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    Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning Accelerate Efforts to Develop Clean, Virtually Limitless Fusion Energy

    Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning Accelerate Efforts to Develop Clean, Virtually Limitless Fusion Energy

    The Fusion Recurrent Neural Network reliably forecasts disruptive and destructive events in tokamaks.

    Spin Flipper Upends Protons

    Spin Flipper Upends Protons

    The spin direction of protons was reversed, for the first time, using a nine-magnet device, potentially helping tease out details about protons that affect medical imaging and more.

    Splitting Water Fast! Catalyst Works Faster than Mother Nature

    Splitting Water Fast! Catalyst Works Faster than Mother Nature

    Design principles lead to a catalyst that splits water in a low pH environment, vital for generating solar fuels.

    Sea Quark Spin Surprise!

    Sea Quark Spin Surprise!

    Antiquark spin contribution to proton spin depends on flavor, which could help unlock secrets about the nuclear structure of atoms that make up nearly all visible matter in our universe.

    The Weak Side of the Proton

    The Weak Side of the Proton

    A precision measurement of the proton's weak charge narrows the search for new physics.

    Fast-Moving Pairs May Solve 35-Year-Old Mystery

    Fast-Moving Pairs May Solve 35-Year-Old Mystery

    Physicists develop a universal mathematical description that suggests that proton-neutron pairs in a nucleus may explain why their associated quarks have lower average momenta than predicted.

    Team Takes Fluoride from Taps and Toothpaste to Batteries

    Team Takes Fluoride from Taps and Toothpaste to Batteries

    With user facilities, researchers devise novel battery chemistries to help make fluoride batteries a reality.

    Quarks Under Pressure in the Proton

    Quarks Under Pressure in the Proton

    Pressure in the middle of a proton is about 10 times higher than in a neutron star.

    Magnetic Levitation of Ultracold Neutrons Yields New Measurement of the Neutron Lifetime

    Magnetic Levitation of Ultracold Neutrons Yields New Measurement of the Neutron Lifetime

    Storing extremely slow neutrons in a novel trap enables precise measurement of a basic property of particle physics.

    New Molecular Blueprint Aids Study of Photosynthesis

    New Molecular Blueprint Aids Study of Photosynthesis

    Insights into how nature converts carbon dioxide into sugar could help scientists develop crops that produce fuels and other products.

    Catching Fast Changes in Excited Molecules

    Catching Fast Changes in Excited Molecules

    Scientists observe and control molecular and atomic dynamics at the fastest timescales to date.

    Atomic Maps Reveal How Iron Rusts

    Atomic Maps Reveal How Iron Rusts

    Scientists discovered how iron atoms continually re-arrange on surfaces, offering insights into metal corrosion and soil remediation.

    Strain and Defects Grow in Tiny Magnetite Crystals When Oxidized

    Strain and Defects Grow in Tiny Magnetite Crystals When Oxidized

    Detailed 3D images show how nanoparticles change in reactions that purify contaminated water or power recyclable geochemical batteries.

    A New View on a Very Old Problem: Evolution of the Photochemical Reaction Centers

    A New View on a Very Old Problem: Evolution of the Photochemical Reaction Centers

    Researchers offer insights into how a key piece of photosynthetic machinery changed over 3 billion years.

    How Does Mother Nature Tackle the Tough Triple Bond Found in Nitrogen?

    How Does Mother Nature Tackle the Tough Triple Bond Found in Nitrogen?

    Researchers demystify how the nitrogenase enzyme breaks bonds to learn a better way to make ammonia.

    A Detailed View of the Ancestor of Photosynthesis

    A Detailed View of the Ancestor of Photosynthesis

    The symmetrical light-gathering, energy-producing complex offers insights into how modern photosystems evolved.

    Some Bacteria Make a Big Difference in Dryland Wheat Farming

    Some Bacteria Make a Big Difference in Dryland Wheat Farming

    Even a single species of bacteria can positively affect soils and plants, improving and even enabling agriculture in semi-arid areas.

    Sampling Guts of Live Moose to Understand How They Break Down Biomass

    Sampling Guts of Live Moose to Understand How They Break Down Biomass

    First-of-a-kind study advances understanding of microbial and viral communities involved in biomass breakdown.

    Fitting a Square Peg in a Round Hole: The Surprising Structure of Uranium Bound in Hematite

    Fitting a Square Peg in a Round Hole: The Surprising Structure of Uranium Bound in Hematite

    An atomic view of how toxic uranium binds to iron minerals in the environment enables better predictions of its behavior.

    How Injected Microbes Persist in Hydraulically Fractured Shale

    How Injected Microbes Persist in Hydraulically Fractured Shale

    Scientists reveal the importance of an amino acid that supplies energy and protection for microbial communities deep underground.

    Unique Interface and Unexpected Behavior Help Explain How Heavy Metals Act

    Unique Interface and Unexpected Behavior Help Explain How Heavy Metals Act

    Three types of water molecules form around a platinum-based ion, offering insights for waste processing and metal refining.

    To Grow or Not to Grow? That Is the Question for Plants

    To Grow or Not to Grow? That Is the Question for Plants

    Scientists show metabolic tradeoffs result from a specific change to the grow-defend balance.

    Forming the Ion that Made the Universe

    Forming the Ion that Made the Universe

    Research offers details on the chemistry of trihydrogen ion.

    Water: Lead, Follow, or Get Out of the Way

    Water: Lead, Follow, or Get Out of the Way

    Elegant theory shows how water helps separate ions involved in material synthesis and manufacturing.

    Seeing Coherent Patterns at the Microscopic Scale

    Seeing Coherent Patterns at the Microscopic Scale

    Review highlights insights into coherence, which could help overcome roadblocks in next-generation energy systems.