Mayo Clinic

儿童同样面临COVID-19的长期影响

Newswise — 罗切斯特,明尼苏达州 ― COVID-19感染可能对部分儿童和青少年,以及成人的健康产生长期影响。虽然大多数COVID-19儿童感染者症状轻微或根本没有症状,但对于任何COVID-19感染者而言,即使病情轻微或没有症状,感染也可能产生长期影响。

长期COVID-19或长期症状患者是指COVID-19感染者的一个亚群。他们不是在感染后的几周内康复,而是长期存在症状,通常持续数周甚至数月,”妙佑医疗国际(Mayo Clinic)儿科传染病医生Nipunie Rajapakse(医学博士)说道。

“不是每个人都会发生这种情况,”Rajapakse博士解释说,“我们正试图了解为什么只是部分而不是所有患者都会发生这种情况。”

业界已经就此现象展开一些研究。例如,美国国家卫生研究院正在研究COVID-19对儿童的影响,包括儿童感染者的长期结果。

“我们已经做了很多努力,首先是想办法识别这些患者,并找出我们可以帮助他们的最佳方法,”Rajapakse博士说,“出现这些症状的患者即便可以回到学校、回到工作岗位、回到他们可能参加过的运动项目,可能也很难恢复到以前的身体机能水平。”

“长期COVID-19带来的真正挑战之一在于,它不是一种状况或一组症状,”Rajapakse博士说,“患者自述的症状五花八门,如严重疲劳、肌肉酸痛、疼痛、喉咙痛、发热、呼吸困难,每个人几乎都有这些症状的独特组合。这些症状可能持续不同的时间,并且严重程度各异。”

长期COVID-19症状可能包括:

  • 困倦或疲劳。
  • 难以思考或集中注意力(有时称为“脑雾”)。
  • 头痛。
  • 嗅觉或味觉丧失。
  • 站立时头晕。

部分人出现长期COVID-19症状的原因或频率尚不清楚。这些症状也可能与许多其他慢性疾病的症状重叠,因此必须进行全面的医学评估,以确保不是其他医学问题导致症状。

“至于为什么会出现这些症状?是由于病毒本身对某些器官系统的影响,或者更多的是由于免疫系统的影响及其对感染的反应?人们目前尚存有很多疑问。造成这种情况的原因可能有很多,”Rajapakse博士说,“但我认为最初的工作重点是想办法识别这些患者,把他们送到可以帮助他们的医疗机构,并设法了解导致出现这种情况的根本原因。”

关于妙佑医疗国际(Mayo Clinic) 妙佑医疗国际是一所致力于创新并集临床实践、医学教育和科学研究为一体的非营利机构,以恻隐之心竭诚提供精湛医术和解决方案给需要治疗的每个人。请访问妙佑医疗国际新闻网,取得更多妙佑医疗国际的新闻信息。关于COVID-19的详情,包括妙佑医疗国际的冠状病毒分布图追踪工具含有的14天COVID-19趋势预报,请访问妙佑医疗国际COVID-19资源中心

媒体联系:

请联系妙佑医疗国际媒体关系部:Sharon Theimer。邮箱:[email protected]



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