Abstract: Monovalent ions are involved in growth, proliferation, differentiation of cells as well as in their death. This work concerns the ion homeostasis during senescence induction in human mesenchymal endometrium stem cells (hMESC): hMESCs subjected to oxidative stress (pulse H2O2 treatment) enter the premature senescence accompanied by persistent DNA damage, irreversible cell cycle arrest, cell hypertrophy, lipofuscin accumulation, enhanced β-galactosidase activity. Using flame photometry to estimate K+, Na+ content and Rb+ (K+) fluxes we found that during the senescence development in stress-induced hMESCs, Na+/K+pump-mediated K+ fluxes are enhanced due to the increased Na+ content in senescent cells, while ouabain-resistant K+ fluxes remain unchanged. Senescence progression is accompanied by a peculiar decrease in the K+ content in cells from 800-900 µmol/g to 500-600 µmol/g. Since cardiac glycosides are offered as selective agents for eliminating senescent cells, we investigated the effect of ouabain on ion homeostasis and viability of hMESCs and found that in both proliferating and senescent hMESCs, ouabain (1 nM-1 µM, 24-48 h) inhibited pump-mediated K+ transport (ID50 5x10-8 M), decreased cell K+/Na+ ratio to 0,1-0,2, however did not induce apoptosis. Comparison of the effect of ouabain on hMESCs with the literature data on the selective cytotoxic effect of cardiac glycosides on senescent or cancer cells suggests the ion pump blockade and intracellular K+ depletion should be synergized with target apoptotic signal to induce the cell death.
Journal Link: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-1087662/v1 Journal Link: Publisher Website Journal Link: Download PDF Journal Link: Google Scholar