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Newswise: Models show how COVID-19 cuts a neighborhood path
Released: 29-Oct-2020 3:45 PM EDT
Models show how COVID-19 cuts a neighborhood path
University of Washington

A research team led by UC Irvine and the University of Washington has created a new model of how the coronavirus can spread through a community. The model factors in network exposure — whom one interacts with — and demographics to simulate at a more detailed level both where and how quickly the coronavirus could spread through Seattle and 18 other major cities.

Newswise: First Detailed Oil Sample Analysis Completed from Mauritius Oil Spill
Released: 29-Oct-2020 3:30 PM EDT
First Detailed Oil Sample Analysis Completed from Mauritius Oil Spill
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

The first ultra-high-resolution analysis of an oil sample from Mauritius shows that the material is a complex and unusual mix of hydrocarbons—and even though some of the components in it may have already degraded or evaporated, what remains still gives it the ability to persist in the environment.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 3:15 PM EDT
Four MSK Researchers Receive 2020 Outstanding Investigator Award from the National Cancer Institute
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Four MSK researchers out of 15 winners nationwide were named recipients of the prestigious award. They will each receive a grant of up to $600,000 per year for seven years to support their research in cancer.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 3:15 PM EDT
Ingo Mellinghoff Named Chair of MSK’s Department of Neurology
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Neuro-oncologist and renowned physician-scientist Ingo Mellinghoff will lead MSK’s distinguished Department of Neurology after previously serving as Acting Co-Chair.

Newswise:Video Embedded an-earth-sized-rogue-planet-discovered-in-the-milky-way
Released: 29-Oct-2020 3:05 PM EDT
An Earth-sized rogue planet discovered in the Milky Way
Faculty Of Physics University Of Warsaw

Our Galaxy may be teeming with rogue planets, gravitationally unbound to any star. An international team of scientists, led by Polish astronomers, has announced the discovery of the smallest Earth-sized free-floating planet found to date.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 2:55 PM EDT
Cornell synchrotron receives $32.6M from NSF for new X-ray beamline
Cornell University

The National Science Foundation has awarded the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS) $32.6 million to build a High Magnetic Field (HMF) beamline, which will allow researchers to conduct precision X-ray studies of materials in persistent magnetic fields that exceed those available at any other synchrotron.

Newswise:Video Embedded mass-eye-and-ear-capital-campaign-concludes-with-252-million-raised-to-advance-research-and-patient-care
Released: 29-Oct-2020 2:55 PM EDT
Mass Eye and Ear Capital Campaign Concludes with $252 Million Raised to Advance Research and Patient Care
Massachusetts Eye and Ear

Mass Eye and Ear is proud to announce the successful conclusion of its historic campaign, “Bold Science. Life-Changing Cures.” which raised $252M from philanthropy to advance research to treat and cure diseases of vision, hearing, and the head and neck. The campaign was led by co-chair Wyc Grousbeck, Boston Celtics CEO and Lead Owner and former Chairman of Mass Eye and Ear.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 2:55 PM EDT
Lung scans for stroke patients could provide earlier COVID-19 detection
American Heart Association (AHA)

Computed tomography angiogram (CTA) scans may offer fast and early detection of COVID-19 in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients, according to new research published today in Stroke, a journal of the American Stroke Association, a division of the American Heart Association.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 2:30 PM EDT
Why people with dementia go missing
University of East Anglia

People with dementia are more likely to go missing in areas where road networks are dense, complicated and disordered - according to new research from the University of East Anglia.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 2:25 PM EDT
Contrary to the viral rumors on social media, Dr. Fauci did not write a paper on how masks caused mass deaths in the 1918 flu pandemic

Posts are being shared on social media attempting to negate the use of masks as protective devices during the pandemic. These claims are false. Fauci did not blame mask use for any deaths that occurred during the 1918 Spanish flu.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 2:20 PM EDT
Book examines Black Jewish indigeneity in South Africa
Cornell University

In “Genetic Afterlives,” Noah Tamarkin, assistant professor of anthropology in the College of Arts and Sciences, writes about the Lemba with an ethnographic approach, opening larger questions about the relationship between genetics, citizenship, race, and origins.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 2:15 PM EDT
New research finds we don’t empathize with others equally – but we believe we should
University at Albany, State University of New York

According to new research, while we don’t always empathize with others equally–most of us believe we should.

Newswise: How Does the Environment Impact COVID-19?
Released: 29-Oct-2020 2:10 PM EDT
How Does the Environment Impact COVID-19?
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

S&T NBACC research finds that sunlight is the strongest environmental factor that inactivates COVID-19.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Stronger treatments could cure Chagas disease
University of Georgia

Researchers have found that a more intensive, less frequent drug regimen with currently available therapeutics could cure the infection that causes Chagas disease

Released: 29-Oct-2020 1:30 PM EDT
Facing up to the reality of politicians’ Instagram posts
University of Georgia

A University of Georgia researcher used computer vision to analyze thousands of images from over 100 Instagram accounts of United States politicians and discovered posts that showed politicians’ faces in nonpolitical settings increased audience engagement over traditional posts such as politicians in professional or political settings.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 1:25 PM EDT
The Lancet Healthy Longevity: Residential context important factor in risk of COVID-19 mortality among older adults, Stockholm study suggests

New study of older adults (aged 70 or over) in Stockholm, Sweden, suggests older people living in care homes had higher COVID-19 mortality risk than those living in single houses or apartment buildings.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 1:10 PM EDT
Study measures effectiveness of different face mask materials when coughing
University of Cambridge

A team of researchers have tested everything from t-shirts and socks to jeans and vacuum bags to determine what type of mask material is most effective at trapping the ultrafine particles which may contain viruses such as SARS-CoV-2, the virus which causes COVID-19.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 4-Nov-2020 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 29-Oct-2020 12:55 PM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 4-Nov-2020 11:00 AM EST The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 12:55 PM EDT
Positive Outlook Predicts Less Memory Decline
Association for Psychological Science

The happier we feel, the less likely we are to experience memory decline.

Newswise: Scientists repurpose MRI magnet for new discoveries
Released: 29-Oct-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Scientists repurpose MRI magnet for new discoveries
Argonne National Laboratory

For five years, a recycled MRI magnet has provided strong magnetic fields for cross-calibration and testing of equipment used in major physics experiments.

Newswise: Scientists launch quest to develop quantum sensors for probing quantum materials
Released: 29-Oct-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Scientists launch quest to develop quantum sensors for probing quantum materials
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

When it comes to fully understanding the hidden secrets of quantum materials, it takes one to know one, scientists say: Only tools that also operate on quantum principles can get us there. A new Department of Energy research center will focus on developing those tools.

Newswise: Hide and seek: Understanding how COVID-19 evades detection in a human cell
Released: 29-Oct-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Hide and seek: Understanding how COVID-19 evades detection in a human cell
Argonne National Laboratory

Scientists using the Advanced Photon Source have discovered new insights into the ways the SARS-CoV-2 virus camouflages itself inside the human body.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 12:25 PM EDT
Helios Foundation President Says Equal Access to High Quality Education Will Close Achievement Gap
CFES Brilliant Pathways

Providing all students with a high quality education, regardless of their circumstances, will help close the achievement gap and benefit all of society, said Paul Luna, President and CEO of Helios Education Foundation, at the CFES Brilliant Pathways Global Conference.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Two million lost health coverage, thousands died prematurely in Trump's first 3 years
Physicians For A National Health Program

A new analysis of federal surveys on health insurance coverage concludes that the number of uninsured Americans increased by about 2.3 million between 2016 and 2019.

Newswise: Accelerating Access to Breakthrough Cancer Therapies Leads Morristown Medical Center to Expand Infusion Center
Released: 29-Oct-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Accelerating Access to Breakthrough Cancer Therapies Leads Morristown Medical Center to Expand Infusion Center
Atlantic Health System

Atlantic Health System has announced the opening of Morristown Medical Center’s new state-of-the-art, patient-centered Infusion Center located in the Carol G. Simon Cancer Center. The first of three phases of expansion of New Jersey’s pre-eminent cancer center, the new unit was funded in large part by donations made by community members in support of the Foundation for Morristown Medical Center’s Growing Forward Campaign.

Newswise: Fisher-Mark-01-768x512.jpg
Released: 29-Oct-2020 12:10 PM EDT
Cognitive decline distorts political choices, UCI-led study says
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Oct. 29, 2020 — Identification along the liberal/conservative spectrum may last a lifetime, but cognitive decline distorts our political choices, according to the first-of-its-kind study led by the University of California, Irvine. For those who are cognitively impaired, identifying as being liberal or conservative loses its relationship to their political decision-making.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 12:05 PM EDT
How people would choose who gets scarce COVID-19 treatment
Ohio State University

As COVID-19 cases begin climbing again in the United States, the possibility arises of a grim moral dilemma: Which patients should be prioritized if medical resources are scarce?

Newswise: 247273_web.jpg
Released: 29-Oct-2020 12:00 PM EDT
Escaping the 'Era of Pandemics': experts warn worse crises to come; offer options to reduce risk
The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)

Future pandemics will emerge more often, spread more rapidly, do more damage to the world economy and kill more people than COVID-19 unless there is a transformative change in the global approach to dealing with infectious diseases, warns a major new report on biodiversity and pandemics by 22 leading experts from around the world.

Newswise: 247321_web.jpg
Released: 29-Oct-2020 11:35 AM EDT
How Twitter takes votes away from Trump but not from Republicans

A popular narrative holds that social media network Twitter influenced the outcome of the 2016 presidential elections by helping Republican candidate Donald Trump spread partisan content and misinformation. In a recent interview with CBS News, Trump himself stated he "would not be here without social media."

Newswise: Study highlights link between depressive symptoms and stroke risk
Released: 29-Oct-2020 11:35 AM EDT
Study highlights link between depressive symptoms and stroke risk
University of Alabama at Birmingham

People with multiple depressive symptoms have an increased risk for stroke, with new findings showing that individuals who scored higher on a test designed to measure depressive symptoms had a higher stroke risk than those with lower scores.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 11:30 AM EDT
Buzz kill: Ogre-faced spiders ‘hear’ airborne prey with their legs
Cornell University

In the dark of night, ogre-faced spiders with dominating big eyes dangle from a silk frame to cast a web and capture their ground prey. But these spiders also can capture insects flying behind them with precision, and Cornell University scientists have now confirmed how.

Newswise: American Institute of Physics Announces 2020 Science Communication Award Winners
Released: 29-Oct-2020 11:25 AM EDT
American Institute of Physics Announces 2020 Science Communication Award Winners
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The American Institute of Physics recognizes the winners of the 2020 Science Communication Awards for their topical works on reshaping our world, recognizing forgotten women in science, searching for knowledge, and hunting down black holes. The 2020 winners are Susan Hockfield, Joshua Sokol, Curtis Manley, and Catalyst.

Newswise: 247076_web.jpg
Released: 29-Oct-2020 11:10 AM EDT
Antarctica yields oldest fossils of giant birds with 21-foot wingspans
University of California, Berkeley

Fossils recovered from Antarctica in the 1980s represent the oldest giant members of an extinct group of birds that patrolled the southern oceans with wingspans of up to 21 feet that would dwarf the 11½-foot wingspan of today's largest bird, the wandering albatross.

22-Oct-2020 11:40 AM EDT
Scientists Engineer New Cancer Immunotherapy to Train Immune System in Cancer Fight
Mount Sinai Health System

A groundbreaking new type of cancer immunotherapy developed at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai trains the innate immune system to help it eliminate tumor cells through the use of nanobiologics, tiny materials bioengineered from natural molecules that are paired with a therapeutic component, according to a study published in Cell in October.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 10:50 AM EDT
National Survey Reveals People Living with Diabetes Feel They Are Doing Everything They Can to Manage Their Condition, Yet Believe More Can Be Done
Association of Diabetes Care & Education Specialists (ADCES)

The Association of Diabetes Care & Education Specialists (ADCES) today announced the results of a national survey that uncovered people living with diabetes are challenged by tracking information related to their condition over time.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 10:40 AM EDT
There are no official results on Election Night that must be declared, despite Trump's claim

There is no law saying official results must be given on Election Night.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 10:35 AM EDT
With Vilnius off, IPhO 2020 reemerges as distributed olympiad
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)

Instead of the IPhO 2020 that was supposed to take place this summer in Vilnius, Lithuania, MIPT will be organizing the 2020 International distributed Physics Olympiad Dec. 7-15. Countries are welcome to create national teams and register for the olympiad before Nov. 8.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 10:30 AM EDT
The Mastercard Foundation and Talloires Network of Engaged Universities Launch the Next Generation Leaders Program
Tufts University

Next Generation Leaders (NGL), a new initiative between the Mastercard Foundation and the Talloires Network of Engaged Universities (the Network), will create a first-of-its-kind virtual community of university student leaders who are committed to civic engagement and social responsibility.

Newswise: Breakthrough quantum-dot transistors create a flexible alternative to conventional electronics
Released: 29-Oct-2020 10:25 AM EDT
Breakthrough quantum-dot transistors create a flexible alternative to conventional electronics
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their collaborators from the University of California, Irvine have created fundamental electronic building blocks out of tiny structures known as quantum dots and used them to assemble functional logic circuits.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 10:15 AM EDT
How does 5G affect the climate?
Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

A team of researchers from the University of Zurich and Empa has analyzed the consequences of the 5G mobile phone standard for the climate. One thing is clear: 5G technology can curb greenhouse gas emissions, as new applications become available and digitalization is used more efficiently. Today the study authors are presenting the results to members of the Swiss parliament in Bern.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 10:10 AM EDT
Stigma Impacts Psychological, Physical Health of Multiracial People
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Policy changes can help to fight stigmas of multiracial Americans, one of the fasting growing minority groups in the United States according to a Rutgers University-led study.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 10:05 AM EDT
Rutgers Expert Explains QAnon
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

The author of Conspiracy Panics: Political Rationality and Popular Culture describes QAnon, why it’s well-known and why we should not treat this as a misinformation problem.

Released: 29-Oct-2020 10:05 AM EDT
UH and CWRU Announce Study of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center

University Hospitals and Case Western Reserve University announcement that UH Cleveland Medical Center has been selected as a clinical trial site for the Phase 3 global study of an investigational vaccine against SARS-CoV-2, sponsored by AstraZeneca (LSE/STO/NYSE: AZN).

Released: 29-Oct-2020 10:05 AM EDT
Why Do White Americans Support Both Strict Immigration Policies and DREAM Act?
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

White Americans support strict immigration policies while at the same time favor the DREAM Act that would grant legal status to some immigrants who were brought to the United States as children, a contradiction linked to racial resentment and the belief that equality already exists, according to a Rutgers-led study.

Newswise: Hubble Finds
Released: 29-Oct-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Hubble Finds "Greater Pumpkin" Galaxy Pair
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

This new Hubble photo resembling a Halloween carved pumpkin features the early stages of a collision between two galaxies. The “pumpkin’s” glowing “eyes” are the bright, star-filled cores of each galaxy that contain supermassive black holes. An arm of newly forming stars give the imaginary gourd a wry smirk.

Newswise: Mouse Studies Link Some Autism To Brain Cells That Guide Sociability And Platonic Love
Released: 29-Oct-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Mouse Studies Link Some Autism To Brain Cells That Guide Sociability And Platonic Love
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report that new experiments with genetically engineered mice have found clear connections among a range of autism types and abnormalities in brain cells whose chemical output forges platonic (non-sexual) feelings of love and sociability.

Newswise: $39 Million to better integrate renewables into power grid
29-Oct-2020 8:30 AM EDT
$39 Million to better integrate renewables into power grid
University of California San Diego

The National Science Foundation has awarded $39 million to a team of engineers and computer scientists at the University of California San Diego to build a first-of-its-kind testbed to better understand how to integrate distributed energy sources such as solar panels, wind turbines, smart buildings and electric vehicle batteries into the power grid. The goal is to make the testbed available to outside research teams and industry by 2025.

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