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    Silicon and a State of Shock

    Silicon and a State of Shock

    A novel experimental geometry at the Linac Coherent Light Source reveals, for the first time, how silicon responds to shocks similar to those in a planet's core.

    Do Alpha Particle Condensates Exist in Oxygen Nuclei?

    Do Alpha Particle Condensates Exist in Oxygen Nuclei?

    Yes. Such condensates, analogous to those in carbon-12, in heavier nuclei could change how we describe certain elements.

    Not All Ions in Tokamaks Go with the Flow

    Not All Ions in Tokamaks Go with the Flow

    Spectroscopic measurements reveal that main ions flow much faster than impurities at the edge of fusion-relevant plasmas.

    Measuring the Impossible: X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Hydrogen and Helium

    Measuring the Impossible: X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Hydrogen and Helium

    The two most abundant elements in the universe, hydrogen and helium, were previously thought to be impossible to measure by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

    New Model Sheds Light on Key Physics of Magnetic Islands that Can Halt Fusion Reactions

    New Model Sheds Light on Key Physics of Magnetic Islands that Can Halt Fusion Reactions

    Surprisingly, a magnetic island does not necessarily perturb the plasma current in a dangerous way and destroy fusion performance.

    Early "Fossils" Formed by Tectonics, not Life

    Early "Fossils" Formed by Tectonics, not Life

    The 3.7-billion-year-old structures were considered the first evidence for life on the planet; new evidence suggests differently.

    High-Energy X-Ray Bursts from Low-Energy Plasma

    High-Energy X-Ray Bursts from Low-Energy Plasma

    Scientists discover why solar flares produce X-rays; a few electrons avoid collisions and accelerate to produce a microsecond burst.

    Taking Diamond Qubits for a Spin

    Taking Diamond Qubits for a Spin

    Scientists use implanted silicon ions and electricity to increase the spin time of quantum bits, moving closer to the tech needed for quantum networks.

    Newly Discovered Design Rules Lead to Better Fuel Cell Catalyst

    Newly Discovered Design Rules Lead to Better Fuel Cell Catalyst

    Optimized oxides made from common metals use less energy and show the potential of new design approach.

    Too Close for Comfort: Nanoparticles Need Some Space to Transfer Energy

    Too Close for Comfort: Nanoparticles Need Some Space to Transfer Energy

    Particle crowding interferes with moving energy efficiently along promising molecular chains.

    Atomic Snapshots of Photosynthesis

    Atomic Snapshots of Photosynthesis

    Scientists catch details with atomic resolution, potentially helping design systems to use sunlight and water to produce fuels.

    Chemicals Can Change Their Identity, Thanks to the Liquids Where They Reside

    Chemicals Can Change Their Identity, Thanks to the Liquids Where They Reside

    Far from being a mere spectator, solvents can play a larger role in chemical reactions, likely including those used in energy storage and biology.

    Controlling Charge Flow by Managing Electron Holes

    Controlling Charge Flow by Managing Electron Holes

    Researchers watch and measure in real time charge dynamics between layers of oxide materials, offering insights into solar cells.

    Controls on Nitrogen Nutrient Availability in the Arctic Tundra

    Controls on Nitrogen Nutrient Availability in the Arctic Tundra

    Soil moisture is key to determining plant growth and nutrient cycling in complex tundra landscapes.

    Hydrogels Change Water and Solute Dynamics

    Hydrogels Change Water and Solute Dynamics

    Hydrogel pores can modify the molecular-level motion of water and dissolved ions.

    Coupling Computer Models Shows Interactions among River Water, Groundwater, and Land Surfaces

    Coupling Computer Models Shows Interactions among River Water, Groundwater, and Land Surfaces

    Computer model offers detailed view of water cycling and complex Earth system dynamics.

    Viruses Must Overcome Challenges to Infect Bacteria in Nature

    Viruses Must Overcome Challenges to Infect Bacteria in Nature

    Molecular studies show phage-host interactions are more complicated than most laboratory studies suggest.

    The Subtle, but Significant, Role of Surfaces in Ion Stickiness

    The Subtle, but Significant, Role of Surfaces in Ion Stickiness

    Direct interactions dominate ion adsorption to aqueous graphene, a process central to vital processes in energy technology.

    Near-Term Ocean Warming Around Antarctica Affects Long-Term Rate of Sea Level Rise

    Near-Term Ocean Warming Around Antarctica Affects Long-Term Rate of Sea Level Rise

    Scientists investigate a threshold for rapid ice-sheet degradation in the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.

    New Approach Gets Better View of Carbon Deeper Underground

    New Approach Gets Better View of Carbon Deeper Underground

    Characterizing carbon stored in deeper sediments below soils is critical for understanding the stability and dynamics of Earth's carbon pool.

    CSI: Neutrinos Cast No Shadows

    CSI: Neutrinos Cast No Shadows

    New crime scene investigation technique offers a hard look at the traces that particles leave before fleeing the scene.

    MicroBooNE, Machine Learning, and Liquid Argon

    MicroBooNE, Machine Learning, and Liquid Argon

    The MicroBooNE experiment demonstrates the use of machine learning to interpret images made by a liquid-argon particle detector.

    ArgoNeuT Hits a Home Run with Measurements of Neutrinos in Liquid Argon

    ArgoNeuT Hits a Home Run with Measurements of Neutrinos in Liquid Argon

    Scientists developed a method to better distinguish the tracks that particles leave behind in liquid argon.

    Optimizing Electric Fields Yields Better Catalysts

    Optimizing Electric Fields Yields Better Catalysts

    A careful consideration of electric fields could lead to faster industrial processes that use less energy and release less waste.

    Revealed: Structure of Proton in Liquid Water

    Revealed: Structure of Proton in Liquid Water

    Findings could rewrite textbooks about molecular structure for solvent ubiquitous in chemistry and biology.