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Newswise: Academic Gains, Improved Teacher Relationships Found Among High Risk Kids in Head Start
Released: 30-Jan-2013 11:55 AM EST
Academic Gains, Improved Teacher Relationships Found Among High Risk Kids in Head Start
Oregon State University

A new study by Oregon State University researchers finds that Head Start can make a positive impact in the lives of some of its highest risk children, both academically and behaviorally.

Newswise: Study Finds Taking the Stairs, Raking Leaves May Have Same Health Benefits as a Trip to the Gym
Released: 28-Jan-2013 5:55 PM EST
Study Finds Taking the Stairs, Raking Leaves May Have Same Health Benefits as a Trip to the Gym
Oregon State University

New research at Oregon State University suggests the health benefits of small amounts of activity – even as small as one- and two-minute increments that add up to 30 minutes per day – can be just as beneficial as longer bouts of physical exercise achieved by a trip to the gym.

Newswise: First Study of Oregon’s Hmong Reveals Surprising Influences on Cancer Screenings
Released: 8-Jan-2013 2:35 PM EST
First Study of Oregon’s Hmong Reveals Surprising Influences on Cancer Screenings
Oregon State University

The study, recently published online in Health Education Research, is the first to look at the role of Hmong patriarchal and family influences on women’s breast and cervical cancer screening. It is also one of the only studies conducted with Oregon’s Hmong population.

Newswise:Video Embedded physical-education-requirement-at-four-year-universities-at-all-time-low-according-to-study
VIDEO
Released: 8-Jan-2013 2:00 PM EST
Physical Education Requirement at Four-Year Universities at All-Time Low
Oregon State University

Even as policy makers and health experts point to an increased need for exercise, more than half of four-year colleges and universities in the United States have dropped physical education requirements compared to historic levels.

Newswise: Young Surgeons Face Special Concerns with Operating Room Distractions
Released: 29-Nov-2012 1:40 PM EST
Young Surgeons Face Special Concerns with Operating Room Distractions
Oregon State University

A study has found that young, less-experienced surgeons made major surgical mistakes almost half the time during a “simulated” gall bladder removal when they were distracted by noises, questions, conversation or other commotion in the operating room.

Released: 28-Nov-2012 2:55 PM EST
Analysis of Conflicting Fish Oil Studies Finds That Omega-3 Fatty Acids Still Matter
Oregon State University

A new analysis of conflicting findings from hundreds of studies on the use of omega-3 fatty acids for cardiovascular disease finds that they do work, for this and other health concerns, and helps to explain some of the differing research results.

Newswise: Medical Vital-Sign Monitoring Reduced to the Size of a Postage Stamp
Released: 15-Nov-2012 1:45 PM EST
Medical Vital-Sign Monitoring Reduced to the Size of a Postage Stamp
Oregon State University

Electrical engineers at Oregon State University have developed new technology to monitor medical vital signs, with sophisticated sensors so small and cheap they could fit onto a bandage, be manufactured in high volumes and cost less than a quarter.

Newswise: Climate Change Increases Stress, Need for Restoration on Grazed Public Lands
13-Nov-2012 1:10 PM EST
Climate Change Increases Stress, Need for Restoration on Grazed Public Lands
Oregon State University

Eight researchers in a new report say that climate change is causing additional stress to many western rangelands, and as a result land managers should consider a significant reduction, or in some places elimination of livestock and other large animals from public lands.

Newswise: Study Examines How Elderly Go From Being Perceived as Capable Consumer to ‘Old Person’
Released: 13-Nov-2012 12:10 PM EST
Study Examines How Elderly Go From Being Perceived as Capable Consumer to ‘Old Person’
Oregon State University

Many baby boomers want to improve the way people view aging, but an Oregon State University researcher has found they often reinforce negative stereotypes of old age when interacting with their own parents, coloring the way those seniors experience their twilight years.

Newswise: Sweet New Approach Discovered to Help Produce Metal Casting Parts, Reduce Toxicity
Released: 8-Nov-2012 2:05 PM EST
Sweet New Approach Discovered to Help Produce Metal Casting Parts, Reduce Toxicity
Oregon State University

Based on a new discovery, the world’s multi-billion dollar foundry industry may soon develop a sweet tooth. Scientists have identified a compound that can replace some of the toxic chemicals now used to produce the molds this industry depends upon. The compound is called sugar.

Newswise: Older Adults Who Are Frail Much More Likely to Be Food Insufficient, According to National Study
Released: 5-Nov-2012 12:00 PM EST
Older Adults Who Are Frail Much More Likely to Be Food Insufficient, According to National Study
Oregon State University

A national study of older Americans shows those who have limited mobility and low physical activity – scientifically categorized as “frail” – are five times more likely to report that they often don’t have enough to eat, defined as “food insufficiency,” than older adults who were not frail. The nationally representative study of more than 4,700 adults older than age 60 in the United States uses data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The results are online today in the British Journal of Nutrition.

Newswise: Researchers Identify Genetic Basis of Cardiac, Craniofacial Birth Defects
26-Oct-2012 7:00 PM EDT
Researchers Identify Genetic Basis of Cardiac, Craniofacial Birth Defects
Oregon State University

Researchers have made important advances in the rapidly-expanding field of “regenerative medicine,” outlining for the first time connections in genetic regulation that normally prevent birth defects in heart and facial muscles. This basic research will provide a road map to ultimately allow scientists to grow the cell types needed to repair such defects, from stem cells that can be generated from a person’s own body.

Released: 15-Oct-2012 12:15 PM EDT
Higher-Dose Use of Certain Statins Often Best for Cholesterol Issues
Oregon State University

A comprehensive new review on how to treat high cholesterol and other blood lipid problems suggests that intensive treatment with high doses of statin drugs is usually the best approach. But some statins work much better for this than others, the review concluded, and additional lipid-lowering medications added to a statin have far less value.

Released: 11-Oct-2012 2:15 PM EDT
Antibiotic Resistance a Growing Concern with Urinary Tract Infection
Oregon State University

As a result of concerns about antibiotic resistance, doctors in the United States are increasingly prescribing newer, more costly and more powerful antibiotics to treat urinary tract infections, one of the most common illnesses in women. Often they are not necessary.

Newswise: Fossil of Ancient Spider Attack Only One of Its Type Ever Discovered
Released: 8-Oct-2012 1:40 PM EDT
Fossil of Ancient Spider Attack Only One of Its Type Ever Discovered
Oregon State University

Researchers have found what they say is the only fossil ever discovered of a spider attack on prey caught in its web – a 100 million-year-old snapshot of an engagement frozen in time. It's an extraordinarily rare specimen.

Released: 5-Oct-2012 12:00 PM EDT
Improving Confidence Keeps Breast Cancer Survivors Exercising
Oregon State University

More than 40 percent of older breast cancer survivors are insufficiently active after leaving a supervised program. But new research shows that those women who developed behavioral skills such as self-confidence and motivation during their program were far more likely to continue exercising on their own.

Newswise: Onset of Flu Season Raises Concerns About Human-to-Pet Transmission
Released: 3-Oct-2012 1:35 PM EDT
Onset of Flu Season Raises Concerns About Human-to-Pet Transmission
Oregon State University

As flu season approaches, people who get sick may not realize they can pass the flu not only to other humans, but possibly to other animals, including pets such as cats, dogs and ferrets. This concept, called “reverse zoonosis,” is still poorly understood but has raised concern among some scientists and veterinarians.

Newswise: Zinc Deficiency Mechanism Linked to Aging, Multiple Diseases
Released: 1-Oct-2012 1:30 PM EDT
Zinc Deficiency Mechanism Linked to Aging, Multiple Diseases
Oregon State University

A new study has outlined for the first time a biological mechanism by which zinc deficiency can develop with age, leading to a decline of the immune system and increased inflammation associated with many health problems, including cancer, heart disease, autoimmune disease and diabetes.

Newswise: “Semi-Dwarf” Trees May Enable a Green Revolution for Some Forest Crops
Released: 27-Sep-2012 1:30 PM EDT
“Semi-Dwarf” Trees May Enable a Green Revolution for Some Forest Crops
Oregon State University

The same “green revolution” concepts that have revolutionized crop agriculture and helped to feed billions of people around the world may now offer similar potential in forestry, scientists say, with benefits for wood, biomass production, drought stress and even greenhouse gas mitigation.

22-Aug-2012 12:30 PM EDT
Vitamin B3 May Offer New Tool in Fight Against Staph Infections, “Superbugs”
Oregon State University

A new study suggests that nicotinamide, more commonly known as vitamin B3, may be able to combat some of the antibiotic-resistance staph infections and "superbugs" that are increasingly common around the world, have killed thousands and can pose a significant threat to public health.

Newswise: Microwave Ovens May Help Produce Lower Cost Solar Energy Technology
Released: 24-Aug-2012 12:00 PM EDT
Microwave Ovens May Help Produce Lower Cost Solar Energy Technology
Oregon State University

The same type of microwave oven technology that most people use to heat up leftover food has found an important application in the solar energy industry, providing a new way to make thin-film photovoltaic products with less energy, expense and environmental concerns.

Newswise: Public Wave Energy Test Facility Begins Operation in Oregon
Released: 21-Aug-2012 1:30 PM EDT
Public Wave Energy Test Facility Begins Operation in Oregon
Oregon State University

One of the first public wave energy testing systems in the United States began operation this week off the Oregon coast near Newport, and will allow private industry or academic researchers to test new technology that may help advance this promising form of sustainable energy.

13-Aug-2012 11:50 AM EDT
Rating of Ocean Health Shows “Room for Improvement”
Oregon State University

An international group of more than 30 researchers today gave a score to every coastal nation on their contribution to the health of the world’s oceans, which showed the United States as being slightly above average, and identified food provision, tourism and recreation as leading concerns. The analysis was published in Nature.

Newswise: Major Advance Made in Generating Electricity From Wastewater
Released: 13-Aug-2012 1:40 PM EDT
Major Advance Made in Generating Electricity From Wastewater
Oregon State University

Engineers at Oregon State University have made a breakthrough in the performance of microbial fuel cells that can produce electricity directly from wastewater, opening the door to a future in which waste treatment plants not only will power themselves, but will sell excess electricity.

Newswise: “Selfish” DNA in Animal Mitochondria Offers Possible Tool to Study Aging
Released: 10-Aug-2012 7:00 AM EDT
“Selfish” DNA in Animal Mitochondria Offers Possible Tool to Study Aging
Oregon State University

Researchers at Oregon State University have discovered, for the first time in any animal species, a type of “selfish” mitochondrial DNA that is actually hurting the organism and lessening its chance to survive – and bears a strong similarity to some damage done to human cells as they age. It could provide an important new model to study human aging.

Released: 8-Aug-2012 8:00 AM EDT
Teachers May Unwittingly Be Contributing to Invasive Species Problem
Oregon State University

A new study found that 25 percent of teachers surveyed in the United States and Canada release classroom animals back into the wild, but few use planned release programs.

Newswise: Preschool Children Who Can Pay Attention More Likely to Finish College
Released: 8-Aug-2012 8:00 AM EDT
Preschool Children Who Can Pay Attention More Likely to Finish College
Oregon State University

Young children who are able to pay attention and persist on a task have a 50 percent greater chance of completing college, according to a new study at Oregon State University. Tracking a group of 430 preschool-age children, the study gives compelling evidence that social and behavioral skills, such as paying attention, following directions and completing a task may be even more crucial than academic abilities.

Newswise: Research Could Lead to Improved Oil Recovery, Better Environmental Cleanup
Released: 2-Aug-2012 1:30 PM EDT
Research Could Lead to Improved Oil Recovery, Better Environmental Cleanup
Oregon State University

Researchers have taken a new look at an old, but seldom-used technique developed by the petroleum industry to recover oil, and learned more about why it works, how it could be improved, and how it might be able to make a comeback not only in oil recovery but also environmental cleanup.

Newswise: 13-Year Cascadia Study Complete – and Northwest Earthquake Risk Looms Large
Released: 1-Aug-2012 12:00 PM EDT
13-Year Cascadia Study Complete – and Northwest Earthquake Risk Looms Large
Oregon State University

A comprehensive analysis of the Cascadia Subduction Zone off the Pacific Northwest coast confirms that the region has had numerous earthquakes over the past 10,000 years, and suggests that the southern Oregon coast may be most vulnerable based on recurrence frequency.

Released: 31-Jul-2012 12:30 PM EDT
Childhood Obesity May Affect Timing of Puberty, Create Problems with Reproduction
Oregon State University

A dramatic increase in childhood obesity in recent decades may have impacts that go beyond the usual health concerns – it could be disrupting the timing of puberty and ultimately lead to a diminished ability to reproduce, especially in females.

Newswise: Chronic 2000-04 Drought, Worst in 800 Years, May Be the “New Normal”
27-Jul-2012 11:00 AM EDT
Chronic 2000-04 Drought, Worst in 800 Years, May Be the “New Normal”
Oregon State University

The chronic drought that hit western North America from 2000 to 2004 left dying forests and depleted river basins in its wake and was the strongest in 800 years, but those conditions will become the “new normal” for most of the coming century. Such climatic extremes have increased as a result of global warming.

Newswise: Back to School Tips from the Experts
Released: 27-Jul-2012 1:00 PM EDT
Back to School Tips from the Experts
Oregon State University

A record number of American kids are being expelled from preschool, limiting their chances of success when they enter a full-day classroom. According to Oregon State University's Megan McClelland, a leading researcher in the field of early childhood development and an associate professor of human development and family sciences, parents can prepare their kids now by playing games that help their children develop better self-regulation skills.

Newswise: Lower Vitamin D Could Increase Risk of Dying, Especially for Frail, Older Adults
Released: 26-Jul-2012 2:00 PM EDT
Lower Vitamin D Could Increase Risk of Dying, Especially for Frail, Older Adults
Oregon State University

A new study concludes that among older adults – especially those who are frail – low levels of vitamin D can mean a much greater risk of death. The randomized, nationally representative study found that older adults with low vitamin D levels had a 30 percent greater risk of death than people who had higher levels.

Newswise: Active Forest Management to Reduce Fire Could Help Protect Northern Spotted Owl
Released: 24-Jul-2012 1:00 PM EDT
Active Forest Management to Reduce Fire Could Help Protect Northern Spotted Owl
Oregon State University

The northern spotted owl, a threatened species in the Pacific Northwest, would actually benefit in the long run from active management of the forest lands that form its primary habitat and are increasingly vulnerable to stand-replacing fire.

Newswise: Environmental Concerns Increasing Infectious Disease in Amphibians, Other Animals
Released: 18-Jul-2012 1:30 PM EDT
Environmental Concerns Increasing Infectious Disease in Amphibians, Other Animals
Oregon State University

Climate change, habitat destruction, pollution and invasive species are all involved in the global crisis of amphibian declines and extinctions, researchers suggest in a new analysis, but increasingly these forces are causing actual mortality in the form of infectious disease.

Released: 17-Jul-2012 1:35 PM EDT
Physical Health Problems Substantially Increase Use of Mental Health Services
Oregon State University

People who experience a physical health problem, from diabetes and back pain to cancer or heart disease, are three times more likely to seek mental health care than patients who report having no physical ailment, according to a new study by Oregon State University researchers. The study, which is now online in the journal Health Services Research, indicates there is a need for better-coordinated care between physical and mental health providers. It is the first nationally representative study that statistically shows a major link between physical health and mental health.

Newswise: Frail, Older Adults with High Blood Pressure May Have Lower Risk of Mortality
13-Jul-2012 12:45 PM EDT
Frail, Older Adults with High Blood Pressure May Have Lower Risk of Mortality
Oregon State University

A new study suggests that high blood pressure is actually associated with lower mortality in extremely frail, elderly adults.

Newswise: Increase in RDA for Vitamin C Could Help Reduce Heart Disease, Stroke, Cancer
Released: 16-Jul-2012 12:55 PM EDT
Increase in RDA for Vitamin C Could Help Reduce Heart Disease, Stroke, Cancer
Oregon State University

The recommended dietary allowance, or RDA, of vitamin C is less than half what it should be, scientists argue in a recent report, because medical experts insist on evaluating this natural, but critical nutrient in the same way they do pharmaceutical drugs and reach faulty conclusions as a result. At higher levels, it could help prevent serious diseases.

Newswise: Viruses Linked to Algae That Control Coral Health
Released: 12-Jul-2012 12:45 PM EDT
Viruses Linked to Algae That Control Coral Health
Oregon State University

Scientists have discovered two viruses that appear to infect the single-celled microalgae that reside in corals and are important for coral growth and health, and they say the viruses could play a role in the serious decline of coral ecosystems around the world.

Newswise: New Study Suggests Moderate Alcohol Consumption May Help Prevent Bone Loss
9-Jul-2012 11:55 AM EDT
New Study Suggests Moderate Alcohol Consumption May Help Prevent Bone Loss
Oregon State University

Drinking a moderate amount of alcohol as part of a healthy lifestyle may benefit women’s bone health, lowering their risk of developing osteoporosis. A new study assessed the effects of alcohol withdrawal on bone turnover in postmenopausal women who drank one or two drinks per day several times a week. Researchers at Oregon State University measured a significant increase in blood markers of bone turnover in women after they stopped drinking for just two weeks.

Released: 27-Jun-2012 6:30 PM EDT
Drug Traffickers Struggle to Leave 'the Game;' Fear Losing Their Power, Status
Oregon State University

Drug traffickers who want to leave the “game” behind often struggle to do so because they fear loss of power and status, a new study shows. Those who do leave the illegal drug trade often do so because of a complex mixture of issues including fatherhood, drug use and abuse, and threat of punishment by authorities or fear of retaliation. Researchers concluded that traffickers need ways that allow them to leave the drug business without surrendering their entire identity.

Newswise: Dying Trees in Southwest Set Stage for Erosion, Water Loss in Colorado River
Released: 27-Jun-2012 4:55 PM EDT
Dying Trees in Southwest Set Stage for Erosion, Water Loss in Colorado River
Oregon State University

New research concludes that a one-two punch of drought and mountain pine beetle attacks are the primary forces that have killed more than 2.5 million acres of pinyon pine and juniper trees in the American Southwest during the past 15 years, setting the stage for more ecological disruption - including major soil erosion and further loss of water in the Colorado River basin.

Newswise: New Book Looks at Hotspots Around the World for Mega-Quakes
Released: 27-Jun-2012 12:35 PM EDT
New Book Looks at Hotspots Around the World for Mega-Quakes
Oregon State University

Where will the next mega-earthquake strike in the world? It could be in Kabul, or Caracas, or Tehran. A new book by Robert Yeats of Oregon State University, who warned of a major quake in Haiti one week before it happened, looks at hot spots around the world.

Released: 22-Jun-2006 7:40 PM EDT
Study Links Virus to 2001 Thoroughbred Abortion Epidemic
Oregon State University

A new study has linked a major epidemic of abortion in Kentucky Thoroughbred mares to infection with vesivirus, the first time the virus has been suggested to cause this type of problem in horses. The findings add another concern to the health issues associated with this virus, which can infect and cause health problems in many animal species, as well as humans.


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