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    New ORNL Catalyst Addresses Engine Efficiency, Emissions Quandary

    New ORNL Catalyst Addresses Engine Efficiency, Emissions Quandary

    A catalyst being developed by researchers could overcome one of the key obstacles still preventing automobile engines from running more cleanly and efficiently.

    Team Announces Breakthrough Observation of Mott Transition in a Superconductor

    Team Announces Breakthrough Observation of Mott Transition in a Superconductor

    An international team of researchers announced today in Science the observation of a dynamic Mott transition in a superconductor. The discovery experimentally connects the worlds of classical and quantum mechanics and illuminates the mysterious nature of the Mott transition. It also could shed light on non-equilibrium physics, which is poorly understood but governs most of what occurs in our world. The finding may also represent a step towards more efficient electronics based on the Mott transition.

    Extreme Pressure Causes Osmium to Change State of Matter

    Extreme Pressure Causes Osmium to Change State of Matter

    Using metallic osmium (Os) in experimentation, an international group of researchers have demonstrated that ultra-high pressures cause core electrons to interplay, which results in experimentally observed anomalies in the compression behavior of the material.

    Insight Into Obscure Transition Uncovered by X-Rays

    Insight Into Obscure Transition Uncovered by X-Rays

    The list of potential mechanisms that underlie an unusual metal-insulator transition has been narrowed by a team of scientists using a combination of X-ray techniques. This transition has ramifications for material design for electronics and sensors.

    Best Precision Yet for Neutrino Measurements at Daya Bay

    Best Precision Yet for Neutrino Measurements at Daya Bay

    Today, the international Daya Bay Collaboration announces new findings on the measurements of neutrinos, paving the way forward for further neutrino research, and confirming that the Daya Bay neutrino experiment continues to be one to watch.

    Best Precision Yet for Neutrino Measurements at Daya Bay

    Best Precision Yet for Neutrino Measurements at Daya Bay

    Today, the international Daya Bay Collaboration announces new findings on the measurements of neutrinos, paving the way forward for further neutrino research, and confirming that the Daya Bay neutrino experiment continues to be one to watch.

    SLAC's Ultrafast 'Electron Camera' Visualizes Ripples in 2-D Material

    SLAC's Ultrafast 'Electron Camera' Visualizes Ripples in 2-D Material

    New research led by scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University shows how individual atoms move in trillionths of a second to form wrinkles on a three-atom-thick material. Revealed by a brand new "electron camera," one of the world's speediest, this unprecedented level of detail could guide researchers in the development of efficient solar cells, fast and flexible electronics and high-performance chemical catalysts.

    Researchers See 'Spin Current' in Motion for the First Time

    Researchers See 'Spin Current' in Motion for the First Time

    Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have for the first time seen a spin current - an inherent magnetic property common to all electrons - as it travels across materials. The result, which revealed a surprising loss of current along the way, is an important step toward realizing a next-generation breed of electronics known as "spintronics."

    Making Fuel From Light

    Making Fuel From Light

    Refined by nature over a billion years, photosynthesis has given life to the planet, providing an environment suitable for the smallest, most primitive organism all the way to our own species. While scientists have been studying and mimicking the natural phenomenon in the laboratory for years, understanding how to replicate the chemical process behind it has largely remained a mystery -- until now.

    Story Tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory September 2015

    Story Tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory September 2015

    ORNL lamp simulates sun in tests for NASA; ORNL model examines diabetes progression; Hybrid lubricant holds great promise for engine efficiency; ORNL, partners score success with wireless charging demo; New software helps in design of quantum computers, batteries

    Tiny Drops of Early Universe 'Perfect' Fluid

    Tiny Drops of Early Universe 'Perfect' Fluid

    New data from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider confirm that small nuclei can create tiny droplets of a perfect liquid primordial soup when they collide with larger nuclei.

    Q&A: Researchers Explain a Strange High-Intensity Result at SLAC's X-Ray Laser

    Q&A: Researchers Explain a Strange High-Intensity Result at SLAC's X-Ray Laser

    At extremely high intensities, X-rays stop behaving like the ones in your doctor's office and begin interacting with matter in very different ways. This "nonlinear" X-ray behavior can only be seen at X-ray free-electron lasers. Recent experiments at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have revealed a new, unexpected twist in that behavior that may be one for the textbooks and could change the way these powerful lasers probe matter.

    Time-Lapse Analysis Offers New Look at How Cells Repair DNA Damage

    Time-Lapse Analysis Offers New Look at How Cells Repair DNA Damage

    Time-lapse imaging can make complicated processes easier to grasp. Berkeley Lab scientists are using a similar approach to study how cells repair DNA damage. Microscopy images are acquired about every thirty minutes over a span of up to two days, and the resulting sequence of images shows ever-changing hotspots inside cells where DNA is under repair.

    Soaking Up Carbon Dioxide and Turning it into Valuable Products

    Soaking Up Carbon Dioxide and Turning it into Valuable Products

    Berkeley Lab researchers have incorporated molecules of porphyrin CO2 catalysts into the sponge-like crystals of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) to create a molecular system that not only absorbs carbon dioxide, but also selectively reduces it to CO, a primary building block for a wide range of chemical products.

    ORNL Chemical Sampling Interface Features Simplicity, Speed

    ORNL Chemical Sampling Interface Features Simplicity, Speed

    In mere seconds, a system can identify and characterize a solid or liquid sample.

    Antimatter Catches a Wave at SLAC

    Antimatter Catches a Wave at SLAC

    A study led by researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the University of California, Los Angeles has demonstrated a new, efficient way to accelerate positrons, the antimatter opposites of electrons. The method may help boost the energy and shrink the size of future linear particle colliders - powerful accelerators that could be used to unravel the properties of nature's fundamental building blocks.

    Cellular Contamination Pathway for Plutonium, Other Heavy Elements, Identified

    Cellular Contamination Pathway for Plutonium, Other Heavy Elements, Identified

    Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have reported a major advance in understanding the biological chemistry of radioactive metals, opening up new avenues of research into strategies for remedial action in the event of possible human exposure to nuclear contaminants.

    Another Milestone in Hybrid Artificial Photosynthesis

    Another Milestone in Hybrid Artificial Photosynthesis

    Berkeley Lab researchers using a bioinorganic hybrid approach to artificial photosynthesis have combined semiconducting nanowires with select microbes to create a system that produces renewable molecular hydrogen and uses it to synthesize carbon dioxide into methane, the primary constituent of natural gas.

    Berkeley Lab Releases Most Comprehensive Analysis of Electricity Reliability Trends

    Berkeley Lab Releases Most Comprehensive Analysis of Electricity Reliability Trends

    In the most comprehensive analysis of electricity reliability trends in the United States, researchers at Berkeley Lab and Stanford University have found that, while, on average, the frequency of power outages has not changed in recent years, the total number of minutes customers are without power each year has been increasing over time.

    Code Speedup Strengthens Researchers' Grasp of Neutrons

    Code Speedup Strengthens Researchers' Grasp of Neutrons

    A team led by James Vary of Iowa State University simulated clusters of neutrons called "neutron drops" to understand their properties better. The ab initio calculations, or calculations based on fundamental forces and principles, were performed on the Titan supercomputer at the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Titan is the flagship machine of the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF), a DOE Office of Science User Facility. Leveraging Titan's massive memory and computing power, the team was able to determine the ground-state energies and other properties of systems of up to 40 neutrons. The results were published in the December 2014 issue of Physics Letters B.

    Scientists Discover Atomic-Resolution Details of Brain Signaling

    Scientists Discover Atomic-Resolution Details of Brain Signaling

    Scientists have revealed never-before-seen details of how our brain sends rapid-fire messages between its cells. They mapped the 3-D atomic structure of a two-part protein complex that controls the release of signaling chemicals, called neurotransmitters, from brain cells. Understanding how cells release those signals in less than one-thousandth of a second could help launch a new wave of research on drugs for treating brain disorders.

    Major Innovation in Molecular Imaging Delivers Spatial and Spectral Info Simultaneously

    Major Innovation in Molecular Imaging Delivers Spatial and Spectral Info Simultaneously

    Using physical chemistry methods to look at biology at the nanoscale, a Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory researcher has invented a new technology to image single molecules with unprecedented spectral and spatial resolution, thus leading to the first "true-color" super-resolution microscope.

    Dark Energy Survey Finds More Celestial Neighbors

    Dark Energy Survey Finds More Celestial Neighbors

    Scientists on the Dark Energy Survey, using one of the world's most powerful digital cameras, have discovered eight more faint celestial objects hovering near our Milky Way galaxy. If these new discoveries are representative of the entire sky, there could be many more galaxies hiding in our cosmic neighborhood.

    Surprising Discoveries about 2D Molybdenum Disulfide

    Surprising Discoveries about 2D Molybdenum Disulfide

    Working at the Molecular Foundry, Berkeley Lab researchers used their "Campanile" nano-optical probe to make some surprising discoveries about molybdenum disulfide, a member of the "transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) semiconductor family whose optoelectronic properties hold great promise for future nanoelectronic and photonic devices.

    BESC Creates Microbe That Bolsters Isobutanol Production

    BESC Creates Microbe That Bolsters Isobutanol Production

    Another barrier to commercially viable biofuels from sources other than corn has fallen with the engineering of a microbe that improves isobutanol yields by a factor of 10.