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Released: 23-Jun-2022 5:40 PM EDT
Proactive Approaches Needed to Enable Ecosystems to Adapt to Climate Change
Simon Fraser University

As the need to address climate change becomes increasingly urgent so too does the concurrent need for proactive stewardship of the Earth’s rapidly changing biosphere, according to research published today in the journal Science.

Released: 23-Jun-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Methods from weather forecasting can be adapted to assess risk of COVID-19 exposure
California Institute of Technology

Techniques used in weather forecasting can be repurposed to provide individuals with a personalized assessment of their risk of exposure to COVID-19 or other viruses, according to new research published by Caltech scientists.

Newswise: Giant Bacteria Found in Guadeloupe Mangroves Challenge Traditional Concepts
Released: 23-Jun-2022 3:15 PM EDT
Giant Bacteria Found in Guadeloupe Mangroves Challenge Traditional Concepts
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

In Science, researchers describe a “’macro’ microbe” – a giant filamentous bacterium composed of a single cell discovered in the mangroves of Guadeloupe. Using various microscopy techniques, the team also observed novel, membrane-bound compartments that contain DNA clusters dubbed “pepins.”

Newswise: Tang wins DOE Early Career Research Award
Released: 23-Jun-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Tang wins DOE Early Career Research Award
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Zhaowen Tang, of Los Alamos National Laboratory’s Dynamic Imaging and Radiography group, received a prestigious Early Career Research Program funding award from the Department of Energy’s Office of Science. The program, now in its thirteenth year, is designed to bolster the nation’s scientific workforce by providing support to exceptional researchers during crucial early career years, when many scientists do their most formative work.

Newswise: Climate Change Could Lead to a Dramatic Temperature-Linked Decrease in Essential Omega-3 Fatty Acids, According to New Study
Released: 23-Jun-2022 2:55 PM EDT
Climate Change Could Lead to a Dramatic Temperature-Linked Decrease in Essential Omega-3 Fatty Acids, According to New Study
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

The effects of global climate change already are resulting in the loss of sea ice, accelerated sea level rise, and longer and more intense heat waves, among other threats. Now, the first-ever survey of planktonic lipids in the global ocean predicts a temperature-linked decrease in the production of essential omega-3 fatty acids, an important subset of lipid molecules.

Newswise: Human Cells Take in Less Protein From a Plant-Based Meat Than From Chicken
Released: 23-Jun-2022 2:15 PM EDT
Human Cells Take in Less Protein From a Plant-Based Meat Than From Chicken
American Chemical Society (ACS)

In ACS’ Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, researchers report that proteins in a model plant-based substitute were not as accessible to cells as those from meat. The team says this knowledge could eventually be used to develop more healthful products.

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Embargo will expire: 28-Jun-2022 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 23-Jun-2022 1:55 PM EDT

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Released: 23-Jun-2022 1:35 PM EDT
Disaster Scientist Explores Role of Place Attachment Following California Wildfires
University at Albany, State University of New York

Homeowners across the United States are not only experiencing higher mortgage rates and property costs, they’re also at risk of damage from an increasing number of disasters linked to natural hazards, including wildfires.

Released: 23-Jun-2022 9:55 AM EDT
Climate Changes Lead to Water Imbalance, Conflict in Tibetan Plateau
Ohio State University

Climate change is putting an enormous strain on global water resources, and according to researchers, the Tibetan Plateau is suffering from a water imbalance so extreme that it could lead to an increase in international conflicts.

Newswise:Video Embedded study-reveals-how-climate-change-can-significantly-impact-one-of-the-world-s-most-important-carbon-rich-ecosystems
VIDEO
21-Jun-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Study Reveals How Climate Change Can Significantly Impact One of the World’s Most Important Carbon-Rich Ecosystems
University of Portsmouth

Researchers from the University of Portsmouth say a ‘one size fits all’ approach to preserving mangrove forests will not work

Newswise: Virtual Reality Gives Humans a Turtle's-Eye View of Wildlife
Released: 22-Jun-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Virtual Reality Gives Humans a Turtle's-Eye View of Wildlife
University of Oregon

A virtual reality simulation designed by a University of Oregon professor could help spur people to environmental action. Participants in Project Shell don a virtual reality headset and take on the body of a loggerhead sea turtle, sporting flippers instead of arms. During a 15-minute immersive experience, they journey from a hatchling to an adult turtle, dodging hazards like ships and wayward fishing gear.

Released: 22-Jun-2022 5:05 PM EDT
UNH Research Finds Repurposed Drug Inhibits Enzyme Related to COVID-19
University of New Hampshire

With the end of the pandemic seemingly nowhere in sight, scientists are still very focused on finding new or alternative drugs to treat and stop the spread of COVID-19. In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers at the University of New Hampshire have found that using an already existing drug compound in a new way, known as drug repurposing, could be successful in blocking the activity of a key enzyme of the coronavirus, or SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19.

Newswise: Innovative Ferroelectric Material Could Enable Next-Generation Memory Devices
Released: 22-Jun-2022 3:45 PM EDT
Innovative Ferroelectric Material Could Enable Next-Generation Memory Devices
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Ferroelectric materials based on the element hafnium show promise for data storage devices. They offer high speed, durability, lower operating power, and the ability to retain data when power is turned off. This research developed an innovative bulk hafnia-based ferroelectric material. Experiments with the material produced the first experimental evidence of room-temperature ferroelectricity in crystals made of a hafnium-based compound, bulk yttrium doped hafnium dioxide.

Newswise: WVU Extension Experts Provide Guidance for Forage and Livestock Management After Flooding
Released: 22-Jun-2022 3:05 PM EDT
WVU Extension Experts Provide Guidance for Forage and Livestock Management After Flooding
West Virginia University

Flooding can be devastating on many levels. Two West Virginia University Extension officials say precautions should be taken so that livestock do not get ill by feeding on materials that have been contaminated by soil, bacteria and flood debris contained in floodwaters.

Released: 22-Jun-2022 2:30 PM EDT
Busek Scales Thruster Production for Airbus OneWeb Satellites
Busek Co. Inc.

The in-space propulsion firm Busek Co. confirmed its supply of BHT-350 Hall effect thrusters for a range of missions supported by Airbus OneWeb Satellites (AOS).

Newswise: Research Centered on Single Cells May Open Doors to New Discoveries on Disease Processes
Released: 22-Jun-2022 2:15 PM EDT
Research Centered on Single Cells May Open Doors to New Discoveries on Disease Processes
Stony Brook University

Gábor Balázsi, PhD, and his research team in the Laufer Center and the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Stony Brook University are embarking upon a new way to research cells, the building blocks of life and often triggers to disease when their behavior changes.

Newswise: Theoretical Calculations Predicted Now-Confirmed Tetraneutron, an Exotic State of Matter
Released: 22-Jun-2022 1:30 PM EDT
Theoretical Calculations Predicted Now-Confirmed Tetraneutron, an Exotic State of Matter
Iowa State University

Iowa State University's James Vary and an international team of nuclear physicists used supercomputers to theorize and predict that a four-neutron structure, a tetraneutron, could form for just billions of billionths of a second. Experiments in Japan have now confirmed the reality of a tetraneutron.

Released: 22-Jun-2022 1:10 PM EDT
Maine Wild Blueberry Fields Experience Warming Differently Depending on Location, Season, Time, Study Finds
University of Maine

The location, season and the time of day influence how fast temperatures are rising at Maine wild blueberry fields due to climate change, according to a new University of Maine study.

Newswise: Scientists Blend AI, 3D Tissue Imaging to Identify Aggressive Prostate Cancer
Released: 22-Jun-2022 10:20 AM EDT
Scientists Blend AI, 3D Tissue Imaging to Identify Aggressive Prostate Cancer
Case Western Reserve University

Researchers at Case Western Reserve University and the University of Washington expect to gain valuable new insights into highly aggressive prostate cancer by combining Artificial Intelligence (AI)-powered diagnostic imaging with three-dimensional (3D) tissue imaging.

Released: 22-Jun-2022 10:05 AM EDT
A novel crystal structure sheds light on the dynamics of extrasolar planets
Argonne National Laboratory

Scientists uncover a new crystal structure of a mineral in extrasolar planets using Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source.

Newswise: NASA’s Webb to Uncover Riches of the Early Universe
Released: 22-Jun-2022 10:05 AM EDT
NASA’s Webb to Uncover Riches of the Early Universe
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Telescopes have spotted many distant galaxies – but none earlier than 400 million years after the big bang. What were galaxies that existed even earlier like? Two research teams using the James Webb Space Telescope will wield its state-of-the-art instruments to reveal an untold number of details about this early period in the universe for the first time – and revise what we know about some of the earliest chapters of galaxy evolution.

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Embargo will expire: 28-Jun-2022 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 22-Jun-2022 10:05 AM EDT

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Newswise: Effect of Dust and Smoke on Western Drought ‘Likely Similar’ to African Study, Author Says
Released: 22-Jun-2022 10:00 AM EDT
Effect of Dust and Smoke on Western Drought ‘Likely Similar’ to African Study, Author Says
University of Alabama Huntsville

A University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) student says his examination of the combined influence of dust and smoke on surface atmosphere temperatures in sub-Saharan Africa likely applies to conditions in the American West, now in its worst drought in over 1,200 years.

Newswise:Video Embedded uf-researchers-to-use-ai-to-assess-livestock-mobility
VIDEO
Released: 22-Jun-2022 9:50 AM EDT
UF Researchers to Use AI to Assess Livestock Mobility
University of Florida

University of Florida scientists will study the use of artificial intelligence in assessing livestock mobility in order to identify complex locomotor issues faster and with more accuracy than the human eye, leading to improved farm animal health and production.

Newswise: New Tool Will Assess Water Discharge Impacts from Florida’s Everglades
Released: 22-Jun-2022 8:30 AM EDT
New Tool Will Assess Water Discharge Impacts from Florida’s Everglades
Florida Atlantic University

An innovative tool will holistically examine and diagnose key processes with numerical simulations and experiments and predict changes in responses to water management, ecological restoration and climate change. It is designed to provide a suite of environmental and ecological information on the state of the greater Florida Bay ecosystem as well as potential future changes. Importantly, this model could potentially predict underwater aquatic vegetation coverage, harmful algal blooms, and fisheries resources under climate change and/or Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Program management scenarios.

Newswise: Natural Disasters Can Accelerate Changes to Tropical Forests
Released: 22-Jun-2022 8:05 AM EDT
Natural Disasters Can Accelerate Changes to Tropical Forests
University of Miami

University of Miami associate professor Kenneth Feeley conducted a lengthy study on forests in Jamaica and learned that hurricanes can magnify the effects of climate change, allowing species from warmer climates to replace those that prefer cooler temperatures.

Newswise: Rensselaer Researchers Make Virus-Fighting Face Masks
Released: 22-Jun-2022 8:05 AM EDT
Rensselaer Researchers Make Virus-Fighting Face Masks
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute researchers have developed an accessible way to make N95 face masks not only effective barriers to germs, but on-contact germ killers. The antiviral, antibacterial masks can potentially be worn longer, causing less plastic waste as the masks do not need to be replaced as frequently.

Newswise:Video Embedded you-can-help-scientists-study-the-atmosphere-on-jupiter
VIDEO
Released: 22-Jun-2022 7:00 AM EDT
You Can Help Scientists Study the Atmosphere on Jupiter
University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

A new citizen science project, led by researchers at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities with support from NASA, allows volunteers to help scientists learn more about the atmosphere on Jupiter, which gives new insight into weather patterns on our own planet.

Newswise: New Ultrathin Capacitor Could Enable Energy-Efficient Microchips
Released: 22-Jun-2022 5:00 AM EDT
New Ultrathin Capacitor Could Enable Energy-Efficient Microchips
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Scientists at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have developed a thin film from a century-old material for next-gen memory and logic devices. The breakthrough advances the pursuit of low-voltage electronics that require less energy to operate than today’s silicon-based electronics.

Released: 21-Jun-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Plant Virus Plus Immune Cell-Activating Antibody Clear Colon Cancer in Mice, Prevent Recurrence
University of California San Diego

A new combination therapy to combat cancer could one day consist of a plant virus and an antibody that activates the immune system’s “natural killer” cells, shows a study by researchers at the University of California San Diego. In mouse models of colon cancer, the combination therapy eliminated all tumors and prevented their recurrence, which in turn resulted in 100% survival. The therapy also increased survival in mouse models of melanoma.

Newswise: Nature Journal Publishes UTEP-Led Pollution Study
Released: 21-Jun-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Nature Journal Publishes UTEP-Led Pollution Study
University of Texas at El Paso

Residents of public housing throughout the United States experience higher levels of air pollution, according to an inter-institutional study led by a researcher from The University of Texas at El Paso that appeared in Scientific Reports, one of Nature’s portfolio of journals.

Newswise: New Study: 2021 Heat Wave Created ‘Perfect Storm’ for Shellfish Die-Off
Released: 21-Jun-2022 4:20 PM EDT
New Study: 2021 Heat Wave Created ‘Perfect Storm’ for Shellfish Die-Off
University of Washington

A team led by the University of Washington has compiled and analyzed hundreds of these field observations to produce the first comprehensive report of the impacts of the 2021 heat wave on shellfish.

Released: 21-Jun-2022 4:05 PM EDT
ASBMB Honors 14 Scientists for Scientific and Community Contributions
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

Biochemists and molecular biologists will give award lectures at #DiscoverBMB, the society's annual meeting, in March in Seattle.

Newswise: Watching Plant Roots Grow in a Transparent Simulated Soil
Released: 21-Jun-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Watching Plant Roots Grow in a Transparent Simulated Soil
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The rhizosphere, the underground ecological zone between and around plant roots, is difficult to study. Scientists have now developed a rhizosphere-on-a-chip with a transparent simulated soil structure that allows researchers to view how roots grow over time through the pores in the soil. Paired with specialized mass spectrometry techniques, scientist can also use the rhizosphere-on-a-chip to map the location of root-exuded molecules, like amino acids, without hurting the plant.

Newswise: UAlbany Engineering Building to Anchor New Artificial Intelligence Supercomputing Initiative
Released: 21-Jun-2022 3:45 PM EDT
UAlbany Engineering Building to Anchor New Artificial Intelligence Supercomputing Initiative
University at Albany, State University of New York

The University at Albany today began a new era of teaching and research with the launch of Albany AI, a $200 million public-private supercomputing initiative based out of its soon-to-be-renovated College of Engineering and Applied Sciences building.

Newswise: Rensselaer Announces Institute for Data, Artificial Intelligence, and Computing
Released: 21-Jun-2022 3:45 PM EDT
Rensselaer Announces Institute for Data, Artificial Intelligence, and Computing
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute President Shirley Ann Jackson today announced the launch of the Rensselaer Institute for Data, Artificial Intelligence, and Computing (DAIC).

Released: 21-Jun-2022 3:40 PM EDT
Study in Chinese City Finds Children Spread COVID-19 Easier and Lockdowns Worked
University at Albany, State University of New York

Using high quality COVID-19 data from a northern Chinese city, two UAlbany researchers concluded that young people were most responsible for an increase in direct and secondary infections, and also determined that county-wide lockdowns proved effective in stemming the spread of the virus.

Released: 21-Jun-2022 3:35 PM EDT
University of Pennsylvania’s First NFT Commemorates mRNA Research
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

The historic scientific breakthrough at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania that helped lead the world’s fight against COVID-19 through mRNA-based vaccines is being commemorated through a non-fungible token—a digital asset to be auctioned by Christie’s—that will support ongoing research at Penn.

Released: 21-Jun-2022 2:45 PM EDT
Energy Secretary Granholm Announces 2021 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award Winners
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Today, U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm announced ten U.S. scientists and engineers as recipients of the prestigious Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award for their exceptional contributions in research and development supporting the Energy Department’s missions in science, energy, and national security. Established in 1959, the Lawrence Award recognizes mid-career U.S. scientists and engineers who have advanced new research and scientific discovery in nine categories representing the broad science and engineering missions of DOE and its programs. The awards are among the longest running and most prestigious science and technology awards bestowed by the U.S. Government.

Released: 21-Jun-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Cornell Begins Drilling for Geothermal Heat with Test ‘Borehole’
Cornell University

Cornell is one step closer to determining the feasibility of using deep geothermal energy to heat the Ithaca campus.

Newswise: Exploring Explosives for Expanding Geothermal Energy
Released: 21-Jun-2022 12:30 PM EDT
Exploring Explosives for Expanding Geothermal Energy
Sandia National Laboratories

Why are scientists setting off small-scale explosions inside 1-foot cubes of plexiglass? They’re watching how fractures form and grow in a rock-like substance to see if explosives or propellants, similar to jet fuel, can connect geothermal wells in a predictable manner.Geothermal energy has a lot of promise as a renewable energy source that is not dependent on the sun shining or the wind blowing, but it has some challenges to wide adoption.

Newswise: Computer Hardware Mimics Brain Functions
Released: 21-Jun-2022 12:15 PM EDT
Computer Hardware Mimics Brain Functions
Argonne National Laboratory

A multi-institutional team, including Argonne National Laboratory, has developed a material with which computer chips can be designed to reconfigure their circuits when presented with new information. It does so by mimicking functions in the human brain.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 28-Jun-2022 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 21-Jun-2022 11:00 AM EDT

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Newswise: 1.700-year-old Korean genomes show genetic heterogeneity in Three Kingdoms period Gaya
21-Jun-2022 10:00 AM EDT
1.700-year-old Korean genomes show genetic heterogeneity in Three Kingdoms period Gaya
University of Vienna

An international team led by The University of Vienna and the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology in collaboration with the National Museum of Korea has successfully sequenced and studied the whole genome of eight 1,700-year-old individuals dated to the Three Kingdoms period of Korea (approx. 57 BC-668 AD). The first published genomes from this period in Korea and bring key information for the understanding of Korean population history. The Team has been led by Pere Gelabert and Prof. Ron Pinhasi of the University of Vienna together with Prof. Jong Bhak and Asta Blazyte from the UNIST and Prof. Kidong Bae from the National Museum of Korea.

Released: 21-Jun-2022 10:30 AM EDT
Technology Helps Self-Driving Cars Learn From Own Memories
Cornell University

Researchers at Cornell University have developed a way to help autonomous vehicles create “memories” of previous experiences and use them in future navigation, especially during adverse weather conditions when the car cannot safely rely on its sensors.

Newswise: Wistar Scientists Identify Novel Therapeutic Approach to Re-Activate Immune Response Against Tumors
Released: 21-Jun-2022 10:00 AM EDT
Wistar Scientists Identify Novel Therapeutic Approach to Re-Activate Immune Response Against Tumors
Wistar Institute

Wistar scientists identified that inhibiting therapeutic target KDM5A boosts a person’s immune response to tumors.

Newswise: $2.3 million NIH grant to fund research on ’smart’ knee replacements
Released: 21-Jun-2022 9:05 AM EDT
$2.3 million NIH grant to fund research on ’smart’ knee replacements
Binghamton University, State University of New York

A researcher at Binghamton University, State University of New York has received a five-year, $2,326,521 grant from the National Institutes of Health’s National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases to further her research into smart knee replacements.


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