Ice Formed by Contact Freezing: Pressure Matters, Not Just Temperature

Distortion of water droplet surface may increase the likelihood of the droplet freezing.

Future Loss of Arctic Sea-Ice Cover Could Contribute to the Substantial Decrease in California's Rainfall

A new modeling framework helps understand the consequences of future sea-ice loss in the Arctic.

Drawn into a Whirlpool: A New Way to Stop Dangerous Fast Electrons in a Fusion Device

A new phenomena forms vortices that trap particles, impeding electron avalanches that harm fusion reactors.

During Droughts, Bacteria Help Sorghum Continue Growing

Researchers discover how certain bacteria may safeguard plant growth during a drought, making way for strategies to improve crop productivity.

The Biermann Battery Effect: Spontaneous Generation of Magnetic Fields and Their Severing

The mechanism responsible for creating intense magnetic fields in laser-driven plasmas also helps tear the fields apart.

Subtlety and the Selective Art of Separating Lanthanides

Unexpected molecular interactions involving water clusters have a subtle, yet profound, effect on extractants picking their targets.

Review Examines the Science and Needs of Nitrogen-Based Transformations

Advances in biochemistry and catalysis could lead to faster, greener nitrogen-rich fertilizer.

Quickly Capture Tiny Particles Reacting

New method takes a snapshot every millisecond of groups of light-scattering particles, showing what happens during industrially relevant reactions.

New Technology Consistently Identifies Proteins from a Dozen Cells

A new platform melding microfluidics and robotics allows more in-depth bioanalysis with fewer cells than ever before.

Optimal Foraging: How Soil Microbes Adapt to Nutrient Constraints

How microbial communities adjust to nutrient-poor soils at the genomic and proteomic level gives scientists insights into land use.

Microbes Eat the Same in Labs and the Desert

Analyses of natural communities forming soil crusts agree with laboratory studies of isolated microbe-metabolite relationships.

Diverse Biofeedstocks Have High Ethanol Yields and Offer Biorefineries Flexibility

Evidence suggests that biorefineries can accept various feedstocks without negatively impacting the amount of ethanol produced per acre.

Opening Access to Explore the Synthetic Chemistry of Neptunium

New, easily prepared starting material opens access to learning more about a difficult-to-control element in nuclear waste.

Tiny Titanium Barrier Halts Big Problem in Fuel-Producing Solar Cells

New design coats molecular components and dramatically improves stability under tough, oxidizing conditions.

Turning Wood Scraps into Tape

A new chemical process converts a component of wasted wood pulp and other biomass into high-value pressure-sensitive adhesives.

Very Heavy Elements Deliver More Electrons

Scientists revise understanding of the limits of bonding for very electron-rich heavy elements.

Probing Water's "No-Man's Land" Temperature Region

Measuring the physical properties of water at previously unexplored temperatures offers insights into one of the world's essential liquids.

Novel Soil Bacteria with Unusual Genes Synthesize Unique Antibiotic Precursors

A large-scale soil project uncovered genetic information from bacteria with the capacity to make specialized molecules that could lead to new pharmaceuticals.

Warmer Temperatures Lengthen Growing Season, Increase Plants' Vulnerability to Frost

Experimental warming treatments show how peatland forests may respond to future environmental change.

Rising Stars Seek to Learn from the Master: Mother Nature

A trio of scientists was recognized for their early career successes in uncovering how microbes produce fuel, insights that could change our energy portfolio

How Plant Cells Decide When to Make Oil

Signaling mechanism details discovered, potentially leading to strategies to engineer plants that make more bio-oil.

Cryocooler Cools an Accelerator Cavity

Researchers demonstrated cryogen-free operation of a superconducting radio-frequency cavity that might ease barriers to its use in societal applications.

Shining Light on the Separation of Rare Earth Metals

New studies identify key molecular characteristics to potentially separate rare earth metals cleanly and efficiently with light.

Placing Atoms for Optimum Catalysts

Precise positioning of oxygens could help engineer faster, more efficient energy-relevant chemical transformations.

How to Make Soot and Stardust

Scientists unlock mystery that could help reduce emissions of fine particles from combustion engines and other sources.