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Newswise: PNNL Scientists Elected AAAS Fellows
Released: 2-Dec-2020 7:15 AM EST
PNNL Scientists Elected AAAS Fellows
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Two Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers, one a world-leading authority on microorganisms and their impact on soil and human health, and the other an expert on coastal ecosystem restoration, have been elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Newswise: Researchers validate theory that neutrinos shape the universe
Released: 1-Dec-2020 6:35 PM EST
Researchers validate theory that neutrinos shape the universe
Missouri University of Science and Technology

The effect that nearly massless, subatomic particles called neutrinos have on the formation of galaxies has long been a cosmological mystery — one that physicists have sought to measure since discovering the particles in 1956.But an international research team has created cosmological simulations that accurately depict the role of neutrinos in the evolution of the universe in a study recently published in The Astrophysical Journal.

Newswise:Video Embedded dark-energy-camera-snaps-deepest-photo-yet-of-galactic-siblings
VIDEO
Released: 1-Dec-2020 4:55 PM EST
Dark Energy Camera Snaps Deepest Photo yet of Galactic Siblings
NSF’s National Optical-Infrared Astronomy Research Laboratory

Images from the Survey of the MAgellanic Stellar History (SMASH) reveal a striking family portrait of our galactic neighbors — the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds. The images represent a portion of the second data release from the deepest, most extensive survey of the Magellanic Clouds. The observations consist of roughly 4 billion measurements of 360 million objects.

Released: 1-Dec-2020 2:55 PM EST
Area burned by severe fire increased 8-fold in western US over past four decades
American Geophysical Union (AGU)

The number of wildfires and the amount of land they consume in the western U.S. has substantially increased since the 1980s, a trend often attributed to ongoing climate change.

Newswise: Supercomputers Help Model Potential SARS-CoV2 Protease Inhibitors for COVID-19
Released: 1-Dec-2020 1:55 PM EST
Supercomputers Help Model Potential SARS-CoV2 Protease Inhibitors for COVID-19
University of California San Diego

A team of researchers recently created a pharmacophore model and conducted data mining of the database of drugs approved by the U.S. Federal Drug Administration (FDA) to find potential inhibitors of papain-like protease of SARS-CoV2, one of the main viral proteins responsible for COVID-19.

Newswise: New Prototype Advances Particle Accelerators for Industry and Medicine
Released: 1-Dec-2020 12:25 PM EST
New Prototype Advances Particle Accelerators for Industry and Medicine
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The most powerful particle accelerators on Earth are research machines built on superconducting radiofrequency technology. These accelerators are expensive and difficult to operate. Scientists have now built an accelerator prototype that uses off-the-shelf support systems that demonstrates it is possible to build and run powerful non-research accelerators at a fraction of the cost of research accelerators.

Released: 1-Dec-2020 12:10 PM EST
An escape route for seafloor methane
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Methane, the main component of natural gas, is the cleanest-burning of all the fossil fuels, but when emitted into the atmosphere it is a much more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide.

Newswise: Hyman to Present Keith Porter Lecture at Cell Bio Virtual 2020
Released: 1-Dec-2020 12:05 PM EST
Hyman to Present Keith Porter Lecture at Cell Bio Virtual 2020
American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)

The American Society for Cell Biology is pleased to present the Keith R. Porter Award to Anthony Hyman, given to an eminent cell biologist in memory of one of ASCB’s founding members. The Porter lecture will be presented on Wednesday, December 9 at 11:30 am ET in the virtual meeting platform.

Released: 1-Dec-2020 11:45 AM EST
Trees can help slow climate change, but at a cost
Ohio State University

Widespread forest management and protections against deforestation can help mitigate climate change – but will come with a steep cost if deployed as broadly as policymakers have discussed, new research suggests.

Released: 1-Dec-2020 11:35 AM EST
AXA Chair at UC Santa Cruz funds efforts to build coastal resilience naturally
University of California, Santa Cruz

Global insurance company AXA has established the AXA Chair in Coastal Resilience at UC Santa Cruz to support the work of Michael Beck, a research professor in the Institute of Marine Sciences and the Department of Ocean Sciences, to advance the conservation and restoration of coastal habitats as natural defenses against storms and climate change.

Newswise: Laser-Driven “Chirp” Powers High-Resolution Materials Imaging
Released: 1-Dec-2020 11:35 AM EST
Laser-Driven “Chirp” Powers High-Resolution Materials Imaging
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Scientists use beams of electrons to study materials’ properties. Shorter beams produce higher-resolution views. To make shorter beams, the electrons at the tail of the beam need to catch up to the head of the beam. This is accomplished by giving the electrons at the tail extra energy, a so-called “energy chirp.” Scientists have now used a terahertz laser pulse to create this energy chirp.

Released: 1-Dec-2020 11:30 AM EST
Scientists map soils’ potential to combat climate change
Cornell University

Soils Revealed is an open-access, interactive platform that uses cutting-edge technology to model how soil organic carbon has fluctuated over the last 11,000 years and to project soil’s future carbon-storing capacity.

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Embargo will expire: 7-Dec-2020 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 1-Dec-2020 11:20 AM EST

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Released: 1-Dec-2020 11:10 AM EST
‘Fairmandering’ data tool makes redistricting more representative
Cornell University

A new mathematical method developed by Cornell University researchers can inject fairness into the fraught process of political redistricting – and proves that it takes more than good intent to create a fair and representative district.

Newswise: Clothing, Tattoos Could Be Used to Monitor Patient Health
30-Nov-2020 9:55 AM EST
Clothing, Tattoos Could Be Used to Monitor Patient Health
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

A shirt that monitors your blood pressure or a pair of socks that can keep track of your cholesterol levels might be just a few years away from becoming reality. In Applied Physics Reviews, researchers examine the use of microfibers and nanofibers as wearable monitors that could keep track of a patient’s vital signs. The microfiber- and nanofiber-based technology addresses growing concerns in the medical community about monitoring chronic illnesses as the population ages.

Newswise: Out of Many COVID-19 Tests, Which One to Choose?
30-Nov-2020 8:40 AM EST
Out of Many COVID-19 Tests, Which One to Choose?
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Curbing the coronavirus pandemic relies heavily on how quickly a potentially exposed individual can be tested and quarantined. However, the current diagnostic techniques vary in reliability and relevance, so an understanding of which test is most appropriate for a given circumstance is necessary to avoid false reports. Researchers evaluated the available diagnostic techniques and determined key steps required for better testing moving forward. They present their findings in the journal APL Bioengineering.

Newswise: Selecting Best Microalgae for Biodiesel Production
25-Nov-2020 1:25 PM EST
Selecting Best Microalgae for Biodiesel Production
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Microalgae are a promising source of energy to replace fossil fuels, as they have several advantages over conventional crops used for commercial biodiesel. Microalgae have a shorter lifecycle and they can be developed in environments unfit for agriculture. In the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, researchers developed a methodology to analyze different species to select the best microalgae for use as an energy source by taking into account biological, economic, and environmental aspects.

Newswise:Video Embedded scientists-solve-big-limitation-of-stratospheric-balloon-payloads
VIDEO
25-Nov-2020 11:35 AM EST
Scientists Solve Big Limitation of Stratospheric Balloon Payloads
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Nearly all photons emitted after the Big Bang are now visible only at far-infrared wavelengths. Earth’s atmosphere blocks most of this light, so scientists are turning to huge stratospheric balloons to explore it. However, it is quite difficult to cool a telescope the size of a living room to nearly absolute zero while flying it from a balloon. This is where the Balloon-Borne Cryogenic Telescope Testbed comes in. NASA researchers discuss the mission in Review of Scientific Instruments.

Newswise: Rock-a-bye fly: Why Vibrations Lead to Sleepiness
25-Nov-2020 9:05 AM EST
Rock-a-bye fly: Why Vibrations Lead to Sleepiness
Thomas Jefferson University

Researchers discover that gentle vibration can induce sleep in flies through a simple form of learning.

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Embargo will expire: 8-Dec-2020 11:45 AM EST Released to reporters: 1-Dec-2020 10:55 AM EST

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Newswise: Wind Power off the Oregon Coast Could Provide More than Electricity
Released: 1-Dec-2020 10:45 AM EST
Wind Power off the Oregon Coast Could Provide More than Electricity
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

A recent study found that 2 to 3 gigawatts of electricity from winds off the coast of Oregon could be carried by current transmission lines. That’s enough to power up to 1 million homes—a significant number since there are 1.5 million homes in Oregon. But just as significantly, it also means that delivering that power would not require much additional investment in new transmission infrastructure.

Newswise: American Vacuum Society Honors Jefferson Lab Accelerator Scientist
Released: 1-Dec-2020 10:45 AM EST
American Vacuum Society Honors Jefferson Lab Accelerator Scientist
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Some of the most advanced work to enable research at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is focused on ensuring that nothing gets in the way of the electron beam produced for nuclear physics experiments. Now, one Jefferson Lab staff scientist is being honored for her work on producing ultra-high to extreme-high vacuum environments to do just that.

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Embargo will expire: 7-Dec-2020 1:15 PM EST Released to reporters: 1-Dec-2020 10:30 AM EST

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Newswise: Story tips: Air taxis, fungi speak, radiation game and climate collab
Released: 1-Dec-2020 10:10 AM EST
Story tips: Air taxis, fungi speak, radiation game and climate collab
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

ORNL story tips: Air taxis, fungi speak, radiation game and climate collab

Released: 1-Dec-2020 9:05 AM EST
Flashy lizards are more attractive to mates and to predators
Binghamton University, State University of New York

In the lizard world, flashy colors attract the interest of females looking for mates. But they can make colorful males desirable to other eyes, too — as lunch, according to new research led by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Newswise: press_release_elife_2020.jpg
Released: 1-Dec-2020 9:00 AM EST
Chemical memory in plants affects chances of offspring survival
University of Warwick

Plants have the unique capability to sense and adapt to changes in their environment

Released: 1-Dec-2020 9:00 AM EST
New device offers faster way to detect antibiotic-resistant bacteria
Binghamton University, State University of New York

A new device for faster testing of antibiotic-resistant bacteria has been developed by researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Newswise: gold_aperio_model_clean.jpg
Released: 1-Dec-2020 9:00 AM EST
The ultimate gift for music lovers, 24kt Gold headphones
University of Warwick

University of Warwick spin out company, Warwick Acoustics, have the ultimate gift for music enthusiasts seeking the most unforgettable and remarkable listening experience delivered in a one of kind, eye-catching, headphone system.

Released: 1-Dec-2020 8:40 AM EST
Virus-like probes could help make rapid COVID-19 testing more accurate, reliable
University of California San Diego

Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego have developed new and improved probes, known as positive controls, that could make it easier to validate rapid, point-of-care diagnostic tests for COVID-19 across the globe. The advance could help expand testing to low-resource, underserved areas.

Newswise: FAU Receives NIH Grant to Enhance Social Engagement in Older Adults
Released: 1-Dec-2020 8:30 AM EST
FAU Receives NIH Grant to Enhance Social Engagement in Older Adults
Florida Atlantic University

FAU researchers have received a two-year, $675,000 grant from the National Institute of Aging to test a mathematical model designed to optimize social and physical engagement in this population. The objective of the study is to identify strategies that will facilitate and enhance social interactions with and among older adults and counter age-related decline by pinpointing activities that will allow the social life of older adults to flourish.

Newswise: Automatic deep-learning, artificial-intelligence clinical tool that can measure the volume of cerebral ventricles on MRIs in children
24-Nov-2020 8:35 AM EST
Automatic deep-learning, artificial-intelligence clinical tool that can measure the volume of cerebral ventricles on MRIs in children
Journal of Neurosurgery

Researchers from multiple institutions in North America have developed a fully automated, deep-learning (DL), artificial-intelligence clinical tool that can measure the volume of cerebral ventricles on magnetic resonance images (MRIs) in children within about 25 minutes.

Newswise: UIC researchers identify new process to produce ammonia with a much smaller carbon footprint
Released: 30-Nov-2020 5:30 PM EST
UIC researchers identify new process to produce ammonia with a much smaller carbon footprint
University of Illinois at Chicago

New study describes a new process to produce ammonia with a potentially much lower carbon footprint

Newswise: UC San Diego Student Team Shines at Supercomputing 2020 Conference
Released: 30-Nov-2020 4:35 PM EST
UC San Diego Student Team Shines at Supercomputing 2020 Conference
University of California San Diego

A team fielded for the first time by the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at UC San Diego competed in this year’s Student Cluster Competition at the annual International Conference for High-Performance Computing, Networking, Storage, and Analysis (SC20) achieved fourth place overall among 19 teams during the 72-hour challenge.

Newswise: Ancient-Jezero-Crater.jpg
Released: 30-Nov-2020 3:30 PM EST
New Tech Can Get Oxygen, Fuel From Mars’ Salty Water
Washington University in St. Louis

A new electrolysis system that makes use of briny water could provide astronauts on Mars with life-supporting oxygen and fuel for the ride home, according to engineers at the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis, who developed the system.

Newswise: Astronomers Develop Model for the Distribution of Inner Planetary Systems
Released: 30-Nov-2020 3:30 PM EST
Astronomers Develop Model for the Distribution of Inner Planetary Systems
Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences

Data from the Kepler space telescope, launched more than a decade ago, is still helping astronomers who study planets outside of our own solar system — exoplanets — and unravel the mysteries of planetary systems. Initially, astronomers were surprised that Kepler found so many exoplanets, including hundreds of planetary systems with multiple planets orbiting close to their host star. As astronomers developed models to explain the abundance of inner exoplanets, they encountered a new mystery: “Why did Kepler detect just one planet around so many stars, instead of planetary systems with multiple planets?"

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Embargo will expire: 7-Dec-2020 1:15 PM EST Released to reporters: 30-Nov-2020 3:15 PM EST

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Embargo will expire: 7-Dec-2020 10:15 AM EST Released to reporters: 30-Nov-2020 2:50 PM EST

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Newswise: Could Private Investment Finance Conservation?
Released: 30-Nov-2020 2:50 PM EST
Could Private Investment Finance Conservation?
Cornell University

A new report called Innovative Finance for Conservation: Roles for Ecologists and Practitioners, explores how private investment could boost conservation in a big way.

Newswise: 249981_web.jpg
Released: 30-Nov-2020 11:55 AM EST
Earth faster, closer to black hole in new map of galaxy
National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS)

Earth just got 7 km/s faster and about 2000 light-years closer to the supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. But don't worry, this doesn't mean that our planet is plunging towards the black hole.

Released: 30-Nov-2020 11:05 AM EST
Sossina M. Haile Awarded 2020 David Turnbull Lectureship
Materials Research Society (MRS)

The Materials Research Society’s (MRS) David Turnbull Lectureship recognizes the career contributions of a scientist to fundamental understanding of the science of materials through experimental and/or theoretical research. In the spirit of the life work of David Turnbull, writing and lecturing also can be factors in the selection process.

Newswise: Brookhaven's Kevin Yager Named Oppenheimer Leadership Fellow
Released: 30-Nov-2020 10:15 AM EST
Brookhaven's Kevin Yager Named Oppenheimer Leadership Fellow
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Yager, a group leader at the Center for Functional Nanomaterials, is exploring challenges and opportunities for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Newswise: Mathematicians Seek to Unravel Mysteries Hinted at by M. C. Escher
Released: 30-Nov-2020 9:25 AM EST
Mathematicians Seek to Unravel Mysteries Hinted at by M. C. Escher
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

A workshop hosted by Rutgers mathematician Alex Kontorovich will ask, among other things, what a famous M. C. Escher illustration would look like in 1,001 dimensions. Welcome to the world of "hyperbolic reflection groups."

Newswise: Regional nuclear weapons exchange effects on global climate could range from minimal impact to significant cooling
Released: 30-Nov-2020 6:00 AM EST
Regional nuclear weapons exchange effects on global climate could range from minimal impact to significant cooling
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers has found that the global climatic consequences of a regional nuclear weapons exchange could range from a minimal impact to more significant cooling lasting years.

24-Nov-2020 2:25 PM EST
Bridging the Gap: Phone-Based Continuing Care Reduces Relapse Following Residential Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder
Research Society on Alcoholism

High-frequency telephone support from a familiar psychotherapist reduces the risk of relapse after inpatient treatment for alcohol use disorder (AUD), according to a study reported in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Many patients resume drinking within the first few months after residential treatment, so continuous care in this high-risk period is crucial. Typically, this involves face-to-face counselling, but compliance is often low and there is a need for alternative options to improve outcomes during the vulnerable phase. Individualized phone-based support from staff or volunteers, and automated text message-based support, are two lower-cost and user-friendly approaches. In pilot studies these appear to be well accepted and feasible, but data on efficacy have varied, probably because of differences in program delivery and patient populations. The latest study compared the effectiveness of phone and text-based continuing care programs following a 12-week residential A

23-Nov-2020 5:45 PM EST
People who Use Alcohol and Cannabis Together May Reduce Risks by Choosing Certain Products and Combinations
Research Society on Alcoholism

Young adults who combine alcohol and cannabis use experience fewer negative consequences when they stick with a single type of drink versus consuming multiple types of alcohol, according to a new study. In addition, by avoiding cannabis concentrate they may steady or lower their overall consumption. The findings suggest that for those who choose to sustain their levels of alcohol and cannabis use, judicious choice of products may reduce the risks.

Newswise: 251120vlr_01.jpg
Released: 26-Nov-2020 9:35 AM EST
Early construction of prototype innovative light rail vehicle for the City of Coventry
University of Warwick

The Coventry Very Light Rail (VLR) is an innovative light rail system which will be battery powered, lightweight and rail-based.

Released: 25-Nov-2020 3:45 PM EST
Mitochondria Defects May Explain Health Problems Observed in Space Travel
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Using data collected from many different resources, a multidisciplinary team led by NASA scientists reports the discovery of a common but surprising thread that drives cell and tissue damage during space travel: mitochondrial dysfunction.

Newswise: 249847_web.jpg
Released: 25-Nov-2020 1:40 PM EST
Pesticide deadly to bees now easily detected in honey
University of Waterloo

A common insecticide that is a major hazard for honeybees is now effectively detected in honey thanks to a simple new method.


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