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Released: 25-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Can I Get the Flu From Touching Surfaces? Rutgers Researcher Says No.
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

In the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, the coronavirus was everywhere – stuck to our cellphone screens, smeared on our mail, dangling from doorknobs, even clinging to our cereal boxes. Except that it wasn’t. Despite public health guidance suggesting surfaces be disinfected to stop the spread of COVID-19, the virus wasn’t significantly transmitted through inanimate surfaces and objects, what microbiologists call “fomites.” As with all respiratory viruses – from the flu to the common cold – transmission was and remains almost exclusively airborne. Emanuel Goldman, a professor of microbiology at the Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, was among the first scientists to challenge conventional wisdom by warning that hygiene theater – overzealous disinfection of surfaces – had “become counterproductive” for public health.

Newswise: New oneAPI Center of Excellence to Bring High-performance Simulations to Amber
Released: 23-Sep-2022 4:05 PM EDT
New oneAPI Center of Excellence to Bring High-performance Simulations to Amber
University of California San Diego

New center will focus on enabling high-performance molecular dynamics simulations via oneAPI—an open, standards-based, cross-architecture programming model for CPUs and accelerators for faster application performance, more productivity and greater innovation.

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Newswise: Unveiling the Existence of the Elusive Tetraneutron
Released: 23-Sep-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Unveiling the Existence of the Elusive Tetraneutron
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nuclear physicists have experimentally confirmed the existence of the tetraneutron, a meta-stable nuclear system that can decay into four free neutrons. Researchers have predicted the tetraneutron’s existence since 2016. The new results, which agree with predictions from supercomputer simulations, will help scientists understand atomic nuclei, neutron stars, and other neutron-rich systems.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 3:05 PM EDT
RUSH to Partner With Medtronic to Create Innovation Hub
Rush University Medical Center

Rush University System for Health (RUSH) and Medtronic will partner to create an Innovation Hub designed to bring together the brightest minds from industry and academic medicine to lead research and develop technology and treatments for patients with complex digestive diseases, along with enhanced fellowship training at RUSH.

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This news release is embargoed until 28-Sep-2022 4:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 23-Sep-2022 3:05 PM EDT

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This news release is embargoed until 27-Sep-2022 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 23-Sep-2022 3:05 PM EDT

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Released: 23-Sep-2022 2:40 PM EDT
Study indicates COVID-19 boosters among vaccinated individuals significantly reduce hospitalization rates, add protection
Providence Health & Services

A Providence study released online today in the Journal of the American Medical Association sheds new light on the added benefit of a booster dose of a COVID-19 mRNA vaccine among previously vaccinated individuals.

Newswise: Coral genome reveals cysteine surprise
Released: 23-Sep-2022 2:35 PM EDT
Coral genome reveals cysteine surprise
King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST)

Model animals, such as mice and fruit flies, have provided scientists with powerful insights into how cellular biology works.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 2:05 PM EDT
A potential new treatment for brain tumors
University of Cincinnati

A research question posed in Pankaj Desai’s lab has led to a decade of research, a clinical trial and major national funding to further investigate a potential new treatment for the most deadly form of brain tumors.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 2:05 PM EDT
New research throws doubt on old ideas of how hearing works
Linkoping University

The way in which we experience music and speech differs from what has until now been believed.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Rutgers Researchers Aim to 'Edit' Proteins in Humans and Attain Insight into Illness
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers researchers are seeking to develop the technology to modify or “edit” protein molecules in the body—an advance that could spur major breakthroughs in human health.

   
Newswise: The carp virus that taught researchers about immunology
Released: 23-Sep-2022 2:05 PM EDT
The carp virus that taught researchers about immunology
University of Liege

The team of Prof. Alain Vanderplasschen, virologist and immunologist at the University of Liège, has published an article in the journal Nucleic Acids Research, reporting ten years of research on how a carp virus has been using a protein domain called Zalpha (Zα) to inhibit the defence mechanisms of the host cell.

Newswise: Tracking the origin of southern California's latest invasive pest
Released: 23-Sep-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Tracking the origin of southern California's latest invasive pest
Florida Museum of Natural History

In 2012, a crop of California's most prized ornamental trees was overrun by an invisible invader.

Newswise: Uncovering the skin’s secrets: Studies show how skin forms differently across the body
Released: 23-Sep-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Uncovering the skin’s secrets: Studies show how skin forms differently across the body
UC Davis Health

Two recent UC Davis studies reveal how skin forms differently across different areas of the body from the face and underarms to the palms of our hands and feet. By profiling the changes in skin, researchers found that the differences have a direct impact for how various skin diseases form across the body.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 1:05 PM EDT
New technique allows researchers to scrape beyond the surface of nanomaterials
Drexel University

Since the initial discovery of what has become a rapidly growing family of two-dimensional layered materials — called MXenes — in 2011, Drexel University researchers have made steady progress in understanding the complex chemical composition and structure, as well as the physical and electrochemical properties, of these exceptionally versatile materials.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Pritzker Molecular Engineering professors David Awschalom and Liang Jiang awarded $1 million for development of South Korea-U.S. quantum center
University of Chicago

The National Research Foundation of South Korea (NRF) has awarded two professors from the University of Chicago’s Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering (PME) $1 million to co-lead the creation of a South Korea-U.S. joint research center dedicated to quantum error correction. Prof. David Awschalom and Prof. Liang Jiang will serve as co-principal investigators for The Center for Quantum Error Correction, which seeks to improve the fidelity of networked quantum computing systems.

Newswise: Simple Process Extracts Valuable Magnesium Salt from Seawater
Released: 23-Sep-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Simple Process Extracts Valuable Magnesium Salt from Seawater
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

A new, simple, and efficient flow-based method allows researchers to pull a useful magnesium salt from natural seawater using easily available chemicals.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Tools and Education Can Reduce Sugary Drink Consumption For Low-Income Latino Families
George Washington University

As the White House prepares for the first conference on hunger, nutrition and health in more than 50 years, public health officials point out that providing access to safe potable drinking water must be part of the national conversation. Low income and minority populations in the US are less likely to drink plain water and also have negative perceptions about tap water, which has been associated with consuming high sugar beverages. This can lead to health issues ranging from cavities to having a higher Body Mass Index and risks factors for diabetes.

Newswise: New UCI-led report Illustrates potential of precision genome editing in treating inherited retinal diseases
Released: 23-Sep-2022 1:05 PM EDT
New UCI-led report Illustrates potential of precision genome editing in treating inherited retinal diseases
University of California, Irvine

In a new paper, University of California, Irvine researchers explain how precision genome editing agents have enabled precise gene correction and disease rescue in inherited retinal diseases (IRDs). The study, titled, “Precision genome editing in the eye,” was published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Newswise: Deepest Scientific Ocean Drilling Sheds Light on Japan’s Next Great Earthquake
Released: 23-Sep-2022 12:30 PM EDT
Deepest Scientific Ocean Drilling Sheds Light on Japan’s Next Great Earthquake
University of Texas at Austin, Jackson School of Geosciences

Scientists who drilled deeper into an undersea earthquake fault than ever before have found that the tectonic stress in Japan’s Nankai subduction zone is less than expected, according to a study from researchers at The University of Texas at Austin.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 12:05 PM EDT
New collaborative study to investigate sequential combinations of targeted inhibitors and immunotherapies against cancer
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

The National Cancer Institute has awarded a five-year, $13.3 million grant to a collaborative study on sequential combinations of targeted inhibitors and immunotherapies against cancer.

Newswise: San Joaquin ‘Expanding Your Horizons’ Conference Returns In-Person to Celebrate 30 Years
Released: 23-Sep-2022 12:05 PM EDT
San Joaquin ‘Expanding Your Horizons’ Conference Returns In-Person to Celebrate 30 Years
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Registration is now open for the San Joaquin Expanding Your Horizons (SJEYH) Conference, celebrating its 30-year anniversary with the theme, “STEM: It’s Like Magic But Real.” The conference will be held on Sat., Nov. 5, at the University of the Pacific in Stockton from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Check-in starts at 8:15 a.m. SJEYH is geared toward young women in grades 6-12 and is designed to increase interest in and foster awareness of careers in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM). Deadline to register is Oct. 15.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 12:05 PM EDT
Understanding the dynamics of workplace violence can improve employee health and safety
University of Toronto, Joseph L. Rotman School of Management

Workplace violence is a pervasive problem with tremendous costs for individuals, organizations, and society.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 12:05 PM EDT
National study calls into question COVID-diabetes link in young people
Diabetologia

Scottish study of over 1.8 million people aged under 35 suggests that increased short-term type 1 diabetes risk after contracting COVID-19 is unlikely to be due to the infection itself, and may be partly explained by increased testing around the time of diabetes diagnosis

Released: 23-Sep-2022 12:05 PM EDT
Intestinal fortitude: gut coils hold secrets of organ formation
Cornell University

Our guts, and all our organs, are arranged in left-right asymmetric patterns inside our bodies, so that everything may fit.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 12:05 PM EDT
Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center Recognized by Vizient as 2022 Birnbaum Quality Leadership Top Performer
Memorial Hermann Health System

Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center was honored with a top quality award from Vizient.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 11:40 AM EDT
Monkeypox outbreak highlights need for One Health approach to prevent future zoonotic diseases
CABI Publishing

The current global outbreak of monkeypox is yet another warning for the adoption of a preventative, One Health, approach to minimise the risk of future emergence of known and unknown zoonotic pathogens, argue Professors Diana Bell and Andrew Cunningham.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 11:20 AM EDT
An icy swim may cut ‘bad’ body fat, but further health benefits unclear – review of current science suggests
Taylor & Francis

Taking a dip in cold water may cut ‘bad’ body fat in men and reduce the risk of disorders such as diabetes, suggests a major scientific review published in the peer-reviewed International Journal of Circumpolar Health.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Study findings suggest association between exposure to air pollution -- particularly in the first 5 years of life -- and alterations in brain structure
Barcelona Institute for Global Health

A study published in the journal Environmental Pollution has found an association, in children aged 9‑12, between exposure to air pollutants in the womb and during the first 8.5 years of life and alterations in white matter structural connectivity in the brain.

Newswise: New report ensures hydropower sustainability amid climate change
Released: 23-Sep-2022 11:05 AM EDT
New report ensures hydropower sustainability amid climate change
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has provided hydropower operators with new data to better prepare for extreme weather events and shifts in seasonal energy demands caused by climate change.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Adults with a history of childhood trauma can benefit from recommended depression treatments, contrary to current theory
Lancet

The largest and most comprehensive study of its kind examines the effectiveness of depression treatments on adults with childhood trauma and compares this population to adults diagnosed with major depressive disorder without childhood trauma.

Newswise: Findings explain exceptional auditory abilities in Williams-Beuren Syndrome
Released: 23-Sep-2022 11:00 AM EDT
Findings explain exceptional auditory abilities in Williams-Beuren Syndrome
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Scientists from St. Jude Children's Research Hospital identified the mechanism by which the disorder enhances the ability to discriminate between sounds as interneuron hyperexcitability in the auditory cortex.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 11:00 AM EDT
MD Anderson celebrates World Cancer Research Day
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center again supports World Cancer Research Day, Sept. 24, and its goals to highlight the importance of cancer research, to promote scientific collaboration and to reduce the global burden of cancer through improved prevention, early detection, treatment and survivorship strategies.

Newswise: COVID-19 associated with increase in new diagnoses of type 1 diabetes in youth, by as much as 72%
22-Sep-2022 3:55 PM EDT
COVID-19 associated with increase in new diagnoses of type 1 diabetes in youth, by as much as 72%
Case Western Reserve University

Children who were infected with COVID-19 show a substantially higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes (T1D), according to a new study that analyzed electronic health records of more than 1 million patients ages 18 and younger.

Newswise: Tree study shows low-income Brisbane suburbs need more shade
Released: 23-Sep-2022 10:55 AM EDT
Tree study shows low-income Brisbane suburbs need more shade
University of Queensland

Researchers say more investment in tree planting is needed after discovering inequality in shade-coverage across certain Brisbane suburbs.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 10:40 AM EDT
Acquired immunity against random food allergens may protect some lucky people against COVID-19
Frontiers

Why do some people become seriously ill with Covid-19, while others have no symptoms at all? The answer may lie in the proteins our immune system has previously been exposed to.

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This news release is embargoed until 26-Sep-2022 8:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 23-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT

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Released: 23-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
The expansion of capitalism led to a deterioration in human welfare
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Far from reducing extreme poverty, the expansion of capitalism from the 16th century onward was associated with a dramatic deterioration in human welfare, according to a scientific study carried out by the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) in collaboration with Macquarie University, Australia, which shows that this new economic system saw a decline in wages to below subsistence, a deterioration in human stature, and a marked upturn in premature mortality.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
More older adults should be checking blood pressure at home, study shows
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Only 48% of people age 50 to 80 who take blood pressure medications or have a health condition that’s affected by hypertension regularly check their blood pressure at home or other places, a new study finds.

Newswise: Termites may have a larger role in future ecosystems
Released: 23-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Termites may have a larger role in future ecosystems
University of Miami

University of Miami tropical biologist Amy Zanne led an international research study to investigate termite and microbial wood discovery and decay.

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This news release is embargoed until 1-Oct-2022 12:05 AM EDT Released to reporters: 23-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT

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Released: 23-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Robot sleeves for kids with cerebral palsy
University of California, Riverside

UC Riverside engineers are developing low-cost, robotic “clothing” to help children with cerebral palsy gain control over their arm movements.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Industry Colloquium: The Future of Liver Preservation: Perspectives, Advances and Perfusion Device Workshop
American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD)

New advances around perfusion devices are changing the game by keeping transplant livers alive longer, allowing for transportation of longer distances. New technology also enhances marginal donor livers, keeping them stimulated and alive longer, and therefore making many more livers available for transplantation. This in-person conference will provide groundbreaking insights on the technology and techniques around the use of preservation devices and examine the different strategies for successful perfusion/preservation of donor livers.

Released: 23-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
CUR Releases 2022 STR Program Participants
Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)

The Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) congratulates the following 75 teams accepted to be a part of the 2022-23 Scholars Transformed Through Research (STR) Program. These teams represent 62 institutions from 28 states and are made up of 75 Campus Representatives and 124 undergraduate researchers.

     
Released: 23-Sep-2022 9:55 AM EDT
Strong link between gut bacteria and metabolites
Uppsala University

There are strong links between bacteria living in the gut and the levels of small molecules in the blood known as metabolites.


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