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Released: 17-Aug-2022 6:05 AM EDT
Scientists Create a DNA Test That Identifies Lyme Disease in Horses
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

A Rutgers scientist aiming to help heal a sick horse created an ultra-sensitive DNA test that could have applications for difficult-to-detect illnesses in humans such as Lyme disease.

   
15-Aug-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Modern pesticides damage the brain of bees so they can't move in a straight line
Frontiers

Researchers show for the first time that honeybee foragers exposed to the pesticides sulfoxaflor and imidacloprid have an impaired optomotor response, which makes them poor at keeping themselves on a straight trajectory while moving. This impairment is accompanied by damage to brain cells and dysregulation of detoxification genes. These results add to the growing evidence that modern pesticides are highly damaging to beneficial insects like bees.

Newswise: Wood sharpens stone: boomerangs used to retouch lithic tools
Released: 16-Aug-2022 11:05 PM EDT
Wood sharpens stone: boomerangs used to retouch lithic tools
Griffith University

A new study into the multipurpose uses of boomerangs has highlighted the hardwood objects were used to shape the edges of stone tools used by Australian Indigenous communities.

Newswise: Fish
Released: 16-Aug-2022 11:05 PM EDT
Fish "chock-full" of antifreeze protein found in iceberg habitats off Greenland
American Museum of Natural History

New research based on an expedition to the icy waters off Greenland reveals soaring levels of antifreeze proteins in a species of tiny snailfish, underlying the importance of this unique adaptation to life in sub-zero temperatures.

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Released: 16-Aug-2022 5:05 PM EDT
2D boundaries could create electricity
Rice University

There’s still plenty of room at the bottom to generate piezoelectricity. Engineers at Rice University and their colleagues are showing the way.

Newswise: Tree Species in one of World’s Most Diverse Conifer Forests Not Migrating Uphill Fast Enough
Released: 16-Aug-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Tree Species in one of World’s Most Diverse Conifer Forests Not Migrating Uphill Fast Enough
Cal Poly Humboldt

The trees in Northern California’s Klamath Mountains are not keeping up with climate change. Instead, many tree species are in decline, losing the race due to climate warming and decades of fire suppression.

Newswise: Building better biomedical research avenues
Released: 16-Aug-2022 4:35 PM EDT
Building better biomedical research avenues
Case Western Reserve University

Leading researchers will gather this week at a Case Western Reserve University-led symposium highlighting progress and opportunities in biomedical research and human-performance sciences. The event takes place this Thursday and Friday, Aug. 18-19, at the Wolstein Research Center on the Case Western Reserve campus, and features researchers and clinicians from the university, area hospital affiliates and the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton.

Released: 16-Aug-2022 4:30 PM EDT
Fossil fuel companies’ projections won’t meet Paris Agreement climate goals
Imperial College London

Decarbonisation scenarios produced by BP, Royal Dutch Shell and Equinor are incompatible with Paris Agreement goals for a safe and habitable planet.

Released: 16-Aug-2022 4:25 PM EDT
Algorithm learns to correct 3D printing errors for different parts, materials and systems
University of Cambridge

Engineers have created intelligent 3D printers that can quickly detect and correct errors, even in previously unseen designs, or unfamiliar materials like ketchup and mayonnaise, by learning from the experiences of other machines.

Released: 16-Aug-2022 4:25 PM EDT
The photon ring: A black hole ready for its close-up
University of Waterloo

When scientists unveiled humanity’s historic first image of a black hole in 2019 – depicting a dark core encircled by a fiery aura of material falling toward it – they believed even richer imagery and insights were waiting to be teased out of the data.

Released: 16-Aug-2022 4:20 PM EDT
Decreasing backyard bird diversity flies under the radar
Griffith University

A deep dive into bird survey data has found that some of Australia’s favourite backyard visitors considered ‘common’ are actually on the decline as cities and suburbs opt for less greenery.

Newswise:Video Embedded researchers-studying-leaf-angle-aim-to-improve-yields-inspire-young-scientists
VIDEO
Released: 16-Aug-2022 4:10 PM EDT
Researchers studying leaf angle aim to improve yields, inspire young scientists
Iowa State University

Researchers are using a robot developed at Iowa State University to capture 3D images of corn in the field to better understand leaf angle. The research has the potential to boost yields and aid in the engineering of new hybrids to adapt to changes in climate.

Newswise: Social Connection Drives Learning in Bird Brain
Released: 16-Aug-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Social Connection Drives Learning in Bird Brain
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University - OIST

In learning to communicate, a good teacher is essential. Take zebra finches, for example. Juveniles of the species learn songs directly from a tutor – usually their father – through a social interaction that keeps them motivated and on-task.

Newswise: mpro-1000px.jpg
Released: 16-Aug-2022 4:05 PM EDT
First Structure of Key COVID Enzyme at Human Body Temperature
Brookhaven National Laboratory

UPTON, NY--Scientists studying a COVID-19 coronavirus enzyme at temperatures ranging from frosty to human-body warm discovered subtle structural shifts that offer clues about how the enzyme works. The findings, published in IUCrJ, the journal of the International Union of Crystallography, may inspire the design of new drugs to counteract COVID-19 -- and possibly help head off future coronavirus pandemics.

   
Newswise: Uncovering nature’s patterns at the atomic scale in living color
Released: 16-Aug-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Uncovering nature’s patterns at the atomic scale in living color
Argonne National Laboratory

Research team invents new method to accelerate materials discoveries through rapid clustering and color coding of large X-ray data sets to reveal previously hidden structural changes that occur as temperature increases or decreases.

Released: 16-Aug-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Air-stability of sodium-based layered-oxide cathode materials
Science China Press

This Review paper is published in Science China Chemistry by Dr. Hu-Rong Yao (Fujian Normal University), Dr. Lituo Zheng (Fujian Normal University), Prof. Sen Xin (Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences) and Prof. Yu-Guo Guo (Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences).

Released: 16-Aug-2022 2:25 PM EDT
Wobbling droplets in space confirm late professor’s theory
Cornell University

At a time when astronomers around the world are reveling in new views of the distant cosmos, an experiment on the International Space Station has given Cornell researchers fresh insight into something a little closer to home: water.

Released: 16-Aug-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Researchers create new, unparalleled supramolecular plastic which is degradable and highly recyclable
University of Turku (Turun yliopisto)

A research group headed by Senior Researcher Jianwei Li at the MediCity Research Laboratory in Finland has explored a new type of materials called supramolecular plastics that would substitute the conventional polymeric plastics with an eco-friendlier material promoting sustainable development.

Newswise: Report Highlights Technology Advancement and Value of Wind Energy
Released: 16-Aug-2022 2:00 PM EDT
Report Highlights Technology Advancement and Value of Wind Energy
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Wind energy continues to see strong growth, solid performance, and attractive prices in the U.S., according to a report released by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and prepared by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab).

Released: 16-Aug-2022 1:55 PM EDT
Department of Energy Announces $14.8 Million for Particle Accelerators for Science & Society
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $14.8 million in funding for advanced research projects in particle accelerator science and technology. Particle accelerators provide unique sources of light and particles that support the research of thousands of scientists worldwide, play a direct role in the production of more than $500 billion of goods annually, and treat more than 5 million cancer patients each year.

Newswise: bedford-academy-hs-hr.jpg
Released: 16-Aug-2022 1:55 PM EDT
Brookhaven Lab, AABE, Con Edison Team up on Sustainable Energy Course at Brooklyn's Bedford Academy
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Through a collaboration among the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory, educators, the American Association of Blacks in Energy (AABE), and local energy companies like ConEdison, students at Brooklyn’s Bedford Academy were offered a unique opportunity to participate in a pilot course on sustainable energy and learn about careers within the energy sector.

Newswise: Quantum annealing can beat classical computing in limited cases
Released: 16-Aug-2022 1:00 PM EDT
Quantum annealing can beat classical computing in limited cases
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Recent research proves that under certain conditions, quantum annealing computers can run algorithms—including the well-known Shor’s algorithm—more quickly than classical computers. In most cases, however, quantum annealing does not provide a speed-up compared to classical computing when time is limited, according to a study in Nature Communications.

Newswise: Scientists Take Another Theoretical Step to Uncovering the Mystery of Dark Matter, Black Holes
Released: 16-Aug-2022 12:25 PM EDT
Scientists Take Another Theoretical Step to Uncovering the Mystery of Dark Matter, Black Holes
Stony Brook University

A study by a team of scientists including three from Stony Brook University proposes a novel method to search for new particles not currently contained in the standard model of particle physics. Their method, published in Nature Communications, could shed light on the nature of dark matter.

Newswise: Ready for its Close-up: New Technology Sharpens Images of Black Holes
Released: 16-Aug-2022 11:00 AM EDT
Ready for its Close-up: New Technology Sharpens Images of Black Holes
Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian

Using new computational algorithms, scientists have measured a sharp ring of light predicted to originate from photons whipping around the back of a supermassive black hole.

Newswise: Do Wind Instruments Disperse COVID Aerosol Droplets?
11-Aug-2022 10:45 AM EDT
Do Wind Instruments Disperse COVID Aerosol Droplets?
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Orchestral ensembles have faced many challenges when starting to perform again during the COVID pandemic, and contamination is a chief concern: specifically, whether wind instruments are vectors of contamination through aerosol dispersion. In Physics of Fluids, researchers worked with musicians to deepen our understanding of how much aerosol is produced and dispersed by wind instruments. They used visualization to characterize the flow, tracked fog particles in the air, and measured aerosol concentration from wind instruments with a particle counter. Then they combined these to develop an equation to describe aerosol dispersion.

   
Newswise: Harvesting Resources on Mars with Plasmas
10-Aug-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Harvesting Resources on Mars with Plasmas
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Researchers have devised a plasma-based way to produce and separate oxygen within the Martian environment. It's a complementary approach to NASA's Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment and may deliver high rates of molecule production per kilogram of instrumentation sent to space. In the Journal of Applied Physics, the team presents the method for harnessing and processing local resources to generate products on Mars.

Newswise: Back to the drawing board: Reinventing offshore wind turbines
Released: 16-Aug-2022 10:35 AM EDT
Back to the drawing board: Reinventing offshore wind turbines
Sandia National Laboratories

In order to design radically new idea offshore wind turbines, Sandia National Laboratories engineers first needed to build a design tool capable of modeling the physics vertical-axis wind turbine, or a new "drawing board."

Newswise: Controlling the concrete manufacturing process increases the strength by 30%
Released: 16-Aug-2022 10:35 AM EDT
Controlling the concrete manufacturing process increases the strength by 30%
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

To increase the strength of concrete, researchers are coming up with new ways to reinforce - usually with metal structures or nanofibers. A RUDN University professor with colleagues from Iran discovered an easier way. Even from a conventional concrete mix, one can get a more durable material.

Released: 16-Aug-2022 10:30 AM EDT
$20 Million in Renewed Grants from NIH Will Provide Data Infrastructure and Leadership to International Collaboration to Map Human Body at Cellular Resolution
Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center

Teams at the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, University of Pittsburgh and the Carnegie Mellon University School of Computer Science will lead collaborations and provide computing, software and data infrastructure as part of an international network of centers working to create a kind of cell-level Google Maps for the human body.

   
Newswise: UF research shows a step toward restoring sea urchins: ‘The lawnmowers of reefs’
Released: 16-Aug-2022 8:05 AM EDT
UF research shows a step toward restoring sea urchins: ‘The lawnmowers of reefs’
University of Florida

Scientists, including Josh Patterson from the University of Florida, are stepping up efforts to enhance populations of the long-spined sea urchin – known scientifically as Diadema antillarum to support coral reef ecosystems.

Released: 16-Aug-2022 8:05 AM EDT
Propane - a solution for more sustainable air conditioning
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

Current severe heatwaves that will likely increase in severity and frequency in the future are driving a rise in the use of air conditioners, threatening the environment with their high energy consumption and refrigerants with high warming potential. A new study finds that switching to propane as a refrigerant could lessen the global temperature increase from space cooling.

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Newswise: Male Spiders Maximise Sperm Transfer to Counter Female Cannibalism
Released: 16-Aug-2022 3:05 AM EDT
Male Spiders Maximise Sperm Transfer to Counter Female Cannibalism
National University of Singapore

When sexual conflict results in reproductive strategies that only benefit one of the sexes, it may result in evolutionary arms races. Male spiders have evolved behavioural mating strategies to improve their chances of mating despite the risk of being cannibalised by their mates.Researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have discovered that male spiders make choices on maximising their mating success when they are at risk of being cannibalised by their female mates.

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Released: 15-Aug-2022 8:05 PM EDT
Can a human with a spinal cord injury walk and run? Discovering clues to solving science challenges with neuromorphic technology
Seoul National University

An international research team led by Prof. Tae-Woo Lee (Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea) and Prof. Zhenan Bao (Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, US) has succeeded in recovering muscle movements in a model of paralyzed mice through organic artificial nerves.

   

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