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    Underestimating Clouds

    Underestimating Clouds

    Feedbacks of clouds on climate change strongly influence the magnitude of global warming.

    Earth's Viral Diversity Unveiled

    Earth's Viral Diversity Unveiled

    New publicly available database of DNA viruses and retroviruses debuts.

    Ion-Electron Collisions Can Heal Material Defects

    Ion-Electron Collisions Can Heal Material Defects

    Bombarding a material with high-energy charged atoms heals, rather than damages, the atomic structure, which could lead to longer-lasting components for extreme environments.

    Sugar Hitches a Ride on Sea Spray

    Sugar Hitches a Ride on Sea Spray

    Sticky molecules hop aboard oily floaters and may influence the amount of sunlight reflected by marine clouds.

    How to Achieve Unconventional Superconductivity in a Heavy-Electron Metal

    How to Achieve Unconventional Superconductivity in a Heavy-Electron Metal

    Microscopic understanding offers fresh directions for discovering new materials to transmit energy without loss.

    New Thin Membranes Can Self-Repair Following Damage

    New Thin Membranes Can Self-Repair Following Damage

    Separating chemicals is vital to manufacturing, water quality, and more. The relatively thick nature and inefficiency of separation techniques increases energy use. Scientists reconfigured thin films precisely to produce valuable materials by design.

    New Molecule Predicted That Could Make Safer Batteries

    New Molecule Predicted That Could Make Safer Batteries

    Computer-designed molecular complex can be used in halogen-free electrolytes for batteries with superior performance.

    How to Fix Blinking Light-Emitting Nanoparticles

    How to Fix Blinking Light-Emitting Nanoparticles

    Scientists identified defects responsible for detrimental blinking that limits nanoparticle use in LEDs, solar cells, and lasers.

    Separation of Electron's Intrinsic Properties Revealed

    Separation of Electron's Intrinsic Properties Revealed

    Disentanglement reveals exotic magnetic properties in a ytterbium-based compound. The discovery provides yet another magnetic property that could be harnessed. These properties could aid in new approaches to high-performance computing and energy-efficient technologies.

    Smaller Is Not Always Better for Radiation Resistance

    Smaller Is Not Always Better for Radiation Resistance

    Scientists experimentally validated the predicted damage mechanism for materials in nuclear energy environments.

    LED Lighting May Now Shine Brighter

    LED Lighting May Now Shine Brighter

    Scientists apprehended the atomic-scale, microscopic mechanism that limits light emission in LED lighting.

    Controlling the Stiffness of a Material at the Nanoscale

    Controlling the Stiffness of a Material at the Nanoscale

    Using a needle far thinner than a human hair, scientists reversibly changed a material's hardness by up to 30 percent promises new functionalities for microphones and sensors.

    Hydraulic Fluids Hospitable for Microbes

    Hydraulic Fluids Hospitable for Microbes

    For the first time, scientists analyzed the genetic material of surface microbes that are colonizing the deep subsurface, where they are adapting and thriving.

    Unlocking Peptide Potential

    Unlocking Peptide Potential

    Powerful new computational methods now enable scientists to design a virtually unlimited variety of hyperstable peptide structures not found in nature. This research opens a new frontier in drug discovery.

    Soil Will Absorb Less Atmospheric Carbon Than Expected This Century

    Soil Will Absorb Less Atmospheric Carbon Than Expected This Century

    Some global models underestimate the mean age of soil carbon. This underestimation results in an overestimation of soil's carbon sequestration potential.

    Mighty Microbes Roil Oceans

    Mighty Microbes Roil Oceans

    New model reveals the significant role of microbes in oceanic nutrient and energy cycling. The results of this work significantly improve the crude models of microbial activity in important oceanic zones and provide holistic insights into how microbes drive nutrient and energy flow.

    There and Back Again: Catalyst Mediates Energy-Efficient Proton Transport for Reversibility

    There and Back Again: Catalyst Mediates Energy-Efficient Proton Transport for Reversibility

    Scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory found that a complex with a proton pathway and stabilized by outer coordination sphere interactions is reversible for hydrogen production/oxidation at room temperature and pressure.

    Battery-Free Technology for Instant Electronic Inventory of Sensitive Items at a Distance

    Battery-Free Technology for Instant Electronic Inventory of Sensitive Items at a Distance

    Dirac Solutions' battery-free sensors offer a one-of-a-kind capability in inventory automation and advanced remote monitoring

    Methylmercury Sleuths Armed with New Spotlight

    Methylmercury Sleuths Armed with New Spotlight

    Researchers can now more quickly identify which microbes produce mercury toxins in the environment. These findings will enable a more realistic view of possible methylmercury production in a specific setting.

    Taking Materials Into the Third Dimension

    Taking Materials Into the Third Dimension

    To create more efficient catalysts, scientists would like to start with porous materials with controlled atomic-scale structures as random defects can hamper performance. A team created a one-pot method that produces the structures.

    Using Sunlight to Activate the Flow of Electrical Current in a New Material

    Using Sunlight to Activate the Flow of Electrical Current in a New Material

    Scientists discovered a new material that absorbs visible light to generate electricity; this material might be useful for splitting water to produce a combustible fuel, hydrogen.

    Light Strikes Gold

    Light Strikes Gold

    While scientists have used light to sculpt tiny crystals to do big jobs since 2001, they haven't been able to apply the process to gold--until now. Scientists created a strategy that enables synthesis of desirable gold crystals with potential for industry or medical uses.

    Giving Friction the Slip with New Carbon Films

    Giving Friction the Slip with New Carbon Films

    New catalytically active coatings eliminate the need for environmentally hazardous anti-wear additives used commonly in lubricating oils for engines

    How to 3D Print on the Nanoscale

    How to 3D Print on the Nanoscale

    A new approach offers a path to synthesize materials with superior mechanical and optical properties. This design approach replaces trial-and-error in nanomanufacturing for materials and structures.

    Shattering Protons in High-Energy Collisions Confirms Higgs Boson Production

    Shattering Protons in High-Energy Collisions Confirms Higgs Boson Production

    At the world's most powerful particle physics accelerator, physicists confirmed the Higgs boson production rate. The results match our understanding of how the universe works and will help build the data sets to explore the particles' properties.