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7-Aug-2020 12:30 PM EDT
Excess Weight Among Pregnant Women May Interfere With Child’s Developing Brain
NYU Langone Health

Obesity in expectant mothers may hinder the development of the babies’ brains as early as the second trimester, a new study finds.

7-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT
Study Pinpoints Five Most Likely Causes of Post-Traumatic Stress in Police Officers
NYU Langone Health

A combination of genetic and emotional differences may lead to post-traumatic stress (PTS) in police officers, a new study finds.

Newswise: Free ArtPlay workshops for teachers will share tips for virtual teaching Aug. 11, Aug. 17
Released: 10-Aug-2020 6:45 PM EDT
Free ArtPlay workshops for teachers will share tips for virtual teaching Aug. 11, Aug. 17
University of Alabama at Birmingham

When musical theater and visual arts summer camps went online at the University of Alabama at Birmingham this summer, staff did not know what to expect. The award-winning camps, presented by UAB’s ArtPlay, are always popular, to the point of selling out all available spaces. Despite the teachers’ fears, campers and their parents loved the new virtual camps.

Newswise: St. Jude nurse leader Belinda N. Mandrell, PhD, RN, named to the 2020 Class of Fellows of the American Academy of Nursing
Released: 10-Aug-2020 6:45 PM EDT
St. Jude nurse leader Belinda N. Mandrell, PhD, RN, named to the 2020 Class of Fellows of the American Academy of Nursing
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

St. Jude nurse leader Belinda N. Mandrell, PhD, RN, named a fellow of the American Academy of Nursing

Newswise: Sameet Shah, D.O., Gastroenterologist, Joins Hackensack Meridian Mountainside Medical Group
Released: 10-Aug-2020 5:30 PM EDT
Sameet Shah, D.O., Gastroenterologist, Joins Hackensack Meridian Mountainside Medical Group
Hackensack Meridian Health

Mountainside Medical Group announced today that Sameet Shah, D.O., has joined the practice to serve the community’s growing need in the field of gastroenterology.

Newswise: New Machine Learning Tool Predicts Devastating Intestinal Disease in Premature Infants
Released: 10-Aug-2020 4:55 PM EDT
New Machine Learning Tool Predicts Devastating Intestinal Disease in Premature Infants
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Researchers from Columbia Engineering and the University of Pittsburgh have developed a sensitive and specific early warning system for predicting necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature infants before the life-threatening intestinal disease occurs. The prototype predicts NEC accurately and early, using stool microbiome features combined with clinical and demographic information. “The lessons we’ve learned from our new technique could well translate to other genetic or proteomic datasets and inspire new machine learning algorithms for healthcare datasets.”

Newswise: Simulating crash into asteroid reveals its heavy metal psyche
Released: 10-Aug-2020 4:45 PM EDT
Simulating crash into asteroid reveals its heavy metal psyche
Los Alamos National Laboratory

New 2D and 3D computer modeling of impacts on the asteroid Psyche, the largest Main Belt asteroid, indicate it is probably metallic and porous in composition, something like a flying cosmic rubble pile.

Newswise: Analysis of Ugandan cervical carcinomas, an aid for understudied sub-Saharan women
Released: 10-Aug-2020 4:30 PM EDT
Analysis of Ugandan cervical carcinomas, an aid for understudied sub-Saharan women
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Cervical cancer kills over 300,000 women a year, and 19 of the 20 nations with the highest death rates are sub-Saharan countries. Now an international team has published the first comprehensive genomic study of cervical cancers in sub-Saharan Africa, with a focus on tumors from 212 Ugandans.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 4:30 PM EDT
Researchers find new potential treatment for prion diseases
Oxford University Press

A new study in Nucleic Acids Research, published by Oxford University Press, suggests a possible effective treatment strategy for patients suffering from prion disease.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 4:20 PM EDT
Brain activity during psychological stress may predict chest pain in people with heart disease
American Heart Association (AHA)

Stress-induced activity in the inferior frontal lobe of the brain may have a direct correlation with chest pain among people with coronary artery disease, according to new research released today in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, an American Heart Association journal.

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Released: 10-Aug-2020 4:15 PM EDT
How fish stocks will change in warming seas
University of Exeter

New research out today highlights the future effects of climate change on important fish stocks for south-west UK fisheries.

Newswise: New model shows how voting behavior can drive political parties apart
Released: 10-Aug-2020 4:10 PM EDT
New model shows how voting behavior can drive political parties apart
Santa Fe Institute

If voters gravitate toward the center of the political spectrum, why are the parties drifting farther apart? A new model reveals a mechanism for increased polarization in U.S. politics, guided by the idea of "satisficing"-- that people will settle for a candidate who is "good enough."

Newswise: Young adults' risks from first-time opioid prescriptions may not be as high as previously thought
Released: 10-Aug-2020 4:05 PM EDT
Young adults' risks from first-time opioid prescriptions may not be as high as previously thought
Indiana University

Young adults and adolescents who are prescribed opioids for the first time may be at a slightly greater risk of developing a substance-related problem later in life, according to a new study co-authored by Indiana University researchers. However, the risk may not be as high as previously thought.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 3:55 PM EDT
Restaurant customers frown on automatic gratuities, particularly after good service
Washington State University

Automatic gratuities leave restaurant patrons with a bad taste, even when the meal and the service were excellent, new research from Washington State University indicates.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 3:45 PM EDT
Vaccine to prevent tuberculosis may help limit spread of COVID-19, Missouri S&T researchers say
Missouri University of Science and Technology

A vaccine developed about a century ago to prevent tuberculosis may also help prevent the transmission of COVID-19, according to two Missouri S&T researchers who examined the spread of COVID-19 among countries that require the vaccine and those that do not.The Missouri S&T researchers analyzed COVID-19-related death and incidence rates among nations that require the BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin) vaccine.

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Released: 10-Aug-2020 3:35 PM EDT
Biodiversity may limit invasions: Lessons from lizards on Panama Canal islands
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

When the U.S. flooded Panama's Chagres River valley in 1910, Gatun Lake held the record as the world's biggest reservoir.

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Embargo will expire: 13-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 10-Aug-2020 3:25 PM EDT

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Released: 10-Aug-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Breaking molecular traffic jams with finned nanoporous materials
University of Houston

New porous catalyst with ultra-small fins facilitates molecular transport

Released: 10-Aug-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Cancer care and screenings must remain a priority during COVID-19
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center is committed to safely providing patient care and cancer screenings throughout the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 2:45 PM EDT
What the rest of the world can learn from South Korea's COVID-19 response
University of Colorado Denver

CU Denver researcher investigates how South Korean policy enabled the country to flatten the curve without economic disaster

Released: 10-Aug-2020 2:35 PM EDT
Tulane researchers studying rise in intimate partner violence amid COVID-19 pandemic
Tulane University

Tulane mental health experts say many of the strategies that are critical to ensuring public health are having a major impact on families experiencing intimate partner violence., also known as IPV.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 2:30 PM EDT
Successful school instruction is digital - but not exclusively
Technical University of Munich

Secondary school students perform better in natural sciences and mathematics and are more motivated when digital tools are used in instruction.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 2:25 PM EDT
Schooling Is Critical for Cognitive Health Throughout Life
Association for Psychological Science

New research suggests that education provides little to no protection against the onset of cognitive declines later in life. It can, however, boost the cognitive skills people develop earlier in life, pushing back the point at which age-related dementia begins to impact a person’s ability to care for themselves.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 2:15 PM EDT
Mouthwashes could reduce the risk of coronavirus transmission
Ruhr-Universität Bochum

Sars-Cov-2 viruses can be inactivated using certain commercially available mouthwashes.

Newswise: Coronavirus transmission risk increases along wildlife supply chains
Released: 10-Aug-2020 2:05 PM EDT
Coronavirus transmission risk increases along wildlife supply chains
PLOS

oronaviruses were detected in a high proportion of bats and rodents in Viet Nam from 2013 to 2014, with an increasing proportion of positive samples found along the wildlife supply chain from traders to large markets to restaurants, according to a study published August 10 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Amanda Fine of the Wildlife Conservation Society and colleagues.

Newswise: Portable UV Disinfection Chambers Could Help Address PPE Shortage
Released: 10-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Portable UV Disinfection Chambers Could Help Address PPE Shortage
Georgia Institute of Technology

Portable disinfection chambers that use ultraviolet (UV) light to inactivate virus particles could allow emergency medical technicians, police officers, healthcare workers, pharmacy technicians, and others to quickly disinfect their personal protective equipment (PPE) as they need it.

Newswise:Video Embedded new-study-documents-increasing-frequency-cost-and-severity-of-gunshot-wounds-that-require-surgical-intervention
VIDEO
Released: 10-Aug-2020 1:50 PM EDT
New study documents increasing frequency, cost, and severity of gunshot wounds that require surgical intervention
American College of Surgeons (ACS)

The rise in firearm violence has coincided with an increase in the severity of injuries firearms inflict as well as the cost of operations.

Newswise: Artificial intelligence could improve accuracy, efficiency of CT screening for COVID-19 diagnosis
Released: 10-Aug-2020 1:45 PM EDT
Artificial intelligence could improve accuracy, efficiency of CT screening for COVID-19 diagnosis
University of Notre Dame

Researchers at the University of Notre Dame are developing a new technique using artificial intelligence (AI) that would improve CT screening to more quickly identify patients with the coronavirus.

Newswise: CRF Will Hold Free Online Seminar on Heart Disease Warning Signs
Released: 10-Aug-2020 1:40 PM EDT
CRF Will Hold Free Online Seminar on Heart Disease Warning Signs
Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF)

The Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) will hold a free online seminar, “Get Heart Smart,” on August 24 hosted by Drs. Nisha Jhalani and Ajay Kirtane, renowned academic cardiologists from NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Irving Medical Center. The seminar, part of a series of “Mini Med Schools” conducted by the CRF Women’s Heart Health Initiative, will focus on common heart disease symptoms, when to talk to your doctor, and when to seek emergency care.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Non-Fasting Blood Test Can Help Screen Youth for Prediabetes and Diabetes
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

A simple blood test that does not require overnight fasting has been found to be an accurate screening tool for identifying youth at risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease risk later in life.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 1:35 PM EDT
NAU scientists contribute to critical global study showing ‘best of the last’ tropical forests urgently need protection to mitigate climate change, safeguard human well-being
Northern Arizona University

Professor Scott Goetz, research professor Patrick Jantz and research associate Pat Burns of Northern Arizona University contributed to the study, published in Nature Ecology and Evolution, that found world’s “best of the last” tropical forests are at significant risk of being lost,

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Released: 10-Aug-2020 1:35 PM EDT
A team of international physicists join forces in hunt for sterile neutrinos
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

The MINOS+ and Daya Bay neutrino experiments combine results to produce most stringent test yet for the existence of sterile neutrinos.

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Released: 10-Aug-2020 1:30 PM EDT
UCI researchers launch first-of-its-kind coronavirus statistics portal
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Aug. 10, 2020 — Scientists at the University of California, Irvine have unveiled a public website that provides up-to-date statistics on coronavirus infections in Orange County, with comparisons to neighboring and other California counties. The site displays information collected from the California Open Data Portal in an easily comprehended format, giving visitors quick access to the most relevant data on hospitalized patients with COVID-19, intensive care unit patients, new daily cases and new daily deaths caused by the disease.

Newswise: Rutgers Dean Receives Award for Acclaimed Book on Realities and Challenges Faced by Three Generations of Gay Men
Released: 10-Aug-2020 1:25 PM EDT
Rutgers Dean Receives Award for Acclaimed Book on Realities and Challenges Faced by Three Generations of Gay Men
Rutgers School of Public Health

Rutgers School of Public Health Dean, Perry N. Halkitis, has received the Distinguished Book Award from the American Psychological Association’s Society for the Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity for Out in Time: The Public Lives of Gay Men from Stonewall to the Queer Generation.

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Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 10-Aug-2020 1:00 PM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Newswise: Breast Cancer Cells Use Message-carrying Vesicles to Send Oncogenic Stimuli to Neighboring Normal Cells
Released: 10-Aug-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Breast Cancer Cells Use Message-carrying Vesicles to Send Oncogenic Stimuli to Neighboring Normal Cells
Wistar Institute

According to a Wistar study, breast cancer cells starved for oxygen send out messages that induce oncogenic changes in surrounding normal epithelial cells.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Newer ALK+ targeted therapy prolongs life for lung cancer patients
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer treated with ensartinib fared better and lived longer than those who received crizotinib, according to results of a phase 3 study. The randomized study compared the targeted therapies as first-line treatments. Ensartinib is a newer targeted therapy that was initially tested and validated at a Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center research laboratory, while crizotinib received approval in 2011 from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Released: 10-Aug-2020 12:05 PM EDT
NYU Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies Launches Indigenous and Diasporic Language COVID-19 PSA Series
New York University

The NYU Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies has launched “Conversemos COVID-19” (“Let’s Talk COVID-19”), an initiative aimed at offering information about the pandemic in various indigenous and diasporic languages widely spoken in New York.

Newswise: Spiky COVID-19 particle no match for taste bud cells
Released: 10-Aug-2020 11:50 AM EDT
Spiky COVID-19 particle no match for taste bud cells
University of Georgia

A new study from the Regenerative Bioscience Center at the University of Georgia is the first to suggest that COVID-19 does not directly damage taste bud cells.

Newswise: Explosive nuclear astrophysics
Released: 10-Aug-2020 11:30 AM EDT
Explosive nuclear astrophysics
Argonne National Laboratory

An international team has made a key discovery related to “presolar grains” found in some meteorites. This discovery has shed light on stellar explosions and the origin of chemical elements. It has also provided a new method for astronomical research.

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Embargo will expire: 12-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 10-Aug-2020 11:15 AM EDT

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Newswise: Computing Nuclei Properties at Lightning Speed
Released: 10-Aug-2020 11:05 AM EDT
Computing Nuclei Properties at Lightning Speed
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nuclear physicists have developed a new method for quickly emulating the quantum properties of atomic nuclei. The emulator starts with a training stage that uses a small set of exact calculations, then generates 1 million predictions for the ground-state energy and charge radius of nuclei of oxygen-16. The process takes less than an hour on a personal computer.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 11:05 AM EDT
Thermal chaos returns quantum system to its unknown past
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)

Building up on their last year’s breakthrough “time reversal” experiment, two researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Argonne National Laboratory have published a new theoretical study in Communications Physics. While their previous paper dealt with a predefined quantum state, this time the physicists have devised a way to time-reverse the evolution of an object in an arbitrary, unknown state.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 10:30 AM EDT
Researchers describe nanoparticles behavior in vivo
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)

Nanoparticles are actively employed in medicine as contrast agents as well as for diagnosis and therapy of various diseases. However, the development of novel multifunctional nanoagents is impeded by the difficulty of monitoring their blood circulation. Researches from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, the Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of RAS, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Prokhorov General Physics Institute of RAS, and Sirius University have developed a new noninvasive method of nanoparticle measurement in the bloodstream that boasts a high time resolution. This technique has revealed the basic parameters that affect particle lifetime in the bloodstream, which may potentially lead to discovery of new, more effective nanoagents to be used in biomedicine.

Newswise: Retesting for COVID-19: UPMC Shares its Experience
Released: 10-Aug-2020 10:25 AM EDT
Retesting for COVID-19: UPMC Shares its Experience
Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

In the first large, multicenter analysis of its kind, the 40-hospital UPMC health system today reported its findings on clinician-directed retesting of patients for presence of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

Newswise: NASA awards its Exceptional Public Achievement Medal to UAH’s Michael Briggs
Released: 10-Aug-2020 10:25 AM EDT
NASA awards its Exceptional Public Achievement Medal to UAH’s Michael Briggs
University of Alabama Huntsville

NASA has awarded its Exceptional Public Achievement Medal for sustained performance that embodies multiple contributions on NASA projects, programs or initiatives to Dr. Michael S. Briggs, an assistant director of the Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research (CSPAR) at The University of Alabama in Huntsville.

Newswise: Shape-Shifting Selenium; Abrupt Change Found Between Selenium-70 and Selenium-72
Released: 10-Aug-2020 10:20 AM EDT
Shape-Shifting Selenium; Abrupt Change Found Between Selenium-70 and Selenium-72
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nuclear scientists recently found that the nucleus of the radioactive isotope selenium-72 has a football-like shape. This is similar to the stable, nonradioactive isotopes of selenium, but different from the disk-like shape of radioactive selenium-70 nuclei. This finding helps explain how the interaction between protons and neutrons in nuclei leads to collective behavior.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 10:15 AM EDT
Fighting like cats and dogs?
University of Lincoln

Animal behaviour scientists from the University of Lincoln, UK, have discovered that filling your home with appeasing pheromones could be the key to a happy household where both dogs and cats are living under the same roof.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 10:05 AM EDT
Challenges Accepted
University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center

A quintessential part of facing any kind of challenge is reaping the rewards when you’ve successfully met it. It’s an adage that can be applied to nearly any profession, including surgical oncology, and it’s what brought Vinay Rai, MD, FACS, FASCRS, to the UNM Comprehensive Cancer Center.


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