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    Study: X-Rays Surrounding 'Magnificent 7' May Be Traces of Sought-After Particle

    Study: X-Rays Surrounding 'Magnificent 7' May Be Traces of Sought-After Particle

    A new study, led by a theoretical physicist at Berkeley Lab, suggests that never-before-observed particles called axions may be the source of unexplained, high-energy X-ray emissions surrounding a group of neutron stars.

    Borrowing from birds, experts reduce search times for novel high-entropy alloys to seconds

    Borrowing from birds, experts reduce search times for novel high-entropy alloys to seconds

    Computational materials science experts at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory enhanced an algorithm that borrows its approach from the nesting habits of cuckoo birds, reducing the search time for new high-tech alloys from weeks to mere seconds.

    January Snapshots: CO2 removal, water-splitting, battery mystery, thirdhand smoke remediation

    January Snapshots: CO2 removal, water-splitting, battery mystery, thirdhand smoke remediation

    January Snapshots: CO2 removal, water-splitting, battery mystery, thirdhand smoke remediation

    Pivotal discovery in quantum and classical information processing

    Pivotal discovery in quantum and classical information processing

    Researchers have achieved, for the first time, electronically adjustable interactions between microwaves and a phenomenon in certain magnetic materials called spin waves. This could have application in quantum and classical information processing.

    Shine On: Avalanching Nanoparticles Break Barriers to Imaging Cells in Real Time

    Shine On: Avalanching Nanoparticles Break Barriers to Imaging Cells in Real Time

    A team of researchers co-led by Berkeley Lab and Columbia University has developed a new material called avalanching nanoparticles that, when used as a microscopic probe, offers a simpler approach to taking high-resolution, real-time snapshots of a cell's inner workings at the nanoscale.

    Scientists find antibody that blocks dengue virus

    Scientists find antibody that blocks dengue virus

    The research team used the Advanced Photon Source to confirm an effective antibody that prevents the dengue virus from infecting cells in mice, and may lead to treatments for this and similar diseases.

    Using neural networks for faster X-ray imaging

    Using neural networks for faster X-ray imaging

    A team of scientists from Argonne is using artificial intelligence to decode X-ray images faster, which could aid innovations in medicine, materials and energy.

    The Odd Structure of ORF8: Scientists Map the Coronavirus Protein Linked to Disease Severity

    The Odd Structure of ORF8: Scientists Map the Coronavirus Protein Linked to Disease Severity

    A team of biologists who banded together to support COVID-19 science determined the atomic structure of a coronavirus protein thought to help the pathogen evade and dampen response from human immune cells. The structural map has laid the groundwork for new antiviral treatments and enabled further investigations into how the newly emerged virus ravages the human body.

    Impacts of Climate Change on Our Water and Energy Systems: It's Complicated

    Impacts of Climate Change on Our Water and Energy Systems: It's Complicated

    Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), UC Berkeley, and UC Santa Barbara have developed a science-based analytic framework to evaluate the complex connections between water and energy, and options for adaptations in response to an evolving climate.

    Insights Through Atomic Simulation

    Insights Through Atomic Simulation

    A recent special issue in The Journal of Chemical Physics highlights PNNL's contributions to developing two prominent open-source software packages for computational chemistry used by scientists around the world.

    Machine Learning Improves Particle Accelerator Diagnostics

    Machine Learning Improves Particle Accelerator Diagnostics

    Operators of Jefferson Lab's primary particle accelerator are getting a new tool to help them quickly address issues that can prevent it from running smoothly. The machine learning system has passed its first two-week test, correctly identifying glitchy accelerator components and the type of glitches they're experiencing in near-real-time. An analysis of the results of the first field test of the custom-built machine learning system was recently published in the journal Physical Review Accelerators and Beams.

    Story tips: Nanoscale commuting, easy driver and defect detection

    Story tips: Nanoscale commuting, easy driver and defect detection

    ORNL story tips: Nanoscale commuting, easy driver and defect detection

    First glimpse of polarons forming in a promising next-gen energy material

    First glimpse of polarons forming in a promising next-gen energy material

    Polarons affect a material's behavior, and may even be the reason that solar cells made with lead hybrid perovskites achieve extraordinarily high efficiencies in the lab. Now scientists have directly seen and measured their formation for the first time.

    Better together: Scientists discover far-reaching applications of nanoparticles made of multiple elements

    Better together: Scientists discover far-reaching applications of nanoparticles made of multiple elements

    As catalysts for fuel cells, batteries and processes for carbon dioxide reduction, alloy nanoparticles that are made up of five or more elements are shown to be more stable and durable than single-element nanoparticles.

    Researchers Identify Which West Coast Regions Hold Greatest Wave Energy Potential

    Researchers Identify Which West Coast Regions Hold Greatest Wave Energy Potential

    Washington and Oregon coastlines hold most promising areas to pull power from West Coast waves, according to a recent study on wave energy.

    New engine capability accelerates advanced vehicle research

    New engine capability accelerates advanced vehicle research

    In the quest for advanced vehicles with higher energy efficiency and ultra-low emissions, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers are accelerating a research engine that gives scientists and engineers an unprecedented view inside the atomic-level workings of combustion engines in real time.

    Striking gold: Advanced Photon Source enables catalysis research at small scales

    Striking gold: Advanced Photon Source enables catalysis research at small scales

    By examining tiny particles of gold with powerful X-ray beams, scientists hope they can learn how to cut down on harmful carbon monoxide emissions from motor vehicles.

    Ettringite Cements Its Potential

    Ettringite Cements Its Potential

    Ettringite, a mineral found in cement, can latch on to and detain the wily and worrisome radioactive contaminant, pertechnetate.

    Speeding Toward Improved Hydrogen Fuel Production

    Speeding Toward Improved Hydrogen Fuel Production

    A new material developed by a team led by Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry will help to make hydrogen a viable energy source for a wide range of applications, including stationary power and portable power applications.

    New class of cobalt-free cathodes could enhance energy density of next-gen lithium-ion batteries

    New class of cobalt-free cathodes could enhance energy density of next-gen lithium-ion batteries

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers have developed a new family of cathodes with the potential to replace the costly cobalt-based cathodes typically found in today's lithium-ion batteries that power electric vehicles and consumer electronics.

    Scientists get the most realistic view yet of a coronavirus spike's protein structure

    Scientists get the most realistic view yet of a coronavirus spike's protein structure

    The first detailed images of coronavirus spikes in their natural state, while still attached to the virus and without using chemical fixatives that might distort their shape, provide quicker, more realistic snapshots of the infection apparatus.

    APS plays foundational role in development of COVID-19 vaccines

    APS plays foundational role in development of COVID-19 vaccines

    More than a decade of virus research at the APS laid the groundwork for more effective COVID-19 vaccines and helped speed their rapid development.

    PNNL Researchers Track Radioiodine's Chemical Evolution

    PNNL Researchers Track Radioiodine's Chemical Evolution

    PNNL researchers are examining the volatile radioisotope iodine as it evolves in the atmosphere and as it lands on a filtering surface. A more detailed understanding of the interactions and chemical evolution of radioiodine could help first responders' decision-making after the release of volatile iodine into the environment, which happened following nuclear power plant accidents in 1986 at Chernobyl and in 2011 at Fukushima.

    Simulations Reveal Nature's Design for Error Correction During DNA Replication

    Simulations Reveal Nature's Design for Error Correction During DNA Replication

    A Georgia State University team has used the nation's fastest supercomputer, Summit at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, to find the optimal transition path that one E. coli enzyme uses to switch between building and editing DNA to rapidly remove misincorporated pieces of DNA.

    Research Breakthrough Could Transform Clean Energy Technology

    Research Breakthrough Could Transform Clean Energy Technology

    A team of researchers has developed a new method of harnessing solar energy, moving us closer to a clean energy future.