Researchers find gusty winds increase surface evaporation that drives summer rainstorms in the Tropical West Pacific.
Research offers evidence that microbes and organic matter raise toxin levels, potentially helping improve mercury monitoring.
Scientists have developed a deep neural network that sidesteps a problem that has bedeviled efforts to apply artificial intelligence to tackle complex chemistry - a shortage of precisely labeled chemical data.
New method produces high-purity zirconium-89, a diagnostic radionuclide used to image cancerous tumors.
Scientists tame damaging edge instabilities in steady-state conditions required in a fusion reactor.
A combination of X-ray crystallography and cryo-electron microscopy assisted in a collaborative effort to obtain the highest-resolution structure of the fungal protein Hsp104, which may serve to hinder the formation of certain degenerative diseases.
Combining a first laser pulse to heat up and "drill" through a plasma, and another to accelerate electrons to incredibly high energies in just tens of centimeters, scientists have nearly doubled the previous record for laser-driven particle acceleration at Berkeley Lab's BELLA Center.
A novel experimental geometry at the Linac Coherent Light Source reveals, for the first time, how silicon responds to shocks similar to those in a planet's core.
New research, led by teams from Carnegie Mellon University and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, has identified how and when tiny gas pockets in manufactured products, which lead to cracks and other failures, form. The team has also developed a methodology to predict their formation - information that could dramatically improve the 3D printing process.
Yes. Such condensates, analogous to those in carbon-12, in heavier nuclei could change how we describe certain elements.
Spectroscopic measurements reveal that main ions flow much faster than impurities at the edge of fusion-relevant plasmas.
An international team has used an X-ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to get an incredibly detailed look at what happens to the structure of a model photocatalyst when it absorbs light.
The two most abundant elements in the universe, hydrogen and helium, were previously thought to be impossible to measure by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.
Surprisingly, a magnetic island does not necessarily perturb the plasma current in a dangerous way and destroy fusion performance.
A careful re-analysis of data taken at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility has revealed a possible link between correlated protons and neutrons in the nucleus and a 35-year-old mystery. The data have led to the extraction of a universal function that describes the EMC Effect, the once-shocking discovery that quarks inside nuclei have lower average momenta than predicted, and supports an explanation for the effect. The study has been published in the journal Nature.
The 3.7-billion-year-old structures were considered the first evidence for life on the planet; new evidence suggests differently.
Scientists discover why solar flares produce X-rays; a few electrons avoid collisions and accelerate to produce a microsecond burst.
Scientists use implanted silicon ions and electricity to increase the spin time of quantum bits, moving closer to the tech needed for quantum networks.
ORNL neutrons investigate novel carbon capture crystals; gleaning valuable Twitter data to quickly map power outages; ORNL's lightweight, heat-shielding graphite foam test yields positive results in fusion reactors; open source software scales up analysis of motor designs to run on supercomputers
Confirming a little-understood source of the process behind northern lights and the formation of stars
Feature describes the first fully kinetic model of plasma particles showing that fast reconnection can indeed occur in partially ionized plasma.
Researchers at Berkeley Lab have used one of the most advanced microscopes in the world to reveal the structure of a large protein complex crucial to photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into cellular energy. The finding will allow scientists to explore for the first time how the complex functions and could have implications for the production of a variety of bioproducts, including plastic alternatives and biofuels.
Optimized oxides made from common metals use less energy and show the potential of new design approach.
Particle crowding interferes with moving energy efficiently along promising molecular chains.
Scientists catch details with atomic resolution, potentially helping design systems to use sunlight and water to produce fuels.
Researchers have established a correlation between depression and a group of neurotransmitter-producing bacteria found in the human gut.