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University of California San Diego Health

HPV Vaccinations During Global Pandemic

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection and the cause of most cervical cancers, and some vaginal, penile, anal and oral cancers. The HPV vaccine has proven effective in preventing infection and six types of HPV-attributable cancers. 

In recent months, national trends have shown a decline in HPV vaccination rates due to the novel coronavirus pandemic. This week recognizes the second annual California HPV Vaccine Week. The goals are to bring awareness of the vaccine and increase rates in the state to 80 percent by 2026. 

“In March, we saw a significant amount of patients utilizing telemedicine and not coming into the clinic for wellness examinations due to COVID-19. In the last few months, there has been a rise in in-person visits. Particularly as ‘back to school’ nears, we’re starting to see more adolescents coming into the clinic and receiving the HPV vaccine,” said Lisa Coles, MD, primary care physician at UC San Diego Health. “This is critical because the vaccination has been proven to be 99 percent effective in the prevention of HPV infection, cervical pre-cancers and genital warts.” 

Additional information about the HPV vaccine: 

  • The vaccine was released in 2006 and updated in 2014 to include five additional strains
  • The HPV vaccine is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics for boys and girls ages 9 to 12
  • The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends vaccinations for those unvaccinated or with incomplete vaccinations through age 26
  • It is a two-dose series if started before age 15, otherwise three doses are required
  • Common vaccine reactions include temporary pain, swelling or itching at the injection site, headache, nausea, dizziness and fever
  • According to the National Immunization Survey, approximately 51 percent of teens are vaccinated with at least 65 percent receiving at least one dose
  • Rates of CIN2-3 (cervical pre-cancer) fell from 52.7 to 44.1 percent between 2008 to 2014




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22-Sep-2020 4:00 PM EDT
Historical Racial & Ethnic Health Inequities Account for Disproportionate COVID-19 Impact
American Thoracic Society (ATS)

A new Viewpoint piece published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society examines the ways in which COVID-19 disproportionately impacts historically disadvantaged communities of color in the United States, and how baseline inequalities in our health system are amplified by the pandemic. The authors also discuss potential solutions.

Released: 24-Sep-2020 5:05 PM EDT
In-person college instruction leading to thousands of COVID-19 cases per day in US
University of Washington

Reopening university and college campuses with primarily in-person instruction is associated with a significant increase in cases of COVID-19 in the counties where the schools are located.

Newswise: Some Severe COVID-19 Cases Linked to Genetic Mutations or Antibodies that Attack the Body
Released: 24-Sep-2020 3:25 PM EDT
Some Severe COVID-19 Cases Linked to Genetic Mutations or Antibodies that Attack the Body
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Two new studies offer an explanation for why COVID-19 cases can be so variable. A subset of patients has mutations in key immunity genes; other patients have auto-antibodies that target the same components of the immune system. Both circumstances could contribute to severe forms of the disease.

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Embargo will expire: 25-Sep-2020 6:30 PM EDT Released to reporters: 24-Sep-2020 3:20 PM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 25-Sep-2020 6:30 PM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

17-Sep-2020 1:15 PM EDT
Accuracy of commercial antibody kits for SARS-CoV-2 varies widely
PLOS

There is wide variation in the performance of commercial kits for detecting antibodies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), according to a study published September 24 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Jonathan Edgeworth and Blair Merrick of Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, Suzanne Pickering and Katie Doores of King's College London, and colleagues. As noted by the authors, the rigorous comparison of antibody testing platforms will inform the deployment of point-of-care technologies in healthcare settings and their use in monitoring SARS-CoV-2 infections.

24-Sep-2020 9:25 AM EDT
Loneliness levels high during COVID-19 lockdown
Newswise Review

During the initial phase of COVID-19 lockdown, rates of loneliness among people in the UK were high and were associated with a number of social and health factors, according to a new study published this week in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Jenny Groarke of Queen’s University Belfast, UK, and colleagues.

Newswise: Genetic, immunological abnormalities in Type I interferon pathway are risk factors for severe COVID-19
24-Sep-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Genetic, immunological abnormalities in Type I interferon pathway are risk factors for severe COVID-19
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

Individuals with severe forms of COVID-19 disease can present with compromised type I interferon (IFN) responses based on their genetics, according to results published in two papers today in the journal Science. Type I IFN responses are critical for protecting cells and the body from more severe disease after acute viral infection.

Newswise: Talking Alone: Researchers Use Artificial Intelligence Tools to Predict Loneliness
Released: 24-Sep-2020 1:45 PM EDT
Talking Alone: Researchers Use Artificial Intelligence Tools to Predict Loneliness
University of California San Diego Health

A team led by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine has used artificial intelligence technologies to analyze natural language patterns to discern degrees of loneliness in older adults.


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