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Article ID: 1046

Potato Late Blight War on in Several Countries

Cornell University

The scientific battle against the devastating fungal strain Phytophthora infestans -- commonly known as potato late blight -- has been elevated on international fronts, according to a report released this month by the Cornell-Eastern Europe-Mexico (CEEM) International Collaborative Project in Potato Late Blight Control. P. infestans, the fungus blamed for the Irish potato famine of the 1840s, is currently staging a resurgence . Scientists agree the new strains are far more aggressive than the original outbreak 150 years ago.

Released:
17-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    16-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST

Article ID: 1017

Keck Telescope spies the likely building blocks of modern galaxies

University of California, Santa Cruz

Acting as the world's most powerful telescopic tandem, the Hubble Space Telescope and the W.M. Keck Telescope are starting to unravel the evolutionary histories of galaxies dating back to when the universe was just 10 percent of its current age. Embargoed * For release at 9:20 a.m. EST Thursday, January 16, 1997, in conjunction with the presentation of paper #103.05 at the American Astronomical Society meeting.

Released:
11-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1036

Computer Model 'Fingerprint' of Black Hole

University of Michigan

U-M computer model detects "fingerprint" of massive black holes in three nearby galaxies.

Released:
15-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1035

Do Jurors Understand Capital Punishment Decisions?

National Science Foundation (NSF)

People called upon to sit on juries for capital crimes often do not understand the language of the law, the factors they are supposed to weigh in considering a sentence, or even that they have final responsibility for imposing punishment. New research funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) seeks ways to improve the judgment of jurors who literally make life and death decisions.

Released:
15-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1034

Fastex Probing Winter Storms Across Atlantic

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

Powerful winter storms that strike the U.S. West Coast often occur in series, like the ones that recently raked Washington, Oregon, and California. These storms have their counterparts in the North Atlantic, and scientists are hot on their trail. A major field program involving NCAR, UCAR and researchers from 11 countries is straddling the Atlantic from Newfoundland to Ireland to study fierce oceanic winter storms.

Released:
15-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1033

Computational Molecular Biology Conference

Sandia National Laboratories

The first international conference on computational molecular biology will be held at the Eldorado Hotel in Santa Fe, N.M., from January 20-23, 1997. Among the expected 200 participants are Nobel laureate Rich Roberts and Turing Award winner Richard Karp. If that werenít enough reknown, "Interestingly, some of the scientists involved in this conference are so famous in their fields that they were tapped to testify at the O. J. Simpson criminal trial," said Sorin Istrail, a Sandia National Laboratories scientist and one of the conference organizers.

Released:
15-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1031

Cosmic rays from the supernova next door?

University of Alabama Huntsville

Giant balloons floating around the Antarctic helped UAH scientists gather what may be the first evidence of specific sources of cosmis rays, especially the cosmic rays which carry the most energy

Released:
15-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1030

Doctors 'See' Innards in 3-D with Software

University of Alabama Huntsville

Image-guided software developed at The University of Alabama in Huntsville may help doctors better diagnose cancer and plan surgery by allowing the more effective use of information collected from computerized axial tomography (CAT) scanned images.

Released:
15-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1029

Global Temperature Report: December 1996

University of Alabama Huntsville

A slightly cooler than normal December ended a slightly cooler than normal year. December's Global Temperature Report includes a special advisory relating to a new analysis of satellite data.

Released:
15-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1028

Expanded Fiber-optic Network Traffic?

Yale University

A new approach for manipulating laser light on the microscopic scale was announced Jan.2 in the journal Nature in a cover story by Yale University applied physicist A. Douglas Stone. It could expand traffic on fiber-optic networks, speed up computers, improve video displays and lead to better laser printers.

Released:
14-Jan-1997 12:00 AM EST
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