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Newswise: Vaccines protected pregnant women during Omicron surge
Released: 27-Jan-2023 3:35 PM EST
Vaccines protected pregnant women during Omicron surge
University of Washington School of Medicine and UW Medicine

The main point of the study, which was completed before other variants came on the scene, is for pregnant women to get vaccinated and receive all their boosters, including the bivalent booster.

Newswise: Risks associated with control of blood sugar in the ICU
Released: 26-Jan-2023 8:00 PM EST
Risks associated with control of blood sugar in the ICU
University of Washington School of Medicine and UW Medicine

Problems may arise in ICU patients with diabetes if their glucose levels are reduced to normal, non-diabetic levels. Researchers are still trying to unravel how the body measures glucose levels.

Newswise: Q&A: How AI can help people be more empathetic about mental health
Released: 23-Jan-2023 12:00 PM EST
Q&A: How AI can help people be more empathetic about mental health
University of Washington

A team led by researchers at the University of Washington studied how artificial intelligence could help people on the platform TalkLife, where people give each other mental health support. The researchers developed an AI system that suggested changes to participants’ responses to make them more empathetic. The best responses resulted from a collaboration between AI and people.

   
Newswise: How did the Butterfly Nebula get its wings? It’s complicated
Released: 12-Jan-2023 1:45 PM EST
How did the Butterfly Nebula get its wings? It’s complicated
University of Washington

Something is amiss in the Butterfly Nebula. When astronomers compared images from 2009 & 2020, they saw dramatic changes in its "wings." Powerful winds are driving complex alterations of nebular material. It's unknown how such activity is possible in what should be a “largely moribund star with no remaining fuel.”

Newswise: Old and new stars paint very different pictures of the Triangulum Galaxy
Released: 11-Jan-2023 2:35 PM EST
Old and new stars paint very different pictures of the Triangulum Galaxy
University of Washington

Scientists have discovered something unexpected about the Triangulum galaxy: In this satellite galaxy, a close companion of the much larger Andromeda galaxy, old and new stars occur in separate parts of the its structure, something not seen in galaxies like our own and so far not reporter for other satellite galaxies.

Newswise: The seven-year photobomb: Distant star’s dimming was likely a ‘dusty’ companion getting in the way, astronomers say
Released: 10-Jan-2023 5:35 PM EST
The seven-year photobomb: Distant star’s dimming was likely a ‘dusty’ companion getting in the way, astronomers say
University of Washington

Astronomers discovered that the star Gaia17bpp gradually brightened over a 2 1/2-year period. But follow-up analyses revealed that the star itself wasn’t changing. Instead, it's likely part of a rare type of binary system. Its apparent brightening was the end of a years-long eclipse by an unusual, "dusty" stellar companion.

Newswise: Plastic pollution in the oceans is an equity issue, says new UW-led report
Released: 10-Jan-2023 2:20 PM EST
Plastic pollution in the oceans is an equity issue, says new UW-led report
University of Washington

A new report and upcoming international virtual event addresses the unequal burden of marine plastics on different communities. The illustrated report includes case studies from around the world and recommends future changes.

   
Newswise: Climate ‘presses’ and ‘pulses’ impact Magellanic penguins — a marine predator — with guidance for conservationists
Released: 9-Jan-2023 3:45 PM EST
Climate ‘presses’ and ‘pulses’ impact Magellanic penguins — a marine predator — with guidance for conservationists
University of Washington

Researchers have discovered how short- and long-term climate trends have impacted Magellanic penguins — a migratory marine predator — over nearly four decades. Though individual events impacted penguins in a variety of ways, both were equally important for the future survival of this population.

Newswise: Warming oceans have decimated marine parasites — but that’s not a good thing
5-Jan-2023 7:30 PM EST
Warming oceans have decimated marine parasites — but that’s not a good thing
University of Washington

Save the ... parasites? Analyzing 140 years of parasite abundance in fish shows dramatic declines, especially in parasites that rely on three or more host species. The decline is linked to warming ocean temperatures. Parasitic species might be in real danger, researchers warn -- and that means not just fewer worms, but losses for the entire ecosystem.

Newswise: Trouble falling asleep at night? Chase that daytime light, study shows
Released: 12-Dec-2022 8:00 AM EST
Trouble falling asleep at night? Chase that daytime light, study shows
University of Washington

A new study reports that college students in Seattle fall asleep later and wake up later in winter, likely because -- as the study also found -- in winter the students received less daylight exposure. The researcher say that outside in the morning, even on cloudy days, is the best way to prevent this circadian rhythm "delay."

   
Newswise: Bringing the field to students with ‘Virtual Field Geology’
Released: 8-Dec-2022 7:15 PM EST
Bringing the field to students with ‘Virtual Field Geology’
University of Washington

The Virtual Field Geology project has many goals: to make geology field experiences accessible to more people; to document geological field sites that may be at risk from erosion or development, to offer virtual “dry run” experiences and to allow scientific collaborators to do virtual visits to a field site together. While the pandemic brought new urgency to the project, its developers believe it’s part of a “new normal” for geology research and education.

Released: 5-Dec-2022 3:15 PM EST
New blood test can detect ‘toxic’ protein years before Alzheimer’s symptoms emerge, study shows
University of Washington

Researchers can detect small "toxic" aggregates of a particular protein in the blood of individuals with Alzheimer's disease and in individuals who showed no signs of cognitive impairment at the time the blood sample was taken, but who developed it at a later date.

Newswise: Strongest Arctic cyclone on record led to surprising loss of sea ice
Released: 29-Nov-2022 3:25 PM EST
Strongest Arctic cyclone on record led to surprising loss of sea ice
University of Washington

The strongest Arctic cyclone ever observed struck in January 2022. A new analysis shows that while forecasts accurately predicted the massive storm, models seriously underestimated its impact on sea ice. Results suggest places to improve forecast models in a changing Arctic Ocean.

Released: 16-Nov-2022 6:20 PM EST
Q&A: How ‘Buy Now Pay Later’ impacts financial health
University of Washington

Ed deHaan, associate professor of accounting in the University of Washington Foster School of Business, studies the impact of Buy Now Pay Later on financial health. His research finds that BNPL users faced rapid increases in bank overdraft charges and credit card interests and fees.

Newswise: More U.S. adults carrying loaded handguns daily, study finds
Released: 16-Nov-2022 5:05 PM EST
More U.S. adults carrying loaded handguns daily, study finds
University of Washington

New research led by the University of Washington finds that the number of U.S. adult handgun owners carrying a loaded handgun on their person doubled from 2015 to 2019, and that a larger proportion of handgun owners carried handguns in states with less restrictive carrying regulations.

Newswise: UW researchers find privacy risks with 3D tours on real estate websites
Released: 16-Nov-2022 2:50 PM EST
UW researchers find privacy risks with 3D tours on real estate websites
University of Washington

University of Washington researchers examined 44 3D tours in 44 states across the U.S. to look for potential security issues when personal details were included in the tour.

Newswise: Hormone therapy has value to relieve menopause symptoms
Released: 14-Nov-2022 7:55 PM EST
Hormone therapy has value to relieve menopause symptoms
University of Washington School of Medicine

For the last 20 years, however, Dr. Susan Reed and other clinicians who treat menopausal symptoms have had to fence with recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), a body that provides guidance for medication use with such chronic disease conditions as osteoporosis, heart disease, dementia and diabetes.

Newswise: Transparency, amnesty may boost reports of sexual violence
Released: 10-Nov-2022 5:40 PM EST
Transparency, amnesty may boost reports of sexual violence
University of Washington School of Medicine and UW Medicine

While there has been intense publicity around sexual assault in collegiate sports, there has been little research into what mechanisms need to be in place for more reporting to occur among college athletes, said lead author, Alice Ellyson.

Released: 2-Nov-2022 11:50 AM EDT
Infants Less Likely to Contract COVID, Develop Severe Symptoms Than Other Household Caregivers
University of Washington

In one of the first studies to explore how COVID-19 specifically affects older infants, researchers from the University of Washington and at institutions at four other locations in the Western and Southern U.S. found that the number of infected people in a household was the factor most closely linked with the infant’s likelihood of being infected.

Newswise: Permanent Daylight Saving Time Would Reduce Deer-Vehicle Collisions, Study Shows
Released: 2-Nov-2022 11:50 AM EDT
Permanent Daylight Saving Time Would Reduce Deer-Vehicle Collisions, Study Shows
University of Washington

Adopting permanent DST in the United States would reduce deer-vehicle collisions and likely prevent an estimated 36,550 deer deaths, 33 human deaths, 2,054 human injuries and $1.19 billion in costs each year. Deer-vehicle collisions would decrease under permanent DST because skies would be brighter later in the evening

Newswise: Study Reveals How Ancient Fish Colonized the Deep Sea
Released: 31-Oct-2022 5:30 PM EDT
Study Reveals How Ancient Fish Colonized the Deep Sea
University of Washington

The deep sea contains more than 90% of the water in our oceans, but only about a third of all fish species. Scientists have long thought the explanation for this was intuitive — shallow ocean waters are warm and full of resources, making them a prime location for new species to evolve and thrive. But a new University of Washington-led study reports that throughout Earth’s ancient history, there were several periods of time when many fish actually favored the cold, dark, barren waters of the deep sea.

Newswise: How Low-Cost Earbuds Can Make Newborn Hearing Screening Accessible
Released: 31-Oct-2022 12:00 PM EDT
How Low-Cost Earbuds Can Make Newborn Hearing Screening Accessible
University of Washington

A team led by researchers at the University of Washington has created a new hearing screening system that uses a smartphone and earbuds.

   
Released: 26-Oct-2022 7:45 PM EDT
New Study Shows How Voting Methods Affect Group Decision-Making
University of Washington

Michael Johnson, professor of management in the University of Washington Foster School of Business, found in a new study that groups that used “multivoting” in unofficial votes were 50% more likely to identify the correct option than those that used plurality or ranked-choice voting.

   
Newswise: Initiation of Intercourse Alters Vaginal Immune Environment
Released: 26-Oct-2022 1:55 PM EDT
Initiation of Intercourse Alters Vaginal Immune Environment
University of Washington School of Medicine

UW Medicine researchers compared vaginal samples collected from 95 young women or adolescent study participants in Kenya before or after they began having sexual intercourse. They found a sharp increase in proteins that control the immune response, including IL-1β, IL-2, and CXCL8, during the first year after becoming sexually active.

Released: 24-Oct-2022 4:30 PM EDT
A New Approach, Not Currently Described by the Clean Air Act, Could Eliminate Air Pollution Disparities
University of Washington

A team led by researchers at the University of Washington compared three potential strategies for reducing fine particulate matter pollution disparities across the contiguous U.S.

Released: 19-Oct-2022 6:05 PM EDT
These Factors Have the Biggest Impact on Influencer Marketing Effectiveness
University of Washington

New research from the University of Washington professor Robert Palmatier examines how factors related to social media influencers, their posts and their followers impact marketing success. The study concluded that reallocating spending based on the study’s insights could result in a 16.6% increase in engagement.

Released: 17-Oct-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Q&A: UnlockedMaps provides real-time accessibility information for urban rail transit in six metro areas
University of Washington

Researchers at the University of Washington developed UnlockedMaps, a web-based map that allows users to see in real time how accessible rail transit stations are in six metro areas: Philadelphia, Chicago, Seattle, Toronto, New York and the California Bay Area. UnlockedMaps shows which stations are accessible and which ones are experiencing elevator outages.

Newswise: Animals in National Parks Impacted by Even Just a Few People
10-Oct-2022 6:05 AM EDT
Animals in National Parks Impacted by Even Just a Few People
University of Washington

A new University of Washington-led study has found that even in remote, rarely visited national parks, the presence of even just a few humans impacts the activity of wildlife that live there. Nearly any level of human activity in a protected area like a national park can alter the behavior of animals there, the study found.

Released: 12-Oct-2022 2:55 PM EDT
Endangered fruit-eating animals play an outsized role in a tropical forest — losing them could have dire consequences
University of Washington

A new study shows that losing a particular group of endangered animals — those that eat fruit and help disperse the seeds of trees and other plants — could severely disrupt seed-dispersal networks in the Atlantic Forest, a shrinking stretch of tropical forest and critical biodiversity hotspot on the coast of Brazil.

Newswise: Awake Patients Can Have Kidney Stones Moved, Blasted
Released: 7-Oct-2022 1:15 PM EDT
Awake Patients Can Have Kidney Stones Moved, Blasted
University of Washington School of Medicine and UW Medicine

In the procedure, the physician uses a handheld transducer placed on the skin to direct ultrasound waves towards the stone. The ultrasound can then be used to move and reposition the stones to promote their passage, a process called ultrasound propulsion, or the break up the stone, a technique called burst wave lithotripsy (BWL).

Newswise: Vaginal immune system may hint at prime vaccine timing
Released: 7-Oct-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Vaginal immune system may hint at prime vaccine timing
University of Washington School of Medicine

A meta-analysis of 32 studies showed that the immune system within the vagina ebbs and flows, depending on menstrual-cycle stage. The analysis identified 53 distinct messages that immune cells sent to one another.

Newswise: Study suggests La Niña winters could keep on coming
Released: 3-Oct-2022 3:15 PM EDT
Study suggests La Niña winters could keep on coming
University of Washington

Forecasters are predicting a “three-peat La Niña” this winter. A recent study of surface ocean temperatures suggests that climate change could, in the short term, be favoring La Niñas.

Newswise: Heat-related mortality risk is widespread across Washington state, study shows
Released: 26-Sep-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Heat-related mortality risk is widespread across Washington state, study shows
University of Washington

Heat-related deaths occur across Washington state, even in regions with typically milder climates. This is the most extensive study yet of heat-related mortality in Washington state, and the first to look beyond the major population to and include rural areas. Researchers used statistical methods to uncover “hidden” deaths that may have listed something else, like illness or a chronic disease, as the primary cause.

   
Newswise: University of Washington joins industry-academia alliance to accelerate research in neuroscience
Released: 26-Sep-2022 12:05 PM EDT
University of Washington joins industry-academia alliance to accelerate research in neuroscience
University of Washington

The University of Washington has joined the Alliance for Therapies in Neuroscience (ATN), a long-term research partnership between UC San Francisco, UC Berkeley, Genentech (a member of the Roche group) and Roche Holding AG geared to transform the fight against brain diseases and disorders of the central nervous system.

Newswise:Video Embedded covid-19-zaps-placenta-s-immune-response-study-finds
VIDEO
Released: 19-Sep-2022 3:05 PM EDT
COVID-19 zaps placenta’s immune response, study finds
University of Washington School of Medicine and UW Medicine

“But what we’re seeing now is that the placenta is vulnerable to COVID-19, and the infection changes the way the placenta works, and that in turn is likely to impact the development of the fetus,” Dr. Kristina Adams Waldorf said.

Newswise: A smartphone’s camera and flash could help people measure blood oxygen levels at home
Released: 19-Sep-2022 8:05 AM EDT
A smartphone’s camera and flash could help people measure blood oxygen levels at home
University of Washington

Conditions like asthma or COVID-19 make it harder for bodies to absorb oxygen from the lungs. In a proof-of-principle study, University of Washington and University of California San Diego researchers have shown that smartphones are capable of detecting blood oxygen saturation levels down to 70%. This is the lowest value that pulse oximeters should be able to measure, as recommended by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

   
Newswise:Video Embedded september-13-2022-for-immediate-release-covid-boosters-well-tolerated-during-and-after-pregnancy
VIDEO
Released: 14-Sep-2022 3:05 PM EDT
COVID boosters well-tolerated during and after pregnancy
University of Washington School of Medicine and UW Medicine

Both an advisory from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and a new study encourage pregnant or lactating individuals to receive the latest COVID booster.

Released: 9-Sep-2022 2:45 PM EDT
Pandemic federal programs helped kids in need get access to 1.5 billion meals every month
University of Washington

A new study led by the Harvard and University of Washington schools of public health found that emergency federal school lunch programs reached more than 30 million children and either directly provided meals or, through the P-EBT program, cash for nearly 1.5 billion meals a month in 2020.

   
Newswise: These female hummingbirds evolved to look like males — apparently to evade aggression
Released: 7-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
These female hummingbirds evolved to look like males — apparently to evade aggression
University of Washington

1 in 5 adult female white-necked jacobin hummingbirds look like males. New research from the University of Washington shows that this is a rare case of "deceptive mimicry" within a species: Females with male-like plumage are trying to pass themselves off as males, and receive a benefit in the form of reduced aggression.

Newswise:Video Embedded uw-researchers-bring-first-underwater-messaging-app-to-smartphones
VIDEO
Released: 29-Aug-2022 1:15 PM EDT
UW researchers bring first underwater messaging app to smartphones
University of Washington

Researchers at the University of Washington have developed AquaApp, the first mobile app for acoustic-based communication and networking underwater that can be used with existing devices such as smartphones and smartwatches.

Newswise: Black-owned restaurants disproportionately impacted during pandemic
Released: 29-Aug-2022 11:40 AM EDT
Black-owned restaurants disproportionately impacted during pandemic
University of Washington

A new study led by the University of Washington uses cellphone location data to estimate the number of visits to Black-owned restaurants in 20 U.S. cities during the first year of the pandemic. The study finds that despite the "Black-owned" labelling campaign launched by companies such as Yelp, the number of visits to Black-owned restaurants dropped off after an initial spike and was inconsistent around the country.

   
Newswise: ‘Dangerous’ and ‘extremely dangerous’ heat stress to become more common by 2100
Released: 25-Aug-2022 11:00 AM EDT
‘Dangerous’ and ‘extremely dangerous’ heat stress to become more common by 2100
University of Washington

A new study projects the number of days with "dangerous" and "extremely dangerous" mixtures of heat and humidity by the end of this century. Even if global warming is limited to 2 degrees Celsius, results show that deadly heat waves will become much more common in the mid-latitudes, and many tropical regions will experience "dangerous" heat for about half the year.

Newswise: Beach trash accumulates in predictable patterns on Washington and Oregon shores
Released: 23-Aug-2022 6:05 PM EDT
Beach trash accumulates in predictable patterns on Washington and Oregon shores
University of Washington

Citizen scientists spent thousands of hours observing trash on beaches in Washington and Oregon. Their surveys show that certain beaches, and certain areas of a single beach, are “sticky zones” that accumulate litter. Finding patterns for where litter lands could help to better prevent and remove trash in the marine environment.

Newswise: New UW Photonic Sensing Facility will use fiber-optic cables for seismic sensing, glaciology and more
Released: 23-Aug-2022 6:05 PM EDT
New UW Photonic Sensing Facility will use fiber-optic cables for seismic sensing, glaciology and more
University of Washington

A new research center is exploring the use of fiber-optic sensing for seismology, glaciology, and even urban monitoring. Funded in part with a $473,000 grant from the M.J. Murdock Charitable Trust, the new UW Photonic Sensing Facility will use photons traveling through a fiber-optic cable to detect ground motions as small as 1 nanometer.

Newswise: Most women OK with wearing ECG monitor in pregnancy
Released: 22-Aug-2022 6:05 PM EDT
Most women OK with wearing ECG monitor in pregnancy
University of Washington School of Medicine

About 78% of respondents who said they planned to get pregnant within the next five years expressed openness to wearing the monitor on a daily basis.

Newswise: Leaving small kidney stones behind causes problems later
Released: 11-Aug-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Leaving small kidney stones behind causes problems later
University of Washington School of Medicine

A new randomized controlled study showed, however, that leaving these asymptomatic stones behind significantly increases the risk of a patient's relapse in the following five years. The findings were published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Newswise: Bird behavior influenced by human activity during COVID-19 lockdowns
10-Aug-2022 3:15 PM EDT
Bird behavior influenced by human activity during COVID-19 lockdowns
University of Washington

For birds that inhabit developed areas of the Pacific Northwest, the reduction in noise and commotion from COVID-19 lockdowns may have allowed them to use a wider range of habitats in cities, a new study finds.

Newswise: New study calculates retreat of glacier edges in Alaska’s Kenai Fjords National Park
1-Aug-2022 2:05 PM EDT
New study calculates retreat of glacier edges in Alaska’s Kenai Fjords National Park
University of Washington

A new study measured 38 years of change for glaciers in Kenai Fjords National Park, which lies south of Anchorage, and found that 13 of 19 glaciers show substantial retreat, four are relatively stable, and two have advanced. It also finds trends in which glacier types are disappearing fastest.


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