Peering into the Mist: How Water Vapor Changes Metal at the Atomic Level

New insights into molecular-level processes could help prevent corrosion and improve catalytic conversion.

Microbial Types May Prove Key to Gas Releases from Thawing Permafrost

Scientists discover key types of microbes that degrade organic matter and release carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere.

New Method Knocks Out Yeast Genes with Single-Point Precision

Researchers can precisely study how different genes affect key properties in a yeast used industrially to produce fuel and chemicals.

How Plants Regulate Sugar Deposition in Cell Walls

Identified genes involved in plant cell wall polysaccharide production and restructuring could aid in engineering bioenergy crops.

Scientists Identify Gene Cluster in Budding Yeasts with Major Implications for Renewable Energy

How yeast partition carbon into a metabolite may offer insights into boosting production for biofuels.

More Designer Peptides, More Possibilities

A combined experimental and modeling approach contributes to understanding small proteins with potential use in industrial, therapeutic applications.

Deep Learning for Electron Microscopy

Artificial intelligence on Summit to discover atomic-scale structures.

Clarifying Rates of Methylmercury Production

New model provides more accurate estimates of how fast microbes produce a mercury-based neurotoxin.

Drought Stress Changes Microbes Living at Sorghum's Roots

Scientists explore how drought-tolerant plants communicate to nearby microorganisms, suggesting ways to engineer more resilient bioenergy crops.

How to Best Predict Chemical Reactions of Contaminants in Water

Scientists determine the accuracy of computational methods used to study the sulfate radical approach to purifying water.

Small Particles Play Large Role in Tropical Thunderstorms

Ultrafine aerosol particles produce bigger storm clouds and more precipitation than larger aerosols in pristine conditions.

How to Get Nuanced Details at the Top of the World

Scientists devise new approach that gathers data on the interplay between permafrost, soil, and vegetation.

Ice Formed by Contact Freezing: Pressure Matters, Not Just Temperature

Distortion of water droplet surface may increase the likelihood of the droplet freezing.

Future Loss of Arctic Sea-Ice Cover Could Contribute to the Substantial Decrease in California's Rainfall

A new modeling framework helps understand the consequences of future sea-ice loss in the Arctic.

Drawn into a Whirlpool: A New Way to Stop Dangerous Fast Electrons in a Fusion Device

A new phenomena forms vortices that trap particles, impeding electron avalanches that harm fusion reactors.

During Droughts, Bacteria Help Sorghum Continue Growing

Researchers discover how certain bacteria may safeguard plant growth during a drought, making way for strategies to improve crop productivity.

The Biermann Battery Effect: Spontaneous Generation of Magnetic Fields and Their Severing

The mechanism responsible for creating intense magnetic fields in laser-driven plasmas also helps tear the fields apart.

Subtlety and the Selective Art of Separating Lanthanides

Unexpected molecular interactions involving water clusters have a subtle, yet profound, effect on extractants picking their targets.

Review Examines the Science and Needs of Nitrogen-Based Transformations

Advances in biochemistry and catalysis could lead to faster, greener nitrogen-rich fertilizer.

Quickly Capture Tiny Particles Reacting

New method takes a snapshot every millisecond of groups of light-scattering particles, showing what happens during industrially relevant reactions.

New Technology Consistently Identifies Proteins from a Dozen Cells

A new platform melding microfluidics and robotics allows more in-depth bioanalysis with fewer cells than ever before.

Optimal Foraging: How Soil Microbes Adapt to Nutrient Constraints

How microbial communities adjust to nutrient-poor soils at the genomic and proteomic level gives scientists insights into land use.

Microbes Eat the Same in Labs and the Desert

Analyses of natural communities forming soil crusts agree with laboratory studies of isolated microbe-metabolite relationships.

Diverse Biofeedstocks Have High Ethanol Yields and Offer Biorefineries Flexibility

Evidence suggests that biorefineries can accept various feedstocks without negatively impacting the amount of ethanol produced per acre.

Opening Access to Explore the Synthetic Chemistry of Neptunium

New, easily prepared starting material opens access to learning more about a difficult-to-control element in nuclear waste.