Expert Pitch
Johns Hopkins University

Experts Available to Discuss Improving Rapid Detection Of and Response to Viruses Before They Become Pandemics.

12-Feb-2020 1:55 PM EST, by Johns Hopkins University

Newswise — Scientists developing a rapid system for tackling outbreaks of avian influenza at their origins in Thailand are available to discuss their project and how it could potentially help improve responses to other pandemic threats such as coronavirus.

Rapid and reliable detection of local outbreaks of emerging viruses is critical for stopping them before they spread from nation to nation, as coronavirus has tragically demonstrated.

Researchers from the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory and Bloomberg School of Public Health have forged a collaborative partnership with Thailand and its Mahidol University to develop a sustainable avian influenza surveillance tool that can be administered at on-the-ground locations where humans interact with poultry.

“When the next avian influenza pandemic strikes, it will disproportionately impact vulnerable populations living in low- and middle-income countries – both in terms of death and economic devastation,” wrote the researchers, APL’s Anissa Elayadi and public health PhD candidate Anastasia Lambrou working with professor Christopher Heaney, in a project summary. “At special risk are those working in the poultry industry who will have frontline exposure to the pathogen.”

Detecting avian influenza in global hotspots such as Thailand “involves advanced laboratory capacity, trained professionals, and hours of transportation with associated potential loss of virus viability,” they wrote. Together with seven colleagues, the Hopkins researchers will collaborate with Thailand’s departments of public health, disease control, and livestock development to identify ways to refine diagnostic processes and procedures that can ultimately be replicated at other global hotspots.

The efforts come as the risk of pandemics continually grow because of increased global travel and economic integration, urbanization, and environment exploitation, research shows. As Lambrou knows firsthand, Thailand has been a leader in Southeast Asia at seeking to build a new infrastructure that incorporates new, portable technologies for testing and genome sequencing, and for rapidly transmitting results to decision makers.

Health workers who have the right tools cannot report results in a timely manner if they consistently lack reliable Wi-Fi, mobile connectivity, and electricity to power portable devices and laptops, she said.

“We want to identify the gaps and map them out,” Lambrou said.

The World Bank’s Disease Control Priorities report details the dangers of delayed detection. Delayed reporting of early SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) cases in the 2003 pandemic resulted in the World Health Organization compelling member states to establish stricter standards for detecting, reporting on, and responding to outbreaks.

Although the international community “has made progress” toward limiting emerging outbreaks since then, poorer nations lack resources to deploy effective methods. That has led to “significant gaps in global pandemic preparedness,” as demonstrated in the 2014 Ebola epidemic in West Africa, where timely detection systems were lacking. The result: “disproportionately higher mortality impact on low- and middle-income countries.”




Filters close

Showing results

110 of 2528
Released: 10-Jul-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Simple blood test can predict severity of COVID-19 for some patients
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

An early prognosis factor that could be a key to determining who will suffer greater effects from COVID-19, and help clinicians better prepare for these patients, may have been uncovered by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). Results of the findings were published today in the International Journal of Laboratory Hematology.

Released: 10-Jul-2020 12:50 PM EDT
Genetic ‘fingerprints’ of first COVID-19 cases help manage pandemic
University of Sydney

A new study published in the world-leading journal Nature Medicine, reveals how genomic sequencing and mathematical modelling gave important insights into the ‘parentage’ of cases and likely spread of the disease in New South Wales.

Released: 10-Jul-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Our itch to share helps spread COVID-19 misinformation
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

To stay current about the Covid-19 pandemic, people need to process health information when they read the news. Inevitably, that means people will be exposed to health misinformation, too, in the form of false content, often found online, about the illness.

Newswise: Pandemic Inspires Framework for Enhanced Care in Nursing Homes
Released: 10-Jul-2020 12:25 PM EDT
Pandemic Inspires Framework for Enhanced Care in Nursing Homes
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

As of May 2020, nursing home residents account for a staggering one-third of the more than 80,000 deaths due to COVID-19 in the U.S. This pandemic has resulted in unprecedented threats—like reduced access to resources needed to contain and eliminate the spread of the virus—to achieving and sustaining care quality even in the best nursing homes. Active engagement of nursing home leaders in developing solutions responsive to the unprecedented threats to quality standards of care delivery is required.

Newswise: General Electric Healthcare Chooses UH to Clinically 
Evaluate First-of-its-kind Imaging System
Released: 10-Jul-2020 12:15 PM EDT
General Electric Healthcare Chooses UH to Clinically Evaluate First-of-its-kind Imaging System
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center

University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center physicians completed evaluation for the GE Healthcare Critical Care Suite, and the technology is now in daily clinical practice – flagging between seven to 15 collapsed lungs per day within the hospital. No one on the team could have predicted the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, but this technology and future research with GEHC may enhance the capability to improve care for COVID-19 patients in the ICU. Critical Care Suite is now assisting in COVID and non-COVID patient care as the AMX 240 travels to intensive care units within the hospital.

Released: 10-Jul-2020 11:50 AM EDT
COVID-19 Can Be Transmitted in the Womb, Reports Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

A baby girl in Texas – born prematurely to a mother with COVID-19 – is the strongest evidence to date that intrauterine (in the womb) transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can occur, reports The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, the official journal of The European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released: 10-Jul-2020 9:45 AM EDT
How COVID-19 Shifted Inpatient Imaging Utilization
Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute

As medical resources shifted away from elective and non-urgent procedures toward emergent and critical care of COVID-19 patients, departments were forced to reconfigure their personnel and resources. In particular, many Radiology practices rescheduled non-urgent and routine imaging according to recommendations from the American College of Radiology (ACR). This new Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute study, published online in the Journal of American College of Radiology (JACR), evaluates the change in the inpatient imaging volumes and composition mix during the COVID-19 pandemic within a large healthcare system.

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 12-Jul-2020 7:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 10-Jul-2020 9:00 AM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 12-Jul-2020 7:00 PM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Released: 10-Jul-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Team is first in Texas to investigate convalescent plasma for prevention of COVID-19 onset and progression
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

A research team is the first in Texas to investigate whether plasma from COVID-19 survivors can be used in outpatient settings to prevent the onset and progression of the virus in two new clinical trials at UTHealth.


Showing results

110 of 2528

close
0.83019