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Article ID: 709987

UCI Engineers Aim to Pioneer Tissue-Engineering Approach to TMJ Disorders

University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., March 20, 2019 – Here’s something to chew on: One in four people are impacted by defects of the temporomandibular – or jaw – joint. Despite the pervasiveness of this affliction, treatments are lacking, and many sufferers resort to palliative measures to cope with the pain and debilitation it causes. “The TMJ is central to chewing, talking and so many other daily activities, so when this crucial joint is impaired, there are significant negative effects on quality of life,” said Kyriacos A.

Released:
20-Mar-2019 4:20 PM EDT
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Article ID: 709981

UIC Researchers Find Hidden Proteins in Bacteria

University of Illinois at Chicago

Scientists at the University of Illinois at Chicago have developed a way to identify the beginning of every gene — known as a translation start site or a start codon — in bacterial cell DNA with a single experiment and, through this method, they have shown that an individual gene is capable of coding for more than one protein.

Released:
20-Mar-2019 4:05 PM EDT
Embargo will expire:
27-Mar-2019 2:00 PM EDT
Released to reporters:
20-Mar-2019 3:30 PM EDT

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Article ID: 709977

Penn State named latest site for membrane research center

Penn State College of Engineering

The National Science Foundation (NSF) Industry/University Cooperative Research Center has named Penn State as a new site within the Membrane Science, Engineering and Technology (MAST) Center.The MAST Center focuses on building industry partnerships to develop advanced membrane technology for separation processes important for water treatment, energy production, pharmaceutical purification and chemical processing.

Released:
20-Mar-2019 3:05 PM EDT

Channels:

Engineering, Technology

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Article ID: 709961

Lighting the Way to Removing Radioactive Elements

Department of Energy, Office of Science

An unassuming pulse of light illuminates a possible way to separate a troubling element, americium, from a soup of similar elements. The diverse team at the Center for Actinide Science & Technology Energy Frontier Research Center is finding fast, efficient, safe ways to separate compounds.

Released:
20-Mar-2019 3:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 709974

Scientists ‘game’ for remote-control Chemistry

University of California San Diego

Scientists challenge textbook conception of how chemistry happens by theoretically, computationally designing a novel quantum device that supports ultrafast tuning of chemical reactions between physically separate catalysts and reactants.

Released:
20-Mar-2019 2:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    20-Mar-2019 2:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 709924

Neutrons paint atomic portrait of prototypical cell signaling enzyme

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Direct observations of the structure and catalytic mechanism of a prototypical kinase enzyme—protein kinase A or PKA—will provide researchers and drug developers with significantly enhanced abilities to understand and treat fatal diseases and neurological disorders such as cancer, diabetes, and cystic fibrosis. The discovery was made by an international team of researchers using macromolecular neutron crystallography at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Institut Laue-Langevin in Grenoble, France.

Released:
19-Mar-2019 7:05 PM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    20-Mar-2019 2:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 709789

Robotic “Gray Goo”

Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Researchers at Columbia Engineering and MIT Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL), demonstrate for the first time a way to make a robot composed of many loosely coupled components, or “particles.” Unlike swarm or modular robots, each component is simple, and has no individual address or identity. In their system, which the researchers call a “particle robot,” each particle can perform only uniform volumetric oscillations (slightly expanding and contracting), but cannot move independently.

Released:
18-Mar-2019 5:05 PM EDT

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