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    RHIC Particle Smashups Find that Shape Matters

    RHIC Particle Smashups Find that Shape Matters

    Peering into the seething soup of primordial matter created in particle collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) -- an "atom smasher" dedicated to nuclear physics research at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory -- scientists have come to a new understanding of how particles are produced in these collisions.

    High-Energy X-Rays Give Industry Affordable Way to Optimize Cast Iron

    High-Energy X-Rays Give Industry Affordable Way to Optimize Cast Iron

    Researchers from Caterpillar and the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory conducted a proof of principle study that shows that high-energy synchrotron X-rays from the Advanced Photon Source can provide a new, affordable way for industry to optimize the mechanical and physical properties of cast iron in the manufacturing process.

    A Cure for Medical Researchers' Big Data Headache

    A Cure for Medical Researchers' Big Data Headache

    Oak Ridge Graph Analytics for Medical Innovation (ORiGAMI) supplies researchers with an advanced data tool for literature-based discovery that has the potential to accelerate medical research and discovery. The result of collaboration between Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the US National Library of Medicine, ORiGAMI unites three emerging technologies that are shaping the future of health care: big data, graph computing, and the Semantic Web

    New Clues for Battling Botulism

    New Clues for Battling Botulism

    Scientists have discovered new details about how "cloaking" proteins protect the toxin that causes botulism, a fatal disease caused most commonly by consuming improperly canned foods. That knowledge and the cloaking proteins themselves might now be turned against the toxin -- the deadliest known to humankind.

    Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2015

    Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2015

    Higher cost of electricity not necessarily deterrent to usage; Finding opens door for lead-free electromechanics; Neutron measurements provide insight into quantum magnets.

    PPPL Physicists Propose New Plasma-Based Method to Treat Radioactive Waste

    PPPL Physicists Propose New Plasma-Based Method to Treat Radioactive Waste

    Article about a proposed plasma-based method for treating nuclear waste.

    ORNL Process Could Be White Lightning to Electronics Industry

    ORNL Process Could Be White Lightning to Electronics Industry

    A new era of electronics and even quantum devices could be ushered in with the fabrication of a virtually perfect single layer of "white graphene."

    DOE Pulse

    DOE Pulse

    Science and Technology Highlights from the DOE National Laboratories

    Can Paris Pledges Avert Severe Climate Change?

    Can Paris Pledges Avert Severe Climate Change?

    In a study published in Science today, PNNL scientists and their colleagues show that nations' pledges to reduce greenhouse gases have the potential to reduce the probability of the highest levels of warming, and increase the probability of limiting global warming to 2 degrees Celsius.

    Identifying New Sources of Turbulence in Spherical Tokamaks

    Identifying New Sources of Turbulence in Spherical Tokamaks

    This article describes the discovery of two new sources of turbulence in compact spherical tokamaks.

    New Supercomputer Simulations Enhance Understanding of Protein Motion and Function

    New Supercomputer Simulations Enhance Understanding of Protein Motion and Function

    Supercomputing simulations could change how researchers understand the internal motions of proteins that play functional, structural and regulatory roles in all living organisms. The team's results are featured in Nature Physics.

    Atom-Sized Craters Make a Catalyst Much More Active

    Atom-Sized Craters Make a Catalyst Much More Active

    Bombarding and stretching an important industrial catalyst opens up tiny holes on its surface where atoms can attach and react, greatly increasing its activity as a promoter of chemical reactions, according to a study by scientists at Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.

    Innovative Report Series to Help Inform Decisions by Utility Regulators, Policymakers and Electric Industry

    Innovative Report Series to Help Inform Decisions by Utility Regulators, Policymakers and Electric Industry

    The electric industry in the U.S. is undergoing significant changes for a number of reasons, including new and improved technologies, changing customer desires, low load growth in many regions, and changes in federal and state policies and regulations. A new series of reports will advance the discussion by examining issues related to electric industry regulation and utility business models.

    Supercomputing the Strange Difference Between Matter and Antimatter

    Supercomputing the Strange Difference Between Matter and Antimatter

    An international team of physicists including theorists from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory has published the first calculation of direct "CP" symmetry violation--how the behavior of subatomic particles (in this case, the decay of kaons) differs when matter is swapped out for antimatter. Should the prediction represented by this calculation not match experimental results, it would be conclusive evidence of new, unknown phenomena that lie outside of the Standard Model--physicists' present understanding of the fundamental particles and the forces between them.

    ORNL Microscopy Captures Real-Time View of Evolving Fuel Cell Catalysts

    ORNL Microscopy Captures Real-Time View of Evolving Fuel Cell Catalysts

    Atomic-level imaging of catalysts by scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory could help manufacturers lower the cost and improve the performance of emission-free fuel cell technologies.

    Quantum Spin Could Create Unstoppable, One-Dimensional Electron Waves

    Quantum Spin Could Create Unstoppable, One-Dimensional Electron Waves

    Scientists from Brookhaven National Laboratory and Ludwig Maximilian University have proposed a solution to the subatomic stoppage of electron flow due to defects in materials: a novel way to create a more robust electron wave by binding together the electron's direction of movement and its spin.

    Using Powerful Computers, Physicists Uncover Mechanism That Stabilizes Plasma Within Tokamaks

    Using Powerful Computers, Physicists Uncover Mechanism That Stabilizes Plasma Within Tokamaks

    A team of physicists led by Stephen Jardin of the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has discovered a mechanism that prevents the electrical current flowing through fusion plasma from repeatedly peaking and crashing. This behavior is known as a "sawtooth cycle" and can cause instabilities within the plasma's core.

    X-ray Microscope Reveals 'Solitons,' a Special Type of Magnetic Wave

    X-ray Microscope Reveals 'Solitons,' a Special Type of Magnetic Wave

    Researchers used a powerful, custom-built X-ray microscope at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to directly observe the magnetic version of a soliton, a type of wave that can travel without resistance. Scientists are exploring whether such magnetic waves can be used to carry and store information in a new, more efficient form of computer memory that requires less energy and generates less heat.

    New Information About Bacterial Enzymes to Help Scientists Develop More Effective Antibiotics, Cancer Drugs

    New Information About Bacterial Enzymes to Help Scientists Develop More Effective Antibiotics, Cancer Drugs

    New research from Argonne, Scripps Research Institute and Rice University now allows researchers to manipulate nature's biosynthetic machinery to produce more effective antibiotics and cancer-fighting drugs.

    Team of Appraisers Across Six States Find Home Buyers Will Pay Premium for Solar Homes

    Team of Appraisers Across Six States Find Home Buyers Will Pay Premium for Solar Homes

    Photovoltaics added value to homes in six markets, according to a new report led by a Berkeley Lab researcher and a home appraisal expert. Seven appraisers from across six states determined the value that PV systems added to single-family homes.

    Scientists ID Genetic Factors that Influence Body Weight and Neurological Disorders

    Scientists ID Genetic Factors that Influence Body Weight and Neurological Disorders

    A new study by Berkeley Lab scientists has identified genetic factors that influence motor performance and body weight in a genetically diverse group of mice. The researchers also found the genes identified in the mice overlap significantly with genes related to neurological disorders and obesity in people.

    Microbes Map Path Toward Renewable Energy Future

    Microbes Map Path Toward Renewable Energy Future

    In the quest for renewable fuels, scientists are taking lessons from a humble bacterium that fills our oceans and covers moist surfaces the world over. Cyanothece 51142, a type of bacteria also called blue-green algae, produces hydrogen in robust fashion, and scientists have found that it taps into an unexpected source of energy to do so.

    ESnet and NERSC Blaze 400G Production Network Path

    ESnet and NERSC Blaze 400G Production Network Path

    The Department of Energy's Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) have built a 400 gigabit-per-second (Gbps) super-channel, the first-ever 400G production link to be deployed by a national research and education network.

    New Electron Microscopy Method Sculpts 3-D Structures at Atomic Level

    New Electron Microscopy Method Sculpts 3-D Structures at Atomic Level

    Electron microscopy researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a unique way to build 3-D structures with finely controlled shapes as small as one to two billionths of a meter.

    PPPL Physicists Find Clue to Formation of Magnetic Fields Around Stars and Galaxies

    PPPL Physicists Find Clue to Formation of Magnetic Fields Around Stars and Galaxies

    An enduring astronomical mystery is how stars and galaxies acquire their magnetic fields. Physicists Jonathan Squire and Amitava Bhattacharjee at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have found a clue to the answer in the collective behavior of small magnetic disturbances.