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Newswise: Information Theory as a Tool for Extracting Climate Signals

Article ID: 720904

Information Theory as a Tool for Extracting Climate Signals

Santa Fe Institute

During Earth’s last glacial period, temperatures on the planet periodically spiked dramatically and rapidly. A new paper in the journal Chaos suggests that mathematics from information theory could offer a powerful tool for analyzing and understanding these mysterious events.

Released:
16-Oct-2019 4:35 PM EDT
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Article ID: 720608

Private Property, Not Productivity, Precipitated Neolithic Agricultural Revolution

Santa Fe Institute

The Neolithic Agricultural Revolution is one of the most thoroughly-studied episodes in prehistory. But a new paper by Sam Bowles and Jung-Kyoo Choi shows that most explanations for it don’t agree with the evidence, and offers a new interpretation.

Released:
11-Oct-2019 1:25 PM EDT

Article ID: 719318

Where to Park Your Car, According to Math

Santa Fe Institute

In a world where the best parking space is the one that minimizes time spent in the lot, two physicists compare parking strategies and settle on a prudent approach.

Released:
19-Sep-2019 4:35 PM EDT
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Article ID: 719146

Study: Bigger cities boost ‘social crimes’

Santa Fe Institute

The same underlying mechanism that boosts urban innovation and startup businesses can also explain why certain types of crimes, like car theft and robbery, thrive in a larger population.

Released:
18-Sep-2019 9:00 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Newswise: Inequality: What we’ve learned from the ‘Robots of the late Neolithic’

Article ID: 719155

Inequality: What we’ve learned from the ‘Robots of the late Neolithic’

Santa Fe Institute

Seven thousand years ago, societies across Eurasia began to show signs of lasting divisions between haves and have-nots. In new research published in the journal Antiquity, scientists chart the precipitous surge of prehistoric inequality and trace its economic origins back to the adoption of ox-drawn plows.

Released:
18-Sep-2019 8:45 AM EDT
Newswise: It’s Not You, It’s the Network
  • Embargo expired:
    12-Aug-2019 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 717287

It’s Not You, It’s the Network

Santa Fe Institute

The result of the 2016 US presidential election was, for many, a surprise lesson in social perception bias — peoples’ tendency to assume that others think as we do, and to underestimate the size and influence of a minority party. Long documented in psychological literature, a panoply of social perception biases play out differently in different contexts. Many psychologists attribute the source of these biases to faulty cognitive processes like “wishful thinking” or “social projection,” but according to a study published August 12 in Nature Human Behaviour, the structure of our social networks might offer a simpler explanation.

Released:
9-Aug-2019 3:05 PM EDT

Law and Public Policy

Newswise: Three concepts from complexity could play a big role in social animal research

Article ID: 716834

Three concepts from complexity could play a big role in social animal research

Santa Fe Institute

A new paper in Animal Behaviour lays out three concepts from complex systems science that could advance studies into animal social complexity.

Released:
1-Aug-2019 2:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 716323

How random tweaks in timing can lead to new game theory strategies

Santa Fe Institute

Most game theory models don’t reflect the relentlessly random timing of the real world. In a new paper, two economists and a physicist model what happens when players receive information or act at random times, which could make a big difference in decision-making.

Released:
24-Jul-2019 11:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Newswise: A new normal: Study explains universal pattern in fossil record

Article ID: 715047

A new normal: Study explains universal pattern in fossil record

Santa Fe Institute

Throughout life's history on earth, biological diversity has gone through ebbs and flows -- periods of rapid evolution and of dramatic extinctions.

Released:
27-Jun-2019 9:05 AM EDT

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