Feedbacks of clouds on climate change strongly influence the magnitude of global warming.
New publicly available database of DNA viruses and retroviruses debuts.
Bombarding a material with high-energy charged atoms heals, rather than damages, the atomic structure, which could lead to longer-lasting components for extreme environments.
Sticky molecules hop aboard oily floaters and may influence the amount of sunlight reflected by marine clouds.
Microscopic understanding offers fresh directions for discovering new materials to transmit energy without loss.
Separating chemicals is vital to manufacturing, water quality, and more. The relatively thick nature and inefficiency of separation techniques increases energy use. Scientists reconfigured thin films precisely to produce valuable materials by design.
Computer-designed molecular complex can be used in halogen-free electrolytes for batteries with superior performance.
Scientists identified defects responsible for detrimental blinking that limits nanoparticle use in LEDs, solar cells, and lasers.
Disentanglement reveals exotic magnetic properties in a ytterbium-based compound. The discovery provides yet another magnetic property that could be harnessed. These properties could aid in new approaches to high-performance computing and energy-efficient technologies.
Scientists experimentally validated the predicted damage mechanism for materials in nuclear energy environments.
Scientists apprehended the atomic-scale, microscopic mechanism that limits light emission in LED lighting.
Using a needle far thinner than a human hair, scientists reversibly changed a material's hardness by up to 30 percent promises new functionalities for microphones and sensors.
For the first time, scientists analyzed the genetic material of surface microbes that are colonizing the deep subsurface, where they are adapting and thriving.
Powerful new computational methods now enable scientists to design a virtually unlimited variety of hyperstable peptide structures not found in nature. This research opens a new frontier in drug discovery.
Some global models underestimate the mean age of soil carbon. This underestimation results in an overestimation of soil's carbon sequestration potential.
New model reveals the significant role of microbes in oceanic nutrient and energy cycling. The results of this work significantly improve the crude models of microbial activity in important oceanic zones and provide holistic insights into how microbes drive nutrient and energy flow.
Scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory found that a complex with a proton pathway and stabilized by outer coordination sphere interactions is reversible for hydrogen production/oxidation at room temperature and pressure.
Dirac Solutions' battery-free sensors offer a one-of-a-kind capability in inventory automation and advanced remote monitoring
Researchers can now more quickly identify which microbes produce mercury toxins in the environment. These findings will enable a more realistic view of possible methylmercury production in a specific setting.
To create more efficient catalysts, scientists would like to start with porous materials with controlled atomic-scale structures as random defects can hamper performance. A team created a one-pot method that produces the structures.
Scientists discovered a new material that absorbs visible light to generate electricity; this material might be useful for splitting water to produce a combustible fuel, hydrogen.
While scientists have used light to sculpt tiny crystals to do big jobs since 2001, they haven't been able to apply the process to gold--until now. Scientists created a strategy that enables synthesis of desirable gold crystals with potential for industry or medical uses.
New catalytically active coatings eliminate the need for environmentally hazardous anti-wear additives used commonly in lubricating oils for engines
A new approach offers a path to synthesize materials with superior mechanical and optical properties. This design approach replaces trial-and-error in nanomanufacturing for materials and structures.
At the world's most powerful particle physics accelerator, physicists confirmed the Higgs boson production rate. The results match our understanding of how the universe works and will help build the data sets to explore the particles' properties.