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Newswise: A New Look at Deep-Sea Microbes
Released: 9-Jul-2020 1:45 PM EDT
A New Look at Deep-Sea Microbes
University of Delaware

Microbes found deeper in the ocean are believed to have slow population turnover rates and low amounts of available energy. But microbial communities found deeper in seafloor sediments and around hydrocarbon seepage sites have now been found to have more energy available and a higher population turnover. Deeper sediments in the seepages are most likely heavily impacted by the material coming up from the bottom, which means that the seep could be supporting a larger amount of biomass than previously thought.

Newswise: Making a Material Impact
Released: 8-Jul-2020 10:40 AM EDT
Making a Material Impact
University of Delaware

It’s called CHARM—the University of Delaware’s new Center for Hybrid, Active and Responsive Materials. It will drive fundamental materials science research and enable critical innovations in biomedicine, security, sensing and more.

Newswise: A New Understanding of Protein Movement
Released: 7-Jul-2020 12:20 PM EDT
A New Understanding of Protein Movement
University of Delaware

A team of UD engineers has uncovered the role of surface diffusion in protein transport, which could aid biopharmaceutical processing. This work will lead to the creation of new ways to reduce waste during the expensive drug manufacturing process, enabling more efficient ways of designing and developing manufacturing techniques.

Newswise:Video Embedded sneaky-salmonella-finds-a-backdoor-into-plants
VIDEO
Released: 30-Jun-2020 1:10 PM EDT
Sneaky salmonella finds a backdoor into plants
University of Delaware

Researchers have discovered that bacteria such as salmonella and E.coli have a backdoor to capitalize on our reliance on leafy greens for a healthy diet. Wild strains of salmonella are delivering foodborne illnesses by circumventing a plant’s immune defense system to get into the leaves of lettuce.

Newswise: Tropical Forest Loss
Released: 23-Jun-2020 10:35 AM EDT
Tropical Forest Loss
University of Delaware

A new study from the University of Delaware finds that tropical forest loss is increased by large-scale land acquisitions and that certain kind investment projects—including tree plantations and plantations for producing palm oil and wood fiber—are “consistently associated with increased forest loss.”

Newswise: A Carbon Sink Shrinks in the Arctic
Released: 15-Jun-2020 3:25 PM EDT
A Carbon Sink Shrinks in the Arctic
University of Delaware

Ice melts in the Arctic Ocean were thought to draw large amounts of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere, acting as a carbon sink and helping to mitigate greenhouse gases. But new research from the University of Delaware finds that may not be the case in all areas, particularly in the Canada Basin, where the melts are reducing the basin’s capacity to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Newswise: Protecting Bays From Ocean Acidification
Released: 12-Jun-2020 1:35 PM EDT
Protecting Bays From Ocean Acidification
University of Delaware

While there was a bay-wide decline of submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) from the 1960s through the 1980s, restoring these once-abundant SAV beds has been a primary outcome of efforts to reduce loads of nutrients and sediments to the estuary and SAV cover has increased by 300 percent from 1984 to 2015. One of the largest recovered SAV beds lies in an area of the bay known as the Susquehanna Flats—a broad, tidal freshwater region located near the mouth of the Susquehanna River at the head of the bay.

Newswise: Measuring Climate Change
Released: 1-Jun-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Measuring Climate Change
University of Delaware

University of Delaware professor Wei-Jun Cai teamed with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) scientists, as well as professors and professionals from numerous research institutes, to conduct an in-depth study that looks at carbon dioxide uptake and ocean acidification in the coastal oceans of North America.

Newswise: Renewable Energy Advance
Released: 26-May-2020 5:45 PM EDT
Renewable Energy Advance
University of Delaware

In order to identify materials that can improve storage technologies for fuel cells and batteries, you need to be able to visualize the actual three-dimensional structure of a particular material up close and in context. Researchers from the University of Delaware’s Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation (CCEI) have done just that, developing new techniques for characterizing complex materials.

Newswise: Why Toothpaste and Cement Harden Over Time
Released: 22-May-2020 11:15 AM EDT
Why Toothpaste and Cement Harden Over Time
University of Delaware

Cements, clays, soils, inks, paints, and even toothpaste. Many paste materials, also known as dense colloidal suspensions, stiffen as they age. Structural dynamics, or changes in the loads the materials undergo over time, are partly responsible for this change, but for decades, experts have suspected that there’s more going on inside these materials. Now, a University of Delaware professor and an international team of researchers have discovered a process called contact-controlled aging that explains some age-related changes in paste materials.

Newswise: Measuring Blood Damage
Released: 21-May-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Measuring Blood Damage
University of Delaware

Red blood cells sometimes rupture when blood is sent through faulty equipment, such as a dialysis machine. This is called hemolysis. Hemolysis also can occur during blood work when blood is drawn too quickly through a needle, leading to defective laboratory samples. University of Delaware mechanical engineer Tyler Van Buren and collaborating colleagues at Princeton University have developed a method to monitor blood damage in real-time.

Newswise: Algorithmic Autos
Released: 19-May-2020 12:10 PM EDT
Algorithmic Autos
University of Delaware

Connected and automated vehicles use technology such as sensors, cameras and advanced control algorithms to adjust their operation to changing conditions with little or no input from drivers. A research group at the University of Delaware optimized vehicle dynamics and powertrain operation using connectivity and automation, while developing and testing a control framework that reduced travel time and energy use in a connected and automated vehicle.

Newswise: Coping After Breast Cancer
Released: 14-May-2020 9:30 AM EDT
Coping After Breast Cancer
University of Delaware

With $3.25 million in new funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), a University of Delaware team will examine how the fear of cancer recurrence affects the well-being and relationships of breast cancer patients and their spouses or partners.

Newswise:Video Embedded work-family-balance-upended-by-global-pandemic
VIDEO
Released: 12-May-2020 6:40 AM EDT
Work-family balance upended by global pandemic
University of Delaware

The striking parallels between Colonial America and Coronavirus America reveal the cyclical nature of work-family life, according to Professor Bahira Sherif Trask, who teaches courses on the history and diversity of American families at the University of Delaware.

Newswise: Forecasting Urbanization
Released: 8-May-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Forecasting Urbanization
University of Delaware

A new global simulation model offers the first long-term look at how urbanization—the growth of cities and towns—will unfold in the coming decades. Using data science and machine learning, the research team projects the total amount of urban areas on Earth can grow anywhere from 1.8 to 5.9-fold by 2100, building approximately 618,000 square miles.

Released: 8-May-2020 11:50 AM EDT
Talent is key to school turnarounds
University of Delaware

New research has shown that the key to implementing successful reform in low-performing schools is hiring and retaining effective principals and teachers.

Newswise: Novel Technology to Clean Wastewater Containing Explosives
Released: 5-May-2020 1:30 PM EDT
Novel Technology to Clean Wastewater Containing Explosives
University of Delaware

A new grant from the US Department of Defense will help a University of Delaware team test a novel technology that uses iron nanoparticles to destroy munitions compounds in wastewater.

Newswise: Engineering Honor for Lashanda Korley
Released: 20-Apr-2020 1:05 PM EDT
Engineering Honor for Lashanda Korley
University of Delaware

LaShanda Korley’s lab at the University of Delaware creates new materials inspired by nature for applications in healthcare, sensing, soft robotics and more. Korley is pushing the boundaries of what materials scientists and engineers previously thought possible and she has now been named to the College of Fellows of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE).

Released: 9-Apr-2020 2:10 PM EDT
COVID-19 survey: Who is doing best at following the rules?
University of Delaware

Young people, heavy news consumers and liberals are engaging in more recommended coronavirus (COVID-19) preventative practices than older people, the less informed and conservatives, according to a new national survey conducted by University of Delaware communication researchers.

Newswise: Artificial Light in the Arctic
Released: 6-Apr-2020 1:05 PM EDT
Artificial Light in the Arctic
University of Delaware

A new study examines how artificial light during the polar night disrupts Arctic fish and zooplankton behavior down to 200 meters in depth, which could affect fish counts.

Newswise: Assessing Forests From Afar
Released: 31-Mar-2020 3:10 PM EDT
Assessing Forests From Afar
University of Delaware

A new study led by the University of Delaware’s Pinki Mondal recommends that in addition to using large swaths of coarse satellite data to evaluate forests on a national scale, it is important for countries to prioritize areas such as national parks and wildlife refuges and use finer scale data in those protected areas to make sure that they are maintaining their health and are being reported on accurately.

Newswise: UD’s Jason Gleghorn Receives NSF Career Award
Released: 25-Mar-2020 10:35 AM EDT
UD’s Jason Gleghorn Receives NSF Career Award
University of Delaware

The University of Delaware’s Jason Gleghorn, an assistant professor in biomedical engineering with a joint appointment in biological sciences, has received a National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development Award to understand how the body's adaptive immune system activates. He said that he will use the five-year, $550,000 grant to develop a new class of microfluidic devices to culture an entire lymph node outside the body and study the cells’ behavior in real time.

Newswise: Clotting Problem
Released: 9-Mar-2020 11:15 AM EDT
Clotting Problem
University of Delaware

New research into why some people’s blood doesn’t clot well identified defects in the platelet-making process, where mutant cells aren’t behaving properly. Because these cells have a variety of different direction and movement issues, patients will need personalized drug therapies and treatments to treat patient-specific mutations.

Newswise: Beef consumption hurting river quality
Released: 2-Mar-2020 11:40 AM EST
Beef consumption hurting river quality
University of Delaware

A new study shows irrigation of cattle feed crops is the greatest consumer of river water in the Western United States, implicating beef and dairy consumption as the leading driver of water shortages and fish imperilment in the region.

Newswise: Robot Research Honored
Released: 28-Feb-2020 11:35 AM EST
Robot Research Honored
University of Delaware

The National Science Foundation has recognized Fabrizio Sergi, assistant professor of biomedical engineering at the University of Delaware, with its CAREER award to support fundamental research in motor control. His work is seeking to help those with movement disorders and identify robot-based interventions.

Released: 27-Feb-2020 5:30 PM EST
VP as Coronavirus Point Person Unprecedented, Dangerous
University of Delaware

Epidemiology professor says states have held public health emergency powers since 1905.

Newswise: As Oceans Warm, Fish Flee
Released: 24-Feb-2020 11:45 AM EST
As Oceans Warm, Fish Flee
University of Delaware

New research shows that nations in the tropics are especially vulnerable to the loss of fish species due to climate change. But none of the 127 international fisheries agreements have language that prepares countries for the exits of stock, climate change or range shifts.

Newswise: A genetic map for maize
Released: 21-Feb-2020 2:30 PM EST
A genetic map for maize
University of Delaware

Researchers have decoded the genetic map for how maize from tropical environments can be adapted to the temperate U.S. summer growing season. They’re attempting to expand the genetic base by using exotic varieties, which could help counter stresses associated with growing corn in a changing climate.

Newswise:Video Embedded breaking-the-communication-code
VIDEO
Released: 17-Feb-2020 1:55 PM EST
Breaking the Communication Code
University of Delaware

Ever wonder how mice talk to each other? We don’t have a dictionary quite yet, but UD neuroscientist Josh Neunuebel and his lab have linked the ultrasonic vocalizations made by mice with specific behaviors. It’s a significant advance of our understanding of communication science.

Newswise: Artificial evolution of an industry
Released: 6-Feb-2020 3:35 PM EST
Artificial evolution of an industry
University of Delaware

A research team has taken a deep dive into the newly emerging domain of "forward-looking" business strategies that show firms have far more ability to actively influence the future of their markets than once thought. One company engineered the "artificial evolution" of an industry over more than 50 years that benefited both the firm and the industry.

Newswise: Microplastic Hotspots
Released: 3-Feb-2020 12:45 PM EST
Microplastic Hotspots
University of Delaware

A new study from the University of Delaware found high concentrations of microplastics in so-called convergence zones, the areas where the fresher water from the Delaware River meets the saltier water of the Atlantic Ocean and the surface currents converge. They found the distribution of plastics also depends on the force of the winds.

Newswise: Getting to the root of plant survival
Released: 27-Jan-2020 3:45 PM EST
Getting to the root of plant survival
University of Delaware

Researchers have new insight into plant survival after identifying hormones and proteins that interact to regulate root emergence. The findings may lead to the ability to control when and how many additional roots a plant can form – a key weapon in battling dry conditions caused by climate change.


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