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Newswise:Video Embedded researchers-study-state-s-firearm-risk-protection-orders
VIDEO
Released: 30-Jun-2020 1:45 PM EDT
Researchers study state's firearm risk-protection orders
UW Medicine

Since the law was enacted in 2016, 237 petitions have been filed out of concern for an individual's risk of inflicting self-harm and/or harm to others.

Newswise: Puget Sound eelgrass beds create a ‘halo’ with fewer harmful algae, new method shows
Released: 24-Jun-2020 6:50 PM EDT
Puget Sound eelgrass beds create a ‘halo’ with fewer harmful algae, new method shows
University of Washington

Genetic clues show that eelgrass growing underwater along Puget Sound shorelines is associated with fewer of the single-celled algae that produce harmful toxins in shellfish. The evidence shows this effect extends 45 feet beyond the edge of the eelgrass bed.

Newswise: Laser allows solid-state refrigeration of a semiconductor material
Released: 23-Jun-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Laser allows solid-state refrigeration of a semiconductor material
University of Washington

A team from the University of Washington used an infrared laser to cool a solid semiconductor by at least 20 degrees C, or 36 F, below room temperature, as they report in a paper published June 23 in Nature Communications.

Released: 23-Jun-2020 10:40 AM EDT
75% of US workers can’t work exclusively from home, face greater risks during pandemic
University of Washington

About three-quarters of U.S. workers, or 108 million people, are in jobs that cannot be done from home during a pandemic, putting these workers at increased risk of exposure to disease. This majority of workers are also at higher risk for other job disruptions such as layoffs, furloughs or hours reductions, a University of Washington study shows.

Released: 19-Jun-2020 2:20 PM EDT
Communication should be a vital sign, researchers argue
University of Washington School of Medicine

During the COVID-19 outbreak, delirium rates have doubled and tripled, which researchers attribute, in part, to intubated patients not being able to communicate and because of increasing sedation. In an editorial published in Critical Care Medicine, they argue that communication should be a vital sign.

Newswise: PSA screening affords men long-term benefits, study finds
Released: 17-Jun-2020 6:05 PM EDT
PSA screening affords men long-term benefits, study finds
University of Washington School of Medicine

Prostate cancer researchers and clinicians recommend reconsidering screening guidelines, saying benefits may outweigh potential harms.

Released: 17-Jun-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Is the air getting cleaner during the COVID-19 pandemic?
University of Washington

Using air quality data from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency monitors across the U.S., a UW-led team looked for changes in two common pollutants over the course of 2020.

Newswise: Study yields clues to how drug may boost aged mitochondria
Released: 17-Jun-2020 4:55 PM EDT
Study yields clues to how drug may boost aged mitochondria
University of Washington School of Medicine

SS-31, an experimental drug that has been shown to improve the function of diseased and aged mitochondria, binds to 12 key proteins involved in energy production, researchers at the University of Washington School of Medicine have found.

Released: 10-Jun-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Passing Crucial, Challenging Introductory Chemistry Course Gives Biggest Boost to Underrepresented Students
University of Washington

Underrepresented students in STEM received lower grades in a general chemistry series compared to their peers and were less likely to continue. But if underrepresented students completed the first course with at least the minimum grade needed to continue, they were more likely than their peers to do so.

Newswise: Antarctic Sea-Ice Models Improve for the Next IPCC Report
Released: 10-Jun-2020 6:05 AM EDT
Antarctic Sea-Ice Models Improve for the Next IPCC Report
University of Washington

A study of 40 sea ice models finds they all project that the area of sea ice around Antarctica will decrease by 2100, but the amount of loss varies between the emissions scenarios.

Newswise: Volcanic Activity and Changes in Earth’s Mantle Were Key to Rise of Atmospheric Oxygen
Released: 9-Jun-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Volcanic Activity and Changes in Earth’s Mantle Were Key to Rise of Atmospheric Oxygen
University of Washington

Evidence from rocks billions of years old suggest that volcanoes played a key role in the rise of oxygen in the atmosphere of the early Earth.

Released: 8-Jun-2020 12:55 PM EDT
Early Screening of Seattle-Area Pregnant Women Shows Low Infection Rate for COVID-19
University of Washington School of Medicine and UW Medicine

Screening all pregnant women who delivered at UW Medicine facilities during the height of the covid pandemic in Washington state showed that remarkably few tested positive for the virus without symptoms, a new report shows.

Newswise: A rising tide of marine disease? How parasites respond to a warming world
Released: 29-May-2020 2:35 PM EDT
A rising tide of marine disease? How parasites respond to a warming world
University of Washington

A recent study from the University of Washington explores the ways parasitism will respond to climate change, providing researchers new insights into disease transmission. The paper was published May 18 in Trends in Ecology and Evolution.

Released: 29-May-2020 10:35 AM EDT
UW launches online training for contact tracing to help fight COVID-19
University of Washington

To provide training for the expanding workforce of contact tracers, the University of Washington’s Northwest Center for Public Health Practice created the free, online course Every Contact Counts to support public health agencies — including smaller, rural public health districts and tribal health departments — to help their existing and growing workforce in the art and science of conducting a contact-tracing interview.

Newswise: The most common organism in the oceans harbors a virus in its DNA
Released: 29-May-2020 6:20 AM EDT
The most common organism in the oceans harbors a virus in its DNA
University of Washington

The most common organism in the world’s oceans — and possibly the whole planet — harbors a virus in its DNA. This virus may have helped it survive and outcompete other organisms.

Newswise:Video Embedded at-home-screening-for-ovarian-breast-cancers-is-effective
VIDEO
Released: 28-May-2020 11:30 AM EDT
At-home screening for ovarian, breast cancers is effective
University of Washington School of Medicine and UW Medicine

At-home genetic-testing kits for breast and ovarian cancer risk are just as effective, and in some cases even more so, than the typical protocol for genetic testing, which requires repeated office visits and counseling, according to a study led by UW Medicine researchers.

Released: 26-May-2020 12:30 PM EDT
Troublemaking ‘lesion’ singled out in UV-caused skin cancer
University of Washington School of Medicine

Upon exposure to human skin, ultraviolet light from the sun almost instantly generates two types of "lesions" that damage DNA. Scientists at UW Medicine in Seattle determined which of these lesions is responsible for activating a process that may increase cancerous mutations in cells.

Released: 18-May-2020 11:40 AM EDT
COVID-19: UW study reports ‘staggering’ death toll in US among those infected who show symptoms
University of Washington

The new UW study found the national rate of death among people infected with the novel coronavirus — SARS-CoV-2 — that causes COVID-19 and who show symptoms is 1.3%, the study found. The comparable rate of death for the seasonal flu is 0.1%.

Newswise:Video Embedded larger-study-to-test-combination-treatment-for-covid-19
VIDEO
Released: 15-May-2020 5:30 PM EDT
Larger study to test combination treatment for COVID-19
University of Washington School of Medicine

A study is now enrolling participants to determine whether a treatment combining a low dose of hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin can prevent hospitalization and death in people with COVID-19. Dr. Ann Collier, professor of medicine, Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the University of Washington School of Medicine, explains the national study is looking to enroll 2,000 patients at sites across the country.

Newswise:Video Embedded covid-19-raises-risk-for-women-who-are-obese-and-pregnant
VIDEO
Released: 15-May-2020 4:05 PM EDT
COVID-19 raises risk for women who are obese and pregnant
University of Washington School of Medicine and UW Medicine

Study findings suggest that women who contract the virus face a higher incidence of a severe pneumonia, which could lead to preterm birth.

Newswise: Ocean ‘breathability’ key to past, future habitat of West Coast marine species
Released: 15-May-2020 2:00 PM EDT
Ocean ‘breathability’ key to past, future habitat of West Coast marine species
University of Washington

Historical observations collected off California since the 1950s suggest that anchovies thrive where the water is breathable — a combination of the oxygen levels in the water and the species’ oxygen needs, which are affected by temperature. Future projections suggest that the waters off Mexico and Southern California could be uninhabitable by 2100.

Newswise: Bike commuting accelerated when bike-share systems rolled into town
Released: 14-May-2020 2:05 PM EDT
Bike commuting accelerated when bike-share systems rolled into town
University of Washington

Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, in cities where bike-share systems have been introduced, bike commuting increased by 20%, according to a new UW study.

Newswise: Electrocardiogram shows value in college athletes’ screens
30-Apr-2020 5:00 PM EDT
Electrocardiogram shows value in college athletes’ screens
University of Washington School of Medicine

Research published today indicates that screenings that incorporate an ECG are more effective at detecting cardiac conditions that put athletes at risk, and more efficient in terms of cost-per-diagnosis of at-risk players, than screenings involving only a physical exam and patient history.

Newswise: Pacific oysters in the Salish Sea may not contain as many microplastics as previously thought
Released: 1-May-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Pacific oysters in the Salish Sea may not contain as many microplastics as previously thought
University of Washington

University of Washington researchers have discovered that the abundance of tiny microplastic contaminants in Pacific oysters from the Salish Sea is much lower than previously thought.

Newswise:Video Embedded glasses-to-stop-myopia-are-successful-in-multi-site-trial
VIDEO
Released: 30-Apr-2020 4:25 PM EDT
Glasses to stop myopia are successful in multi-site trial
University of Washington School of Medicine

Glasses to stop myopia or nearsightedness in children have been shown to work in a multi-site trial of 256 children and will go on sale later this year outside the United States.

Newswise: Solar researchers across country join forces with industry to boost U.S. solar manufacturing
Released: 29-Apr-2020 11:35 AM EDT
Solar researchers across country join forces with industry to boost U.S. solar manufacturing
University of Washington

The University of Washington, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the University of Toledo have formed the U.S. Manufacturing of Advanced Perovskites Consortium to accelerate the domestic commercialization of perovskite technologies.

Newswise: Agricultural pickers in US to see unsafely hot workdays double by 2050
Released: 28-Apr-2020 7:05 PM EDT
Agricultural pickers in US to see unsafely hot workdays double by 2050
University of Washington

The average number of unsafely hot summer days could double by 2050 and triple by 2100 in U.S. counties where agricultural crops are grown. The study also looks at different strategies the industry could adopt to protect workers’ health.

Newswise: Bacteria That Are Persistently Resistant to One Antibiotic Are ‘Primed’ to Become Multidrug-Resistant Bugs
Released: 27-Apr-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Bacteria That Are Persistently Resistant to One Antibiotic Are ‘Primed’ to Become Multidrug-Resistant Bugs
University of Washington

For a bacterial pathogen already resistant to an antibiotic, prolonged exposure to that antibiotic not only boosted its ability to retain its resistance gene, but also made the pathogen more readily pick up and maintain resistance to a second antibiotic and become a dangerous, multidrug-resistant strain.

Newswise: ‘Ethnic spaces’ make minority students feel at home on campus
22-Apr-2020 1:25 PM EDT
‘Ethnic spaces’ make minority students feel at home on campus
University of Washington

New research by the University of Washington and the University of Exeter examined the value that college students — of many races — place on ethnic cultural centers.

Released: 24-Apr-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Researchers enrolling COVID-19 patients for treatment trial
University of Washington School of Medicine

Researchers are now enrolling outpatients with COVID-19 for a randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of two drug regimens – hydroxychloroquine and hydroxychloroquine with azithromycin. There is conflicting evidence on whether it works, which is why the research team at the University of Washington School of Medicine is conducting a rigorous trial to offer answers.

Newswise:Video Embedded learn-webinar-on-suicide-prevention-training
VIDEO
Released: 23-Apr-2020 12:40 PM EDT
LEARN webinar on suicide prevention training
University of Washington School of Medicine

It can be easy to feel disconnected during the COVID-19 pandemic as people are not able to participate in their community as before. Experts recognize the increased levels of stress and anxiety across almost every family in the nation and the world. That's why Christopher DeCou, clinical psychologist at Harborview Medical Center in Seattle, and Jennifer Stuber, director of Forefront Suicide Prevention, recorded a webinar for parents to learn how to recognize signs of distress and respond to someone at risk of suicide. "Suicide prevention is something that we all need to know. It’s something like CPR," Stuber said. DeCou and Stuber added it's important to take proactive steps to lock up the means people can use to harm themselves, like firearms or medications.

Newswise: UW team illustrates the adverse impact of visiting ‘just one friend’ during COVID-19 lockdown
Released: 13-Apr-2020 5:00 PM EDT
UW team illustrates the adverse impact of visiting ‘just one friend’ during COVID-19 lockdown
University of Washington

"What's the harm in visiting just one friend?" A lot of people are asking that during times of social distancing. A new website illustrates how doing so would essentially reconnect most households in a community and provide conduits through which the COVID-19 virus could spread.

Newswise: ‘I saw you were online’: How online status indicators shape our behavior
Released: 13-Apr-2020 4:40 PM EDT
‘I saw you were online’: How online status indicators shape our behavior
University of Washington

After surveying smartphone users, UW researchers found that many people misunderstand online status indicators but still carefully shape their behavior to control how they are displayed to others.

Released: 10-Apr-2020 8:05 PM EDT
US approaching peak of ‘active’ COVID-19 cases, strain on medical resources, new modeling shows
University of Washington

A new data-driven mathematical model of the coronavirus pandemic predicts that the United States will peak in the number of “active” COVID-19 cases on or around April 20, marking a critical milestone on the demand for medical resources.

Newswise: Large majority of state’s heroin users want to reduce use; syringe programs helping during COVID-19 crisis
10-Apr-2020 8:30 AM EDT
Large majority of state’s heroin users want to reduce use; syringe programs helping during COVID-19 crisis
University of Washington

A new survey of people who inject illicit drugs in the state of Washington yields positive and important findings for policy makers as the world struggles to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic, said authors of the survey by the University of Washington and Public Health-Seattle & King County.

Released: 7-Apr-2020 6:40 PM EDT
UW Medicine recruiting for app to predict next outbreak
University of Washington School of Medicine

UW Medicine is recruiting 25,000 people nationwide to test out a smartphone app that's intended to predict outbreaks of infections such as cold, flu, or other virus outbreaks. The app is a project funded by the Defense Department’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, which makes investments in technologies that support national security.

Newswise: Study synthesizes what climate change means for Northwest wildfires
Released: 2-Apr-2020 1:50 PM EDT
Study synthesizes what climate change means for Northwest wildfires
University of Washington

Researchers synthesize how climate change will affect the risk of wildfires in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and western Montana. The study also suggests how managers and individual landowners in different ecosystems can best prepare.


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