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  • Embargo expired:
    11-Feb-1997 12:00 AM EST

Article ID: 1816

NSF Rewards Universities Which Link Discovery and Education

National Science Foundation (NSF)

Picture an ideal university: it has a pervasive culture promoting collaborative research between professors and students; there are internet links between research labs, libraries and students; and there is an emphasis on discovery-based learning techniques throughout science and engineering curricula.

Released:
12-Feb-1997 12:00 AM EST

Article ID: 1812

Deposit/Refunds Reduce Waste Cost Effectively

Resources for the Future (RFF)

Researchers at Resources for the Future have found a deposit/refund system to be the most cost-effective policy among those that rely on economic incentives to reduce municipal solid waste. They suggest that a modest reduction in recyclable wastes -- including glass, paper and plastic -- could be achieved if the federal government used a deposit/refund policy that charged the deposit fee to manufacturers of consumer products, with the subsequent refund then granted to collectors of recyclable materials.

Released:
11-Feb-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1811

World's Most Innovative GPS Network To Monitor Southern California's Earthquake Faults

National Science Foundation (NSF)

Southern California may soon be the best-surveyed area on the planet, thanks to powerful tools used by scientists seeking to understand the region's earthquake potential.

Released:
11-Feb-1997 12:00 AM EST

Article ID: 1809

Key Issues in the Air Quality Debate

Resources for the Future (RFF)

As Congress begins to consider the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) proposals to tighten standards for two major air pollutants, Resources for the Future today releases a briefing paper on the key issues in the clean air debate. It describes EPA's proposed new rules for ground-level ozone and particulate matter, both of which have been linked to adverse effects on human health, and discusses the major policy questions that the proposals raise.

Released:
8-Feb-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1808

Opportunity to Visit Antarctica To Report On Research

National Science Foundation (NSF)

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is accepting requests from professional journalists to visit Antarctica during the 1997-1998 field season to report on research by the U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP).

Released:
8-Feb-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1807

Multi-object spectrograph helps keep Lick Observatory at forefront

University of California, Santa Cruz

A miniature forest of robotically controlled optical fibers has sprouted from the end of the 120-inch Shane Telescope at Lick Observatory near San Jose, letting astronomers capture and analyze faint rays of light from dozens of distant stars or galaxies at the same time.

Released:
8-Feb-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1804

Doubts About Methods To Assess Groundwater Vulnerabilty to Virus Contamination

American Chemical Society (ACS)

The commonly used methods for measuring the efficiency of soil to remove viruses from human waste may be providing inaccurate and misleading information about virus retention and transport in the subsurface, says Dr. Yan Jin of the University of Delaware.

Released:
7-Feb-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1803

Emission Of CFC Replacements To The Atmosphere

American Chemical Society (ACS)

The hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) used to replace the chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) banned by the Montreal Protocol have low or no potential to deplete ozone in the stratosphere, but they may contribute to climatic change, says Dr. Garry D. Hayman of the National Environmental Technology Centre in Oxfordshire, United Kingdom.

Released:
7-Feb-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1802

Automobiles Account For Platinum In Environment

American Chemical Society (ACS)

The catalytic converter in your automobile may be removing most of the air pollutants in the car's exhaust gases, but it is also emitting a fine dust containing platinum, a precious metal that is the key ingredient in making the converter effective in controlling air pollution, according to Dr. R. R. Barefoot of the University of Toronto.

Released:
7-Feb-1997 12:00 AM EST
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Article ID: 1801

Human Cell Mutagens In Los Angeles Air

American Chemical Society (ACS)

Mutagens have long been known to be present in urban air, but their detection and potency has mostly been measured with a bacterial test. However, extrapolating the observed mutagenic effects from bacteria to humans continually leads to questions about the relevance of bacterial assays. New research represents the first time a human cell mutation assay has been applied to an atmospheric particle monitoring network.

Released:
7-Feb-1997 12:00 AM EST

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