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Newswise: For Protons and Neutrons, Things Aren’t the Same Inside Nuclei
Released: 25-Nov-2022 8:15 PM EST
For Protons and Neutrons, Things Aren’t the Same Inside Nuclei
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Quarks are distributed differently in free protons and neutrons versus those inside nuclei, something called “the EMC effect.” Scientists previously thought that the EMC effect treated the up and down quarks in protons and neutrons equally. New high-precision data from the MARATHON experiment indicates that the EMC effect may exert more influence on the distribution of down quarks compared to up quarks inside nuclei.

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Newswise: Science ahead of its time: Secret of 157-year old Darwin manuscript
Released: 24-Nov-2022 3:05 AM EST
Science ahead of its time: Secret of 157-year old Darwin manuscript
National University of Singapore

The Darwin Online project at the National University of Singapore (NUS) released an exceptional manuscript handwritten by Charles Darwin in 1865. The manuscript has been placed on auction at Sotheby’s auction house in New York City, making international news. To understand this unique document, historian of science Dr John van Wyhe from the NUS Department of Biological Sciences, and founder and Director of Darwin Online, sheds light on the origins of the 157-year old manuscript, and why Darwin chose to handwrite the selected passage from Origin of Species.

Newswise: Physicist strikes gold, solving 50-year lightning mystery
Released: 23-Nov-2022 11:05 PM EST
Physicist strikes gold, solving 50-year lightning mystery
University of South Australia

An Australian physicist has solved a 50-year conundrum that has baffled the world's best science minds - why lightning zigzags.

Newswise: Synthetic fibers discovered in Antarctic air, seawater, sediment and sea ice as the ‘pristine’ continent becomes a sink for plastic pollution
Released: 23-Nov-2022 4:40 PM EST
Synthetic fibers discovered in Antarctic air, seawater, sediment and sea ice as the ‘pristine’ continent becomes a sink for plastic pollution
University of Oxford

As nations meet in Uruguay to negotiate a new Global Plastics Treaty, marine and forensic scientists publish new results this week that reveal the discovery of synthetic plastic fibres in air, seawater, sediment and sea ice sampled in the Antarctic Weddell Sea.

Newswise: Human evolution wasn’t just the sheet music, but how it was played
Released: 23-Nov-2022 4:30 PM EST
Human evolution wasn’t just the sheet music, but how it was played
Duke University

A team of Duke researchers has identified a group of human DNA sequences driving changes in brain development, digestion and immunity that seem to have evolved rapidly after our family line split from that of the chimpanzees, but before we split with the Neanderthals.

   
Newswise: Spin correlation between paired electrons demonstrated
Released: 23-Nov-2022 4:10 PM EST
Spin correlation between paired electrons demonstrated
University of Basel

Physicists at the University of Basel have experimentally demonstrated for the first time that there is a negative correlation between the two spins of an entangled pair of electrons from a superconductor.

Newswise: Plants employ chemical engineering to manufacture bee-luring optical devices
Released: 23-Nov-2022 4:05 PM EST
Plants employ chemical engineering to manufacture bee-luring optical devices
University of Cambridge

While most flowers produce pigments that appear colourful and act as a visual cue to pollinators, some flowers also create microscopic three-dimensional patterns on their petal surfaces.

Newswise: Protein spheres protect the genome of cancer cells
Released: 23-Nov-2022 3:55 PM EST
Protein spheres protect the genome of cancer cells
University of Würzburg

MYC genes and their proteins play a central role in the emergence and development of almost all cancers.

Newswise: Tracking Explosions with Toughened-Up Tracers
Released: 23-Nov-2022 3:35 PM EST
Tracking Explosions with Toughened-Up Tracers
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

PNNL researchers created rugged, adaptable, mass-manufacturable luminescent particle tracers for use in harsh environments.

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Released: 23-Nov-2022 2:45 PM EST
Simple semiconductor solutions could boost solar energy generation and enable better space probes
University of Surrey

A 'simple' tweak to perovskite solar cells during the fabrication stage could help to unlock the untold potential of the renewable energy source, claims research from the University of Surrey.

Newswise: Genome studies uncover a new branch in fungal evolution
Released: 23-Nov-2022 2:10 PM EST
Genome studies uncover a new branch in fungal evolution
University of Alberta

About 600 seemingly disparate fungi that never quite found a fit along the fungal family tree have been shown to have a common ancestor, according to a University of Alberta-led research team that used genome sequencing to give these peculiar creatures their own classification home.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 1:45 PM EST
A Radical New Approach in Synthetic Chemistry
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Scientists measure how unpaired electrons in atoms at one end of a molecule can drive chemical reactivity on the molecule's opposite side. This work shows how molecules containing these so-called free radicals could be used in a whole new class of reactions.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 12:15 PM EST
Nyra Medical Announces $20 Million Series A Financing for its Transcatheter Heart Valve Repair Technology
Nyra Medical, Inc

Nyra Medical, Inc., a medical device company that is developing a novel transcatheter mitral valve repair technology, today announced the closing of a $20 million Series A financing.

   
Newswise: Major discovery about mammalian brains surprises researchers
Released: 23-Nov-2022 11:45 AM EST
Major discovery about mammalian brains surprises researchers
University of Copenhagen

In a new breakthrough to understand more about the mammalian brain, University of Copenhagen researchers have made an incredible discovery.

   
Newswise: Low-cost sensor records the level of rivers
Released: 23-Nov-2022 11:35 AM EST
Low-cost sensor records the level of rivers
University of Bonn

Researchers at the University of Bonn have developed a method that allows the water level of rivers to be monitored around the clock.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 10:45 AM EST
A far-sighted approach to machine learning
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Picture two teams squaring off on a football field. The players can cooperate to achieve an objective, and compete against other players with conflicting interests.

Released: 23-Nov-2022 10:25 AM EST
What was the true human cost of the pandemic in Russia?
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

A new study assesses the number of lives lost to the COVID-19 pandemic in Russia and introduces a novel methodology that will help to get a clearer view of pandemics in the future.

   
Newswise: Old World flycatchers’ family tree mapped
Released: 23-Nov-2022 10:05 AM EST
Old World flycatchers’ family tree mapped
Uppsala University

The European robin’s closest relatives are found in tropical Africa. The European robin is therefore not closely related to the Japanese robin, despite their close similarity in appearance.

Newswise: sts-1000px.jpg
Released: 23-Nov-2022 9:35 AM EST
Brookhaven Early Career Professionals Connect with Nobel Laureates in Kyoto, Japan
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Three early-career professionals at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory had the opportunity to connect with Nobel laureates, discuss pressing global issues, and explore historic Kyoto, Japan at the 19th annual meeting of the Science and Technology in Society (STS) forum.

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This news release is embargoed until 30-Nov-2022 8:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 23-Nov-2022 8:00 AM EST

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Newswise: For Grassland Soil Viruses, Precipitation Shapes Diversity, Abundance, and Function
Released: 23-Nov-2022 7:05 AM EST
For Grassland Soil Viruses, Precipitation Shapes Diversity, Abundance, and Function
Department of Energy, Office of Science

As precipitation patterns shift in response to climate change, scientists must understand how this change affects soil viruses. In this study, scientists analyzed DNA viruses in three grassland soils with different historical precipitation patterns: low precipitation from eastern Washington, intermediate precipitation from Kansas, and high precipitation from Iowa. The researchers found that viruses were more diverse and more common in drier soil.

Newswise: World’s oldest meal helps unravel mystery of our earliest animal ancestors
Released: 22-Nov-2022 7:35 PM EST
World’s oldest meal helps unravel mystery of our earliest animal ancestors
Australian National University

The contents of the last meal consumed by the earliest animals known to inhabit Earth more than 550 million years ago has unearthed new clues about the physiology of our earliest animal ancestors, according to scientists from The Australian National University (ANU).

Released: 22-Nov-2022 7:15 PM EST
Scientists say chemicals could undercut global plastics treaty
Green Science Policy Institute

Next week the United Nations intergovernmental negotiating committee to develop an international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution will meet in Uruguay.

Newswise: Large parts of Europe are warming twice as fast as the planet on average
Released: 22-Nov-2022 7:00 PM EST
Large parts of Europe are warming twice as fast as the planet on average
Stockholm University

The warming during the summer months in Europe has been much faster than the global average, shows a new study by researchers at Stockholm University published in the Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres.

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This news release is embargoed until 28-Nov-2022 3:00 PM EST Released to reporters: 22-Nov-2022 6:05 PM EST

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Newswise: Samples.jpg
Released: 22-Nov-2022 5:55 PM EST
FSU researchers find decrease in crucial trace element preceded ancient mass extinction
Florida State University

A decline in the element molybdenum across the planet’s oceans preceded a significant extinction event approximately 183 million years ago, new research from Florida State University shows.

Released: 22-Nov-2022 5:00 PM EST
World’s heaviest bird may be self-medicating on plants used in traditional medicine
Frontiers

Researchers show that great bustards in Spain prefer to eat two plant species with compounds active in vitro against protozoa, nematodes, and fungi: corn poppies and purple viper’s bugloss. Males, who spend much time and energy on sexual displays during the mating season, have a stronger preference for these plants than females, and more so during the mating season than at other times of the year. The authors thus consider great bustards as prime candidates for non-human animals that self-medicate, but stress that more research is needed to definitively prove this.

Newswise: Teaching photonic chips to learn
Released: 22-Nov-2022 4:05 PM EST
Teaching photonic chips to learn
George Washington University

A multi-institution research team has developed an optical chip that can train machine learning hardware.

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This news release is embargoed until 29-Nov-2022 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 22-Nov-2022 3:10 PM EST

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Newswise: Researchers use blockchain to increase electric grid resiliency
Released: 22-Nov-2022 3:05 PM EST
Researchers use blockchain to increase electric grid resiliency
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Although blockchain is best known for securing digital currency payments, researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory are using it to track a different kind of exchange: It’s the first time blockchain has ever been used to validate communication among devices on the electric grid.

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This news release is embargoed until 29-Nov-2022 11:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 22-Nov-2022 2:45 PM EST

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Newswise: Remembering AANEM Past President George Kraft, MD, MS
Released: 22-Nov-2022 12:55 PM EST
Remembering AANEM Past President George Kraft, MD, MS
American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AANEM)

The American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AANEM) is saddened to learn of the passing of longtime AANEM member and previous AANEM president, George Kraft MD, MS, on November 1, 2022.

   
Newswise: Earth might be experiencing 7th mass extinction, not 6th
Released: 22-Nov-2022 12:20 PM EST
Earth might be experiencing 7th mass extinction, not 6th
University of California, Riverside

Earth is currently in the midst of a mass extinction, losing thousands of species each year. New research suggests environmental changes caused the first such event in history, which occurred millions of years earlier than scientists previously realized.

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This news release is embargoed until 29-Nov-2022 2:00 PM EST Released to reporters: 22-Nov-2022 12:15 PM EST

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Newswise: Sequencing project to unleash the biotechnology potential of euglenoids
Released: 22-Nov-2022 12:05 PM EST
Sequencing project to unleash the biotechnology potential of euglenoids
European Molecular Biology Laboratory

The Euglena International Network (EIN) (https://euglenanetwork.org/), founded in 2020, is a global consortium of hundreds of scientists around the world with the collective goal of supporting euglenoid science through collaborative and integrative omics between academics and industry.

Newswise: Tibetan bottom ice might be younger than previously believed by two orders of magnitude
Released: 22-Nov-2022 11:55 AM EST
Tibetan bottom ice might be younger than previously believed by two orders of magnitude
Science China Press

From September to October of 2015, a 60-person team were gathering on the Guliya ice cap in the Kunlun Mountains of the Tibetan Plateau, with the purpose to retrieve the world’s oldest ice.

Newswise: Argonne awarded $6 million to develop technologies for recycling nuclear fuel
Released: 22-Nov-2022 11:40 AM EST
Argonne awarded $6 million to develop technologies for recycling nuclear fuel
Argonne National Laboratory

Recycling used nuclear fuel makes the most of nuclear power’s carbon-free energy potential. Argonne has received major funding to develop technologies that may result in a sustainable fuel stock and a reduction in U.S. dependency on fossil fuels.

Newswise: Chris Heckle named manufacturing director at Argonne National Laboratory
Released: 22-Nov-2022 11:10 AM EST
Chris Heckle named manufacturing director at Argonne National Laboratory
Argonne National Laboratory

Globally recognized research and development leader Chris Heckle has been appointed as the first director of the Materials Manufacturing Innovation Centerat the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory.

Released: 22-Nov-2022 11:10 AM EST
NIH-Funded Study Uses AI to Improve Language for Children with Cochlear Implants
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

A new multicenter study will use artificial intelligence (AI) to analyze pre-surgical brain MRI scans to predict individual-level language outcomes in English- and Spanish-learning children up to four years after cochlear implantation. The long-term goal of the research is to customize therapy to maximize children’s hearing and language ability after receiving a cochlear implant.

   
Newswise: NASA’s Webb Reveals an Exoplanet Atmosphere as Never Seen Before
Released: 22-Nov-2022 11:05 AM EST
NASA’s Webb Reveals an Exoplanet Atmosphere as Never Seen Before
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

WASP-39 b is a planet unlike any in our solar system – a Saturn-sized behemoth that orbits its star closer than Mercury is to our Sun. This exoplanet was one of the first examined by NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope when it began regular science operations. The results have excited the exoplanet science community. Webb’s exquisitely sensitive instruments have provided a profile of WASP-39 b’s atmospheric constituents and identified a plethora of contents, including water, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, sodium and potassium. The findings bode well for the capability of Webb’s instruments to conduct the broad range of investigations of all types of exoplanets, including small, rocky worlds like those in the TRAPPIST-1 system.

Newswise: New from JWST: An Exoplanet Atmosphere as Never Seen Before
Released: 22-Nov-2022 11:00 AM EST
New from JWST: An Exoplanet Atmosphere as Never Seen Before
Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian

New observations of WASP-39 b reveal a never-before-seen molecule in the atmosphere of a planet — sulfur dioxide — among other details.

Newswise: The Interplay Between Epidemics, Prevention Information, and Mass Media
16-Nov-2022 10:25 AM EST
The Interplay Between Epidemics, Prevention Information, and Mass Media
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

When an epidemic strikes, more than just infections spread. As cases mount, information about the disease, how to spot it, and how to prevent it propagates rapidly among people in affected areas as well.

   
Newswise: Limiting Global Warming Now Can Preserve Valuable Freshwater Resource
Released: 22-Nov-2022 10:00 AM EST
Limiting Global Warming Now Can Preserve Valuable Freshwater Resource
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Researchers say that the Chilean Andes could face marked snow loss and roughly 10% less mountain water runoff with a global warming of approximately 2.5 degrees Celsius over the next 30 years. The study has implications for the California Sierra Nevada and highlights the need for carbon mitigation.

Newswise: Study shows chemical coatings can affect microparticles 'swimming' in mucus solutions
Released: 22-Nov-2022 9:35 AM EST
Study shows chemical coatings can affect microparticles 'swimming' in mucus solutions
Southern Methodist University

Collaborative research between SMU nanorobotics authority MinJun Kim’s Biological Actuation, Sensing, and Transport (BAST) Lab and international research and engineering company ARA has demonstrated for the first time that certain chemical coatings, applied to micro/nanoparticles, can alter their swimming propulsion within biological fluids.

Newswise: HK Tech Forum on Quantum Physics and Complex Systems
Released: 22-Nov-2022 9:00 AM EST
HK Tech Forum on Quantum Physics and Complex Systems
Hong Kong Institute for Advanced Study, City University of Hong Kong

A central theme of quantum science and technology is the investigation of the properties and the uses of quantum interactions, the characteristic correlations among constituents of a quantum system that have no analogous counterparts in classical systems.

Released: 22-Nov-2022 8:55 AM EST
FDA Clears the Accure Laser System for the Treatment of Mild to Severe Inflammatory Acne Vulgaris
Accure Acne, Inc.

Accure Acne, Inc. (www.accureacne.com), a pioneer in the development of innovative solutions for the treatment of acne, announced today it has received FDA clearance for its Accure Laser™ System to treat mild to severe inflammatory acne vulgaris.

   
Released: 22-Nov-2022 8:50 AM EST
Three days to help save our coastal habitats
University of Portsmouth

A global gathering of marine scientists has set a three-day symposium to work out how we can maximise the many life and planet protecting services we as humans benefit from our coastal habitats.

Newswise: ETRI develops a 'K-Guard' app that protects daily safety
Released: 22-Nov-2022 8:30 AM EST
ETRI develops a 'K-Guard' app that protects daily safety
National Research Council of Science and Technology

ETRI has developed a smartphone app that informs citizens’ daily lives of various safety hazards in real-time, such as flooding, fire, and disappearance.


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