Latest News from: University of Oregon

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Newswise: Q&A: Professor Offers Prescription to Better Explain Climate and Health
Released: 9-Aug-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Q&A: Professor Offers Prescription to Better Explain Climate and Health
University of Oregon

Health professionals could better communicate the health effects of climate change by using information that promotes action rather than confusion, according to a recent article by a University of Oregon researcher.

     
Released: 3-Aug-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Latinx testing success attributed to use of culturally informed methods
University of Oregon

In a new Journal of the American Medical Association Network Open paper, researchers in the University of Oregon’s Prevention Science Institute shared their findings from a study on COVID-19 testing outreach in the Oregon Latinx community. The results could shape outreach to Latinx communities across the country as well as suggest ways to tailor outreach to any group.

Newswise: With NIH funding, University of Oregon professor dives deeper into aging research
Released: 26-Jul-2022 4:10 PM EDT
With NIH funding, University of Oregon professor dives deeper into aging research
University of Oregon

A look into how environmental variables accelerate, slow or even reverse the aging process is the focus of a University of Oregon anthropologist whose research was recently funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Released: 25-Jul-2022 2:05 PM EDT
The Spillover Effect of R&D Funding
University of Oregon

Using investments made by the U.S. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, the paper's authors develop a methodology to trace how technology generated by one firm’s R&D “spills over” and benefits other firms across both geographic and technological space.

Newswise: Researchers Use Lasers to Get a New View on Oregon’s Glaciers
Released: 13-Jul-2022 1:40 PM EDT
Researchers Use Lasers to Get a New View on Oregon’s Glaciers
University of Oregon

The latest technology to study glaciers fits in a backpack and can be carried up steep mountains. University of Oregon researchers have developed a portable tool that uses lasers to measure the composition of glacial ice, data that can help determine how fast that ice is melting. The instrument can be used to study glaciers in remote wilderness areas, like those in Oregon’s Cascade Mountains. And it can help verify satellite data collected about bigger glaciers, like those in Greenland and Antarctica.

Newswise: Climate Change May Be Culprit in Antarctic Fish Disease Outbreak
Released: 29-Jun-2022 12:30 PM EDT
Climate Change May Be Culprit in Antarctic Fish Disease Outbreak
University of Oregon

Climate change might be behind an unusual disease outbreak among Antarctic fish. For about a decade, University of Oregon biologists John Postlethwait and Thomas Desvignes have been visiting the West Antarctic Peninsula. They study a unique group of fish that has adapted to the harsh polar environment. But on a 2018 field excursion, they noticed something especially strange: a large number of those fish were afflicted with grotesque skin tumors.

   
Newswise: Sea Dragons’ Genes Give Clues to Their Distinctive Looks
Released: 27-Jun-2022 12:35 PM EDT
Sea Dragons’ Genes Give Clues to Their Distinctive Looks
University of Oregon

Even with plenty of fish in the sea, sea dragons stand out from the crowd. The funky, fabulous fish are bedecked with ruffly leaf-like adornments. Their spines are kinked. They’re missing their ribs and their teeth. And the responsibility of pregnancy is taken on by the males. By sequencing the genomes of two species of sea dragons, University of Oregon researchers have found genetic clues to the fish’s distinctive features: They’re missing a key group of genes found in other vertebrates. Those genes help direct the development of the face, teeth and appendages, as well as parts of the nervous system.

Released: 24-Jun-2022 3:15 PM EDT
To Beat the Summer Heat, New Study Finds Passive Cooling Really Works
University of Oregon

Opening the windows at night and pulling down shades during the sunniest part of the afternoon can keep homes from becoming dangerously hot during extreme heat waves. New research from the University of Oregon measures just how big of an impact these passive cooling strategies can have, especially in the Pacific Northwest.

Newswise: Virtual Reality Gives Humans a Turtle's-Eye View of Wildlife
Released: 22-Jun-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Virtual Reality Gives Humans a Turtle's-Eye View of Wildlife
University of Oregon

A virtual reality simulation designed by a University of Oregon professor could help spur people to environmental action. Participants in Project Shell don a virtual reality headset and take on the body of a loggerhead sea turtle, sporting flippers instead of arms. During a 15-minute immersive experience, they journey from a hatchling to an adult turtle, dodging hazards like ships and wayward fishing gear.

   
Newswise: Improving Air Quality, Health Screenings, and Public Health Messaging—Research Points to Better Strategies for Managing Future Epidemics
Released: 21-Jun-2022 5:05 AM EDT
Improving Air Quality, Health Screenings, and Public Health Messaging—Research Points to Better Strategies for Managing Future Epidemics
University of Oregon

Improving air quality, health screenings, and public health messaging—research points to better strategies for managing future epidemics

   
Newswise:Video Embedded discoveries-made-within-a-lab-inside-hayward-field-benefit-both-competitive-athletes-and-weekend-warriors
VIDEO
Released: 7-Jun-2022 6:05 PM EDT
Discoveries made within a lab inside Hayward Field benefit both competitive athletes and weekend warriors
University of Oregon

Faculty members and graduate students at the Bowerman Sports Science Center conduct groundbreaking research on the mechanics of the human body and how it reacts to stress. Along the way, they work with local runners, both amateur and professional, to help them achieve their performance goals while avoiding injury.

   
Released: 6-Jun-2022 7:05 PM EDT
Empathy and Music May Be Intertwined, New Research Suggests
University of Oregon

People who can skillfully interpret other people’s emotional states might also be better at assessing the emotions conveyed by music, new research shows.

   
Released: 2-Jun-2022 7:05 AM EDT
Data Ethicist Cautions Against Overreliance on Algorithms
University of Oregon

Pigeons can quickly be trained to detect cancerous masses on x-ray scans. So can computer algorithms. But despite the potential efficiencies of outsourcing the task to birds or computers, it’s no excuse for getting rid of human radiologists, argues University of Oregon philosopher and data ethicist Ramón Alvarado.

Released: 1-Jun-2022 6:05 PM EDT
Study Finds Worker-Friendly Scheduling Boosts Bottom Line
University of Oregon

A study by University of Oregon researchers found that stores that adopted responsible scheduling practices were more productive and saw increased sales and reduced labor hours compared to Gap stores that maintained the status quo.

Newswise: New Study Unveils the Surprising Musical Dynamics of a Lava Lake on KīLauea Volcano
25-May-2022 8:05 AM EDT
New Study Unveils the Surprising Musical Dynamics of a Lava Lake on KīLauea Volcano
University of Oregon

A lava lake in a crater of Kīlauea spent ten years sloshing and churning before the volcano gave a bigger belch.

Newswise: New Study Looks at How Smartphones Affect Mental Health
Released: 25-May-2022 9:00 AM EDT
New Study Looks at How Smartphones Affect Mental Health
University of Oregon

A University of Oregon-led study of Android users investigates the effects of smartphone use on mental and physical well-being.

   
Newswise: Survey Will Help Gauge How Track Fans Check On Air Quality
Released: 18-May-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Survey Will Help Gauge How Track Fans Check On Air Quality
University of Oregon

University of Oregon researchers seek to understand public tolerance for poor air quality and preferred methods for receiving event updates

Released: 11-May-2022 4:55 PM EDT
Miscarriage Can Increase Suicide Risk Among Teenagers
University of Oregon

Vulnerable teens who lose a pregnancy are at increased risk for suicide, new research from University of Oregon’s Prevention Science Institute shows.

   
Newswise: Scientists Are Amazed at How Fast Taiwan's Crust Is Moving
Released: 6-May-2022 4:50 PM EDT
Scientists Are Amazed at How Fast Taiwan's Crust Is Moving
University of Oregon

A new study finds evidence of surprisingly rapid upward movement of earth’s crust on the island of Taiwan. Over roughly half a million years, the Coastal Range of east Taiwan was rising at a rate of 9 to 14 millimeters per year, the research shows.

Newswise:Video Embedded researcher-explores-the-role-of-musical-timbre-or-tone-in-emotional-response
VIDEO
Released: 4-May-2022 2:15 PM EDT
Researcher explores the role of musical timbre or tone in emotional response
University of Oregon

How can people interpret the same sounds so differently? One answer is timbre, according to Zachary Wallmark, an assistant professor of musicology at the University of Oregon.

   
Newswise: Research Looks at Racism in Health Care and How to End It
Released: 4-May-2022 12:35 PM EDT
Research Looks at Racism in Health Care and How to End It
University of Oregon

University of Oregon philosopher Camisha Russell’s latest research examines racism in health care and offers some ideas about how to address such structural injustice.

Newswise: See How Quantum 'Weirdness' Is Improving Electron Microscopes
Released: 27-Apr-2022 1:05 PM EDT
See How Quantum 'Weirdness' Is Improving Electron Microscopes
University of Oregon

Two new advances from the lab of University of Oregon physicist Ben McMorran are refining the microscopes. Both come from taking advantage of a fundamental principle of quantum mechanics: that an electron can behave simultaneously like a wave and a particle. It’s one of many examples of weird, quantum-level quirks in which subatomic particles often behave in ways that seem to violate the laws of classical physics.

Newswise: A 'Social' Gene in Fish Could Contain New Clues to Autism
Released: 13-Apr-2022 3:15 PM EDT
A 'Social' Gene in Fish Could Contain New Clues to Autism
University of Oregon

Zebrafish are social creatures. When they see another member of their species, they’ll orient towards them and swim closer, much like a human at a cocktail party turning to face someone who’s telling a joke over a plate of hors d’oeuvres. A mutation in a gene called EGR1 snuffs out this social behavior in zebrafish, researchers in the University of Oregon's Institute of Neuroscience show in a new study. And it disrupts dopamine signaling from certain neurons in the brain, which can affect mood and social behavior.

Newswise: Knight Campus researchers develop gene therapy for eye disease
Released: 5-Apr-2022 4:45 PM EDT
Knight Campus researchers develop gene therapy for eye disease
University of Oregon

The therapy could eventually provide an alternative treatment for Fuchs’ dystrophy, an eye disease that is the leading cause of corneal transplant surgery.

Newswise: Biologist has a plan to help the pivotal pollinators in the Pacific Northwest
Released: 5-Apr-2022 1:25 PM EDT
Biologist has a plan to help the pivotal pollinators in the Pacific Northwest
University of Oregon

An assistant biology professor at the University of Oregon has high hopes that a pilot study could change how forestlands in the Northwest are managed, particularly post-harvest and post-fire, to the benefit of the humble, and troubled, wild bee.

Released: 1-Apr-2022 12:25 PM EDT
Social distancing helps, but there is more to the story
University of Oregon

Researchers from the University of Oregon and Portland State University provide new insight into the value of and limitations of social distancing to mitigate airborne disease transmission.

Released: 28-Mar-2022 1:40 PM EDT
New wildfire detection system receives funding boost
University of Oregon

A critical project to help with the early detection and monitoring of wildfires in Oregon received $4.5 million in support from the state Legislature during the 2022 short session. University of Oregon Earth Sciences Professor Douglas Toomey is a key leader of the partnership behind the ALERTWildfire camera network system, which is being rolled out across Oregon, Nevada, California, Washington, and Idaho. Toomey directs the Oregon Hazards Lab (OHAZ) at the University of Oregon.

   
Newswise: Competition among worm sperm speeds up evolution
Released: 21-Mar-2022 1:00 PM EDT
Competition among worm sperm speeds up evolution
University of Oregon

From elaborate dances to stunning plumage displays to dramatic head-butting, male animals have an array of ways to distinguish themselves from competitors while wooing a potential mate. But it’s not their only chance to prove their worthiness. Sexual selection can take place after mating, too, and new research from University of Oregon scientists suggests that it can have a surprisingly large impact on evolution.

Newswise: The human brain would rather look at nature than city streets
Released: 9-Mar-2022 3:20 PM EST
The human brain would rather look at nature than city streets
University of Oregon

There is a scientific reason that humans feel better walking through the woods than strolling down a city street, according to a new publication from University of Oregon physicist Richard Taylor and an interdisciplinary team of collaborators.

   
Newswise:Video Embedded tiny-marine-larvae-survive-by-turning-carnivorous-study-finds
VIDEO
Released: 8-Mar-2022 3:50 PM EST
Tiny marine larvae survive by turning carnivorous, study finds
University of Oregon

Some marine worm larvae are pint-sized predators. The small, blobby babies, less than a millimeter long, ensnare and devour microscopic crustaceans and other prey living in plankton, University of Oregon researchers report. Their observations suggest a new lifestyle option for larval-stage invertebrates living in the ocean. Scientists usually think of plankton-dwelling larvae either growing by grazing on nanoplankton — mostly unicellular algae — or relying on the egg's yolk reserves to become full-fledged adults. Instead, it appears there’s a third strategy: carnivory.

Released: 8-Mar-2022 2:45 PM EST
Study finds bias in how doctors talk to black, female patients
University of Oregon

Biases based on gender and ethnicity have been well-documented throughout society, including medical care, but data analysis by University of Oregon researcher David Markowitz found exactly how those biases also show up in the language doctors use in their caregiver reports.

   
Newswise:Video Embedded university-of-oregon-tackles-children-s-behavioral-health-with-425m-gift
VIDEO
Released: 7-Mar-2022 2:05 PM EST
University of Oregon tackles children’s behavioral health with $425M+ gift
University of Oregon

The University of Oregon has launched The Ballmer Institute for Children’s Behavioral Health, a bold new approach to addressing the behavioral and mental health care needs of Oregon’s children. The Portland-based institute is made possible by a lead gift of more than $425 million from Connie and Steve Ballmer, co-founders of Ballmer Group Philanthropy.


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