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5-Apr-2011 4:00 PM EDT
Biologists Pinpoint a Genetic Change That Helps Tumors Move to Other Parts of the Body
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

MIT cancer biologists have identified a genetic change that makes lung tumors more likely to spread to other parts of the body. The findings, to be published in the April 6 online issue of Nature, offers new insight into how lung cancers metastasize and could help identify drug targets to combat metastatic tumors, which account for 90 percent of cancer deaths.

6-Dec-2010 1:05 PM EST
Astronomers Detect First Carbon-Rich Exoplanet
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

A team led by a former postdoctoral researcher in MIT’s Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences and the MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics, recently measured the first-ever planetary atmosphere that is substantially enriched in carbon. The researchers found that the carbon-to-oxygen ratio of WASP-12b, an exoplanet about 1.4 times the mass of Jupiter and located about 1,200 light years away, is greater than one. As they report in a paper to be published on Dec. 8 in Nature, this carbon-rich atmosphere supports the possibility that rocky exoplanets could be composed of pure carbon rocks like diamond or graphite rather than the silica-based rock found in Earth.

18-Nov-2010 3:30 PM EST
Adding Face Shields to Helmets Could Help Avoid Blast-Induced Brain Injuries
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

More than half of all combat-related injuries sustained by U.S. troops are the result of explosions, and many of those involve injuries to the head. According to the U.S. Department of Defense, about 130,000 U.S. service members deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan have sustained traumatic brain injuries — ranging from concussion to long-term brain damage and death — as a result of an explosion. A recent analysis by a team of researchers led by MIT reveals one possible way to prevent those injuries — adding a face shield to the helmet worn by military personnel.

Released: 22-Nov-2010 1:00 PM EST
Turning Waste Into Profit
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Students aim to improve Kenyan slum-dwellers’ access to basic sanitation — and generate renewable energy and jobs along the way.

8-Nov-2010 10:40 AM EST
Cats Show Perfect Balance Even in Their Lapping
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Researchers at MIT, Virginia Tech and Princeton University analyzed the way domestic and big cats lap and found that felines of all sizes take advantage of a perfect balance between two physical forces. The results will be published in the November 11 online issue of the journal Science.

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