Latest News from: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

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Newswise: Oil Spill Cleanup Workers More Likely to Have Asthma Symptoms
Released: 17-Aug-2022 8:05 AM EDT
Oil Spill Cleanup Workers More Likely to Have Asthma Symptoms
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Researchers from the Gulf Long-term Follow-up Study (GuLF STUDY) found that workers involved in cleaning up the nation’s largest oil spill were 60% more likely than those who did not work on the cleanup to be diagnosed with asthma or experience asthma symptoms one to three years after the spill.

Newswise: NIH first to develop 3D structure of twinkle protein
Released: 5-Aug-2022 2:05 PM EDT
NIH first to develop 3D structure of twinkle protein
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Researchers from the National Institutes of Health have developed a three-dimensional structure that allows them to see how and where disease mutations on the twinkle protein can lead to mitochondrial diseases. The protein is involved in helping cells use energy our bodies convert from food. Prior to the development of this 3D structure, researchers only had models and were unable to determine how these mutations contribute to disease. Mitochondrial diseases are a group of inherited conditions that affect 1 in 5,000 people and have very few treatments.

Newswise: Preterm Birth More Likely with Exposure to Phthalates
11-Jul-2022 9:25 AM EDT
Preterm Birth More Likely with Exposure to Phthalates
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Pregnant women who were exposed to multiple phthalates during pregnancy had an increased risk of preterm birth, according to new research by the National Institutes of Health. Phthalates are chemicals used in personal care products, such as cosmetics, as well as in solvents, detergents, and food packaging.

Newswise: Eight substances added to 15th Report on Carcinogens
21-Dec-2021 10:25 AM EST
Eight substances added to 15th Report on Carcinogens
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Eight substances have been added to the Report on Carcinogens, bringing the total list to 256 substances that are known, or reasonably anticipated, to cause cancer in humans. This is the 15th Report on Carcinogens, which is a cumulative report, mandated by Congress and prepared by the National Toxicology Program (NTP).

   
Newswise: pressrelease_nov15.jpg
Released: 15-Nov-2021 4:05 PM EST
Researchers target a mouse’s own cells, rather than using antibiotics, to treat pneumonia
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have discovered a therapy that targets host cells rather than bacterial cells in treating bacterial pneumonia in rodents. The method involves white blood cells of the immune system called macrophages that eat bacteria, and a group of compounds that are naturally produced in mice and humans.

   
Released: 14-May-2021 11:30 AM EDT
Male Hormones Regulate Stomach Inflammation in Mice
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Scientists at the National Institutes of Health determined that stomach inflammation is regulated differently in male and female mice after finding that androgens, or male sex hormones, play a critical role in preventing inflammation in the stomach. The study was published in Gastroenterology.

Released: 12-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
NIEHS earns WELL building rating amid pandemic
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

On March 30, 2021, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) became the first federal agency to achieve the International WELL Building Institute’s Health-Safety Rating.

Released: 11-Mar-2021 4:30 PM EST
Preterm birth, prolonged labor influenced by progesterone balance
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

New research by the National Institutes of Health found that unbalanced progesterone signals may cause some pregnant women to experience preterm labor or prolonged labor. The study in mice — published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences — provides novel insights for developing treatments.

Released: 10-Mar-2021 12:05 PM EST
Study of mosquito protein could lead to treatments against life-threatening viruses
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

The mosquito protein AEG12 strongly inhibits the family of viruses that cause yellow fever, dengue, West Nile, and Zika and weakly inhibits coronaviruses, according to scientists at the National Institutes of Health and their collaborators. They found that AEG12 works by destabilizing the viral envelope, breaking its protective covering.

   
Released: 1-Feb-2021 11:10 AM EST
NIH study shows hyaluronan is effective in treating chronic lung disease
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

NIH researchers and their collaborators found that inhaling unfragmented hyaluronan improves lung function in patients suffering from severe exacerbation of COPD. Hyaluronan is a sugar secreted by living tissue that acts as a scaffold for cells. Utilized as a treatment, hyaluronan decreased the number of days in the hospital.

   
Released: 11-Jun-2020 10:30 AM EDT
NIH names Rick Woychik Director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

National Institutes of Health Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., has appointed Richard (Rick) P. Woychik, Ph.D., as director of NIH’s National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.

4-May-2020 5:10 PM EDT
NIH Statement on World Asthma Day 2020
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Today on World Asthma Day, the National Institutes of Health stands with patients, families, advocates, researchers, and health care professionals to raise awareness about this common chronic respiratory disease, the people it affects, and the research that improves its prevention and treatment.

Released: 8-Apr-2020 10:25 AM EDT
Autoimmunity may be rising in the United States
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Autoimmunity, a condition in which the body’s immune system reacts with components of its own cells, appears to be increasing in the United States, according to scientists at the National Institutes of Health and their collaborators.

Released: 23-Mar-2020 1:50 PM EDT
COVID-19 Workers get training to protect their own health
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Today, the National Institutes of Health will launch a new website with important educational resources for Coronavirus workers dealing with the spread of COVID-19. The initiative got underway after Congress passed a supplemental appropriation of $10 million on March 6.

17-Dec-2019 1:45 PM EST
Pregnancy Hypertension Risk Increased by Traffic-Related Air Pollution
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

A new report from the National Toxicology Program (NTP) suggests that traffic-related air pollution increases a pregnant woman’s risk for dangerous increases in blood pressure, known as hypertension.

Released: 16-Dec-2019 11:00 AM EST
EHP names new editor-in-chief
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Joel Kaufman, M.D., M.P.H., has been named the new Editor-in-Chief of Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP), a journal published by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health. Kaufman will assume the new role on Feb. 1, 2020, upon retirement of the current editor, Sally Darney, Ph.D.

2-Dec-2019 12:00 PM EST
Permanent hair dye and straighteners may increase breast cancer risk
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Scientists at the National Institutes of Health found that women who use permanent hair dye and chemical hair straighteners have a higher risk of developing breast cancer than women who don’t use these products. The study suggests that breast cancer risk increased with more frequent use of these chemical hair products.

Released: 10-Sep-2019 1:05 PM EDT
NIH partners with Apple and Harvard University on Women’s Health Study
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

The National Institutes of Health, Apple, and the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health announced a research partnership for a major long-term study of women’s health. Apple’s new Research App will help users participate in the study and will be a free download in the App Store later this year.

Released: 26-Aug-2019 3:00 PM EDT
Graphene shield shows promise in blocking mosquito bites
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

An innovative graphene-based film helps shield people from disease-carrying mosquitos, according to a new study funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the National Institutes of Health.

   
Released: 13-Aug-2019 11:40 AM EDT
Study finds link between long-term exposure to air pollution and emphysema
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Long-term exposure to air pollution was linked to increases in emphysema between 2000 and 2018, according to a new study funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), both part of the National Institutes of Health.

Released: 10-Jun-2019 11:00 AM EDT
Sleeping with artificial light at night associated with weight gain in women
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Sleeping with a television or light on in a room may be a risk factor for gaining weight or developing obesity, according to scientists at the National Institutes of Health. The research, published online June 10 in JAMA Internal Medicine, suggests that cutting off lights at bedtime could reduce women’s chances of becoming obese.

   
Released: 16-Apr-2019 4:15 PM EDT
Healthy Hearts Need Two Proteins Working Together
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Two proteins that bind to stress hormones work together to maintain a healthy heart in mice, according to scientists at the National Institutes of Health and their collaborators. These proteins, stress hormone receptors known as the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), act in concert to help support heart health.

Released: 8-Mar-2019 10:05 AM EST
Vitamin D may protect against pollution-associated asthma symptoms in obese children
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

A new study finds vitamin D may be protective among asthmatic obese children living in urban environments with high indoor air pollution. The study out of John Hopkins University School of Medicine, funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the National Institutes of Health, was published in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.

Released: 22-Feb-2019 10:05 AM EST
Older Biologic Age Linked to Elevated Breast Cancer Risk
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Biologic age, a DNA-based estimate of a person’s age, is associated with future development of breast cancer, according to scientists at the National Institutes of Health. If a woman’s biologic age was older than her chronologic age, she had a 15 percent increased risk of developing breast cancer.

Released: 14-Dec-2018 9:20 AM EST
NIH scientists find that breast cancer protection from pregnancy starts decades later
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

In general, women who have had children have a lower risk of breast cancer compared to women who have never given birth. However, new research has found that moms don’t experience this breast cancer protection until many years later and may face elevated risk for more than 20 years.

Released: 9-Nov-2018 9:00 AM EST
Soy formula feeding during infancy associated with severe menstrual pain in adulthood
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

New research suggests that infant girls fed soy formula are more likely to develop severe menstrual pain as young adults. The finding adds to the growing body of literature that suggests exposure to soy formula during early life may have detrimental effects on the reproductive system. The study appears online in the journal Human Reproduction.

Released: 1-Nov-2018 10:00 AM EDT
High exposure to radio frequency radiation associated with cancer in male rats
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) concluded there is clear evidence that male rats exposed to high levels of radio frequency radiation (RFR) like that used in 2G and 3G cell phones developed cancerous heart tumors, according to final reports released today. There was also some evidence of tumors in the brain and adrenal gland of exposed male rats. For female rats, and male and female mice, the evidence was equivocal as to whether cancers observed were associated with exposure to RFR. The final reports represent the consensus of NTP and a panel of external scientific experts who reviewed the studies in March after draft reports were issued in February.

   
Released: 31-Aug-2018 10:05 AM EDT
Genetics and Pollution Drive Severity of Asthma Symptoms
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Asthma patients, with a specific genetic profile, exhibit more intense symptoms following exposure to traffic pollution, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health and collaborators. The study appeared online in Scientific Reports.

   
Released: 27-Jun-2018 9:05 AM EDT
NIH Study Associates Obesity with Lower Breast Cancer Risk in Young Women
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Young women with high body fat have a decreased chance of developing breast cancer before menopause, according to scientists at the National Institutes of Health and their collaborators. The finding, published online in the journal JAMA Oncology, may help researchers better understand the role obesity plays in breast cancer risk.

Released: 14-May-2018 12:05 PM EDT
NIH Scientists Develop Novel Technique to Study Brain Disease
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

A new tool developed by researchers at the National Institutes of Health has determined, for the first time, how two distinct sets of neurons in the mouse brain work together to control movement. The method, called spectrally resolved fiber photometry (SRFP), can be used to measure the activity of these neuron groups in both healthy mice and those with brain disease. The scientists plan to use the technique to better understand what goes wrong in neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease (PD). The study appeared online May 3 in the journal Neuron.

   
Released: 1-May-2018 10:05 AM EDT
NIH Statement on World Asthma Day 2018
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

On World Asthma Day 2018, the National Institutes of Health stands with people worldwide to renew our commitment to advance understanding of asthma and develop effective strategies to manage, treat and ultimately prevent the disease. A new three-minute NIH video features asthma patients and doctors.

Released: 2-Feb-2018 12:50 PM EST
High Exposure to Radiofrequency Radiation Linked to Tumor Activity in Male Rats
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

High exposure to radiofrequency radiation (RFR) in rodents resulted in tumors in tissues surrounding nerves in the hearts of male rats, but not female rats or any mice, according to draft studies from the National Toxicology Program (NTP). The exposure levels used in the studies were equal to and higher than the highest level permitted for local tissue exposure in cell phone emissions today. Cell phones typically emit lower levels of RFR than the maximum level allowed. NTP’s draft conclusions were released today as two technical reports, one for rat studies and one for mouse studies. NTP will hold an external expert review of its complete findings from these rodent studies March 26-28.

   
Released: 1-Feb-2018 12:05 PM EST
Telephone Press Conference: NTP Draft Conclusions for Radiofrequency Radiation Studies in Rats and Mice
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) will hold a telephone press conference to summarize and answer questions about draft reports on the health effects of radiofrequency radiation exposure in rats and mice. The studies used radiofrequency radiation exposure levels equal to and higher than the highest level permitted for cell phone emissions today.

Released: 30-Jan-2018 9:00 AM EST
Roadmap to Guide Progress Toward Replacing Animal Use in Toxicity Testing
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Sixteen federal agencies partnered to develop a strategic roadmap that offers a new framework for the safety testing of drugs and chemicals, which aims to provide more human relevant toxicology data while reducing the use of animals. The roadmap was published Jan. 30 by the National Toxicology Program (NTP), a federal interagency program headquartered at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) in North Carolina. NIEHS is part of the National Institutes of Health.

Released: 24-Jan-2018 10:05 AM EST
New Tool Visualizes Employment Trends in Biomedical Science
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Scientists looking for jobs after completing their training may soon have a new tool that helps them evaluate various career paths. The new tool uses a method that was developed by scientists at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of NIH. The method differs from others in that it separates employment trends in biomedical science by sector, type, and job specifics. The creators hope this novel approach will be useful throughout NIH, as well as for academic and research institutions around the world.

Released: 12-Jan-2018 11:05 AM EST
Brian Berridge Tapped to Manage National Toxicology Program
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) has named Brian Berridge, D.V.M., Ph.D., as its new Associate Director. Berridge, formerly of GlaxoSmithKline, will oversee day-to-day operations as NTP coordinates toxicology research and testing across nine different federal agencies, including the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Berridge is replacing John Bucher, Ph.D., who has served as Associate Director since 2007 and plans to continue with NTP as a senior scientist.

Released: 20-Dec-2017 1:05 PM EST
Defending Against Environmental Stressors May Shorten Lifespan
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

A shorter life may be the price an organism pays for coping with the natural assaults of daily living, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health and their colleagues in Japan. The scientists used fruit flies to examine the relationship between lifespan and signaling proteins that defend the body against environmental stressors, such as bacterial infections and cold temperatures. Since flies and mammals share some of the same molecular pathways, the work may demonstrate how the environment affects longevity in humans.

   
Released: 14-Dec-2017 9:05 AM EST
Allergens Widespread in Largest Study of U.S. Homes
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Allergens are widespread, but highly variable in U.S. homes, according to the nation’s largest indoor allergen study to date. Researchers from the National Institutes of Health report that over 90 percent of homes had three or more detectable allergens, and 73 percent of homes had at least one allergen at elevated levels. The findings were published November 30 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

   
Released: 6-Oct-2017 12:05 PM EDT
DNA Damage Caused by Cancer Treatment Reversed by ZATT Protein
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

An international team led by scientists at the National Institutes of Health is the first to discover a new way that cells fix an important and dangerous type of DNA damage known as a DNA-protein cross-link (DPC). The researchers found that a protein named ZATT can eliminate DPCs with the help of another protein, TDP2. Since DPCs form when individuals receive some types of cancer treatments, understanding how TDP2 and ZATT work together to repair the damage may improve the health outcomes of cancer patients. The findings were published in the journal Science.

Released: 19-Sep-2017 2:05 PM EDT
Gulf Spill Oil Dispersants Associated with Health Symptoms in Cleanup Workers
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Workers who were likely exposed to dispersants while cleaning up the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill experienced a range of health symptoms including cough and wheeze, and skin and eye irritation, according to scientists at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The study appeared online Sept. 15 in Environmental Health Perspectives and is the first research to examine dispersant-related health symptoms in humans.

   
Released: 17-Aug-2017 2:00 PM EDT
Female Mouse Embryos Actively Remove Male Reproductive Systems
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

A protein called COUP-TFII determines whether a mouse embryo develops a male reproductive tract, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health and their colleagues at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston. The discovery, which appeared online August 17 in the journal Science, changes the long-standing belief that an embryo will automatically become female unless androgens, or male hormones, in the embryo make it male.

   
Released: 1-Jun-2017 9:00 AM EDT
Baby Teeth Link Autism and Heavy Metals, NIH Study Suggests
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Baby teeth from children with autism contain more toxic lead and less of the essential nutrients zinc and manganese, compared to teeth from children without autism, according to a study funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the National Institutes of Health. The researchers studied twins to control genetic influences and focus on possible environmental contributors to the disease. The findings, published June 1 in the journal Nature Communications, suggest that differences in early-life exposure to metals, or more importantly how a child’s body processes them, may affect the risk of autism.

   
Released: 1-May-2017 9:30 AM EDT
NIH Research Improves Health for People with Asthma
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

May is Asthma Awareness Month, and the National Institutes of Health is finding solutions to improve the health of the nearly 25 million people in the United States who currently have asthma. In recent decades, the prevalence of asthma has been increasing, resulting in millions of urgent medical visits and missed days of work and school each year.

Released: 27-Apr-2017 9:00 AM EDT
Antidepressant May Enhance Drug Delivery to the Brain
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

New research from the National Institutes of Health found that pairing the antidepressant amitriptyline with drugs designed to treat central nervous system diseases, enhances drug delivery to the brain by inhibiting the blood-brain barrier in rats. The blood-brain barrier serves as a natural, protective boundary, preventing most drugs from entering the brain. The research, performed in rats, appeared online April 27 in the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism.

   
Released: 3-Nov-2016 11:00 AM EDT
Seven Substances Added to 14th Report on Carcinogens
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Today’s release of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 14th Report on Carcinogens includes seven newly reviewed substances, bringing the cumulative total to 248 listings.

   
Released: 19-Oct-2016 9:05 AM EDT
NIH Study Determines Key Differences Between Allergic and Non-Allergic Dust Mite Proteins
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Scientists from the National Institutes of Health have determined what differentiates dust mite allergens from the non-allergen proteins dust mites produce. According to the researchers, dust mite allergens are more chemically stable and produced in larger quantities than other dust mite proteins.

Released: 7-Oct-2016 9:35 AM EDT
NIH to Recognize 12 Champions of Environmental Health Research
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Twelve individuals will receive the first-ever Champion of Environmental Health Research Award from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), for their significant contributions to the field.

Released: 16-Sep-2016 10:05 AM EDT
Brain Benefits of Aerobic Exercise Lost to Mercury Exposure
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Cognitive function improves with aerobic exercise, but not for people exposed to high levels of mercury before birth, according to research funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the National Institutes of Health. Adults with high prenatal exposure to methylmercury, which mainly comes from maternal consumption of fish with high mercury levels, did not experience the faster cognitive processing and better short term memory benefits of exercise that were seen in those with low prenatal methylmercury exposures.

Released: 1-Jun-2016 2:00 PM EDT
Program Will Train First Responders and Hazardous Waste Workers on Infectious Disease Safety
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

A training program will help approximately 35,000 first responders and workers, whose jobs may expose them to infectious diseases, protect themselves while also minimizing the spread of disease to others.

Released: 27-May-2016 9:00 AM EDT
Media Telebriefing: NTP Cell Phone Radiofrequency Radiation Study: Partial Release of Findings
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

The associate director of the National Toxicology Program (NTP) will provide an update and answer questions about a series of rodent studies on potential cancer risks from cell phone radiofrequency radiation. NTP is releasing a report of its findings in rats. These findings are available at http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/05/26/055699. The report is titled, “Report of Partial Findings From the National Toxicology Program Carcinogenesis Studies of Cell Phone Radiofrequency Radiation in Hsd: Sprague Dawley SD Rats (Whole Body Exposure).” Studies in mice are still underway. NTP is an interagency program of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services headquartered at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the National Institutes of Health.


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