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Newswise: Systemic Racism Has Consequences for All Life in Cities
12-Aug-2020 11:55 AM EDT
Systemic Racism Has Consequences for All Life in Cities
University of Washington

Social inequalities, specifically racism and classism, are impacting the biodiversity, evolutionary shifts and ecological health of plants and animals in our cities. That’s the main finding of a review paper published Aug. 13 in Science led by the University of Washington, with co-authors at the University of California, Berkeley, and University of Michigan.

Released: 13-Aug-2020 1:45 PM EDT
TV-watching snackers beware: you won't notice you're full if your attention is elsewhere
University of Sussex

Eating while doing something perceptually-demanding makes it more difficult to notice when you feel full, shows new research from the University of Sussex.

Released: 13-Aug-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Impact of family income on learning in children shaped by hippocampus in brain
University of Toronto

A new study by a team of researchers from the University of Toronto (U of T) has identified the region of the brain's hippocampus that links low income with decreased memory and language ability in children.

Released: 13-Aug-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Statement on the Death of Sumner M. Redstone from GW Redstone Global Center for Prevention and Wellness Director
George Washington University

Statement of William Dietz, MD, PhD, director and chair of Sumner M. Redstone Global Center for Prevention and Wellness, on the Death of Entrepreneur and Visionary Philanthropist Sumner M. Redstone

Newswise: Americans actively engaging in collectivism as financial buoy, experts say
Released: 13-Aug-2020 11:25 AM EDT
Americans actively engaging in collectivism as financial buoy, experts say
University of Notre Dame

Karen Richman, University of Notre Dame director of undergraduate studies at the Institute for Latino Studies, and her colleague, found that many people in the U.S. are relying on informal networks of family and friends to stay afloat in a recent study.

Released: 13-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT
U.S. Army commits up to $11 million for polymer research
Case Western Reserve University

A new five-year agreement awards $5.4 million (with the potential for up to $11 million) to a team led by Case Western Reserve, and includes a subcontract to PolymerPlus LLC, a Cleveland-based polymeric development company founded at the university in 2010, to lead production scale-up.

Released: 13-Aug-2020 10:35 AM EDT
Age discrimination seen @Twitter during #COVID19 pandemic
University of Michigan

The COVID-19 pandemic has created a perfect storm for age discrimination on social media.

Released: 13-Aug-2020 8:30 AM EDT
Examining Congress members' popularity on Instagram
Dickinson College

With a "virtual campaign season" underway due to the COVID-19 pandemic, social media platforms will be a particularly important way for candidates to build a following and connect with voters.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 7:15 PM EDT
How anxiety--and hope--can drive new product adoption
American Marketing Association (AMA)

Researchers from University of New South Wales, University of Southern California, and Imperial College London published a new paper in the Journal of Marketing that analyzes how varying levels of hope and anxiety about outcomes from new products affect consequential adoption intentions and actual product adoption.

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Released: 12-Aug-2020 7:05 PM EDT
Research suggests bias against natural hair limits job opportunities for black women
Duke University

New research suggests Black women with natural hairstyles, such as curly afros, braids or twists, are often perceived as less professional than Black women with straightened hair, particularly in industries where norms dictate a more conservative appearance.

Newswise: When you’re smiling, the whole world really does smile with you
11-Aug-2020 11:00 PM EDT
When you’re smiling, the whole world really does smile with you
University of South Australia

From Sinatra to Katy Perry, celebrities have long sung about the power of a smile – how it picks you up, changes your outlook, and generally makes you feel better. But is it all smoke and mirrors, or is there a scientific backing to the claim? Groundbreaking research from the University of South Australia confirms that the act of smiling can trick your mind into being more positive, simply by moving your facial muscles.

Newswise: A historian's 40-year quest to retrace the extraordinary life of activist Mary Talbert
Released: 12-Aug-2020 5:05 PM EDT
A historian's 40-year quest to retrace the extraordinary life of activist Mary Talbert
University at Buffalo

A century separates the lives of these two women, but they share much in common: Both are educators and community activists. Both are deeply committed to the fight for social justice. Both are tireless in their work.

Newswise: Book examines influence of racism on voting rights
Released: 12-Aug-2020 4:40 PM EDT
Book examines influence of racism on voting rights
Iowa State University

There is greater awareness today of structural racism in the U.S., but Americans are still split on the impact it has on the voting rights of underrepresented groups, according to a new book that examines the history of hostility toward Latinos and how it influences attitudes about voting rights.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 4:35 PM EDT
Research finds TSA may have missed thousands of firearms at checkpoints in 2014-2016
Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS)

The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has reported that it found 4,432 firearms in carry-on baggage at airport security checkpoints in 2019, and more than 20,000 firearms since 2014.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 3:50 PM EDT
MTSU, Texas State professors posit pandemic offers 'largest criminological experiment in history'
Middle Tennessee State University

In a research paper published in the American Journal of Criminal Justice, Ben Stickle, an associate professor of criminal justice administration, posits that the novel coronavirus tragedy presents a unique opportunity for a “randomized control trial.” The paper is co-authored by Stickle and Marcus Felson of Texas State University in San Marcos, Texas.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 2:20 PM EDT
Group is established to connect, inspire and empower UCI women in technology
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Aug. 12, 2020 — To connect, inspire and empower women working, researching and teaching in technology-related fields across campus, the University of California, Irvine has established a new diversity affinity group, Women in Technology at UCI. Through strategic partnerships, career development, educational events and networking activities, Women in Technology at UCI will strengthen the community of women in technology on campus.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 2:15 PM EDT
Young children would rather explore than get rewards
Ohio State University

Young children will pass up rewards they know they can collect to explore other options, a new study suggests.

Newswise: A Novel Strategy for Quickly Identifying Twitter Trolls
6-Aug-2020 10:05 AM EDT
A Novel Strategy for Quickly Identifying Twitter Trolls
PLOS

Two algorithms that account for distinctive use of repeated words and word pairs require as few as 50 tweets to accurately distinguish deceptive “troll” messages from those posted by public figures.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Evolutionary theory of economic decisions
Stanford University

Making decisions in the face of uncertainty has never been easy.

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Released: 12-Aug-2020 12:30 PM EDT
SDSU professor finds after-hours cannabis use has no impact on workplace performance
San Diego State University

Although it has become increasingly accepted for medical and recreational use, cannabis is still considered among one of the most widely used illegal substances in the United States and in many European countries.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Partnership With Vicarious Visions To Boost Gaming Education and Events at Rensselaer
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

A new agreement will formalize a long-standing relationship between two pivotal players in the Capital Region gaming industry: the Games and Simulation Arts and Sciences (GSAS) program at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and Vicarious Visions, the prominent game development company.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Low Leadership Quality Predicts High Risk of Long-Term Sickness Absence
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Low leadership quality, as rated by employees, is a risk factor for long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in the workforce, according to a study in the August Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

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Embargo will expire: 17-Aug-2020 12:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 12-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT

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Released: 12-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Fear of stricter regulations spurs gun sales after mass shootings, new analysis suggests
Cell Press

It's commonly known that gun sales go up after a mass shooting, but two competing hypotheses have been put forth to explain why that's the case: is it because people fear more violence and want to protect themselves, or is it because mass shootings trigger discussions about tighter gun regulations, which sends people out to stock up? In a new study appearing August 11 in the journal Patterns, investigators used data science to study this phenomenon.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 5:05 AM EDT
USC Center for the Digital Future study finds huge gaps in views based on political beliefs on alternatives to traditional voting; half want changes in political conventions
USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism

A majority of Americans say national elections need to change because of the COVID-19 pandemic, including broad support for voting by mail and online political conventions, reports a new study by the USC Center for the Digital Future.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 6:50 PM EDT
Untapped potential for TikTok to convey COVID-19 guidance
De Gruyter

Research published in DeGruyter's International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health suggests TikTok is rich with untapped educational potential.

Newswise: Jealous feelings can act as a tool to strengthen friendships
Released: 11-Aug-2020 2:30 PM EDT
Jealous feelings can act as a tool to strengthen friendships
Arizona State University (ASU)

Jealousy can be important for maintaining friendships, which are crucial to physical and emotional health. A study conducted by scientists at Arizona State University, Oklahoma State University, and Hamilton College found feelings of jealousy were sensitive to the value of the friendship and motivated behaviors aimed at keeping friends.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT
NAU professors examine the role racial disparities play in mortality rates of rural, urban residents
Northern Arizona University

In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers collected nationally representative data from 3,131 U.S. counties between 1968-2016, and looked at historical trends in death rates between older black and white adults living in different communities.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 1:35 PM EDT
New book explores four major threats to US democracy
Cornell University

In their new book, “Four Threats: The Recurring Crises of American Democracy,” Suzanne Mettler, professor of government at Cornell University, and Robert Lieberman, professor of political science at Johns Hopkins University, not only assert that history repeats itself – they also identify the underlying causes of democracy destabilization. American democracy has often been fragile, they argue, and today it faces an unprecedented crisis.

Newswise: Anthropology professor finds evidence of wine, caffeine in 500-year-old pottery
Released: 11-Aug-2020 1:30 PM EDT
Anthropology professor finds evidence of wine, caffeine in 500-year-old pottery
Wichita State University

From suburbia to cities across the globe, caffeine and wine are often a source of collective comfort: the first for a morning pick-me-up, the latter to unwind. Now a Wichita State University professor has discovered evidence to suggest that even our ancient ancestors enjoyed these drinks.

Newswise: Demographics data helps predict NY flood insurance claims
Released: 11-Aug-2020 1:10 PM EDT
Demographics data helps predict NY flood insurance claims
Cornell University

In flood-prone areas of the Hudson River valley in New York state, census areas with more white and affluent home owners tend to file a higher percentage of flood insurance claims than lower-income, minority residents, according to a new study.

Newswise: Economists conclude opioid crisis responsible for millions of children living apart from parents
Released: 11-Aug-2020 12:15 PM EDT
Economists conclude opioid crisis responsible for millions of children living apart from parents
University of Notre Dame

Affiliates with Notre Dame’s Wilson Sheehan Lab for Economic Opportunities found that greater exposure to the opioid crisis increases the chance that a child’s mother or father is absent from the household and increases the likelihood that he or she lives in a household headed by a grandparent.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 12:10 PM EDT
Misogyny expert: Male entitlement hurts women, girls
Cornell University

Boys and men unfairly benefit from a system of gendered norms and expectations that are enforced by misogyny, according to misogyny expert Kate Manne.

Newswise: NYC shoppers 4 times more likely to frequent stores adhering to social distance guidelines
Released: 11-Aug-2020 11:15 AM EDT
NYC shoppers 4 times more likely to frequent stores adhering to social distance guidelines
Cornell University

New York City residents are four times more likely to choose a store where shoppers respect 6 feet of distancing than one where no one is social distancing, according to a Cornell University experiment using 3D simulation.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 11:05 AM EDT
New research shows popular opinion impacts the ‘imperial presidency’
Cornell University

Doug Kriner, professor of government at Cornell University, is the co-author of the recently published book “The Myth of the Imperial Presidency: How Public Opinion Checks the Unilateral Executive,” which contains analysis of unilateral presidential actions.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
California Voters: ‘Release and Implement the Master Plan for Aging as Part of COVID-19 Response’
The SCAN Foundation

Over the past months, the COVID-19 pandemic has fundamentally shaken the nation’s social, demographic, political, economic, and health care landscapes with more than 4.8 million cases and 157,631 deaths nationally as of August 6.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
School spending cuts? Citizens prefer teachers and administrators to take the hit during economic crises
Binghamton University, State University of New York

With schools around the world looking into various cost-cutting measures in the midst of the COVID-10 pandemic, new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York reveals that citizens prefer teachers and administrative staff to be at the frontline of school spending cuts during times of economic crisis.

Newswise: Free ArtPlay workshops for teachers will share tips for virtual teaching Aug. 11, Aug. 17
Released: 10-Aug-2020 6:45 PM EDT
Free ArtPlay workshops for teachers will share tips for virtual teaching Aug. 11, Aug. 17
University of Alabama at Birmingham

When musical theater and visual arts summer camps went online at the University of Alabama at Birmingham this summer, staff did not know what to expect. The award-winning camps, presented by UAB’s ArtPlay, are always popular, to the point of selling out all available spaces. Despite the teachers’ fears, campers and their parents loved the new virtual camps.

Newswise: New model shows how voting behavior can drive political parties apart
Released: 10-Aug-2020 4:10 PM EDT
New model shows how voting behavior can drive political parties apart
Santa Fe Institute

If voters gravitate toward the center of the political spectrum, why are the parties drifting farther apart? A new model reveals a mechanism for increased polarization in U.S. politics, guided by the idea of "satisficing"-- that people will settle for a candidate who is "good enough."

Released: 10-Aug-2020 2:45 PM EDT
What the rest of the world can learn from South Korea's COVID-19 response
University of Colorado Denver

CU Denver researcher investigates how South Korean policy enabled the country to flatten the curve without economic disaster


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