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    Do Alpha Particle Condensates Exist in Oxygen Nuclei?

    Do Alpha Particle Condensates Exist in Oxygen Nuclei?

    Yes. Such condensates, analogous to those in carbon-12, in heavier nuclei could change how we describe certain elements.

    Not All Ions in Tokamaks Go with the Flow

    Not All Ions in Tokamaks Go with the Flow

    Spectroscopic measurements reveal that main ions flow much faster than impurities at the edge of fusion-relevant plasmas.

    Researchers watch molecules in a light-triggered catalyst ring 'like an ensemble of bells'

    Researchers watch molecules in a light-triggered catalyst ring 'like an ensemble of bells'

    An international team has used an X-ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to get an incredibly detailed look at what happens to the structure of a model photocatalyst when it absorbs light.

    Measuring the Impossible: X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Hydrogen and Helium

    Measuring the Impossible: X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Hydrogen and Helium

    The two most abundant elements in the universe, hydrogen and helium, were previously thought to be impossible to measure by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

    New Model Sheds Light on Key Physics of Magnetic Islands that Can Halt Fusion Reactions

    New Model Sheds Light on Key Physics of Magnetic Islands that Can Halt Fusion Reactions

    Surprisingly, a magnetic island does not necessarily perturb the plasma current in a dangerous way and destroy fusion performance.

    Correlated Nucleons May Solve 35-Year-Old Mystery

    Correlated Nucleons May Solve 35-Year-Old Mystery

    A careful re-analysis of data taken at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility has revealed a possible link between correlated protons and neutrons in the nucleus and a 35-year-old mystery. The data have led to the extraction of a universal function that describes the EMC Effect, the once-shocking discovery that quarks inside nuclei have lower average momenta than predicted, and supports an explanation for the effect. The study has been published in the journal Nature.

    Early "Fossils" Formed by Tectonics, not Life

    Early "Fossils" Formed by Tectonics, not Life

    The 3.7-billion-year-old structures were considered the first evidence for life on the planet; new evidence suggests differently.

    High-Energy X-Ray Bursts from Low-Energy Plasma

    High-Energy X-Ray Bursts from Low-Energy Plasma

    Scientists discover why solar flares produce X-rays; a few electrons avoid collisions and accelerate to produce a microsecond burst.

    Taking Diamond Qubits for a Spin

    Taking Diamond Qubits for a Spin

    Scientists use implanted silicon ions and electricity to increase the spin time of quantum bits, moving closer to the tech needed for quantum networks.

    Story Tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 18, 2019

    Story Tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 18, 2019

    ORNL neutrons investigate novel carbon capture crystals; gleaning valuable Twitter data to quickly map power outages; ORNL's lightweight, heat-shielding graphite foam test yields positive results in fusion reactors; open source software scales up analysis of motor designs to run on supercomputers

    Confirming a little-understood source of the process behind northern lights and the formation of stars

    Confirming a little-understood source of the process behind northern lights and the formation of stars

    Feature describes the first fully kinetic model of plasma particles showing that fast reconnection can indeed occur in partially ionized plasma.

    New Molecular Blueprint Advances Our Understanding of Photosynthesis

    New Molecular Blueprint Advances Our Understanding of Photosynthesis

    Researchers at Berkeley Lab have used one of the most advanced microscopes in the world to reveal the structure of a large protein complex crucial to photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into cellular energy. The finding will allow scientists to explore for the first time how the complex functions and could have implications for the production of a variety of bioproducts, including plastic alternatives and biofuels.

    Newly Discovered Design Rules Lead to Better Fuel Cell Catalyst

    Newly Discovered Design Rules Lead to Better Fuel Cell Catalyst

    Optimized oxides made from common metals use less energy and show the potential of new design approach.

    Too Close for Comfort: Nanoparticles Need Some Space to Transfer Energy

    Too Close for Comfort: Nanoparticles Need Some Space to Transfer Energy

    Particle crowding interferes with moving energy efficiently along promising molecular chains.

    Atomic Snapshots of Photosynthesis

    Atomic Snapshots of Photosynthesis

    Scientists catch details with atomic resolution, potentially helping design systems to use sunlight and water to produce fuels.

    Newly isolated human gut bacterium reveals possible connection to depression

    Newly isolated human gut bacterium reveals possible connection to depression

    Researchers have established a correlation between depression and a group of neurotransmitter-producing bacteria found in the human gut.

    Chemicals Can Change Their Identity, Thanks to the Liquids Where They Reside

    Chemicals Can Change Their Identity, Thanks to the Liquids Where They Reside

    Far from being a mere spectator, solvents can play a larger role in chemical reactions, likely including those used in energy storage and biology.

    ORNL Teams with Los Alamos, EPB to Demonstrate Next-Generation Grid Security Tech

    ORNL Teams with Los Alamos, EPB to Demonstrate Next-Generation Grid Security Tech

    A team of researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge and Los Alamos National Laboratories has partnered with EPB, a Chattanooga utility and telecommunications company, to demonstrate the effectiveness of metro-scale quantum key distribution (QKD) as a means of secure communication for the nation's electricity suppliers. This initial milestone is part of the team's three-year project focused on next-generation grid security.

    Sophisticated Blood Analysis Provides New Clues About Ebola, Treatment Avenues

    Sophisticated Blood Analysis Provides New Clues About Ebola, Treatment Avenues

    A detailed analysis of blood samples from Ebola patients is providing clues about the progression of the effects of the virus in patients and potential treatment pathways. The findings point to a critical role for a molecular pathway that relies on the common nutrient choline, as well as the importance of cellular bodies known as microvesicles.

    Controlling Charge Flow by Managing Electron Holes

    Controlling Charge Flow by Managing Electron Holes

    Researchers watch and measure in real time charge dynamics between layers of oxide materials, offering insights into solar cells.

    Researchers use X-rays to understand the flaws of battery fast charging

    Researchers use X-rays to understand the flaws of battery fast charging

    Argonne researchers used the laboratory's Advanced Photon Source to image a battery as it was quickly charged and discharged, allowing for the observation of lithium plating behavior that can inhibit the battery's long-term function.

    Controls on Nitrogen Nutrient Availability in the Arctic Tundra

    Controls on Nitrogen Nutrient Availability in the Arctic Tundra

    Soil moisture is key to determining plant growth and nutrient cycling in complex tundra landscapes.

    First direct view of an electron's short, speedy trip across a border

    First direct view of an electron's short, speedy trip across a border

    Electrons flowing across the boundary between two materials are the foundation of many key technologies, from flash memories to batteries and solar cells. Now researchers have directly observed and clocked these tiny cross-border movements for the first time, watching as electrons raced seven-tenths of a nanometer - about the width of seven hydrogen atoms - in 100 millionths of a billionth of a second.

    Hydrogels Change Water and Solute Dynamics

    Hydrogels Change Water and Solute Dynamics

    Hydrogel pores can modify the molecular-level motion of water and dissolved ions.

    New Measurements of Exotic Form of Magnesium Suggest a Surprising Shape-Shift

    New Measurements of Exotic Form of Magnesium Suggest a Surprising Shape-Shift

    A team led by Berkeley Lab scientists has gleaned new and surprising clues about the nuclear structure of an exotic form of magnesium: Mg-40.