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Article ID: 713014

Malnourished fruit flies preserve genital size to ensure reproductive success

University of Illinois at Chicago

In most animals, body size shrinks when food becomes scarce, but some parts are protected from shrinkage. In humans without enough food, the body becomes small, but the size of the head stays the same, hinting at biological mechanisms that act to preserve the all-important brain. In arthropods such as the fruit fly, whose lifespan is about 45 days and where reproductive success is the sole purpose of its life, the size of the male genitals are preserved under poor nutritional conditions.

Released:
16-May-2019 12:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 713000

Study aims to improve capturing wind power for energy production

University of Notre Dame

Notre Dame scientists have released the first of several reports outlining major results that could help wind industry officials manage wind power facilities more efficiently and increase renewable energy production.

Released:
16-May-2019 11:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 712955

Breakthrough Technique for Studying Gene Expression Takes Root in Plants

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

An open-source RNA analysis platform has been successfully used on plant cells for the first time – an advance that could herald a new era of fundamental research and bolster efforts to engineer more efficient food and biofuel crop plants. The technology, called Drop-seq, is a method for measuring the RNA present in individual cells, allowing scientists to see what genes are being expressed and how this relates to the specific functions of different cell types.

Released:
16-May-2019 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 712995

To win online debates, social networks worth a thousand words

Cornell University

According to Cornell researchers, social interactions are more important than language in predicting who is going to succeed at online debating. However, the most accurate model for predicting successful debaters combines information about social interactions and language, the researchers found.

Released:
16-May-2019 10:40 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 712984

Bio-inspired material targets oceans’ uranium stores for sustainable nuclear energy

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Scientists have demonstrated a new bio-inspired material for an eco-friendly and cost-effective approach to recovering uranium from seawater. The low-cost polymer adsorbent could help push past bottlenecks in the cost and efficiency of extracting uranium resources from oceans for sustainable energy production.

Released:
16-May-2019 10:40 AM EDT
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Article ID: 712987

Small, Hardy Planets Most Likely to Survive Death of Their Stars

University of Warwick

Small, hardy planets packed with dense elements have the best chance of avoiding being crushed and swallowed up when their host star dies, new research from the University of Warwick has found.

Released:
16-May-2019 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 712960

Galaxy Blazes with New Stars Born from Close Encounter

Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

This Hubble Space Telescope image of the irregular galaxy NGC 4485 shows all signs of the galaxy having been involved in a hit-and-run accident with its larger galactic neighbor.

Released:
16-May-2019 10:00 AM EDT
Embargo will expire:
21-May-2019 11:00 AM EDT
Released to reporters:
16-May-2019 9:35 AM EDT

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Article ID: 712982

Algal blooms in Lake Erie’s central basin could produce neurotoxins

Ohio State University

Harmful algal blooms pose a unique toxic threat in Lake Erie’s central basin, new research has found. Not only do blooms routinely occur in this area, they can also produce types of cyanobacterial toxins that aren’t typically detected through routine water-safety monitoring, according to a study published in the Journal of Great Lakes Research.

Released:
16-May-2019 9:30 AM EDT

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