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Preventing the “Silent Thief of Sight”
Mount Sinai Doctors Share Tips for Early Detection during Glaucoma Awareness Month
Newswise — (New York, NY –January 13, 2020) – January is Glaucoma Awareness Month, and ophthalmologists at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai are urging high-risk groups to get comprehensive eye exams for early detection of this degenerative eye disease.
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in the United States and across the world. The disease is referred to as the “silent thief of sight,” because it has no symptoms in the early stages. Approximately 3 million people over the age of 40 have glaucoma, and half of those people don’t even know it. The disease damages the optic nerve when fluid builds up in the front part of the eye, increasing eye pressure. Peripheral or side vision gradually worsens without the patient realizing it as the disease progresses into later stages. If left undetected and untreated, glaucoma can cause complete blindness. Vision loss from glaucoma is irreversible.
“Mount Sinai is at the forefront of glaucoma treatment. We have new powerful once-a-day drugs that can lower eye pressure dramatically. Some of the newer minimally invasive surgeries are exciting. In the future there will even be a role for augmented intelligence computer programs to help optimize treatment,” said Louis Pasquale, MD, Site Chair of Ophthalmology at The Mount Sinai Hospital and Mount Sinai Queens and Vice Chair of Translational Ophthalmology Research for the Mount Sinai Health System.
Facts on Glaucoma
- An estimated 4 million people will have glaucoma by 2030 and 6 million will have it by 2050 (National Eye Institute).
- Glaucoma can affect everyone from babies to senior citizens.
- There are many types of glaucoma; primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common type.
- African American and Latino populations have a greater tendency to develop primary open-angle glaucoma.
- People over the age of 45 are at highest risk.
- Glaucoma often runs in families and may be inherited.
- People with diabetes, nearsightedness, regular steroid/cortisone use, and extremely high or low blood pressure are also at risk.
Tips on Detection
- Early diagnosis is key to preventing vision loss.
- People under the age of 40 should have a comprehensive dilated eye exam every three to four years.
- People under 40 with risk factors should have the eye exam every one to two years.
- Patients 40 and older should have a comprehensive exam every one to two years.
- Everyone 40 and older with risk factors should be examined annually.
- Patients 65 and older should have yearly comprehensive exams.
- Since vision loss is irreversible, the goal is to get the eye pressure under control early on, using:
- Eye Drops
- Laser Surgery
- Eye Operation
About Mount Sinai Health System
The Mount Sinai Health System is New York City's largest integrated delivery system, encompassing eight hospitals, a leading medical school, and a vast network of ambulatory practices throughout the greater New York region. Mount Sinai's vision is to produce the safest care, the highest quality, the highest satisfaction, the best access and the best value of any health system in the nation. The Health System includes approximately 7,480 primary and specialty care physicians; 11 joint-venture ambulatory surgery centers; more than 410 ambulatory practices throughout the five boroughs of New York City, Westchester, Long Island, and Florida; and 31 affiliated community health centers. The Icahn School of Medicine is one of three medical schools that have earned distinction by multiple indicators: ranked in the top 20 by U.S. News & World Report's "Best Medical Schools", aligned with a U.S. News & World Report's "Honor Roll" Hospital, No. 12 in the nation for National Institutes of Health funding, and among the top 10 most innovative research institutions as ranked by the journal Nature in its Nature Innovation Index. This reflects a special level of excellence in education, clinical practice, and research. The Mount Sinai Hospital is ranked No. 14 on U.S. News & World Report's "Honor Roll" of top U.S. hospitals; it is one of the nation's top 20 hospitals in Cardiology/Heart Surgery, Diabetes/Endocrinology, Gastroenterology/GI Surgery, Geriatrics, Gynecology, Nephrology, Neurology/Neurosurgery, and Orthopedics in the 2019-2020 "Best Hospitals" issue. Mount Sinai's Kravis Children's Hospital also is ranked nationally in five out of ten pediatric specialties by U.S. News & World Report. The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai is ranked 12th nationally for Ophthalmology and the South Nassau Communities Hospital is ranked 35th nationally for Urology. Mount Sinai Beth Israel, Mount Sinai St. Luke's, Mount Sinai West, and South Nassau Communities Hospital are ranked regionally.