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    Supernovae Twins Open Up New Possibilities for Precision Cosmology

    Supernovae Twins Open Up New Possibilities for Precision Cosmology

    Cosmologists have found a way to double the accuracy of measuring distances to supernova explosions - one of their tried-and-true tools for studying the mysterious dark energy that is making the universe expand faster and faster.

    First nanoscale look at a reaction that limits the efficiency of generating clean hydrogen fuel

    First nanoscale look at a reaction that limits the efficiency of generating clean hydrogen fuel

    Transitioning to a hydrogen economy will require massive production of cheap, clean hydrogen gas for fuel and chemical feedstocks. New tools allow scientists to zoom in on a catalytic reaction that's been a bottleneck in efforts to generate hydrogen from water more efficiently.

    First Detailed Look at How Charge Transfer Distorts a Molecule's Structure

    First Detailed Look at How Charge Transfer Distorts a Molecule's Structure

    When light hits certain molecules, it dislodges electrons and creates areas of positive and negative charge. An X-ray free-electron laser study has directly observed how this charge transfer affects a molecule's structure for the first time.

    Suitable Spawning Habitat Awaits Salmon

    Suitable Spawning Habitat Awaits Salmon

    Scientists at PNNL and the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation identify acres of spawning habitat in the Upper Columbia River.

    Story tips: Stealthy air leak detection, carbon to chemicals and recycling goes large

    Story tips: Stealthy air leak detection, carbon to chemicals and recycling goes large

    ORNL story tips: Stealthy air leak detection, carbon to chemicals and recycling goes large

    Blueprint for a robust quantum future

    Blueprint for a robust quantum future

    Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory, the University of Chicago and scientific organizations in Japan, Korea and Hungary have established an invaluable resource for those looking to discover new quantum systems.

    Science Snapshots From Berkeley Lab

    Science Snapshots From Berkeley Lab

    Science Snapshots From Berkeley Lab - Water purification, infant-warming device, cuff-based heart disease monitor, ancient magnetic fields

    Mapping the Electronic States in an Exotic Superconductor

    Mapping the Electronic States in an Exotic Superconductor

    Scientists mapped the electronic states in an exotic superconductor. The maps point to the composition range necessary for topological superconductivity, a state that could enable more robust quantum computing.

    New computer model helps brings the sun into the laboratory

    New computer model helps brings the sun into the laboratory

    Every day, the sun ejects large amounts of a hot particle soup known as plasma toward Earth where it can disrupt telecommunications satellites and damage electrical grids. Now, scientists have made a discovery that could lead to better predictions of this space weather.

    Watching the Evolution of Nanostructures in Thin Films

    Watching the Evolution of Nanostructures in Thin Films

    Scientists have found a way to turn X-ray fluorescence into an ultra-high position-sensitive probe to measure nanostructures in thin films. The fluorescence reveals the evolution of nanostructures in real time with nearly atomic-level resolution, something no other technique has achieved. This allows scientists to watch nanostructures in thin films evolve with unprecedented precision and design thin films for new applications.

    New 2D superconductor forms at higher temperatures than ever before

    New 2D superconductor forms at higher temperatures than ever before

    Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a new way to generate 2D superconductivity at an interface of an insulating oxide material, at a higher transition temperature than ever seen before for these materials.

    Unlocking the secrets of Earth's early atmosphere

    Unlocking the secrets of Earth's early atmosphere

    Research partly conducted at the Advanced Photon Source helped scientists discover the composition of Earth's first atmosphere. What they found raises questions about the origin of life on Earth.

    Fooling fusion fuel: How to discipline unruly plasma

    Fooling fusion fuel: How to discipline unruly plasma

    PPPL scientists have developed a type of deception to calm unruly plasma and accelerate the harvesting on Earth of fusion energy.

    Synthesis Method Expands Material Possibilities

    Synthesis Method Expands Material Possibilities

    Scientists are making inorganic and organic-inorganic materials with tunable properties for energy, microelectronics, and other applications.

    Scientists uncover surprising behavior of a fatty acid enzyme with potential biofuel applications

    Scientists uncover surprising behavior of a fatty acid enzyme with potential biofuel applications

    Although many organisms capture and respond to sunlight, enzymes - proteins that catalyze biochemical reactions - are rarely driven by light. A new study captures the full cycle of complex structural changes in an light-driven enzyme called FAP as it transforms a fatty acid into alkanes or alkenes.

    The Future Looks Bright for Infinitely Recyclable Plastic

    The Future Looks Bright for Infinitely Recyclable Plastic

    Plastics are ubiquitous, but they're not practical. Less than 10% are recycled, and the other ~8 billion tons are creating a pollution crisis. A Berkeley Lab team is determined to change that. A new analysis shows producing and recycling their game-changing new plastic could be easy and cheap enough to leave old plastics in the dust.

    Scientists glimpse signs of a puzzling state of matter in a superconductor

    Scientists glimpse signs of a puzzling state of matter in a superconductor

    High-temperature superconductors conduct electricity with no loss, but no one knows how they do it. SLAC scientists observed the signature of an exotic state of matter called "pair density waves" in a cuprate superconductor and confirmed that it intertwines with another exotic state.

    Faster Air Exchange in Buildings Not Always Beneficial for Coronavirus Levels

    Faster Air Exchange in Buildings Not Always Beneficial for Coronavirus Levels

    Vigorous and rapid air exchanges might not always be a good thing when it comes to levels of coronavirus particles in a multiroom building, according to a new modeling study. Particle levels can spike in downstream rooms shortly after rapid ventilation.

    To Design Truly Compostable Plastic, Scientists Take Cues From Nature

    To Design Truly Compostable Plastic, Scientists Take Cues From Nature

    Scientists at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have designed an enzyme-activated compostable plastic that could diminish microplastics pollution. Household tap water or soil composts break the hybrid plastic material down to reusable small molecules, called monomers, in just a few days or weeks.

    Physicists Net Neutron Star Gold from Measurement of Lead

    Physicists Net Neutron Star Gold from Measurement of Lead

    Nuclear physicists have made a new, highly accurate measurement of the thickness of the neutron "skin" that encompasses the lead nucleus in experiments conducted at the U.S. Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility and just published in Physical Review Letters. The result, which revealed a neutron skin thickness of .28 millionths of a nanometer, has important implications for the structure and size of neutron stars.

    In Calculating the Social Cost of Methane, Equity Matters

    In Calculating the Social Cost of Methane, Equity Matters

    A new study by a team including researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and UC Berkeley reports that the social cost of methane - a greenhouse gas that is 30 times as potent as carbon dioxide in its ability to trap heat - varies by as much as an order of magnitude between industrialized and developing regions of the world.

    Finding Gene Neighbors Leads to New Protein Functions

    Finding Gene Neighbors Leads to New Protein Functions

    As scientists have developed new technologies for gene sequencing, the availability of sequenced genes has grown exponentially, but scientists' ability to decipher the functions encoded in these sequences has not kept pace. In this study, researchers working with green algae discovered that physically clustered genes in eukaryotic genomes can be maintained over hundreds of millions of years. This phenomenon can help predict function.

    Mapping Performance Variations to See How Lithium-Metal Batteries Fail

    Mapping Performance Variations to See How Lithium-Metal Batteries Fail

    Scientists have identified the primary cause of failure in a state-of-the-art lithium-metal battery, of interest for long-range electric vehicles: electrolyte depletion.

    Found: A fast and accurate way to optimize fusion energy devices

    Found: A fast and accurate way to optimize fusion energy devices

    PPPL develops a model once thought to be impossible for delivering radio waves to heat tokamak plasmas.

    To Cool Tomorrow's Buildings, Power Sector Must Grow

    To Cool Tomorrow's Buildings, Power Sector Must Grow

    New study projects electricity demand tied to cooling U.S. buildings will grow as peak temperatures rise, alongside the need for an expanded power sector.