Argonne National Laboratory

For the first time, Argonne researchers reveal how COVID-19 has transformed communities

12-May-2021 4:05 PM EDT, by Argonne National Laboratory

Newswise — The public now has access to a series of data and analysis resources designed to support and inform long-term COVID-19 recovery efforts across the United States. On May 12, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory released interactive indices, analyses, and maps that provide a detailed understanding of the socio-economic effects of the novel coronavirus outbreak.

Argonne developed these resources to help federal agencies understand where impacts are most acute (down to the county level), and which demographic groups and facets of the economy — employment, housing stability, public sector services — may require recovery support. This data and analysis is helping to guide federal recovery efforts, from informing federal engagement efforts with affected communities to helping target delivery of aid.

With the COVID-19 pandemic touching off widespread health impacts and economic hardship across the U.S., the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), under its responsibilities implementing the National Disaster Recovery Framework, recognized the need for recovery-focused data and analysis to enhance the capability of federal agencies to reach out and deliver critical services. The Recovery Support Function Leadership Group established the Data and Assessment Working Group (DAWG) to manage recovery data and assessment needs across multiple federal agencies. They designated FEMA and the Economic Development Administration to coordinate DAWG efforts and enlisted Argonne to provide analytic support.

Researchers and experts at Argonne immediately went to work, seeking advice and data from federal agencies that would likely be using these data and analyses—the Department of Commerce, Department of the Treasury, the Department of Interior Office of Insular Affairs, and more than 20 others.

Argonne built a web-based portal, gathered more than 100 data sources, and developed an initial set of analyses in less than a month. “It was an all-hands-on-deck scenario,” says portal project leader Carmella Burdi, a senior geographic information systems analyst with Argonne’s Decision and Infrastructure Sciences (DIS) division. “We tapped economists, infrastructure analysts, all the smartest people we could find to do comparisons between pre- and post-pandemic data sets. That allows us to put a finer point on things than other agencies.”

Through input from interagency coordination, Argonne has expanded the scope of data collection and analysis based on agency needs. For example, the Minority Business Development Agency and the National Endowment for the Arts, for instance, separately requested in-depth reports on the pandemic’s effects on minority-owned businesses and the arts and culture sector, respectively. More recently, FEMA and Argonne identified the need to share these resources more broadly to support ongoing state, local, tribal, and territorial recovery efforts.

“What is so daunting about the COVID-19 pandemic is the overwhelming scale. That’s exactly why an analysis effort like this is so important,” says Iain Hyde, deputy director of the DIS division’s National Preparedness Analytics Center, who leads the Argonne team.

“Trying to get our heads around what’s happening in the entire United States, including all 50 states and all the territories in the Atlantic and Pacific, in all the counties and all the communities is challenging,” he says. “That’s the major purpose for this effort — trying to make sense of that. The data sources we’ve been gathering and the products we’ve developed are providing clarity to that story, not just as a snapshot in time but in terms of how the pandemic is changing over time.”

One interactive map lets you zoom in on any of the more than 3,000 U.S. counties to instantly generate a shareable report on how, month by month since January 2020, the pandemic has impacted gross domestic product in that particular area. Another map displays the pandemic’s impact on state and local government revenues — important because those bodies often are required to match funds in order to receive federal aid.

Want to know where households are at greater risk of foreclosure or eviction as a result of COVID-19? Click on a Housing Stability Index that reveals the most impacted county in the country: Bronx, New York, where 9% more households are housing insecure than before the pandemic. The County High-Level Economic Recovery and Resilience Index Scorecard calculates which counties within a state are the most (and least) financially vulnerable based on indicators such as government revenue impacts and social vulnerability. The Internet Access Index highlights household accessibility to broadband, providing insight into areas where distance learning or telehealth services may be challenging.

“Those of us who get into emergency management do so because we want to help save lives and help our communities flourish after something terrible happens,” Burdi says. “Getting our work out there to the most people possible is extremely important.”

“The data we’re collecting,” Hyde adds, “is trying to give people perspective on the starting point for the recovery, and give them the information they need to develop a road map moving forward as to how we rebuild the economy, create jobs, help people stay in their housing — and make our communities less susceptible to the next pandemic.”

Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation’s first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading-edge basic and applied scientific research in virtually every scientific discipline. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of companies, universities, and federal, state and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance America’s scientific leadership and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees from more than 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science.

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, visit https://energy.gov/science.



Filters close

Showing results

1120 of 6121
Newswise: New Study Details Enzyme That Allows Coronavirus to Resist Antiviral Medications
Released: 3-Aug-2021 12:20 PM EDT
New Study Details Enzyme That Allows Coronavirus to Resist Antiviral Medications
Iowa State University

A new Iowa State University study details the structure of a critical enzyme present in SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes COVID-19. This enzyme removes nucleoside antiviral medications from the virus’s RNA, rendering many treatments ineffective. Scientists could use data uncovered in the new study to find ways to inhibit the enzyme, possibly leading to more effective treatments.

Released: 2-Aug-2021 6:05 PM EDT
Rethinking Remdesivir
University of California San Diego Health

UC San Diego researchers modify remdesivir, creating oral version that can be taken earlier in COVID-19 diagnoses. In cell and animal studies, revised drug proved effective and safe.

Newswise: Researchers from Hackensack Meridian University Medical Center and Colleagues Develop New Model to Help Clinicians Predict Risk of Death in Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19
Released: 2-Aug-2021 4:25 PM EDT
Researchers from Hackensack Meridian University Medical Center and Colleagues Develop New Model to Help Clinicians Predict Risk of Death in Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19
Hackensack Meridian Health

New COVID-19 40-day mortality risk model, published in The Public Library of Science ONE, has potential for use in patient treatment planning, comparisons of therapeutic strategies, and public-health preparations.

Released: 2-Aug-2021 4:05 PM EDT
Town Hall on Effectiveness of COVID-19 Vaccination in Immunosuppressed Patients Hosted by the American College of Rheumatology
American College of Rheumatology (ACR)

How effective COVID-19 vaccines have been in immunosuppressed and rheumatic disease patients remains an incompletely answered question. The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) has organized an expert panel to share what we are learning from real-world data and answer questions.

Released: 2-Aug-2021 2:00 PM EDT
CDC withdrawing its request for emergency use authorization for its COVID-19 PCR diagnostic test does not mean the test failed
Newswise

Social media is now rife with claims about why the CDC is withdrawing its request for emergency use authorization for its COVID-19 PCR diagnostic test after December 2021.

Newswise: Existing Drug Is Shown to Inhibit Virus That Causes COVID-19
Released: 2-Aug-2021 1:30 PM EDT
Existing Drug Is Shown to Inhibit Virus That Causes COVID-19
Argonne National Laboratory

Scientists using the Advanced Photon Source have discovered that a drug used to fight tumors in animals might be effective against many types of coronaviruses, including SARS-CoV-2.

Released: 2-Aug-2021 11:25 AM EDT
Award-Winning Journalist and CDC Principal Investigator to Serve as ACR Convergence 2021 Keynote Speaker
American College of Rheumatology (ACR)

Convergence 2021, the annual meeting of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), returns to a virtual meeting platform Nov. 1 - 10. This year’s meeting will include presentations from over 320 clinicians, researchers and health experts, including this year’s keynote speaker, Dr. Seema Yasmin.

Newswise: COVID-19: Small Sign of Hope as Vaccinations Rise
Released: 2-Aug-2021 10:45 AM EDT
COVID-19: Small Sign of Hope as Vaccinations Rise
Cedars-Sinai

As COVID-19 cases spike in Los Angeles and throughout the Golden State, driven by the spread of the delta variant among unvaccinated residents, there may be a small sign of hope: More people are finally getting their shot.

Newswise: New Evidence Shows the COVID-19 Delta Variant Rapidly Rising
Released: 31-Jul-2021 10:05 AM EDT
New Evidence Shows the COVID-19 Delta Variant Rapidly Rising
University of Miami Health System, Miller School of Medicine

The University’s coronavirus sequencing effort uncovered that there are several variants present in its patient population, but Delta is chief among them and easily transmitted. And its presence is likely triggering a local surge in the infectious disease. University of Miami researchers and physicians are seeing firsthand how rapidly the Delta variant of COVID-19 is spreading through the local population.


Showing results

1120 of 6121

close
1.73013