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Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:45 AM EDT
Study finds parents can help kids eat healthier by knowing their own sense of self-control
University of Oregon

Young children naturally like sugar and salt in food and develop food preferences based on what their parents serve them, but new research suggests that how parents view self-regulation also is a contributing factor.

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Released: 6-Aug-2020 4:30 PM EDT
Social work’s role in the health, well-being of LGBTQ people in China
Washington University in St. Louis

As China’s government seeks solutions to social problems related to an evolving society, professional social work is increasingly entering new areas, including migrant and aging services, and is poised to take on a larger role in assisting lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer people, said two experts from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 1:35 PM EDT
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health faculty awarded grant by National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

A team led by UCLA Fielding School of Public Health professors Ninez Ponce and Michael Rodriguez has received a $596,000 grant from the National Collaborative on Gun Violence Research to address data gaps about gun use and improve firearms policies.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Digital buccaneers boost box office bang
University of Georgia

Pirated movies circulated online after their theatrical release saw about 3% higher box office receipts because of the increase in word-of-mouth advertising.

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Released: 6-Aug-2020 11:20 AM EDT
WashU Expert: Pandemic lessons from 2-1-1
Washington University in St. Louis

There have been more than 3.5 million requests for assistance to 2-1-1 help lines around the United States since the coronavirus pandemic hit this spring. The impact was immediate and dramatic, said a Brown School researcher who tracks calls to 2-1-1 help lines across the U.S.During COVID-19, the volume of requests to 2-1-1s has increased exponentially, said Matthew Kreuter, the Kahn Family Professor of Public Health at Washington University in St.

3-Aug-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Understanding Alcohol-Related Violence: What is its Place and Role in the Wider Context of Aggression?
Research Society on Alcoholism

Aggressive behavior often, but not always, occurs alongside alcohol and drug misuse. Indeed, alcohol and drugs contribute to at least 40% of violent acts. However, despite the importance of substance misuse to understanding aggression, the relationships between alcohol-related, drug-related, and non-substance-related aggression are unclear. In particular, it is not known if these are three different facets of an individual’s overall aggressive tendency, or if they are three distinct and separate entities. A new analysis reported in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research has probed this question using statistical modeling.

3-Aug-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Challenging Dogma, Recovery from Alcohol Use Disorder Can Sometimes Include Heavy Drinking
Research Society on Alcoholism

Recovering from alcohol use disorder (AUD) can sometimes involve drinking reductions that do not come close to abstinence, according to recent research — challenging the dogma that recovery from AUD requires abstinence or infrequent drinking. In a new study, one in five participants achieved stable recovery while occasionally drinking heavily. These participants reported success in various measures of life satisfaction, functioning, and health several years after treatment for AUD, according to the study in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Their experience highlights the value of any drinking reduction. This study expands a body of work that is calling into question the longstanding emphasis — in research and recovery programs, including Alcoholics Anonymous — on drinking practices as a primary measure of success. A similar shift is taking place around other psychiatric disorders, with recovery increasingly measured by improved health and functioning over the absence of

Newswise: Two-Thirds of Adults Support Vaccination, National Survey Says
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Two-Thirds of Adults Support Vaccination, National Survey Says
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

When a COVID-19 vaccine becomes available, 66 percent of adults are likely to get vaccinated, and have their children vaccinated as well, according to a new nationwide survey led by researchers from Rutgers University–New Brunswick, Northeastern, Harvard, and Northwestern universities.

Newswise: Management gender diversity essential in adversity
Released: 5-Aug-2020 10:05 PM EDT
Management gender diversity essential in adversity
University of Adelaide

A study by an international team of researchers suggests that gender-balanced teams help businesses, especially in adverse times.

4-Aug-2020 8:10 AM EDT
Whiteness of AI erases people of colour from our ‘imagined futures’, researchers argue
University of Cambridge

The overwhelming ‘Whiteness’ of artificial intelligence – from stock images and cinematic robots to the dialects of virtual assistants – removes people of colour from the way humanity thinks about its technology-enhanced future, according to Cambridge researchers.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 7:05 PM EDT
Planned Medicare Cuts Deal Heavy Blow to Nation’s Ophthalmologists
American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)

Ophthalmology lost more patient volume due to the COVID-19 pandemic than any other medical specialty.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:25 PM EDT
Waning attention to climate change amid pandemic could have lasting effects
University of Colorado Boulder

Attention to climate change has significantly declined in recent months, as the pandemic has monopolized news coverage. That's concerning, say study authors who found that simply directing one's attention to an environmental risk—even briefly and involuntarily—makes people more concerned about it and willing to take action.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:20 PM EDT
Problem gambling and crime appear co-symptomatic, not causal
University at Buffalo

New research from a University at Buffalo sociologist is providing valuable insight into better understanding the association between criminal behaviors and problem gambling. “We’re finding that it’s not so much that problem gambling causes crime, but rather that the same background characteristics that contribute to predicting the likelihood of someone being a problem gambler also predict that they’ll engage in crime,” says Christopher Dennison, an assistant professor of sociology at UB.

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Released: 5-Aug-2020 4:05 PM EDT
Journalists' Twitter use shows them talking within smaller bubbles
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Usher and Ng, journalism professors at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, identified nine clusters of journalists or “communities of practice” in their study, published online by the journal Social Media and Society.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 3:35 PM EDT
To bond with nature, kids need solitary activities outdoors
North Carolina State University

A new study found solitary activities like fishing, hunting or exploring outside are key to building strong bonds between children and nature. Activities like these encourage children to both enjoy being outside and to feel comfortable there.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:05 AM EDT
Fauci still considered No. 1 COVID-19 information source; reliance on Trump drops; public support of government response to the coronavirus declines, reports study by USC Center for the Digital Future
USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism

A growing number of Americans say federal, state, and local governments are doing a poor job of responding to COVID-19, and Anthony Fauci continues to be the nation’s most relied-upon source about COVID-19, reports a new study by the USC Center for the Digital Future.

Newswise: Parents Trust Colleges More than Students for COVID-19 Safety, New Survey by TimelyMD Finds
3-Aug-2020 12:25 PM EDT
Parents Trust Colleges More than Students for COVID-19 Safety, New Survey by TimelyMD Finds

Parents of college students indicate many concerns about their students' return to the classroom (on campus or online), including their health, the quality of their education, and the likelihood of their following public health guidance when administrators aren't looking. Fielded last week, this survey by TimelyMD has the latest data available as campus reopening plans change daily.

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Released: 4-Aug-2020 7:05 PM EDT
Reporting on Local Health Systems
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Susan Dentzer, health-care analyst, commentator, journalist, and senior policy fellow at the Duke-Margolis Center for Health Policy, discusses local health systems, including how they are coping with the COVID-19 pandemic and best practices for reporting on the subject. Carla Anne Robbins, CFR adjunct senior fellow and former deputy editorial page editor at the New York Times, hosts the webinar.

Newswise: How Police Compare in Different Democracies
Released: 4-Aug-2020 6:55 PM EDT
How Police Compare in Different Democracies
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Recent killings by U.S. officers have sparked widespread calls for police reform and an end to systemic racism. Here’s how U.S. policing compares with other countries’ approaches.

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Released: 4-Aug-2020 4:50 PM EDT
Racial discrimination linked to suicide
University of Houston

In this age of racial reckoning, new research findings indicate that racial discrimination is so painful that it is linked to the ability to die by suicide, a presumed prerequisite for being able to take one's own life.

Newswise:  Making the Switch
Released: 4-Aug-2020 3:55 PM EDT
Making the Switch
California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

As higher education pivots to online instruction, the CSU leads the way in exploring and implementing innovative new approaches to teaching, learning and engagement ... all with an eye on student success.

Released: 4-Aug-2020 3:20 PM EDT
Paniccioli’s vast hip-hop photo archive launches online
Cornell University

Nearly 20,000 images can now be viewed online as Cornell University Library launches the Ernie Paniccioli Photo Archive, a digital collection chronicling hip-hop music and culture from the 1980s to the early 2000s.

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Released: 4-Aug-2020 2:10 PM EDT
Sweet-taste perception changes as children develop
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

ompared with adults, children and adolescents are less sensitive to the sweet taste and need 40% more sucrose in a solution for them to detect the taste of sugar, a new study found.

Newswise: How Countries Are Reopening Schools During the Pandemic
Released: 4-Aug-2020 1:20 PM EDT
How Countries Are Reopening Schools During the Pandemic
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Educators worldwide are facing the agonizing decision of whether to resume in-person instruction while there’s still no cure for the new coronavirus. Countries including Denmark, India, and Kenya are taking different approaches.

Newswise: Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine Wins NJBIA Award for Redevelopment of Former Roche Site in Nutley
Released: 4-Aug-2020 11:30 AM EDT
Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine Wins NJBIA Award for Redevelopment of Former Roche Site in Nutley
Hackensack Meridian Health

The School won the New Jersey Business and Industry Association’s New Good Neighbor Award in helping to bring about the rebirth of the site which was the former headquarters of Roche

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Released: 4-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Consumers don’t fully trust smart home technologies
University of Warwick

Smart home technologies are an emerging market, with some households installing voice controlled appliances and smart security

Newswise: Strong relationships in adulthood won’t ‘fix’ effects of early childhood adversity
Released: 3-Aug-2020 3:10 PM EDT
Strong relationships in adulthood won’t ‘fix’ effects of early childhood adversity
University of Notre Dame

Harsh conditions in early life are a fundamental cause of adult stress, and according to new research from the University of Notre Dame on wild baboons, this effect is not explained by a lack of social support in adulthood.

Released: 3-Aug-2020 1:30 PM EDT
Consumer Behavior Has Shifted Significantly During Pandemic, Survey Reveals
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about an increase in telework and online commerce, and a significant decrease in the number of personal trips people are making. Understanding the effects of these rapid changes on the economy, supply chains, and the environment will be essential, as some of these behaviors will continue even after the pandemic has ended. Researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute recently presented the results of two sets of surveys they conducted in an effort to quantify and understand these unprecedented shifts.

Newswise: Study shows demolishing vacant houses can have positive effect on neighbor maintenance
Released: 3-Aug-2020 11:25 AM EDT
Study shows demolishing vacant houses can have positive effect on neighbor maintenance
Iowa State University

New research out of Iowa State University suggests that demolishing abandoned houses may lead nearby property owners to better maintain their homes.

30-Jul-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Study: Experiencing Childhood Trauma Makes Body and Brain Age Faster
American Psychological Association (APA)

Children who suffer trauma from abuse or violence early in life show biological signs of aging faster than children who have never experienced adversity, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. The study examined three different signs of biological aging--early puberty, cellular aging and changes in brain structure--and found that trauma exposure was associated with all three.

Released: 3-Aug-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Baby boomers show concerning decline in cognitive functioning
Ohio State University

In a reversal of trends, American baby boomers scored lower on a test of cognitive functioning than did members of previous generations, according to a new nationwide study.

Released: 31-Jul-2020 5:05 PM EDT
Looking up to the Joneses: Consequences of the perceptions of white wealth
Society for Personality and Social Psychology

Before the era of COVID-19, research suggested that premature deaths among white Americans were rising. Even before the era of COVID-19, these findings were surprising.

Released: 31-Jul-2020 3:50 PM EDT
SARS-CoV-2 screening strategies for safe reopening of college campuses
JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

What The Study Did: This study defines the screening performance standards for SARS-CoV-2 tests that would permit the safe return of students to U.S. residential college campuses this fall. Authors: A. David Paltiel, Ph.D., of the Yale School of Public Health in New Haven, Connecticut, is the corresponding author. To access the embargoed study: Visit our For The Media website at this link (doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16818) Editor's Note: The article includes funding/support disclosures. Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, conflict of interest and financial disclosures, and funding and support. ### Media advisory: The full study and commentary are linked to this news release. Embed this link to provide your readers free access to the full-text article This link will be live at the embargo time

Newswise: Continuing online instruction could contribute to widening achievement gaps by family income or socioeconomic status
Released: 31-Jul-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Continuing online instruction could contribute to widening achievement gaps by family income or socioeconomic status
University of Notre Dame

The latest research from Notre Dame's Chloe Gibbs explores how time spent in school affects children’s cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes. This research finds that more instructional time in the early years has important benefits for children over the short- and long-term, particularly children learning English and those from disadvantaged backgrounds.

Released: 31-Jul-2020 2:15 PM EDT
COVID-19 Community Relief Funds raised more than $1 billion across U.S., research led by Lilly Family School of Philanthropy professor Laurie Paarlberg finds
Indiana University

COVID-19 relief funds at local United Ways and community foundations across the United States raised more than $1.05 billion and distributed at least $589 million to financially vulnerable individuals and nonprofits leading the pandemic response in their communities as of June 30.

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Released: 31-Jul-2020 1:00 PM EDT
Pandemic leads to higher depression, anxiety and fear, studies show
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The COVID-19 pandemic led to higher levels of depression, anxiety, suicidal tendencies and psychological trauma among American adults during the early months of its spread, according to three new studies published by University of Arkansas sociologists.

Newswise: Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine Receives Prestigious American Hospital Association Award for Community Health Work
Released: 31-Jul-2020 11:20 AM EDT
Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine Receives Prestigious American Hospital Association Award for Community Health Work
Hackensack Meridian Health

The AHA Dick Davidson NOVA Award honors hospital-led collaborative efforts improving community health. The Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine was honored for its contributions through the Human Dimension program.

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