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Newswise: Scientists uncover surprising behavior of a fatty acid enzyme with potential biofuel applications
Released: 22-Apr-2021 1:25 PM EDT
Scientists uncover surprising behavior of a fatty acid enzyme with potential biofuel applications
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Although many organisms capture and respond to sunlight, enzymes – proteins that catalyze biochemical reactions – are rarely driven by light. A new study captures the full cycle of complex structural changes in an light-driven enzyme called FAP as it transforms a fatty acid into alkanes or alkenes.

Newswise: Low-dose Administration of MERS DNA Vaccine Candidate Induces Potent Immunity and Protects From Virus Challenge in Preclinical Models
Released: 22-Apr-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Low-dose Administration of MERS DNA Vaccine Candidate Induces Potent Immunity and Protects From Virus Challenge in Preclinical Models
Wistar Institute

A synthetic DNA vaccine candidate for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) developed at The Wistar Institute induced potent immune responses and afforded protective efficacy in non-human primate (NHP) models when given intradermally in abbreviated, low-dose immunization regimen.

Newswise:Video Embedded test-to-predict-kidney-transplant-rejection-works-for-children
VIDEO
Released: 22-Apr-2021 1:00 PM EDT
Test to Predict Kidney Transplant Rejection Works for Children
Cedars-Sinai

n many ways 19-year-old, Brenna Kahlen is a typical teenager. She is living at home in Newport Beach, working and going to college. But unlike most of her peers, Brenna is a now a medical first.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 12:55 PM EDT
Tennessee-Based Veteran-Owned Start-Up to Develop New COVID-19 Screening Method
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

DHS S&T awarded $199,653 in Phase 1 funding to Farmspace Systems, LLC, a veteran-owned start-up based in Alamo, Tenn., to enhance its COVID Finder technology, a non-thermal detection COVID-19 screening method.

Newswise: Blacks, Hispanics, Impoverished People Have Worse Survival Rates Among Teens, Adults Under 40 With Cancer
Released: 22-Apr-2021 12:15 PM EDT
Blacks, Hispanics, Impoverished People Have Worse Survival Rates Among Teens, Adults Under 40 With Cancer
UT Southwestern Medical Center

DALLAS – April 22, 2021 – Being Black or Hispanic, living in high-poverty neighborhoods, and having Medicaid or no insurance coverage are associated with higher mortality in men and women under 40 with cancer, a review by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers found.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 12:10 PM EDT
Study models economic impact of proposed law to regulate high-risk diagnostic tests
Massachusetts General Hospital

Legislation currently under consideration in the U.S. Congress would increase regulatory oversight of certain diagnostic tests, and a new study by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and colleagues from several other institutions demonstrates that its potential impact will depend on key details in the bill's final language.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 12:05 PM EDT
More belly weight increases danger of heart disease even if BMI does not indicate obesity
American Heart Association (AHA)

People with abdominal obesity and excess fat around the body's mid-section and organs have an increased risk of heart disease even if their body mass index (BMI) measurement is within a healthy weight range, according to a new Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association published today in the Association's flagship journal, Circulation.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 12:00 PM EDT
California's worst wildfires are helping improve air quality prediction
University of California, Riverside

UC Riverside engineers are developing methods to estimate the impact of California's destructive wildfires on air quality in neighborhoods affected by the smoke from these fires.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 12:00 PM EDT
Why climate change is driving some to skip having kids
University of Arizona

When deciding whether to have children, there are many factors to consider: finances, support systems, personal values. For a growing number of people, climate change is also being added to the list of considerations, says a University of Arizona researcher.

Newswise: 262755_web.jpg
Released: 22-Apr-2021 12:00 PM EDT
Warming seas might also look less colorful to some fish. Here's why that matters.
Duke University

When marine biologist Eleanor Caves of the University of Exeter thinks back to her first scuba dives, one of the first things she recalls noticing is that colors seem off underwater.

Newswise: Among COVID-19 survivors, an increased risk of death, serious illness
Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:55 AM EDT
Among COVID-19 survivors, an increased risk of death, serious illness
Washington University in St. Louis

A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis shows that even mild cases of COVID-19 increase the risk of death in the six months following diagnosis and that this risk increases with disease severity. The comprehensive study also catalogues the wide-ranging and long-term health problems often triggered by the infection, even among those not hospitalized.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:55 AM EDT
Endocrine Society calls on Congress to pass legislation to lower the price of insulin
Endocrine Society

The Endocrine Society is calling on Congress to pass legislation to lower the price of insulin and applauds the efforts of Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Frank Pallone Jr. (D-NJ), Ways and Means Committee Chairman Richard E. Neal (D-MA), and Education and Labor Committee Chairman Robert C. "Bobby" Scott (D-VA) to reintroduce H.R. 3, the Elijah E. Cummings Lower Drug Costs Now Act to improve access to affordable medications. In January, the Society published a position statement on insulin access and affordability, which recommends policymakers include government negotiation as part of an overall strategy to reduce insulin prices.

Newswise: For Earth Systems Scientists, Every Day is Earth Day
Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:55 AM EDT
For Earth Systems Scientists, Every Day is Earth Day
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Research on Earth’s systems can help scientists better understand our planet’s past and future. The Department of Energy’s Office of Science supports work to gather observations, improve models, and feed them into computer simulations.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:50 AM EDT
Survey Launched to Learn More about Deaths Tied to Hurricane Maria
George Washington University

Researchers at the George Washington University and the University of Puerto Rico will launch a first-of-its-kind survey to investigate the causes of deaths that occurred during the first two weeks after Hurricane Maria. The fact-finding mission will help identify the factors and socio-environmental conditions that led to more than 1,700 deaths in the immediate aftermath of the storm.

Newswise: Bringing the Power of Chemical Fuels to Artificial Building Blocks
Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:45 AM EDT
Bringing the Power of Chemical Fuels to Artificial Building Blocks
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Many biological systems use chemical fuels to power functions such as muscle contraction, something rare in artificial systems. If researchers can enable this behavior in artificial systems, materials could actively control their own functions and heal themselves. This research used difunctional molecular building blocks to construct large rings that can be used to produce materials that can adapt and respond like biological systems.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:45 AM EDT
Average-risk individuals may prefer stool-based test over colonoscopy for cancer screening
American Association for Cancer Research (AACR)

Bottom Line: When given a choice, most individuals with an average risk of colorectal cancer said they would prefer a stool-based screening test for colorectal cancer over colonoscopy, the method most often recommended by health care providers.

Newswise: Green Algae Express Genes More Like Bacteria than Previously Thought
Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:35 AM EDT
Green Algae Express Genes More Like Bacteria than Previously Thought
Department of Energy, Office of Science

To fulfill its function, a gene must first be “transcribed” into an RNA molecule that is in turn “translated” into a protein that controls cells. Bacteria use a type of transcription that scientists previously believed was extremely rare in eukaryotes—animals, plants, fungi, and green algae. A new study finds that hundreds of proteins in many species of green algae use the same type of transcription as bacteria.

Newswise:Video Embedded academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-revitalizes-strategic-plan-for-dynamic-health-care-environment
VIDEO
Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:30 AM EDT
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Revitalizes Strategic Plan for Dynamic Health Care Environment
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics’ Board of Directors has revitalized the organization’s ongoing Strategic Plan to prioritize programs and initiatives in four areas where the Academy will focus efforts to accelerate progress towards achieving its vision and mission.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:25 AM EDT
Artificial intelligence model predicts which key of the immune system opens the locks of coronavirus
University of Helsinki

The human immune defense is based on the ability of white blood cells to accurately identify disease-causing pathogens and to initiate a defense reaction against them

Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:15 AM EDT
Burns victims struggling to pay
Flinders University

Living away from community and country, Aboriginal families of children with severe burns also face critical financial stress to cover the associated costs of health care and treatment, a new study shows.

Newswise: 262790_web.jpg
Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:05 AM EDT
Fat-footed tyrannosaur parents could not keep up with their skinnier adolescent offspring
Taylor & Francis

New research by the University of New England's Palaeoscience Research Centre suggests juvenile tyrannosaurs were slenderer and relatively faster for their body size compared to their multi-tonne parents.

Newswise: The Future Looks Bright for Infinitely Recyclable Plastic
Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:00 AM EDT
The Future Looks Bright for Infinitely Recyclable Plastic
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Plastics are ubiquitous, but they're not practical. Less than 10% are recycled, and the other ~8 billion tons are creating a pollution crisis. A Berkeley Lab team is determined to change that. A new analysis shows producing and recycling their game-changing new plastic could be easy and cheap enough to leave old plastics in the dust.

Newswise: AmirFirePhoto-768x512.jpg
Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:00 AM EDT
California’s wildfire season has lengthened, and its peak is now earlier in the year
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., April 22, 2021 — California’s wildfire problem, fueled by a concurrence of climate change and a heightened risk of human-caused ignitions in once uninhabited areas, has been getting worse with each passing year of the 21st century. Researchers in the Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Irvine have conducted a thorough analysis of California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection wildfire statistics from 2000 to 2019, comparing them with data from 1920 to 1999.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 10:55 AM EDT
Using exoplanets as dark matter detectors
Ohio State University

In the continuing search for dark matter in our universe, scientists believe they have found a unique and powerful detector: exoplanets.

Newswise: Mercy Medical Center Nurses Recognized in Baltimore magazine’s 2021 “Excellence in Nursing” Edition
Released: 22-Apr-2021 10:40 AM EDT
Mercy Medical Center Nurses Recognized in Baltimore magazine’s 2021 “Excellence in Nursing” Edition
Mercy Medical Center

Nine Mercy Medical Center nurses have been recognized as among “the best of the best” in the region by Baltimore magazine’s 7th annual “Excellence in Nursing Awards” survey, May 2021 issue.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 10:10 AM EDT
Firearms Laws Curb Rates of Gun Violence Across United States
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

States with stricter firearms laws reported lower suicide and homicide rates, according to a Rutgers study.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 10:00 AM EDT
UChicago Medicine’s community benefit investment totals $567.1 million in fiscal 2020
University of Chicago Medical Center

The UChicago Medicine health system provided $567.1 million in community benefits and services to the South Side, and UChicago Medicine Ingalls Memorial provided $89.5 million to Harvey and nearby areas.

Newswise: IU researchers tackle the challenges of conducting intrastate policy surveillance
Released: 22-Apr-2021 9:25 AM EDT
IU researchers tackle the challenges of conducting intrastate policy surveillance
Indiana University

IU researchers tackle the challenges of conducting intrastate policy surveillance and find accessing county and municipal laws challenging in Indiana.

Newswise: Mountainside Medical Center Announces New Leaders in the Division of Gastroenterology
Released: 22-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Mountainside Medical Center Announces New Leaders in the Division of Gastroenterology
Hackensack Meridian Health

Hackensack Meridian Mountainside Medical Center has announced Yong M. Kwon, M.D. as the hospital’s new division chief of gastroenterology, and Oleg Shulik, M.D. as subspecialty coordinator of gastroenterology.

Newswise:Video Embedded 21st-century-medical-needles-for-high-tech-cancer-diagnostics
VIDEO
Released: 22-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
21st century medical needles for high-tech cancer diagnostics
Aalto University

A new type of biopsy needle – which vibrates ultrasonically – greatly increases the amount of tissue obtained for pathologists. Currently, pathologists have to use a thick, but painful needle to get large samples, but the new needle is thin and much more comfortable for patients.

Newswise: How Techno-economic Analysis Can Improve Energy Technologies
Released: 22-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
How Techno-economic Analysis Can Improve Energy Technologies
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A Q&A with Berkeley Lab researcher Hanna Breunig on techno-economic analysis, and how she uses it to make negative emissions technologies more competitive

Newswise: “Soft-body Cadavers without Formalin” – The First in Thailand by CUVET
Released: 22-Apr-2021 8:55 AM EDT
“Soft-body Cadavers without Formalin” – The First in Thailand by CUVET
Chulalongkorn University

Chulalongkorn University’s Faculty of Veterinary Science (CUVET) has found formulas to preserve animal cadavers to be studied by students in place of carcinogenic formalin and are able to keep the cadavers soft for years.

Newswise: Sasin Renovates Sasa Patasala Building for the “Gen S” Education
Released: 22-Apr-2021 8:55 AM EDT
Sasin Renovates Sasa Patasala Building for the “Gen S” Education
Chulalongkorn University

Bangkok March 22, 2021 – Sasin School of Management, the first internationally accredited business school in Thailand, has revamped the entire first and second floors of Sasa Patasala Building, providing flexible work spaces to complement the classrooms. The new world-class, user-oriented facilities are flexible, reconfigurable, and will serve many needs. The renovation was made possible by a generous donation from the alumni.

22-Apr-2021 8:40 AM EDT
Less is More for the Next Generation of CAR T Cells
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Penn Medicine researchers discovered that less is more when it comes to the length of what is known as the single-chain variable fragment in CAR T cells.

Newswise: Hunger Cues
Released: 22-Apr-2021 8:35 AM EDT
Hunger Cues
Harvard Medical School

Research by investigators at Harvard Medical School illuminates the neurobiology that underlies food attraction and how hungry mice choose to pay attention to one object in their environment over another.

Newswise:Video Embedded common-antibiotic-effective-in-healing-coral-disease-lesions
VIDEO
Released: 22-Apr-2021 8:30 AM EDT
Common Antibiotic Effective in Healing Coral Disease Lesions
Florida Atlantic University

An antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections in humans is showing promise in treating stony coral, found throughout the tropical western Atlantic, including several areas currently affected by stony coral tissue loss disease. Preserving M. cavernosa colonies is important due to its high abundance and role as a dominant reef builder in the northern section of Florida’s Coral Reef. Results show that the Base 2B plus amoxicillin treatment had a 95 percent success rate at healing individual disease lesions.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 8:20 AM EDT
The Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Hosting World Malaria Day Symposium Friday, April 23
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

The Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health will host its annual World Malaria Day Symposium this Friday, April 23, from 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. EDT.

Newswise: Poor iodine levels in women pose risks to fetal intellectual development in pregnancy
Released: 22-Apr-2021 8:15 AM EDT
Poor iodine levels in women pose risks to fetal intellectual development in pregnancy
University of South Australia

A growing number of young women are at increased risk of having children born with impaired neurological conditions, due to poor iodine intake.

Newswise: Ultra-high-energy gamma rays originate from pulsar nebulae
Released: 22-Apr-2021 8:10 AM EDT
Ultra-high-energy gamma rays originate from pulsar nebulae
Los Alamos National Laboratory

The discovery that the nebulae surrounding the most powerful pulsars are pumping out ultra-high-energy gamma rays could rewrite the book about the rays’ galactic origins. Pulsars are rapidly rotating, highly magnetized collapsed stars surrounded by nebulae powered by winds generated inside the pulsars.

Newswise: Virtual climate conference explores adaptation and resilience
Released: 22-Apr-2021 8:10 AM EDT
Virtual climate conference explores adaptation and resilience
Argonne National Laboratory

To bring together the country’s brightest minds to think critically about the climate challenges facing the nation and the key capabilities we have to solve them, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory convened a virtual climate conference called “America Resilient.”

Newswise: Scientists glimpse signs of a puzzling state of matter in a superconductor
Released: 22-Apr-2021 8:05 AM EDT
Scientists glimpse signs of a puzzling state of matter in a superconductor
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

High-temperature superconductors conduct electricity with no loss, but no one knows how they do it. SLAC scientists observed the signature of an exotic state of matter called “pair density waves” in a cuprate superconductor and confirmed that it intertwines with another exotic state.

Newswise: Faster Air Exchange in Buildings Not Always Beneficial for Coronavirus Levels
AUDIO
Released: 22-Apr-2021 8:00 AM EDT
Faster Air Exchange in Buildings Not Always Beneficial for Coronavirus Levels
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Vigorous and rapid air exchanges might not always be a good thing when it comes to levels of coronavirus particles in a multiroom building, according to a new modeling study. Particle levels can spike in downstream rooms shortly after rapid ventilation.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 7:00 AM EDT
Tissue Repair, Mitochondrial Function and Wound Healing Explored in 2021 APS President’s Symposium
American Physiological Society (APS)

Top researchers in physiology will present a three-part series exploring cellular regulation of mitochondrial function, tissue repair and wound healing. The APS President’s Symposium Series will be part of the APS annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2021, which will be held on a virtual platform April 27–30.

Released: 21-Apr-2021 5:35 PM EDT
Earthquakes continued after COVID-19-related oil and gas recovery shutdown
Seismological Society of America (SSA)

When hydraulic fracturing operations ground to a halt last spring in the Kiskatinaw area of British Columbia, researchers expected seismic quiescence in the region.


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