Arctic Photosynthetic Capacity and Carbon Dioxide Assimilation Underestimated by Terrestrial Biosphere Models
New measurements offer data vital to projecting plant response to environmental changes.
Non-destructive technique identifies key variations in Alaskan soils, quickly providing insights into carbon levels.
Plasma physicists significantly improve the vertical stability of a Korean fusion device.
Crumpling reduces rigidity in an otherwise stiff material, making it less prone to catastrophic failure.
New approach offers data across species, sites, and canopies, providing insights into carbon uptake by forests.
The magnetic noise caused by adsorbed oxygen molecules is "eating at" the phase stability of quantum bits, mitigating the noise is vital for future quantum computers.
An electric field switches the conductivity on and off in atomic-scale channels, which could allow for upgrades at will.
Water passes through human-made straws faster than the "gold standard" protein, allowing us to filter seawater.
Machine learning and neural networks are the foundation of artificial intelligence and image recognition, but now they offer a bridge to see and recognize exotic insulating phases in quantum materials.
A revolutionary material harbors magnetism and massless electrons that travel near the speed of light--for future ultrasensitive, high-efficiency electronics and sensors.
Observed atomic dynamics helps explain bizarre flow without friction that has been puzzling scientists for decades.
Electrons are forced to the edge of the road on a thin sheet of tungsten ditelluride.
Detector measures the energy a neutrino imparts to protons and neutrons to help explain the nature of matter and the universe.
Using two types of "designer" quantum dots, researchers are creating double-pane solar windows that generate electricity with greater efficiency and create shading and insulation for good measure. It's all made possible by a new window architecture which utilizes two different layers of low-cost quantum dots tuned to absorb different parts of the solar spectrum.
Real-time imaging shows how hydrogen causes oxygen to leave a buried surface, transforming an oxide into a metal.
Simply applying a small voltage dramatically changes the atomic structure, vital to creating materials for advanced computer memory.
Microwave heating significantly alters Alfven waves, offering insights into the physics of the waves themselves.
Scientists map electrical currents emanating from the boundary of a tokamak plasma, providing new information for reactor design.
New Physics Understanding Provides Attractive Path for Developing Fusion Energy via a Steady-State Tokamak
International collaborators advance physics basis for tokamak plasma confinement at low rotation, potentially benefiting a fusion reactor.
Large-scale simulations of quarks promise precise view of reactions of astrophysical importance.
Gravitational wave observations combined with optical and gamma-ray data confirm earlier predictions, offer insights into how the galaxy produces lead, mercury, and other elements.
A new x-ray beam technique tracks atomic-level changes under real-world operating conditions.
Measured strong coupling of vibrations and electrons could lead to controlled magnetism and electronic properties.
Focused x-ray beam revealed structural changes from laser heating, pinning down elusive melting point.
For one of the strongest known materials, calculations clarify a long-standing debate about how atoms pack together.