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    Scientists Harness CO2 to Consolidate Biofuel Production Process

    Scientists Harness CO2 to Consolidate Biofuel Production Process

    JBEI scientists have shown that adding carbon dioxide gas during the deconstruction phase of biofuel production successfully neutralized the toxicity of ionic liquids. The technique, which is reversible, allows the liquid to be recycled, representing a major step forward in streamlining the biofuel production process.

    World's Most Sensitive Dark Matter Detector Completes Search

    World's Most Sensitive Dark Matter Detector Completes Search

    The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) dark matter experiment, which operates beneath a mile of rock at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in the Black Hills of South Dakota, has completed its search for the missing matter of the universe. Today LUX scientific collaborators, which includes Berkeley Lab, presented the results from the detector's final 20-month run.

    Modern Off-Grid Lighting Could Create 2 Million New Jobs in Developing World

    Modern Off-Grid Lighting Could Create 2 Million New Jobs in Developing World

    Many households in impoverished regions around the world are starting to shift away from inefficient and polluting fuel-based lighting--such as candles, firewood, and kerosene lanterns--to solar-LED systems. While this trend has tremendous environmental benefits, a new study by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has found that it spurs economic development as well, to the tune of 2 million potential new jobs.

    Comparing Fungal Secretions to Uncover Carbon Compound Degradation Pathways

    Comparing Fungal Secretions to Uncover Carbon Compound Degradation Pathways

    Fungal secretomes, those collections of all molecules secreted by a cell, contain enzymes that could help cost-effectively convert plant mass into sustainable transportation fuels. In a July 19, 2016 study in Plos ONE, a comparative analysis of four fungal secretomes revealed more about the variety of pathways employed to break down carbon compounds.

    Scientists Create New Thin Material That Mimics Cell Membranes

    Scientists Create New Thin Material That Mimics Cell Membranes

    Materials scientists have created a new material that performs like a cell membrane found in nature. Such a material has long been sought for applications as varied as water purification and drug delivery. The material can assemble itself into a sheet thinner but stabler than a soap bubble, the researchers report July 12 in Nature Communications.

    New ORNL Tool Probes for Genes Linked to Toxic Methylmercury

    New ORNL Tool Probes for Genes Linked to Toxic Methylmercury

    Environmental scientists can more efficiently detect genes required to convert mercury in the environment into more toxic methylmercury with molecular probes developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

    Scientists Determine Structure of Enzyme Linked with Key Cell-Signaling Protein

    Scientists Determine Structure of Enzyme Linked with Key Cell-Signaling Protein

    Scientists have captured atomic level snapshots showing how one key enzyme modifies a protein involved in turning genes on or off inside cells. Understanding this process helps explain how complex organisms can arise from a finite number of genes. The research also identifies links between defects in this particular enzyme and certain cancers, potentially pointing to new drug targets.

    Dark Energy Measured with Record-Breaking Map of 1.2 Million Galaxies

    Dark Energy Measured with Record-Breaking Map of 1.2 Million Galaxies

    A team of hundreds of physicists and astronomers, including those from Berkeley Lab, have announced results from the largest-ever, three-dimensional map of distant galaxies. The team constructed this map to make one of the most precise measurements yet of the dark energy currently driving the accelerated expansion of the Universe.

    Modeling Predicts Which Counties Could Store More Carbon in Soil by Growing Bioenergy Crops

    Modeling Predicts Which Counties Could Store More Carbon in Soil by Growing Bioenergy Crops

    To help stakeholders in government and business make smart decisions about the best types of land and local climates for planting bioenergy crops, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Argonne National Laboratory are using computational modeling to predict which counties could see increases in soil organic carbon from cultivation of crops for biofuels. The results are contributing to DOE's third Billion-Ton report expected later this year.

    US Holds Potential to Produce Billion Tons of Biomass, Support Bioeconomy

    US Holds Potential to Produce Billion Tons of Biomass, Support Bioeconomy

    The 2016 Billion-Ton Report, jointly released by the U.S. Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, concludes that the United States has the potential to sustainably produce at least 1 billion dry tons of nonfood biomass resources annually by 2040.

    Scientists Optimize Defects for Better Superconducting Effects

    Scientists Optimize Defects for Better Superconducting Effects

    In a new study, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Argonne National Laboratory have developed a rational approach to optimize the arrangement of defects to enhance the current-carrying capacity of commercial high-temperature superconducting wires.

    Berkeley Lab Scientists Grow Atomically Thin Transistors and Circuits

    Berkeley Lab Scientists Grow Atomically Thin Transistors and Circuits

    In an advance that helps pave the way for next-generation electronics and computing technologies--and possibly paper-thin gadgets--scientists with Berkeley Lab developed a way to chemically assemble transistors and circuits that are only a few atoms thick.

    Argonne Partners with Strem Chemicals to Deliver Next-Gen Battery Materials to Industry

    Argonne Partners with Strem Chemicals to Deliver Next-Gen Battery Materials to Industry

    Argonne has teamed up with Strem Chemicals, Inc. to provide industry and the battery research community with next-generation materials that could improve energy storage. Strem has licensed 23 separate pieces of intellectual property from Argonne and will manufacture and distribute nine battery solvents and additives.

    Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2016

    Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2016

    3-D printed heat sinks show promise for higher power densities in electronics; ORNL system allows for inspections of materials on the fly; ORNL scientists advance understanding of superconductivity phenomenon; ORNL leads team that casts further doubt of calcium-52's magic status; Bamboo fiber potentially useful for 3-D-printed materials

    Argonne to Work with Small Businesses on Nuclear Technologies

    Argonne to Work with Small Businesses on Nuclear Technologies

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory will be working with four small businesses on nuclear technology projects under the auspices of DOE's Gateway for Accelerated Innovation in Nuclear (GAIN). The projects will be funded through GAIN's Nuclear Energy Voucher pilot program, which is providing up to $2 million to assist new entrants into the nuclear field as they build the collaborations necessary to accelerate the development and deployment of innovative nuclear technologies.

    ORNL Scientists Isolate, Culture Elusive Yellowstone Microbe

    ORNL Scientists Isolate, Culture Elusive Yellowstone Microbe

    A microbial partnership thriving in an acidic hot spring in Yellowstone National Park has surrendered some of its lifestyle secrets to researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

    New Discovery Could Better Predict How Semiconductors Weather Abuse

    New Discovery Could Better Predict How Semiconductors Weather Abuse

    Berkeley Lab scientists at DOE's Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis have found a way to better predict how thin-film semiconductors weather the harsh conditions in systems that convert sunlight, water and carbon dioxide into fuel.

    Discovery Could Dramatically Boost Efficiency of Perovskite Solar Cells

    Discovery Could Dramatically Boost Efficiency of Perovskite Solar Cells

    Scientists from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have discovered a possible secret to dramatically boosting the efficiency of perovskite solar cells hidden in the nanoscale peaks and valleys of the crystalline material.

    Climate Study Finds Human Fingerprint in Northern Hemisphere Greening

    Climate Study Finds Human Fingerprint in Northern Hemisphere Greening

    A multinational team led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory Climate Change Science Institute has found the first positive correlation between human activity and enhanced vegetation growth.

    Ovarian Cancer Study Provides Painstaking Look at Inner Workings of Tumors

    Ovarian Cancer Study Provides Painstaking Look at Inner Workings of Tumors

    Scientists have examined the collections of proteins in the tumors of 169 ovarian cancer patients to identify critical proteins present in their tumors. The achievement illustrates the power of combining genomic and proteomic data - an approach known as proteogenomics - to yield a more complete picture of the biology of ovarian cancer.

    See and Sort: Developing Novel Techniques to Visualize Uncultured Microbial Cell Activity

    See and Sort: Developing Novel Techniques to Visualize Uncultured Microbial Cell Activity

    Caltech and DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers used a recently refined technique to identify both individual active cells, and single clusters of active bacteria and archaea within microbial communities. The DOE is interested in learning how the planet's microbial dark matter can be harnessed for energy and environmental challenges.

    Study Shows Trees with Altered Lignin Are Better for Biofuels

    Study Shows Trees with Altered Lignin Are Better for Biofuels

    By engineering a novel enzyme involved in lignin synthesis, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators have altered the lignin in plant cell walls in a way that increases access to biofuel building blocks without inhibiting plant growth.

    Data Centers Continue to Proliferate While Their Energy Use Plateaus

    Data Centers Continue to Proliferate While Their Energy Use Plateaus

    As the number of data centers continues to increase in the United States, the good news is that they are becoming much more energy efficient. A new report from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has found that electricity consumption by data centers nationwide, after rising rapidly for more than a decade, started to plateau in 2010 and has remained steady since, at just under 2 percent of total U.S. electricity consumption.

    New Electron Microscope Method Detects Atomic-Scale Magnetism

    New Electron Microscope Method Detects Atomic-Scale Magnetism

    Scientists can now detect magnetic behavior at the atomic level with a new electron microscopy technique developed by a team from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Uppsala University, Sweden. The researchers took a counterintuitive approach by taking advantage of optical distortions that they typically try to eliminate.

    CMI Taps the Power of Supercomputing to Find Rare-Earth Refining Alternatives

    CMI Taps the Power of Supercomputing to Find Rare-Earth Refining Alternatives

    A research project led by the Critical Materials Institute, a U.S. Department of Energy Innovation Hub, has identified agents for the separation of rare-earth metals that are potentially much less costly and better-performing than those currently used.