DOE News
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    The DOE Science News Source is a Newswise initiative to promote research news from the Office of Science of the DOE to the public and news media.
    • 2019-01-04 16:05:57
    • Article ID: 706040

    DOE to Provide $16 Million for New Research into Atmospheric and Terrestrial Processes

    Data is Aimed at Improving Accuracy of Earth System Models

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced a plan to provide $16 million for new observational research aimed at improving the accuracy of today’s climate and earth system models.  The funds will be made available under two separate initiatives, with $11 million targeted at atmospheric research focused on better understanding the role of clouds and aerosols, and $5 million devoted to the study of terrestrial processes.

    “Systematic observation and modeling is critical to improving our understanding of the highly complex natural processes that govern the environment,” said Under Secretary for Science Paul Dabbar. “For decades, DOE has been a leading contributor in advancing our knowledge of both atmospheric and terrestrial processes. This research will result in a better grasp of critical factors affecting the earth system.”

    The atmospheric research is expected to center on observations and data taken by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) User Facility, a major DOE Office of Science facility with several sites across the nation and the globe that has a powerful range of capabilities for studying atmospheric phenomena.  ARM has long been a leading source for observational data on the interactions of clouds, aerosols, and precipitation. 

    The terrestrial research will have a two-fold focus.  The first is aimed at better understanding how nutrients, carbon, and water are cycled between the belowground and aboveground areas of ecosystems.  The second focus is on better understanding the role of disturbances, such as hurricanes, floods, fires, and sea level rise, on nutrient cycling and vegetation in coastal regions. 

    The ultimate goal is to incorporate the new atmospheric and terrestrial data into climate and earth system computer models to provide more accurate representations of natural processes.

    Applications are open to universities and nonprofits, both individually and in teams, with (non-DOE) federal laboratories invited to participate as possible partners.  Awards will be chosen on a competitive basis using peer review.  Grants are expected to be two to three years in duration.  Total funding, provided by DOE’s Office of Science, will be $16 million in Fiscal Year 2019 dollars.

    Details can be found in the two Funding Opportunity Announcements posted here.

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    Scientists deepen understanding of the magnetic fields that surround the Earth and other planets

    Scientists deepen understanding of the magnetic fields that surround the Earth and other planets

    Now, a team of scientists has completed research into waves that travel through the magnetosphere, deepening understanding of the region and its interaction with our own planet, and opening up new ways to study other planets across the galaxy.

    Light dark matter is a thousand times less likely to bump into regular matter than previous astrophysical analyses allowed

    Light dark matter is a thousand times less likely to bump into regular matter than previous astrophysical analyses allowed

    A team led by scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University has narrowed down how strongly dark matter particles might interact with normal matter. Based on the number and distribution of small satellite galaxies seen orbiting our Milky Way, the team found this interaction to be at least a thousand times weaker than the strongest interaction allowed by previous astrophysical analyses.

    New Sensor Could Shake Up Earthquake Response Efforts

    New Sensor Could Shake Up Earthquake Response Efforts

    An optical sensor developed at Berkeley Lab could speed up the time it takes to evaluate whether buildings are safe to occupy after a major earthquake. After four years of extensive peer-reviewed research and simulative testing at the University of Nevada's Earthquake Engineering Laboratory, the Discrete Diode Position Sensor (DDPS) will be deployed for the first time this summer in a multi-story building at Berkeley Lab - which sits adjacent to the Hayward Fault, considered one of the most dangerous faults in the United States.

    The best of both worlds: how to solve real problems on modern quantum computers

    The best of both worlds: how to solve real problems on modern quantum computers

    Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory, along with researchers at Clemson University and Fujitsu Laboratories of America, have developed hybrid algorithms to run on size-limited quantum machines and have demonstrated them for practical applications.

    Designer proteins form wires and lattices on mineral surface

    Designer proteins form wires and lattices on mineral surface

    This research is a fundamental discovery of how to engineer proteins onto non-biological surfaces. Artificial proteins engineered from scratch have been assembled into nanorod arrays, designer filaments and honeycomb lattices on the surface of mica, demonstrating control over the way proteins interact with surfaces to form complex structures previously seen only in natural protein systems. The study provides a foundation for understanding how protein-crystal interactions can be systematically programmed and sets the stage for designing novel protein-inorganic hybrid materials.

    Giving nanowires a DNA-like twist

    Giving nanowires a DNA-like twist

    Argonne National Laboratory played a critical role in the discovery of a DNA-like twisted crystal structure created with a germanium sulfide nanowire, also known as a "van der Waals material." Researchers can tailor these nanowires in many different ways -- twist periods from two to twenty micrometers, lengths up to hundreds of micrometers, and radial dimensions from several hundred nanometers to about ten micrometers. By this means, they can adjust the electrical and optical properties to optimize performance for different applications.

    Epic Research Endeavor Reveals Cause of Deadly Digestive Disease in Children

    Epic Research Endeavor Reveals Cause of Deadly Digestive Disease in Children

    Nearly ten years ago, a group of Israeli clinical researchers emailed Berkeley Lab geneticist Len Pennacchio to ask for his team's help in solving the mystery of a rare inherited disease that caused extreme, and sometimes fatal, chronic diarrhea in children.

    Discovered: A new way to measure the stability of next-generation magnetic fusion devices

    Discovered: A new way to measure the stability of next-generation magnetic fusion devices

    Feature reports discovery of an alternative method for measuring the stability of fusion plasma, a critical task for researchers seeking to bring the fusion that powers the sun to Earth.

    Can't Take the Heat? 'Cool Walls' Can Reduce Energy Costs, Pollution

    Can't Take the Heat? 'Cool Walls' Can Reduce Energy Costs, Pollution

    A Berkeley Lab study modeled different types and ages of homes, retail stores, and office buildings and found that sunlight-reflecting "cool" exterior walls can save as much or more energy than sunlight-reflecting cool roofs in many places across the U.S.

    Augustana University Professor's Research Leads to Surprising Mating Decision in Butterfly Species

    Augustana University Professor's Research Leads to Surprising Mating Decision in Butterfly Species

    The males of one species of butterfly are more attracted to females that are active, not necessarily what they look like, according to a recent research conducted at Augustana University.The paper, "Behaviour before beauty: Signal weighting during mate selection in the butterfly Papilio polytes," found that males of the species noticed the activity levels of potential female mates, not their markings.


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    SLAC makes 'electron camera,' a world-class tool for ultrafast science, available to scientists worldwide

    SLAC makes 'electron camera,' a world-class tool for ultrafast science, available to scientists worldwide

    Over the past few years, the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has developed a new tool to visualize physical and chemical processes with outstanding clarity: an ultra-high-speed "electron camera" capable of tracking atomic motions in a broad range of materials in real time. Starting this week, the lab has made this tool available to researchers worldwide.

    Berkeley Lab Scientists Earn Prestigious White House Early Career Award

    Berkeley Lab Scientists Earn Prestigious White House Early Career Award

    Two scientists with Berkeley Lab - and two faculty scientists jointly affiliated with Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley - are among 315 researchers named on July 2 by President Trump to receive the prestigious Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

    Caltech's Castaneda Named Director of Human Resources at PNNL

    Caltech's Castaneda Named Director of Human Resources at PNNL

    April Castaneda, a senior executive with 20 years of experience leading human resources programs at Caltech and NASA's Jet propulsion Laboratory, has been named director of Human Resources at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

    JSA Awards Graduate Fellowships for Research at Jefferson Lab

    JSA Awards Graduate Fellowships for Research at Jefferson Lab

    Jefferson Sciences Associates has announced the award of nine graduate fellowships to doctoral students for the 2019-2020 academic year.

    Argonne's Jim Morman Elected Fellow of American Nuclear Society

    Argonne's Jim Morman Elected Fellow of American Nuclear Society

    Jim Morman from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has been elected a fellow of the American Nuclear Society (ANS), the highest grade of membership that the society offers.

    Will Fox wins 2019 Thomas H. Stix Award for early career contributions to plasma physics

    Will Fox wins 2019 Thomas H. Stix Award for early career contributions to plasma physics

    PPPL physicist brings astrophysical processes down to Earth

    U.S. Department of Energy Renews Midwest Integrated Center for Computational Materials

    U.S. Department of Energy Renews Midwest Integrated Center for Computational Materials

    The Department of Energy has announced that, over the next four years, it will invest $32 million to accelerate the design of new materials through use of high-performance computing. One of the seven funded projects is the Midwest Integrated Center for Computational Materials (MICCoM), founded in 2015 and led by the Materials Science Division at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory. This center draws co-investigators from the University of Chicago, University of Notre Dame, and University of California, Davis.

    Department of Energy Announces $13 Million for Atmospheric Research

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $13 million in funding for 27 projects in atmospheric sciences in an effort to improve models for predicting weather and climate.

    John Crane acquires division of Advanced Diamond Technologies, a company built on Argonne technology

    John Crane acquires division of Advanced Diamond Technologies, a company built on Argonne technology

    John Crane, a global provider of engineered products and services headquartered in Chicago, recently completed the purchase of Advanced Diamond Technologies (ADT), Industrial Division. ADT was founded in 2003 through the licensing of technology from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Argonne National Laboratory.

    Energy Department to Invest $32 Million in Computer Design of Materials

    The U.S. Department of Energy announced that it will invest $32 million over the next four years to accelerate the design of new materials through use of supercomputers.


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    Bursts of Light Shape Walls Between Waves of Charge

    Bursts of Light Shape Walls Between Waves of Charge

    To better store data, scientists need ways to change a material's properties suddenly. For example, they want a material that can go from insulator to conductor and back again. Now, they devised a surprisingly simple way of flipping a material from one state into another, and back again, with flashes of light. A single light pulse turns thin sheets of tantalum disulfide from its original (alpha) state into a mixture of alpha and beta states. Domain walls separate the two states. A second pulse of light dissolves the walls, and the material returns to its original state.

    Deep Learning Reveals Mysteries of Deep Space

    Deep Learning Reveals Mysteries of Deep Space

    How do you determine the measurable "things" that describe the nature of our universe? To answer that question, researchers used CosmoFlow, a deep learning technique, running on a National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center supercomputer. They analyzed large, complex data sets from 3-D simulations of the distribution of matter to answer that question. The team showed that CosmoFlow offers a new platform to gain a deeper understanding of the universe.

    At DOE's Manufacturing Demonstration Facility, science drives next-gen creations

    At DOE's Manufacturing Demonstration Facility, science drives next-gen creations

    American ingenuity is providing radical productivity improvements from advanced materials and robotic systems developed at the Department of Energy's Manufacturing Demonstration Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

    High-Fidelity Multiphysics Simulations to Improve Nuclear Reactor Safety and Economics

    High-Fidelity Multiphysics Simulations to Improve Nuclear Reactor Safety and Economics

    Engineers can model heat distribution in reactor designs with fewer or no approximations.

    Tiny Vortices Could One Day Haul Microscopic Cargo

    Tiny Vortices Could One Day Haul Microscopic Cargo

    The behavior of active magnetic liquids suggests new pathways to transport particles across surfaces and build materials that self-heal.

    How Does Mother Nature Tackle the Tough Triple Bond Found in Nitrogen?

    How Does Mother Nature Tackle the Tough Triple Bond Found in Nitrogen?

    Researchers demystify how the nitrogenase enzyme breaks bonds to learn a better way to make ammonia.

    A Detailed View of the Ancestor of Photosynthesis

    A Detailed View of the Ancestor of Photosynthesis

    The symmetrical light-gathering, energy-producing complex offers insights into how modern photosystems evolved.

    Unique Interface and Unexpected Behavior Help Explain How Heavy Metals Act

    Unique Interface and Unexpected Behavior Help Explain How Heavy Metals Act

    Three types of water molecules form around a platinum-based ion, offering insights for waste processing and metal refining.

    Maximizing Ozone Signals

    Maximizing Ozone Signals

    New technique enables more efficient and precise estimates of trends in ozone and other atmospheric constituents within selected geographical regions and timeframes.

    How Much Water Does the World Use?

    How Much Water Does the World Use?

    Global data set shows monthly water use by irrigation, manufacturing, and other uses, helping researchers to analyze water use by region and season.


    Spotlight

    JSA Awards Graduate Fellowships for Research at Jefferson Lab
    Monday July 08, 2019, 03:00 PM

    JSA Awards Graduate Fellowships for Research at Jefferson Lab

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    ILSAMP Symposium showcases benefits for diverse students, STEM pipeline
    Monday May 20, 2019, 12:05 PM

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    New graduate student summer school launches at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
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    Argonne hosts Modeling, Experimentation and Validation Summer School
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    Argonne hosts Modeling, Experimentation and Validation Summer School

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    Students affected by Hurricane Maria bring their research to SLAC
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    Brookhaven Lab Pays Tribute to 2018 Summer Interns
    Wednesday August 22, 2018, 10:05 AM

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    CSUMB Selected to Host Architecture at Zero Competition in 2019
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    Department of Energy Invests $64 Million in Advanced Nuclear Technology
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    Professor Miao Yu Named the Priti and Mukesh Chatter '82 Career Development Professor
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    2018 RHIC & AGS Annual Users' Meeting: 'Illuminating the QCD Landscape'
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    Argonne welcomes <em>The Martian</em> author Andy Weir
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    Professor Emily Liu Receives $1.8 Million DoE Award for Solar Power Systems Research
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    Students from Massachusetts and Washington Win DOE's 28th National Science Bowl(r)
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