A geospatial analysis determined the optimal distribution of sites needed to reliably estimate Alaska's vast soil carbon.
Molecular-level understanding of cellulose structure reveals why it resists degradation and could lead to cost-effective biofuels.
Lignocellulose-degrading enzyme complexes could improve biofuel production.
Scientists use heat and mismatched surfaces to stretch films that can potentially improve the efficient operation of devices.
Defect spins in diamond were controlled with a simpler, geometric method, leading to faster computing.
More frequent storms turn forests from carbon source to sink.
Monoterpene measures how certain forests respond to heat stress.
Whether carbon comes from leaves or needles affects how fast it decomposes, but where it ends up determines how long it's available.
Readily rotating molecules let electrons last, resulting in higher solar cell efficiency.
The arrangement of electrons in an exotic human-made element shows that certain properties of heavy elements cannot be predicted using lighter ones.
Modifying the internal structure of 2-D hybrid perovskite materials causes them to emit white light.
A new shape measurement of unstable ruthenium-110 has found this nucleus to be similar to a squashed football.
Exploiting reversible solubility allows for direct, optical patterning of unprecedentedly small features.
Researchers discover the secret behind the third way living organisms extract energy from their environment.
Scientists achieved thin films with structures virtually impossible via traditional methods.
Novel spin-polarized surface states may guide the search for materials that host Majorana fermions, unusual particles that act as their own antimatter, and could revolutionize quantum computers.
The Molecular Foundry and aBeam Technologies bring mass fabrication to nano-optical devices.
In hybrid materials, "hot" electrons live longer, producing electricity, not heat, in solar cells.
Defects in liquid crystals act as guides in tiny oceans, directing particle traffic.
Built from the bottom up, nanoribbons can be semiconducting, enabling broad electronic applications.
Scientists reveal structural, chemical changes as nickel-cobalt particles donate electrons, vital for making better batteries, fuel cells.
Stress-induced embolisms that interrupt water transport are a universal component of tree mortality.
Wide metastable composition ranges are possible in alloys of semiconductors with different crystal structures.
Scientists combine biology, nanotechnology into composites that light up upon chemical stimulation.
Swirling soup of matter's fundamental building blocks spins ten billion trillion times faster than the most powerful tornado, setting new record for "vorticity."