Newswise — Charlottesville, VA (July 1, 2020). The July issue of Neurosurgical Focus (Vol. 49, No. 1  []) includes ten articles focusing on brain-machine interfacing.

This month’s topic editors — Kai J. Miller, Nader Pouratian, Jin Woo Chang, and Kendall H. Lee — begin their introduction by stating, “We stand at a unique point in history. Advances in computing and bioelectronics have enabled true bidirectional interactions between machines and the brain. This issue of Neurosurgical Focus explores some cutting-edge innovations at the brain-machine interface.” 

These cutting-edge innovations are covered in the following articles:

  • “Introduction: Exploring neurosurgical innovations at the brain-machine interface” by Kai J. Miller et al.
  • “The current state of electrocorticography-based brain-computer interfaces” by Kai J. Miller et al.
  • “A systematic review of endovascular stent-electrode arrays, a minimally invasive approach to brain-machine interfaces” by Sauson Soldozy et al.
  • “Gamma-band modulation in the human amygdala during reaching movements” by Angad S. Gogia et al.
  • “Hippocampal CA1 and CA3 neural recording in the human brain: validation of depth electrode placement through high-resolution imaging and electrophysiology” by Robert T. Wicks et al.
  • “Clinical applications of neurochemical and electrophysiological measurements for closed-loop neurostimulation” by Blair Price et al.
  • “Optimizing the neuron-electrode interface for chronic bioelectronic interfacing” by Conor Keogh
  • “MRI and tractography techniques to localize the ventral intermediate nucleus and dentatorubrothalamic tract for deep brain stimulation and MR-guided focused ultrasound: a narrative review and update” by Vance T. Lehman et al.
  • “Habenula deep brain stimulation for intractable schizophrenia: a pilot study” by Yuhan Wang et al.
  • “Investigation of stereotactic surgery for avian brain stimulation by a fully implanted wireless system” by Changhoon Baek et al.
  • “A novel rat robot controlled by electrical stimulation of the nigrostriatal pathway” by Chin Su Koh et al. 

Please join us in reading the July issue of Neurosurgical Focus and keep up with the latest neurosurgical innovations at the brain-machine interface.




Neurosurgical Focus, an online-only, monthly, peer-reviewed journal, covers a different neurosurgery-related topic in depth each month and is available free to all readers at Enhanced by color images and video clips, each issue constitutes a state-of-the-art "textbook chapter" in the field of neurosurgery. Neurosurgical Focus is one of five journals published by the JNS Publishing Group, the scholarly journal division of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Other peer-reviewed journals published by the JNS Publishing Group each month include the Journal of Neurosurgery, the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, and Neurosurgical Focus: Video. All five journals can be accessed at

Founded in 1931 as the Harvey Cushing Society, the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) is a scientific and educational association with more than 10,000 members worldwide. The AANS is dedicated to advancing the specialty of neurological surgery in order to provide the highest quality of neurosurgical care to the public. All active members of the AANS are certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgery, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons (Neurosurgery) of Canada, or the Mexican Council of Neurological Surgery, AC. Neurological surgery is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders that affect the entire nervous system including the brain, spinal column, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. For more information, visit


Journal Link: Neurosurgical Focus; July 2020