Scientists Mix Matter and Anti-Matter to Resolve Decade-Old Proton Puzzle

This new result has allowed researchers to determine the reason behind a large discrepancy in the data between two different methods used to measure the proton's electric form factor.

Visualizing How Radiation Bombardment Boosts Superconductivity

Study shows how heavy-ion induced atomic-scale defects in iron-based superconductors "pin" potentially disruptive quantum vortices, enabling high currents to flow unimpeded. The study opens a new way forward for designing and understanding superconductors that can operate in demanding high-current, high magnetic field applications, such as zero-energy-loss power transmission lines and energy-generating turbines.

Researchers Watch Protein 'Quake' after Chemical Bond Break

Scientists for the first time have precisely measured a protein's natural "knee-jerk" reaction to the breaking of a chemical bond - a quaking motion that propagated through the protein at the speed of sound.

Supernova Hunting with Supercomputers

Using a "roadmap" of theoretical calculations and supercomputer simulations performed by Berkeley Lab's Daniel Kasen, astronomers observed a flash of light caused by a supernova slamming into a nearby star, allowing them to determine the stellar system from which a Type Ia supernova was born. This finding confirms one of two competing theories about Type Ia supernovae birth.

A Little Drop Will Do It: Tiny Grains of Lithium Can Dramatically Improve the Performance of Fusion Plasmas

Small amount of lithium produces surprisingly large improvement of performance of fusion plasma.

ORNL Demonstrates First Large-Scale Graphene Composite Fabrication

One of the barriers to using graphene at a commercial scale could be overcome using a method demonstrated by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

CLAIRE Brings Electron Microscopy to Soft Materials

Berkeley Lab researchers, working at the Molecular Foundry, have invented a technique called "CLAIRE" that extends the incredible resolution of electron microscopy to the non-invasive nanoscale imaging of soft matter, including biomolecules, liquids, polymers, gels and foams.

Intense Lasers Cook Up Complex, Self-Assembled Nanomaterials

New technique developed at Brookhaven Lab makes nanomaterial self-assembly 1,000 times faster and could be used for industrial-scale solar panels and electronics

Two Large Hadron Collider Experiments First to Observe Rare Subatomic Process

Two experiments at the Large Hadron Collider at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland, have combined their results and observed a previously unseen subatomic process.

Using Microbial Communities to Assess Environmental Contamination

A study sponsored by ENIGMA, a DOE "Scientific Focus Area Program" based at the Berkeley Lab has found that statistical analysis of DNA from natural microbial communities can be used to accurately identify environmental contaminants and serve as quantitative geochemical biosensors.

ORNL Superhydrophobic Glass Coating Offers Clear Benefits

A moth's eye and lotus leaf were the inspirations for an antireflective water-repelling, or superhydrophobic, glass coating that holds significant potential for solar panels, lenses, detectors, windows, weapons systems and many other products.

'Chombo-Crunch' Sinks its Teeth into Fluid Dynamics

Berkeley Lab scientists are breaking new ground in the modeling of complex flows in energy and oil and gas applications, thanks to a computational fluid dynamics and transport code dubbed "Chombo-Crunch."

Out With Heavy Metal

PNNL's new joining process enables the production of all-aluminum auto parts without rivets and fasteners that increase cost and weight.

A Hot Start to the Origin of Life?

Researchers from Berkeley Lab and the University of Hawaii at Manoa have shown for the first time that cosmic hot spots, such as those near stars, could be excellent environments for the creation of molecular precursors to DNA.

Compact Light Source Improves CT Scans

A new study shows that the recently developed Compact Light Source (CLS) - a commercial X-ray source with roots in research and development efforts at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - enables computer tomography scans that reveal more detail than routine scans performed at hospitals today. The new technology could soon be used in preclinical studies and help researchers better understand cancer and other diseases.

Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2015

1) 3-D face analysis. 2) Turbine-associated fish injuries. 3) Imaging atoms for better batteries.

New Tool Shrinks Big Data in Biology Studies at SLAC's X-ray Laser

A team led by Stanford scientists has created software that tackles the big data problem for X-ray laser experiments at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The program allows researchers to tease out more details while using far fewer samples and less data and time. It can also be used to breathe new life into old data by reanalyzing and improving results from past experiments at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray free-electron laser, a DOE Office of Science User Facility.

ORNL Researchers Probe Chemistry, Topography and Mechanics with One Instrument

ORNL scientists combined atomic force microscopy and mass spectrometry into one instrument that can probe a polymer sample in three dimensions and overlay information about the topography of its surface, the atomic-scale mechanical behavior of the bulk sample, and subsurface chemistry. Their results are published in ACS Nano.

Beetlejuice! Secrets of Beetle Sprays Unlocked at the Advanced Photon Source

Researchers using the Advanced Photon Source, a Department of Energy user facility at Argonne National Laboratory, have gotten the first-ever look inside the living beetle as it sprays. The results are published today in Science.

Researchers Study How Metal Contamination Makes Gasoline Production Inefficient

Scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Utrecht University have identified key mechanisms of the aging process of catalyst particles that are used to refine crude oil into gasoline. This advance could lead to more efficient gasoline production.

Electron Chirp: Cyclotron Radiation From Single Electrons Measured Directly for First Time

A group of almost 30 scientists and engineers from six research institutions reported the direct detection of cyclotron radiation from individual electrons April 20 in Physical Review Letters. They used a specially developed spectroscopic method that allowed them to measure the energy of electrons, one single electron at a time. The method provides a new way to potentially measure the mass of the neutrino, a subatomic particle that weighs at most two-billionths of a proton.

Counting All Costs, Berkeley Lab Researchers Find that Saving Energy Is Still Cheap

Researchers at Berkeley Lab have conducted the most comprehensive study yet of the full cost of saving electricity by U.S. utility efficiency programs and now have an answer: 4.6 cents. That's the average total cost of saving a kilowatt-hour in 20 states from 2009 to 2013.

Argonne Leadership Computing Facility Supercomputer Helps Identify Materials to Improve Fuel Production

ALCF resources being used to demonstrate a predictive modeling capability that can help accelerate the discovery of new materials to improve biofuel and petroleum production

ORNL Scientists Generate Landmark DOE Hydropower Report

For the first time, industry and policymakers have a comprehensive report detailing the U.S. hydropower fleet's 2,198 plants that provide about 7 percent of the nation's electricity.

Artificial Spin Ice: A New Playground to Better Understand Magnetism

For the first time, nanomagnet islands or arrays were arranged into an exotic structure (called "shakti") that does not directly relate to any known natural material. The "shakti" artificial spin ice configuration was fabricated and reproduced experimentally. The arrays are theoretical predictions of multiple ground states that are characteristic of frustrated magnetic materials. The results open the door to experiments on other artificial spin-ice lattices, predicted to host interesting phenomena.