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    Corn for Food and Fuel

    Corn for Food and Fuel

    Developing a Dual-Purpose Corn that can be bred for both food and cellulosic ethanol.

    Missouri S&T Students Win International Hydrogen Design Competition

    Missouri S&T Students Win International Hydrogen Design Competition

    A design for a hydrogen-powered community in California by students from Missouri University of Science and Technology captured the grand prize in the national Hydrogen Student Design Contest sponsored by the Hydrogen Education Foundation.

    Defense-Scale Supercomputing Comes to Alternative Energy Research

    Defense-Scale Supercomputing Comes to Alternative Energy Research

    A new supercomputer that more quickly models the most efficient ways to harness energy from the sun, wind and other renewable resources is now operating at Sandia National Laboratories.

    Sorting Protons Faster to Improve Hydrogen Fuel Cells

    Sorting Protons Faster to Improve Hydrogen Fuel Cells

    In a discovery that could solve one of the biggest hurdles blocking affordable fuel cell development, a team of UMass Amherst scientists has found a way to improve proton conductivity under very low humidity conditions where few materials perform well at present, they report in Nature Chemistry.

    Purple Pokeberries Hold Secret to Affordable Solar Power Worldwide

    Purple Pokeberries Hold Secret to Affordable Solar Power Worldwide

    Pokeberries - the weeds that children smash to stain their cheeks purple-red and that Civil War soldiers used to write letters home - could be the key to spreading solar power across the globe, according to researchers at Wake Forest University's Center for Nanotechnology and Molecular Materials.

    New Biofuel Process May Change Chemical Industry

    New Biofuel Process May Change Chemical Industry

    A new "gasification" method of converting biomass feedstock into sustainable fuel developed by researchers in Massachusetts and Minnesota greatly reduces greenhouse gas emissions and doubles the amount of fuel made from an acre of biomass feedstock, says UMass Amherst scientist Paul J. Dauenhauer.

    ARS Researching Camelina as a New Biofuel Crop

    Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists have long-term studies under way to examine growing camelina as a bioenergy crop for producing jet fuel for the military and the aviation industry.

    Cellulosic Ethanol: Expanding Options, Identifying Obstacles

    Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists are figuring out how to turn wheat straw into ethanol "gold," and learning more about the bacteria that can "infect" ethanol plants and interfere with fuel production.

    Proposed Grid Could Make Offshore Wind Power More Reliable

    Proposed Grid Could Make Offshore Wind Power More Reliable

    Offshore wind power resources are abundant but unreliable. A 5-year study of weather patterns demonstrates strategically placed offshore turbines connected by a single power line could provide consistent power.

    Proposed Wind Power Grid To Make Offshore Wind Power More Reliable

    Proposed Wind Power Grid To Make Offshore Wind Power More Reliable

    Linking power generators along U.S. East Coast could compensate for natural wind fluctuation, provide more consistent electricity production.

    Energy Crops Impact Environmental Quality

    Energy Crops Impact Environmental Quality

    A new review of scientific literature finds that removal of crop residue for biofuels can adversely impact soil and environmental quality. Conversely, dedicated energy crops can increase soil organic carbon concentration while providing biofuel feedstock.

    Copying Plant Anatomy Promises New Photovoltaics

    Copying Plant Anatomy Promises New Photovoltaics

    A new polymer-based method for creating photovoltaic devices, which convert sunlight into electricity, has been identified by UMass Amherst chemists. Inspired by plant anatomy and photosynthesis, it should one day lead to more efficient power production than achievable with today's semiconductors.

    Biomass Feedstock Harvest from Conservation Reserve Program Land

    Biomass Feedstock Harvest from Conservation Reserve Program Land

    Can native or introduced grasses offer sustainable harvest for biofuels?

    Searching for Genes Behind a Trait

    Searching for Genes Behind a Trait

    Plant study in Nature shows value of using genome-wide method to locate genes behind physical traits. Authors see applications for agriculture and biofuels.

    Mini Generators Make Energy from Random Ambient Vibrations

    Mini Generators Make Energy from Random Ambient Vibrations

    Tiny generators developed at the University of Michigan could produce enough electricity from random, ambient vibrations to power a wristwatch, pacemaker or wireless sensor.

    Chicken House Attics Can be Tapped to Warm Broilers

    Reducing the cost of keeping broiler chickens warm could result from research by Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists and university cooperators.

    Estimating Ethanol Yields from CRP Croplands

    The scramble to find sufficient land for biofuel production has experts eyeing marginal croplands that have been placed in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). Now a study by Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists indicates that plant species diversity and composition are key factors in potential energy yield per acre from biomass harvested from CRP land.

    Layered Graphene Sheets Could Solve Hydrogen Storage Issues

    Layered Graphene Sheets Could Solve Hydrogen Storage Issues

    Stacked sheets of graphene may be a promising material for capturing and storing hydrogen for future fuel-cell systems according to recent research at NIST and the University of Pennsylvania.

    Scavenging Energy Waste to Turn Water Into Hydrogen Fuel

    Scavenging Energy Waste to Turn Water Into Hydrogen Fuel

    Materials scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have designed a way to harvest small amounts of waste energy and harness them to turn water into usable hydrogen fuel.

    Helping Hydrogen: Student Inventor Tackles Challenge of Hydrogen Storage

    Helping Hydrogen: Student Inventor Tackles Challenge of Hydrogen Storage

    Determined to play a key role in solving global dependency on fossil fuels, Javad Rafiee, a doctoral student in the Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has developed a new method for storing hydrogen at room temperature.

    Mountaintop Mining Poisons Fish

    Mountaintop Mining Poisons Fish

    Dead and deformed fish indicate selenium pollution from mountaintop coal mining is causing permanent damage to the environment and poses serious health risks, says a Wake Forest University biologist who will brief U.S. Senators on his research Feb. 23.

    Putting Data Centers on a Low-Energy Diet

    Putting Data Centers on a Low-Energy Diet

    A holistic approach to data centers could result in millions of dollars of savings and a far smaller carbon footprint for the ever-expanding universe of information technology.

    Researchers Develop Technology to Make Energy-Efficient Lighting

    Researchers Develop Technology to Make Energy-Efficient Lighting

    RTI International has developed a revolutionary lighting technology that is more energy efficient than the common incandescent light bulb and does not contain mercury, making it environmentally safer than the compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulb.

    New System Provides Hybrid Electric Autos with Power to Spare

    New System Provides Hybrid Electric Autos with Power to Spare

    An advancement in hybrid electric vehicle technology is providing powerful benefits beyond transportation.

    Researchers Show Applied Electric Field Can Significantly Improve Hydrogen Storage Properties

    Researchers Show Applied Electric Field Can Significantly Improve Hydrogen Storage Properties

    An international team of researchers has identified a new theoretical approach that may one day make the synthesis of hydrogen fuel storage materials less complicated and improve the thermodynamics and reversibility of the system.