Newswise — Silicate glass is a commonly used glass found in most households, in drinking glasses or windowpanes for example. The integration of gold nanoparticles (NPs) in silicate glass has been used in art and decoration for centuries. These NPs impact the way the silicate glass interacts with light through the now well-known phenomenon called localized surface plasmon resonance. This unique light modulation behaviour has opened up applications from coloured glass to special optical components.

The ability to uniquely modulate light in silicate glasses by gold NPs has sparked the scientific community to utilise these NPs in other glass types to generate new optical functionalities. Of the many glass types investigated, tellurite glass has been of particular interest since it exhibits a unique combination of properties. Tellurite glass is somewhat easy to fabricate, is durable, has low phonon energy, possesses a wide transmission window, and has high solubility of luminescent rare earth ions, allowing these ions to emit bright light over a wide spectral range from visible to infrared light. These are important features for optics, lasers, and telecommunications technologies such as fibre optics, laser systems, and sensing technologies. To achieve the desired light modulation behaviour, the size, shape, distribution, and quantity of the gold NPs must be controlled carefully. However, the technique commonly used for precisely forming gold NPs silicate glass, the so-called striking technique, has proven insufficient to achieve precise control of gold NPs in tellurite glass.

In a new paper published in Light Science & Application, a team of scientists including Professor Heike Ebendorff-Heidepriem and Dr Yunle Wei from the Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing (IPAS), School of Physics, Chemistry and Earth Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Australia, as well as Dr Jiangbo Zhao from the School of Engineering at the University of Hull, United Kingdom, and co-workers in Germany have developed a new approach to form gold NPs in tellurite glasses.

The team devised the new approach by identifying the challenges of the traditional striking technique to create gold NPs in tellurite glass and through a serendipitous discovery of gold NP formation in tellurite glass. Based on this advance in knowledge and chance discovery, the team developed completely new methods for both steps of the striking technique: (i) a controlled cold crucible corrosion technique to incorporate gold ions into the glass, and (ii) a glass powder reheating technique to transform the gold ions to gold NPs.

Dr. Yunle Wei, co-inventor of the new technology and postdoctoral researcher within Professor Heike Ebendorff-Heidepriem’s team states: “This is a perfect example of turning a serendipitous discovery into an innovative technology with potential for real-world impact, thanks to great teamwork among collaborators”.

The innovation of precise control over the gold NP formation in tellurite glass provides guidance for designing and manipulating the plasmonic properties in tellurite glass for exciting photonics research and applications in the future.





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Funding information

This work has been supported by Australian Research Council (ARC) grants DP210102442 and LE190100124 and the ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) (CE140100003). This work was performed in part at the OptoFab node of the Australian National Fabrication Facility utilizing Commonwealth and SA State Government funding. The authors acknowledge the instruments and scientific and technical assistance of Microscopy Australia at Adelaide Microscopy, The University of Adelaide, a facility that is funded by the University, and State and Federal Governments. The authors acknowledge funding from the Group of Eight Universities Australia and DAAD Germany Joint Research Co-operation Scheme 2015-2016. H. E.-H. is supported by a South Australian Government Future Industry Making Fellowship.

About Light: Science & Applications

The Light: Science & Applications will primarily publish new research results in cutting-edge and emerging topics in optics and photonics, as well as covering traditional topics in optical engineering. The journal will publish original articles and reviews that are of high quality, high interest and far-reaching consequence.

Journal Link: Light: Science & Applications