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    Exploring the source of stars and planets in a laboratory

    Exploring the source of stars and planets in a laboratory

    New computer simulation aims to verify a widely held but unproven theory of the growth of celestial bodies.

    Flexing our research muscle: Scientists use APS to better understand muscle form, function

    Flexing our research muscle: Scientists use APS to better understand muscle form, function

    Powerful APS X-rays are used to uncover the structure and behavior of proteins controlling tarantula muscles. These insights may help scientists better understand our own muscles.

    What A Crystal Reveals About Nuclear Materials Processing

    What A Crystal Reveals About Nuclear Materials Processing

    PNNL researchers devised a new method to probe the atomic structure of plutonium-containing microcrystals using laboratory-based equipment.

    A first-of-its-kind catalyst mimics natural processes to break down plastic and produce valuable new products

    A first-of-its-kind catalyst mimics natural processes to break down plastic and produce valuable new products

    A team of scientists led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory has developed a first-of-its-kind catalyst that is able to process polyolefin plastics, types of polymers widely used in things like plastic grocery bags, milk jugs, shampoo bottles, toys, and food containers.

    A new approach boosts lithium-ion battery efficiency and puts out fires, too

    A new approach boosts lithium-ion battery efficiency and puts out fires, too

    This new technology addresses two major goals of battery research: extending the driving range of electric vehicles and reducing the danger that laptops, cell phones and other devices will burst into flames.

    Berkeley Lab Scientists Contribute to New Exploration of Higgs Boson Interactions

    Berkeley Lab Scientists Contribute to New Exploration of Higgs Boson Interactions

    A new analysis, featuring important contributions by Berkeley Lab scientists, strongly supports the hypothesis that the Higgs boson interacts with muons, which are heavier siblings of electrons and the lightest particles yet to reveal evidence for these interactions.

    New Algorithm Sharpens Focus of World's Most Powerful Microscopes

    New Algorithm Sharpens Focus of World's Most Powerful Microscopes

    Scientists have shown that an algorithm added to image processing software can improve the resolution and accuracy of cryo-electron microscopes, which are one of the most crucial tools in microbiology and medical research.

    An Electrical Trigger Fires Single, Identical Photons

    An Electrical Trigger Fires Single, Identical Photons

    The precisely controlled photon source, made from an atomically thin semiconducting material, could aid the development of advanced quantum communication

    First detailed look at how molecular Ferris wheel delivers protons to cellular factories

    First detailed look at how molecular Ferris wheel delivers protons to cellular factories

    All cells with nuclei, from yeast to humans, use molecular machines called protons to regulate the acidity of compartments called organelles where various types of work are done. A new study reveals a key step in how these Ferris wheel-like pumps operate.

    Argonne develops unprecedented long-term wildfire prediction model

    Argonne develops unprecedented long-term wildfire prediction model

    Wildfire indices and high-resolution climate models combine to produce a detailed historical analysis of wildfire events across the U.S. and suggest the potential for more severe and frequent fires in the latter half of the century.

    Study Finds 'Missing Link' in the Evolutionary History of Carbon-Fixing Protein Rubisco

    Study Finds 'Missing Link' in the Evolutionary History of Carbon-Fixing Protein Rubisco

    The discovery of a primitive form of rubisco, a photosynthetic enzyme, will help scientists understand how carbon-fixing organisms led to the planet's oxygenation and how modern

    Story Tips: Remote population counting, slowing corrosion and turning down the heat

    Story Tips: Remote population counting, slowing corrosion and turning down the heat

    ORNL story tips: Remote population counting, slowing corrosion and turning down the heat

    Shattering Expectations: Novel Seed Dispersal Gene Found in Green Millet

    Shattering Expectations: Novel Seed Dispersal Gene Found in Green Millet

    Researchers generated genome sequences for nearly 600 green millet plants and released a very high-quality reference S. viridis genome sequence Analysis of these plant genome sequences also led them to identify for the first time in wild populations a gene related to seed dispersal.

    Dust Dampens Albedo Effect, Spurs Snowmelt in the Heights of the Himalayas

    Dust Dampens Albedo Effect, Spurs Snowmelt in the Heights of the Himalayas

    Dust blowing onto high mountains in the western Himalayas is a bigger factor than previously thought in hastening the melting of snow there, researchers show in a study published Oct. 5 in Nature Climate Change. That's because dust - lots of it in the Himalayas - absorbs sunlight, heating the snow that surrounds it.

    Blocking vibrations that remove heat could boost efficiency of next-gen solar cells

    Blocking vibrations that remove heat could boost efficiency of next-gen solar cells

    Led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, a study of a solar-energy material with a bright future revealed a way to slow phonons, the waves that transport heat.

    Science Snapshots September 2020

    Science Snapshots September 2020

    2D Electronics, Plant Biofactories, Transforming Waste, and Vaccine Development.

    Scientists Capture Candid Snapshots of Electrons Harvesting Light at the Atomic Scale

    Scientists Capture Candid Snapshots of Electrons Harvesting Light at the Atomic Scale

    A team of scientists led by Berkeley Lab has gained important new insight into electrons' role in the harvesting of light in artificial photosynthesis systems.

    Machine Learning Scientists Teach Computers to Read X-Ray Images

    Machine Learning Scientists Teach Computers to Read X-Ray Images

    PNNL researchers used machine learning to develop a tool for a nonprofit to identify orthopedic implants in X-ray images to improve surgical speed and accuracy

    Argonne researchers target lithium-rich materials as key to more sustainable, cost-effective, next-generation batteries

    Argonne researchers target lithium-rich materials as key to more sustainable, cost-effective, next-generation batteries

    Researchers are developing new ways to advance lithium-rich batteries and using new materials for practical use, according to researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory.

    Faced with pandemic shortages, researchers combine heat and humidity to disinfect N95 masks for reuse

    Faced with pandemic shortages, researchers combine heat and humidity to disinfect N95 masks for reuse

    They found that gently heating N95 masks in high relative humidity could inactivate SARS-CoV-2 virus trapped within the masks, without degrading the masks' performance.

    Machine Learning Takes on Synthetic Biology: Algorithms Can Bioengineer Cells for You

    Machine Learning Takes on Synthetic Biology: Algorithms Can Bioengineer Cells for You

    Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed a new tool that adapts machine learning algorithms to the needs of synthetic biology to guide development systematically. The innovation means scientists will not have to spend years developing a meticulous understanding of each part of a cell and what it does in order to manipulate it.

    Scientists achieve higher precision weak force measurement between protons, neutrons

    Scientists achieve higher precision weak force measurement between protons, neutrons

    Through a one-of-a-kind experiment at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, nuclear physicists have precisely measured the weak interaction between protons and neutrons. The result quantifies the weak force theory as predicted by the Standard Model of Particle Physics.

    Novel cell membrane model could be key to uncovering new protein properties

    Novel cell membrane model could be key to uncovering new protein properties

    Researchers have recently shed light on how cell membrane proteins could be influenced by the lipids around them. By developing a novel type of membrane model, they were able to show that the shape and behavior of a protein can be altered by exposure to different lipid compositions. The research team confirmed the artificial membrane's structure using x-ray and neutron scattering at the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Brookhaven (BNL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL).

    SLAC invention could make particle accelerators 10 times smaller

    SLAC invention could make particle accelerators 10 times smaller

    A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has invented a new type of accelerator structure that could make accelerators used for a given application 10 times shorter.

    Active learning accelerates redox-flow battery discovery

    Active learning accelerates redox-flow battery discovery

    In a new study from the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, researchers are accelerating the hunt for the best possible battery components by employing artificial intelligence.