-called nanoplastics? Are they a ticking time bomb, as alarming media reports suggest? In the latest issue of the journal Nature Nanotechnology, a team from Empa and ETH Zurich examines the state of current knowledge – or lack thereof – and points out how these important questions should be addressed.

Newswise: Insights from colour-blind octopus help fight human sight loss
Released: 4-May-2021 8:55 AM EDT
Insights from colour-blind octopus help fight human sight loss
University of Bristol

University of Bristol research into octopus vision has led to a quick and easy test that helps optometrists identify people who are at greater risk of macular degeneration, the leading cause of incurable sight loss.

Newswise: Physicist-Neuroscientist Brent Doiron to Lead the Grossman Center for Quantitative Biology and Human Behavior
Released: 3-May-2021 5:30 PM EDT
Physicist-Neuroscientist Brent Doiron to Lead the Grossman Center for Quantitative Biology and Human Behavior
University of Chicago Medical Center

The University of Chicago has recruited Brent Doiron, PhD, as the inaugural director of the Grossman Center for Quantitative Biology and Human Behavior. The Grossman Center, established with a gift from University of Chicago Trustee Sanford Grossman, AB’73, AM’74, PhD’75, fosters partnerships between theorists and experimentalists to address fundamental questions of how brain circuits generate complex human behaviors.

Released: 3-May-2021 4:40 PM EDT
Suitable Spawning Habitat Awaits Salmon
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Scientists at PNNL and the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation identify acres of spawning habitat in the Upper Columbia River.

Newswise: University of Nebraska Medical Center researchers reveal elusive inner workings of antioxidant enzyme with therapeutic potential
Released: 3-May-2021 4:00 PM EDT
University of Nebraska Medical Center researchers reveal elusive inner workings of antioxidant enzyme with therapeutic potential
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

The enzyme manganese superoxide dismutase helps maintain human health by keeping the amount of reactive oxygen molecules in cells under control. Using neutron scattering at ORNL, researchers obtained a complete atomic portrait of the enzyme, revealing key information about its catalytic mechanism.

Released: 3-May-2021 3:50 PM EDT
Ravi Sheth Wins Hertz Thesis Prize for Revolutionizing Microbial Research
The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation

Hertz Fellow Ravi Sheth was awarded the 2020 Hertz Thesis Prize for developing new tools used in microbial research.

Newswise:Video Embedded bai-lab-develops-stable-efficient-anode-free-sodium-battery
VIDEO
Released: 3-May-2021 3:45 PM EDT
Bai lab develops stable, efficient, anode-free sodium battery
Washington University in St. Louis

The lab of Peng Bai has developed a stable, anode-free sodium ion battery that is highly efficient, will be less expensive and is significantly smaller than a traditional lithium ion battery.

Newswise: 263725_web.jpg
Released: 3-May-2021 3:05 PM EDT
Flatfish got weird fast due to evolutionary cascade
Rice University

Ever look at a flatfish like a flounder or sole, with two eyes on one side of its head, and think, "How did that happen?"

Newswise: 263733_web.jpg
Released: 3-May-2021 2:55 PM EDT
Will your future clothes be made of algae?
University of Rochester

Living materials, which are made by housing biological cells within a non-living matrix, have gained popularity in recent years as scientists recognize that often the most robust materials are those that mimic nature.

Released: 3-May-2021 2:10 PM EDT
Flexible, easy-to-scale nanoribbons move graphene toward use in tech applications
University of Wisconsin-Madison

In a study published April 16 in ACS Photonics, University of Wisconsin–Madison researchers fabricated graphene into the smallest ribbon structures to date using a method that makes scaling-up simple. In tests with these tiny ribbons, the scientists discovered they were closing in on the properties they needed to move graphene toward usefulness in telecommunications equipment.

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Embargo will expire: 12-May-2021 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 3-May-2021 1:55 PM EDT

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Newswise: Story tips: Stealthy air leak detection, carbon to chemicals and recycling goes large
Released: 3-May-2021 1:50 PM EDT
Story tips: Stealthy air leak detection, carbon to chemicals and recycling goes large
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

ORNL story tips: Stealthy air leak detection, carbon to chemicals and recycling goes large

Newswise:Video Embedded prehistoric-humans-first-traversed-australia-by-superhighways
VIDEO
Released: 3-May-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Prehistoric humans first traversed Australia by ‘superhighways’
Sandia National Laboratories

An international team of scientists using a Sandia National Laboratories supercomputer in the largest reconstruction ever attempted of prehistoric travel has mapped the probable “superhighways” that led to the first peopling of Australia.

Released: 3-May-2021 12:45 PM EDT
Human behavior must be factored into climate change analyses
Cornell University

A new Cornell University-led study examines how temperature affects fishing behavior and catches among inland fisher households in Cambodia, with important implications for understanding climate change.

Newswise: Newly identified saber-toothed cat is one of largest in history
Released: 3-May-2021 12:05 PM EDT
Newly identified saber-toothed cat is one of largest in history
Ohio State University

A giant saber-toothed cat lived in North America between 5 million and 9 million years ago, weighing up to 900 pounds and hunting prey that likely weighed 1,000 to 2,000 pounds, scientists reported today in a new study.

Released: 3-May-2021 11:35 AM EDT
DOE Awards $17.3 Million for Student and Faculty Research Opportunities and to Foster Workforce Diversity
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $17.3 million for college internships, research opportunities, and research projects that connect talented science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) students and faculty with the world-class resources at DOE’s National Laboratories.

Newswise:Video Embedded caterpillar-argonne-partnership-shifts-heavy-duty-engine-design-into-higher-gear
VIDEO
Released: 3-May-2021 11:25 AM EDT
Caterpillar and Argonne project shifts heavy-duty engine design into higher gear
Argonne National Laboratory

Using Argonne’s high-performance computing resources, researchers developed a new design for Caterpillar’s engines that could improve fuel efficiency while reducing harmful emissions.

Newswise: Brookhaven Lab and Northrop Grumman to Further Lab-Industry Collaborations
Released: 3-May-2021 10:50 AM EDT
Brookhaven Lab and Northrop Grumman to Further Lab-Industry Collaborations
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Through the U.S. Department of Energy’s Technologist in Residence program, Brookhaven Lab and Northrop Grumman scientists will partner on quantum materials research.

Newswise: NSF awards UAH’s Dr. Niemiller $1.029 million 
for groundwater biodiversity study
Released: 3-May-2021 10:40 AM EDT
NSF awards UAH’s Dr. Niemiller $1.029 million for groundwater biodiversity study
University of Alabama Huntsville

A proposal to conduct the first comprehensive assessment of groundwater biodiversity in the central and eastern United States has earned a University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) assistant professor of biological science a five-year, $1.029 million National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER award.

Newswise:Video Embedded when-will-your-elevator-arrive
VIDEO
Released: 3-May-2021 10:25 AM EDT
When will your elevator arrive?
Santa Fe Institute

The human world is, increasingly, an urban one — and that means elevators. Two physicists saw this as an opportunity to explore the factors that determine elevator transport capabilities in their new paper in the Journal of Statistical Mechanics.

Newswise: Uncovering secrets of the sun
Released: 3-May-2021 10:10 AM EDT
Uncovering secrets of the sun
West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

WVU physicists are uncovering secrets of the sun’s turbulent surface in the lab. A new study featured on the cover of the March 2021 issue of Physics of Plasmas is the first published research from the PHASMA experiment in the Center for Kinetic Experiment, Theory and Integrated Computation Physics.

Released: 3-May-2021 8:55 AM EDT
Empowering citizens for successful energy transitions
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

A new study explored options for empowering citizens as a driver for moving from awareness about the need to transform energy systems to action and participation.

Released: 3-May-2021 8:55 AM EDT
Free Book on Poisonous Plants in Virginia Available for Download
University of Virginia Health System

An increasing number of Virginians searching for leeks are being poisoned when they instead mistakenly gathered the highly poisonous False Hellebore.

Newswise: Silicon chip will drive next generation communications
Released: 3-May-2021 8:15 AM EDT
Silicon chip will drive next generation communications
University of Adelaide

A new design of ultra-small silicon chip called a multiplexer will effectively manage terahertz waves which are key to the next generation of communications: 6G and beyond.

Newswise: As Wildfires Increase in Severity, Experts Call for Coordinated Federal Response
Released: 3-May-2021 8:00 AM EDT
As Wildfires Increase in Severity, Experts Call for Coordinated Federal Response
American Thoracic Society (ATS)

In advance of a wildfire season projected to be among the worst, the American Thoracic Society has released a report that calls for a unified federal response to wildfires that includes investment in research on smoke exposure and forecasting, health impacts of smoke, evaluation of interventions, and a clear and coordinated communication strategy to protect public health.

Newswise: Civil Engineering Experts Available for Infrastructure Insight
Released: 3-May-2021 6:00 AM EDT
Civil Engineering Experts Available for Infrastructure Insight
Arizona State University (ASU)

Eight Arizona State University civil engineering professors offer infrastructure insight: Roads and bridges; reservoirs, dams and waterways; underground construction, housing; sustainability and more.

Newswise: Cellphone Converts Into Powerful Chemical Detector
30-Apr-2021 3:25 PM EDT
Cellphone Converts Into Powerful Chemical Detector
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Scientists from Texas A&M have developed an extension to an ordinary cellphone that makes it capable of detecting chemicals, drugs, biological molecules, and pathogens. The development is based on fluorescence spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy and uses the high-quality cameras found in modern cellphones. An inexpensive diode laser is used as a light source, oriented at right angles to the line connecting the sample and the camera. The advance is reported in Reviews of Scientific Instruments.

Newswise: Tulane part of Navy/Army-funded research on improving communication
Released: 30-Apr-2021 3:10 PM EDT
Tulane part of Navy/Army-funded research on improving communication
Tulane University

Tulane scientists are part of a team of Louisiana researchers looking at how smart quantum technology can improve communications systems used in the military.

Newswise: 263613_web.jpg
Released: 30-Apr-2021 1:50 PM EDT
Brazilian Amazon released more carbon than it stored in 2010s
University of Exeter

The Brazilian Amazon rainforest released more carbon than it stored over the last decade - with degradation a bigger cause than deforestation - according to new research.

Newswise: New View of Species Interactions Offers Clues to Preserve Threatened Ecosystems
Released: 30-Apr-2021 1:25 PM EDT
New View of Species Interactions Offers Clues to Preserve Threatened Ecosystems
University of California San Diego

Scientists from around the world have produced a new analysis—believed to be the most detailed study of specialized ecological data from global forests—that is furthering science’s understanding of species interactions and how diversity contributes to the preservation of ecosystem health.


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