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Released: 6-Aug-2020 4:30 PM EDT
Social work’s role in the health, well-being of LGBTQ people in China
Washington University in St. Louis

As China’s government seeks solutions to social problems related to an evolving society, professional social work is increasingly entering new areas, including migrant and aging services, and is poised to take on a larger role in assisting lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer people, said two experts from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 4:00 PM EDT
People Who Feel Dizzy When They Stand Up May Have Higher Risk of Dementia
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Some people who feel dizzy or lightheaded when they stand up may have an increased risk of developing dementia years later, according to a new study published in the August 12, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The condition, called orthostatic hypotension, occurs when people experience a sudden drop in blood pressure when they stand up.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:50 PM EDT
How Technological, Socioeconomic and Geopolitical Forces are Altering Everything We Know about Marketing
University of Maryland, Robert H. Smith School of Business

A new study examines technological, socioeconomic and geopolitical forces altering the marketing industry -- including deepening consumer relationships -- and the implications for marketing managers, educators and researchers.

Newswise: Study Finds High Levels of Toxic Pollutants in Stranded Dolphins and Whales
Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:10 PM EDT
Study Finds High Levels of Toxic Pollutants in Stranded Dolphins and Whales
Florida Atlantic University

Researchers examined toxins in tissue concentrations and pathology data from 83 stranded dolphins and whales from 2012 to 2018. They looked at 11 different animal species to test for 17 different substances. The study is the first to report on concentrations in blubber tissues of stranded cetaceans of atrazine, DEP, NPE and triclosan. It also is the first to report concentrations of toxicants in a white-beaked dolphin and in Gervais’ beaked whales.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:10 PM EDT
AANA Supports Improvements to Rural Health Access
American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA)

To provide high-quality, value-based healthcare for millions of patients living in the nation’s rural communities, the White House issued an executive order on Aug. 3 that calls on the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to report on ways to eliminate regulatory burdens. The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) is encouraged by the order which, if considered, could increase access to quality care for patients by removing costly supervision requirements of nurse anesthetists.

Newswise: Consumers find third-party use of personal location data privacy violations, study shows
Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Consumers find third-party use of personal location data privacy violations, study shows
University of Notre Dame

New research from the University of Notre Dame showed that people are nuanced about how their location is tracked.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Placebos prove powerful...even when people know they're taking one
Michigan State University

A team of researchers from Michigan State University, University of Michigan and Dartmouth College is the first to demonstrate that placebos reduce brain markers of emotional distress even when people know they are taking one.

Newswise: New Science Behind Algae-based Flip-flops
Released: 6-Aug-2020 2:35 PM EDT
New Science Behind Algae-based Flip-flops
University of California San Diego

UC San Diego researchers formulated polyurethane foams, made from algae oil, to meet commercial specifications for midsole shoes and the foot-bed of flip-flops. Their latest result, in a series of recent research publications, offers a complete solution to the plastics problem—at least for polyurethanes.

Newswise: New paper addresses mix of contaminants in Fukushima wastewater, highlights risks of dumping in  ocean
6-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT
New paper addresses mix of contaminants in Fukushima wastewater, highlights risks of dumping in ocean
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Ten years after the Tohoku-oki earthquake and tsunami devastated Japan’s Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, radiation levels have fallen in all but the waters closest to the plant. But a new hazard exists and is growing every day in the number of storage tanks on land surrounding the power plant that hold contaminated wastewater.

Newswise: Take a guided ‘tour’ of SuperCam on the new Mars rover
Released: 6-Aug-2020 2:15 PM EDT
Take a guided ‘tour’ of SuperCam on the new Mars rover
Los Alamos National Laboratory

NASA’s new Perseverance rover, which just started its seven-month journey to Mars, carries on board what is likely the most versatile instrument ever created to understand the planet’s past habitability: SuperCam—and a new podcast will tell listeners all about it.

4-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT
DNA from an ancient, unidentified ancestor was passed down to humans living today
PLOS

A new analysis of ancient genomes suggests that different branches of the human family tree interbred multiple times, and that some humans carry DNA from an archaic, unknown ancestor.

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Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT

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Newswise: Horizon31 startup licenses ORNL global communication system for drones
Released: 6-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Horizon31 startup licenses ORNL global communication system for drones
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Horizon31, LLC, of Knoxville, Tenn., has exclusively licensed a novel communication system that allows users to reliably operate unmanned vehicles such as drones from anywhere in the world using only an internet connection.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 1:40 PM EDT

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Newswise:Video Embedded targeted-ultrasound-for-noninvasive-diagnosis-of-brain-cancer
VIDEO
Released: 6-Aug-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Targeted ultrasound for noninvasive diagnosis of brain cancer
Washington University in St. Louis

Brain tumors are typically diagnosed using MRI imaging, as taking a sample for a tissue biopsy is risky and may not be possible due to tumor location or a patient's health. Researchers are developing a method to diagnose brain tumors without any incisions.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 1:35 PM EDT
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health faculty awarded grant by National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

A team led by UCLA Fielding School of Public Health professors Ninez Ponce and Michael Rodriguez has received a $596,000 grant from the National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research to address data gaps about gun use and improve firearms policies.

Newswise: Tracy Onega Named Senior Director of Population Sciences at Huntsman Cancer Institute
Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:50 PM EDT
Tracy Onega Named Senior Director of Population Sciences at Huntsman Cancer Institute
Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah

Tracy Onega, PhD, has been appointed senior director of population sciences at Huntsman Cancer Institute and professor of population sciences at the University of Utah. Onega began her service at HCI on August 1.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:50 PM EDT
COVID-19 Disrupts Important Research Projects, Shutters Labs Indefinitely
American Physiological Society (APS)

The coronavirus has halted critical physiological research and shuttered labs across the nation.

Newswise: Chemotherapy is used to treat less than 25% of people with localized sarcoma
Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Chemotherapy is used to treat less than 25% of people with localized sarcoma
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

UCLA researchers have found that chemotherapy is not commonly used when treating adults with localized sarcoma, a rare type of cancer of the soft tissues or bone. In a nationwide analysis of nearly 20,000 patients whose cancer had not yet spread to other organs, the scientists learned that only 22% were treated with some form of chemotherapy.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Outside Looking In: Study Shows Variation in Hospital Visitor & ICU Communication Policies Due to COVID-19
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A new study documents how 49 hospitals in a state hit hard by COVID-19 changed their visitor policies and communications with families of intensive care unit patients in the first months of the pandemic -- and how those efforts varied. Virtually all hospitals put in place a “no visitors” blanket policy, but 59% of them did allow some exceptions to this rule.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Nanoparticle system captures heart-disease biomarker from blood for in-depth analysis
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison have developed a method combining sticky nanoparticles with high-precision protein measurement to capture and analyze a common marker of heart disease to reveal details that were previously inaccessible.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Credible assumptions replace missing data in COVID analysis
Cornell University

How contagious is COVID-19, and how severe is the virus for those who’ve caught it?

Newswise: Natalie Roe Named Berkeley Lab’s Associate Director for Physical Sciences
Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Natalie Roe Named Berkeley Lab’s Associate Director for Physical Sciences
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Natalie Roe, who joined Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) as a postdoctoral fellow in 1989 and has served as Physics Division director since 2012, has been named the Lab’s Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for the Physical Sciences Area. Her appointment was approved by the University of California. The announcement follows an international search.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Digital buccaneers boost box office bang
University of Georgia

Pirated movies circulated online after their theatrical release saw about 3% higher box office receipts because of the increase in word-of-mouth advertising.

Newswise: coronavirus-image1-300x300.jpg
Released: 6-Aug-2020 11:20 AM EDT
WashU Expert: Pandemic lessons from 2-1-1
Washington University in St. Louis

There have been more than 3.5 million requests for assistance to 2-1-1 help lines around the United States since the coronavirus pandemic hit this spring. The impact was immediate and dramatic, said a Brown School researcher who tracks calls to 2-1-1 help lines across the U.S.During COVID-19, the volume of requests to 2-1-1s has increased exponentially, said Matthew Kreuter, the Kahn Family Professor of Public Health at Washington University in St.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT
Brookhaven Lab Partners in New $40 M Research Center to Convert Sunlight to Liquid Fuels
Brookhaven National Laboratory

UPTON, NY--The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has announced $40M in funding over five years for a new research center aimed at developing hybrid photoelectrodes for converting sunlight into liquid fuels. Chemists from DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory will be key partners in this effort, dubbed the Center for Hybrid Approaches in Solar Energy to Liquid Fuels (CHASE), which will be led by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) and includes additional collaborators at Emory University, North Carolina State University, the University of Pennsylvania, and Yale.

Newswise:Video Embedded delay-in-breast-cancer-operations-due-to-covid-19-pandemic-appears-to-be-non-life-threatening-for-women-with-early-stage-disease
VIDEO
5-Aug-2020 4:25 PM EDT
Delay in breast cancer operations due to COVID-19 pandemic appears to be non-life-threatening for women with early-stage disease
American College of Surgeons (ACS)

A new breast cancer study brings reassuring findings for women with early-stage breast cancer who were forced to delay their cancer operations because of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Newswise: Cancer vs. COVID: When a pandemic upended cancer care
5-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Cancer vs. COVID: When a pandemic upended cancer care
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A team of researchers interviewed physicians and patients at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic to identify eight scenarios impacting cancer care. Using communication strategies, they created examples of language to help oncologists respond to patients empathetically.

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Embargo will expire: 13-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 10:55 AM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 12-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 10:05 AM EDT

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Newswise: Hubble Uses Earth as a Proxy for Identifying Oxygen on Potentially Habitable Planets Around Other Stars
Released: 6-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Hubble Uses Earth as a Proxy for Identifying Oxygen on Potentially Habitable Planets Around Other Stars
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Astronomers used Hubble during a total lunar eclipse to detect ozone in our planet’s atmosphere by looking at Earthlight reflected off the Moon in ultraviolet wavelengths. This method serves as a proxy for how astronomers will observe Earth-like exoplanets in search of life.

Newswise: A Closer Look at Water-Splitting’s Solar Fuel Potential
Released: 6-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
A Closer Look at Water-Splitting’s Solar Fuel Potential
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Scientists at Berkeley Lab and the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) have gained important new insight into how the performance of a promising semiconducting thin film can be optimized at the nanoscale for renewable energy technologies such as solar fuels.

5-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Research into worker health and safety in the cannabis industry is critical and nearly absent
University of Washington

Legal marijuana is one of America’s fastest-growing industries, yet little scientific research exists on the unique workplace and health risks faced by cannabis workers. A special issue of the journal Annals of Work Exposures and Health explores worker safety in cannabis industry.

3-Aug-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Understanding Alcohol-Related Violence: What is its Place and Role in the Wider Context of Aggression?
Research Society on Alcoholism

Aggressive behavior often, but not always, occurs alongside alcohol and drug misuse. Indeed, alcohol and drugs contribute to at least 40% of violent acts. However, despite the importance of substance misuse to understanding aggression, the relationships between alcohol-related, drug-related, and non-substance-related aggression are unclear. In particular, it is not known if these are three different facets of an individual’s overall aggressive tendency, or if they are three distinct and separate entities. A new analysis reported in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research has probed this question using statistical modeling.

3-Aug-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Challenging Dogma, Recovery from Alcohol Use Disorder Can Sometimes Include Heavy Drinking
Research Society on Alcoholism

Recovering from alcohol use disorder (AUD) can sometimes involve drinking reductions that do not come close to abstinence, according to recent research — challenging the dogma that recovery from AUD requires abstinence or infrequent drinking. In a new study, one in five participants achieved stable recovery while occasionally drinking heavily. These participants reported success in various measures of life satisfaction, functioning, and health several years after treatment for AUD, according to the study in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Their experience highlights the value of any drinking reduction. This study expands a body of work that is calling into question the longstanding emphasis — in research and recovery programs, including Alcoholics Anonymous — on drinking practices as a primary measure of success. A similar shift is taking place around other psychiatric disorders, with recovery increasingly measured by improved health and functioning over the absence of

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 9:50 AM EDT

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Released: 6-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Blood Test May Point to Patients at Higher Risk for COVID-19 Deterioration, Death
George Washington University

George Washington University researchers found five biomarkers associated with higher odds of clinical deterioration and death in COVID-19 patients. Published in Future Medicine, these findings will help physicians better predict outcomes for COVID-19 patients in the U.S.

Newswise: Penn’s ‘Enhanced Recovery’ Program Significantly Reduces Post-Op Opioid Use
6-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Penn’s ‘Enhanced Recovery’ Program Significantly Reduces Post-Op Opioid Use
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Penn Medicine researchers found that when an “Enhanced Recovery After Surgery” protocol was employed—which optimizes patients’ surgical care before, during, and after surgery—the majority of patients did not need opioids for pain management at one, three, and six months after elective spinal and peripheral nerve surgery.

Newswise: UVA Named to Newsweek’s Best Maternity Hospitals List
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
UVA Named to Newsweek’s Best Maternity Hospitals List
University of Virginia Health System

For meeting a set of rigorous best practices for maternity care, University of Virginia Medical Center, UVA Women’s Services and UVA Children’s have been named to Newsweek’s Best Maternity Hospitals 2020 list.

Newswise:Video Embedded poison-control-chasing-the-antidote
VIDEO
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Poison control: Chasing the antidote
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

A fast-acting antidote to mitigate the effects of organophosphate poisoning requires a reactivator that can effectively and efficiently cross the blood-brain barrier, bind loosely to the enzyme, chemically snatch the poison and then leave quickly. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is using neutron diffraction data towards improving a novel reactivator design.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Algorithm Created By “Deep Learning” Identifies Potential Therapeutic Targets Throughout Genome
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

A team of researchers have developed an algorithm through machine learning that helps predict sites of DNA methylation – a process that can change the activity of DNA without changing its overall structure – and could identify disease-causing mechanisms that would otherwise be missed by conventional screening methods.

Newswise: FAU’s ‘Fantastic Four’ Researchers Receive Prestigious NSF CAREER Awards
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:30 AM EDT
FAU’s ‘Fantastic Four’ Researchers Receive Prestigious NSF CAREER Awards
Florida Atlantic University

Four FAU researchers have received the coveted NSF Early Career (CAREER) award for research to develop a low-cost, disposable point-of-care platform to detect current and emerging infectious diseases; for a cognitive screening tool for the early detection of Alzheimer’s disease using wearables and a smartphone; for mathematical tools and new ways of coding to enhance cybersecurity; and to better understand how marine animals tune, or dynamically adjust their movements using their skin and skeletons.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:10 AM EDT
Recovery After Severe COVID Infection Poses Unique Challenges
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

As more patients recovered from COVID-19 are discharged from stressed ICUs, they face multiple problems brought on by the pandemic.


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