December 13, 2016

Newswise — As scholars of United States history and related fields, we have experienced concern and alarm as we went from a divisive campaign season to the election of Donald Trump as our president-elect. On the eve of a new administration whose key players have traded in hateful rhetoric and emboldened the harassment of various targets, we urge Americans to be vigilant against a mass violation of civil rights and liberties that could result if such troubling developments continue unchecked. Looking back on World War II and the Cold War, we recognize how easily the rights of people have been suspended during times of great uncertainty. A key lesson of such ordeals has been to never again repeat these mistakes, and so we issue a call to recognize and act upon the critical links between historical knowledge, informed citizenship, and the protection of civil and human rights.

During World War II, in the wake of Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor, U.S. officials justified the imprisonment of 120,000 Japanese Americans--U.S. and foreign born, most of whom were U.S. citizens--with the argument of “military necessity.” In the ensuing early Cold War era, the McCarthyist “witch hunts,” House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) investigations, and registry of communists and their sympathizers destroyed the lives of countless teachers, artists, politicians, and others.

These historical persecutions have since been widely repudiated by scholars and elected leaders. For instance, the 1988 Civil Liberties Act signed by President Reagan and passed by a bipartisan Congress acknowledged internment as a mistake fueled by racism. It stated, “The internment of the individuals of Japanese ancestry was caused by racial prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership.” The Cold War witch hunts associated with Joseph McCarthy were roundly denounced by Republicans and Democrats during the 1954 Army-McCarthy Senate hearings. Decades of research, debate, and analysis have brought historians to a consensus that episodes like internment and McCarthyism were misguided and immoral, and should never be repeated.

Internationally the United States has been engaged in a war on terror, and domestically the election made clear that we are in an ideological “culture war.” And while we find ourselves in a distinct moment compared to World War II and the Cold War, we are seeing the return of familiar calls against perceived enemies. Alarmingly, justifications for a Muslim registry have cited Japanese American imprisonment during World War II as a credible precedent, and the Professor Watchlist—which speciously identifies “un-patriotic professors”--is eerily similar to the communist registry of the McCarthy era. Looking back to history provides copious lessons on what is at stake when we allow hysteria and untruths to trample people’s rights. We know the consequences, and it is possible, with vigilance and a clear eye on history, to prevent tragedy before it is too late.

It is not just that we are at the cusp of what may be a massive rollback of civil rights and liberties, but our culture is also mired in confusion about facts vs. misinformation and a rebellion against knowledge and critical thinking. This makes our present moment doubly dangerous. Though we cannot know for certain what is ahead, we urge all Americans to enter the coming months with lessons of the past in mind, and to draw upon them to stand up for the protection of all people’s civil rights and liberties.

We sign this statement as individual scholars. Institutions are listed for identification purposes only.

Shana Bernstein Northwestern UniversityShelley Lee Oberlin CollegeKim Cary Warren University of Kansas

Susan Abram Western Carolina University

Martin Adamian California State University, Los Angeles

Gretchen A. Adams Texas Tech University

John Lewis Adams Bard High School Early College-Cleveland

Kevin Adams Kent State University

Cameron Addis Austin Community College

Paul Adler Harvard University

Peter-Christian Aigner The Graduate Center, CUNY

Naila Al Hasan University of Maryland, College Park

Jose M. Alamillo California State University Channel Islands

Crystal Alegria The Extreme History Project

Shawn Leigh Alexander University of Kansas

Keli Allen Historian

Henry Allen Jr Bunker Hill Community College

Yvonne Almore St. Louis University

Benjamin L. Alpers University of Oklahoma

Rebecca Amato New York University

Edith Ambrose Southeastern Louisiana University

Lisa Andersen The Juilliard School

David M. Anderson Louisiana Tech University

Electa Anderson El Toro High School

Karen Anderson University of Arizona

M. Christine Anderson Xavier University

Anne-Marie Angelo University of Sussex

Marcia Annisette York University , Toronto

Joyce Antler Brandeis University

Lauren Araiza Denison University

Heidi Ardizzone Saint Louis University

Michelle Armstrong-Partida University of Texas at El Paso

Stanley Keith Arnold Northern Illinois University

Silvia Arrom Brandeis University

Susan Youngblood Ashmore Oxford College of Emory University

Steven M. Avella Marquette University

Jonathon Derek Awtrey Louisiana State University

K. Kevyne Baar Independent Scholar

Matthew Babcock University of North Texas at Dallas

Matthew Backes Rutgers University

Aaron Bae Arizona State University

John Baesler Saginaw Valley State University

Beth Bailey University of Kansas

Tanya Bakhmetyeva University of Rochester

Kathleen Balgley Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo (retired)

Shelby M. Balik Metropolitan State University of Denver

Sarah Ball Northwest Vista College

Frank Barajas California State University Channel Islands

Jenifer L. Barclay Washington State University

Matthew Barlow University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Laura Barraclough Yale University

Dawson Barrett Del Mar College

Kathryn Barrett-Gaines University of Maryland Eastern Shore

Eliza Young Barstow Oregon State University - Corvallis

Anne Clark Bartlett University of Washington Tacoma

Amy Bass The College of New Rochelle

Matthew Basso University of Utah

Ray Batchelor Texas A&M University, College Station

Jennifer Bates SUNY Stony Brook

Katie Batza University of Kansas

Jean Bauer Princeton University

Kabria Baumgartner The College of Wooster

Ashley Johnson Bavery Northwestern University

William Joseph Bean Kent State University at Kent

James Bearden SUNY Geneseo (emeritus)

Jim Beauchesne Bread & Roses Heritage Committee

Steven Beda University of Oregon

Brian D. Behnken Iowa State University

Justin Behrend SUNY Geneseo

Maziar Behrooz San Francisco State University

Elizabeth Belanger Hobart and William Smith Colleges

Kathleen Belew University of Chicago

Daniel Bender University of Toronto

Ira Lee Benjamins Independent Scholar

Gavin Benke Boston University

Evan P. Bennett Florida Atlantic University

Mandy Bennett Claremont Grauate University,

Martin J. Bennett Santa Rosa Junior College (emeritus)

Rhianna Bennett Georgia Southern University

Albert I. Berger University of North Dakota

Dan Berger University of Washington Bothell

Jane Berger Moravian College

William Bergmann Slippery Rock University

Carol Berkin CUNY

Aaron Berman Hampshire College

Iver Bernstein Washington University St. Louis

Stephen Berrey University of Michigan

Daina Ramey Berry University of Texas

Jennifer L. Bertolet The George Washington University

Jim Bertolini Public Historian

Daniel Bessner University of Washington

Barbara Betz The Ohio State University

Salonee Bhaman Yale University

Steven Biel Harvard University

Kenneth J. Bindas Kent State University

Donna Binkiewicz California State University, Long Beach

Martha Biondi Northwestern University

Elizabeth Bishop Texas State University - San Marcos

Peter Blackmer University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Deborah L. Blackwell Texas A&M International University

Darren Blaney University of Miami

Kent Blansett University of Nebraska at Omaha

John N. Blanton City College of New York, CUNY

Jessica Blatt Marymount Manhattan College

David W. Blight Yale University

Sharon Block University of California, Irvine

Ethan Blue University of Western Australia

Eladio B. Bobadilla Duke University

Charles C. Bolton University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Janet Bordelon Kehillah Jewish High School

Fergus M. Bordewich Independent Scholar

Eileen Boris University of California, Santa Barbara

Melissa Borja College of Staten Island, City University of New York

Daniel Borses Riverside City College

Heath Bowen St. Thomas Aquinas College

Kevin Bower Nebraska Wesleyan University

J. D. Bowers University of Missouri

John P. Bowes Eastern Kentucky University

Kevin Boyle Northwestern University

Mark Philip Bradley University of Chicago

Lisa M. Brady Boise State University

Susan Bragg Georgia Southwestern State University

Christopher Bram Gallatin School of New York University

Allyson P. Brantley University of La Verne

Tina Braxton Independent Historian and Activist

Sheila A. Brennan George Mason University

Sarah Bridger California Polytechnic State University

Jennifer Brier University of Illinois at Chicago

Stephen Brier CUNY Graduate Center

Laura Briggs University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Robert Brigham Vassar College

Matthew M. Briones University of Chicago

Nancy K. Bristow University of Puget Sound

Kelly Britt Fordham University

David Brodnax, Sr. Trinity Christian College

David Brody University of California, Davis

Charlotte Brooks Baruch College, CUNY

James F. Brooks UC Santa Barbara

Jennifer E. Brooks Auburn University

Pam Brooks Oberlin College

Joanne Brown Independent Scholar

Lauren Erin Brown Marymount Manhattan College

Nikki Brown University of New Orleans

Joan C. Browning Independent Scholar & Freedom Rider

Dann J. Broyld Central Connecticut State University

Joan Jacobs Brumberg Cornell University

David Brundage University of California, Santa Cruz

Erika Bsumek University of Texas at Austin

Nicholas Buccola Linfield College

Peter Bunten Historic Hudson Valley

Gretchen Burgess George Mason University

Adrian Burgos. Jr. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Flannery Burke Saint Louis University

Zoe Burkholder Montclair State University

Kristen D. Burton Louisiana Tech University

Mike Burton Santa Rosa Junior College

Daniela Busciglio University of Oklahoma

Melanie E.L. Bush Adelphi University

Edouard Bustin Boston University (emeritus)

Cara Caddoo Indiana University, Bloomington

Mara Caden Yale University

Susan K. Cahn University at Buffalo, SUNY

Kathleen A. Cairns Cal Poly San Luis Obispo

Jane E. Calvert University of Kentucky

Albert M. Camarillo Stanford University

Jordan T. Camp Brown University

Mary Baine Campbell Brandeis University

Emmet Campos University of Texas at Austin

Margot Canaday Princeton University

Amy Canfield Lewis-Clark State College

Michael Cangemi Binghamton University

Elaine Carey St. John's University

Christopher Carmona University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Berenice Carroll Purdue University

Justin Carroll Indiana University East

James M. Carter Drew Iniversity

Julian Carter California College of the Arts

Tracey L. Carter Historian

Leo Casey Albert Shanker Institute

Sean Cashbaugh Independent Scholar

Robert Cassanello University of Central Florida

Rachael Cassidy University of New Mexico

Antonia Castaneda Professor of History (retired)

Pedro Castillo University of California, Santa Cruz

Robert F. Castro California State University, Fullerton

Peter Catapano CUNY New York City College of Technology

Kathryn Catlin Northwestern University

Derek Charles Catsam University of Texas of the Permian Basin

Julian C. Chambliss Rollins College

Alexandra Chan Monadnock Archaeological Consulting

Laura Renée Chandler South Dakota State University

Edmond Y. Chang University of Oregon

Gordon H. Chang Stanford University

Jason Oliver Chang University of Connecticut, Storrs

Kornel Chang Rutgers University-Newark

Joyce Chaplin Harvard University

Jessica Chapman Williams College

Marisa Chappell Oregon State University

Katherine Mellen Charron NC State University

Robert Chase Sonoma State University

Sheree Chase Historian

Philip Chassler University of Massachusetts Boston

Ernesto Chávez University of Texas at El Paso

Marisela Chávez California State University, Dominguez Hills

Miroslava Chavez-Garcia University of California, Santa Barbara

Michael Mark Chemers University of California, Santa Cruz

Anthony S. Chen Northwestern University

John Cheng Binghamton University

Robert Cherny San Francisco State University (emeritus)

Connie Chiang Bowdoin College

Leisl Carr Childers University of Northern Iowa

Michael Childers University of Northern Iowa

Catherine Ceniza Choy University of California, Berkeley

Samantha Christiansen Marywood University

Jonathan M. Chu University of Massachusetts Boston

Alexa Ilene Claremont History Teacher and Independent Scholar

Daniel Clark Oakland University

Elaine R. Cleeton State University of New York at Geneseo

Catherine Clinton University of Texas at San Antonio

Lori Clune California State University, Fresno

Genevieve Clutario Harvard University

Dustin Cohan University of Wisconsin-Madison

Andrew Wender Cohen Syracuse University

Julie Cohen California State Los Angeles

Lizabeth Cohen Harvard University

Miriam Cohen Vassar College

Deborah Cohn Indiana University Bloomington

Peter Cole Western Illinois University

Stephen Cole Norte Dame de Namur University

Arica L. Coleman Independent Scholar

Brian S. Collier University of Notre Dame

Bruce Conforth University of Michigan

Tula A Connell Independent Scholar

Catherine Conner North Carolina State University

Brian Connolly University of South Florida, Tampa

N. D. B. Connolly Johns Hopkins University

Joann Conrad Diablo Valley College

Patricia A. Cooper University of Kentucky (retired)

Raymond Cormier Longwood U (emeritus)

Mary Beth Corrigan Independent Scholar

Nathan Michael Corzine Coastal Carolina Community College

Boyd Cothran York University

Nancy F. Cott Harvard University

Cheryl Coulthard Texas A&M University

Matthew Countryman University of Michigan

Eric Covey Miami University, Oxford OH

Deborah Cowen University of Toronto

Mari N. Crabtree College of Charleston

Clive Craigen Moody Bible Institute-Chicago

Heather Curtis Tufts University

M. Melissa Daggett San Jacinto College

Elizabeth Dale University of Florida

Marcus Daniel University of Hawaii Manoa

Vicki Daniel University of Wisconsin-Madison

Leilah Danielson Northern Arizona University

Marsha J. Tyson Darling Adelphi University

Joshua Clark Davis University of Baltimore

Julie Davis University of Minnesota

Karen F. Dimanche Davis Marygrove College

Mike Davis Northwest Florida State College

Rebecca L. Davis University of Delaware

Jan C. Dawson Southwestern University (retired)

Melinda Luisa De Jesus California College of the Arts

Greta De Jong University of Nevada, Reno

Benji De La Piedra Independent Scholar

Autumn Quezada De Tavarez Roger Williams University

Arleen De Vera SUNY Cortland

David Deacon SUNY Oswego

Kristen Baldwin Deathridge Appalachian State University

Jean-Paul Deguzman UCLA

Richard Del Guidice SUNY Potsdam

Grace Peña Delgado University of California, Santa Cruz

Dawn A. Dennis California State University, Los Angeles

Coreen Derifield East Central College

Amy Derogatis Michigan State University

Anthony Destefanis Otterbein University

Sandra Mcgee Deutsch University of Texas at El Paso

Hasia R. Diner New York University

Steven J. Diner Rutgers University-Newark

Rachel Dobson University of Alabama

Adam H. Domby College of Charleston

Rachel Donaldson College of Charleston

Deidra Donmoyer Wesleyan College

John Donoghue Loyola University Chicago

Stephanie Gonzalez Doo California State University, Long Beach

Leslie Dossey Loyola University Chicago

Thomas Doughton College of the Holy Cross

Jim Downs Connecticut College

Omar Dphrepaulezz SUNY Oneonta

Jay Driskell Historian

Thomas Dublin SUNY Binghamton

Melvyn Dubofsky Binghamton University, SUNY (emeritus)

Sara Dubow Williams College

Mary L. Dudziak Emory University School of Law

Brianna E. Dunlap Independent Scholar

Kathleen Duval University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Erin Austin Dwyer Oakland University

Sarah Dziedzic Independent Scholar

Eileen M. Eagan University of Southern Maine

Jonathan Earle LSU

Alice Echols University of Southern California

Ashley Eddy Texas A&M University

Douglas Egerton Le Moyne College

Helen Diana Eidson Auburn University

Robin Einhorn University of California, Berkeley

Nazmeih El-Khatib Eastern Michigan University

Sarah Elkind San Diego State University

Blake Ellis Lone Star College-CyFair

Steve Ellwanger California State University, Bakersfield

Jari Eloranta Appalachian State University

Bette Elsden Independent Scholar

Carole Emberton University at Buffalo

Michael Emmons University of Delaware

Christopher Endy California State University, Los Angeles

Jeffrey A. Engel Southern Methodist University

Kate Carte Engel Southern Methodist University

Lewis A. Erenberg Loyola University Chicago

Herbert Ershkowitz Temple University (emeritus)

Keona K. Ervin University of Missouri-Columbia

Elizabeth Escobedo University of Denver

Steve Estes Sonoma State University

Melissa Estes Blair Auburn University

Christine Eubank Bergen Community College

Patricia Evridge Hill San Jose State University

Judith Ezekiel Wright State University

Joseph J. Fahey Catholic Scholars for Workers Justice

Jennifer Fang Oregon State University

David Farber University of Kansas

Patricia L. Farless University of Central Florida

Ashley Farmer Boston University

Jared Farmer Stony Brook University

Ken Faunce Washington State University, Pullman

Kate Fawver CSU Dominguez Hills

Frank E. Fee Jr. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (emeritus)

Kathleen Feeley University of Redlands

Ruth Feldstein Rutgers University-Newark

Rae Ferguson University of Rhode Island

Robert Hunt Ferguson Western Carolina University

Nancy Page Fernandez California State University Fullerton

Garrett R. Fesler James River Institute for Archaeology

Rosemary Feurer Northern Illinois University

Joey A. Fink High Point University

Leon Fink University of Illinois at Chicago

Mattie Fitch Tarleton State University

Monica D. Fitzgerald Saint Mary's College

Jon M. Flashnick Independent Historian

Lori Flores Stony Brook University

Neil Foley SMU

Joyce Follet Smith College

Kenneth Fones-Wolf West Virginia University

Fonna Forman University of California, San Diego

Lisa Forman Cody Claremont McKenna College

Miriam Forman-Brunell University of Missouri-Kansas City

Karlyn Forner Duke University

Robert Forrant University of Massachusetts Lowell

Jeffrey A. Fortin Emmanuel College

Leigh Fought Le Moyne College

Catherine Cymone Fourshey Bucknell University

Natalie Fousekis California State University, Fullerton

Samantha Francois California State University, East Bay

Andrew K. Frank Florida State University

Stephanie Frank Columbia College Chicago

Harry Franqui-Rivera Bloomfield College, New Jersey

Max Fraser Yale University

Nishani Frazier Miami University

Mary Frederickson Miami University of Ohio

Leif Fredrickson University of Virginia

Estelle Freedman Stanford University

David M. P. Freund University of Maryland, College Park

Sylvia Frey Tulane University (emeritus)

Andrea Friedman Washington University in St. Louis

Tami J. Friedman Brock University, St. Catharines, Ont., Canada

Jennifer Fronc University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Kathleen Fry Washington State University

Shannon Frystak East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania

Erica Fugger Columbia University, Oral History

Laura Sachiko Fugikawa Smith College

Ian Funk University of Maryland

Donna R Gabaccia University of Toronto

Nancy Gabin Purdue University

Joseph M. Gabriel Florida State University

Laurie S. Gagne Independent Scholar

Julie Gallagher Penn State Brandywine

Marcia M. Gallo University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Shreena Niketa Gandhi Michigan State University

Barbara Gannon University of Central Florida

John Garcia Boston University

Maria Cristina Garcia Cornell University

Korey Garibaldi University of Notre Dame

Libby Garland Kingsborough Community College, CUNY

Irene Garza Oberlin College & Conservatory

Rochelle Gatlin City College of San Francisco (retired)

Daniel Geary Trinity College Dublin

Lily Geismer Claremont McKenna College

C. Joseph Genetin-Pilawa George Mason University

Donald Gerardi Brooklyn College (emeritus)

Daniel Gerling Augustana University

Jonathan Gienapp Stanford University

Judith Giesberg Villanova University

Timothy Gilfoyle Loyola University Chicago

James T. Gillam Spelman College (emeritus)

Sarah K. Gilleland Binghamton University

Robert Gioielli University of Cincinnati

Leah S. Glaser Central Conecticut State University

Hillary Gleason Laredo Community College

Susan A. Glenn University of Washington, Seattle

Lorri Glover Saint Louis University

Rebecca Anne Goetz New York University

David Goldberg Wayne State University

Alyosha Goldstein University of New Mexico

David Hamilton Golland Governors State University

Juan Gomez-Quinones University of California, Los Angeles

Rhonda Gonzales The University of Texas at San Antonio

Trinidad Gonzales South Texas College

Gilbert G. Gonzalez University of California, Irvine

Jerry Gonzalez University of Texas at San Antonio

Tiffany Gonzalez Texas A&M University

Sergio M. González University of Wisconsin-Madison

Carly Goodman ACLS Public Fellow

Greg Gordon Gonzaga University

Linda Gordon New York University

Michael A. Gordon University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (emeritus)

Wendy M. Gordon SUNY College at Plattsburgh

Dayo Gore University of California San Diego

Henry G. Gorman Vanderbilt University

Elliott Gorn Loyola University Chicago

Isaac Gottesman Iowa State University

Virginia Gould Tulane University

Joseph M. Gowaskie Rider University (emeritus)

Jessica Graham University of California, San Diego

Manuel Grajales Texas A&M University

Donna Graves Preserving California's Japantowns

Kristina Graves Independent Scholar

Laguana Gray University of Texas at San Antonio

Walter D. Greason Monmouth University

Hilary N. Green The University of Alabama

Michael Green UNLV

Alison Collis Greene Mississippi State University

Daniel Greene Northwestern University

Julie Greene University of Maryland at College Park

Mary C. Greenfield Historian

James N. Gregory University of Washington

Ronald J. Grele Columbia University

Zareena Grewal yale University

Willie J. Griffin The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Ronnie Grinberg University of Oklahoma

Therese Grisham Oakton Community College

Joanna Grisinger Northwestern University

Ariela Gross University of Southern California

Rachel Guberman Indiana University-Bloomington

Catherine Gudis University of California at Riverside

Jennifer Guglielmo Smith College

Thomas A. Guglielmo George Washington University

Jennifer Guiliano Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis

Gayle Gullett Arizona State University

Matthew Pratt Guterl Brown University

Marta Gutman City University of New York

Lisbeth Haas University of California, Santa Cruz

Tim Hacsi University of Massachusetts Boston

Nancy L. Hagedorn SUNY Fredonia

Jonathan Hagel University of Kansas

Steven Hahn New York University

Jon N. Hale College of Charleston

Gwendolyn Midlo Hall Rutgers University, New Brunswick

Orit Halpern Concordia university

Rick Halpern University of Toronto

Jesse Halvorsen University of California - Santa Barbara

Tikia K. Hamilton Princeton University, Instructor

Françoise N. Hamlin Brown University

Thomas D. Hamm Earlham College

John Craig Hammond Penn State University

Stacie Hanes Independant Scholar

Mark G. Hanna UC San Diego

Rachel Elizabeth Harding University of Colorado Denver

Luke Harlow University of Tennessee, Knoxville

David Harrington Watt Temple University

Dean Harris Central Oregon Community College

Robert L. Harris Jr. Cornell University

Alisa Harrison Historian

Janet Hart University of Michigan

Anthea M. Hartig California Historical Society

Jonathan H. Harwell Rollins College

Lawrence B.A. Hatter Washington State University

Amy M. Hay University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Joseph Heathcott The New School

Mary Ann Heiss Kent State University at Kent

Jeffrey Helgeson Texas State University

Lois Rita Helmbold UNLV (retired)

Robin Henry Wichita State University

Jason Heppler University of Nebraska at Omaha

Katherine A. Hermes Central Connecticut State University

Kelly Lytle Hernandez University of California, Los Angeles

Laura Hernandez Ehrisman St. Edward's University

Antonio Hernandez-Matos University of Puerto Rico-Arecibo Campus

Christopher Hickman Tarleton State University

Mark D. Higbee Eastern Michigan University

Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham Harvard University

Andrew Highsmith University of California, Irvine

Jennifer Hildebrand SUNY Fredonia

Victoria C. Hill St. Edward's University

Reiko Hillyer Lewis and Clark College

Felipe Hinojosa Texas A&M University

Elizabeth Hinton Harvard University

Emily K. Hobson University of Nevada, Reno

Lillian Hoddeson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Wesley Hogan Duke University

Kristin Hoganson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Petra Hokanson Independent historian

Todd Holmes University of California, Berkeley

Thomas C. Holt University of Chicago

Danielle Holtz University of Pennsylvania

Rona L. Holub Independent Scholar

Jane Holzka CUNY LaGuardia Community College

Ken Homan, Sjz Society of Jesus

Michael Honey University of Washington Tacoma

Jane Hong Occidental College

Bethany Hopkins Solano Community College

George W. Hopkins College of Charleston

Caley Horan Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Daniel Horowitz Smith College (emeritus)

Helen L. Horowitz Smith College

David Hostetter Independent Scholar

Mazie Hough University of Maine

Vince Houghton International Spy Museum

Lynn Houlihan California State University East Bay

Frederick E. Hoxie University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Suellen Hoy University of Notre Dame

Madeline Hsu UT Austin

Alvaro Huerta California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Jennifer Hull Colgate University

Thomas J. Humphrey Cleveland State University

Tera W. Hunter Princeton University

David Huyssen University of York

Louis Hyman Cornell University

Patrick Iber University of Texas at El Paso

Daniel Immerwahr Northwestern University

Tammy Ingram College of Charleston and Yale University

Michael D. Innis-Jiménez University of Alabama

Mary Ann Irwin California State University, East Bay

Zach Isenhower Louisiana State University

Paul Israel Rutgers University, New Brunswick

Bill Issel San Francisco State University (emeritus)

Anya Jabour University of Montana

Lynette A. Jackson University of Illinois at Chicago

Thomas Jackson University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Robert Jacobs Hiroshima Peace Institute/Hiroshima City University

D.A. Jacobson Independent Scholar, Lecturer

Matthew Frye Jacobson Yale University

Sheyda Jahanbani University of Kansas

Eric F. James Historian & Author

Kenneth Janken University of North Carolina Chapel Hill

Maryann Janosik Independent Historian

Volker Janssen California State University, Fullerton

Julie Roy Jeffrey Goucher College

Hasan Kwame Jeffries The Ohio State University

Katherine Jellison Ohio University at Athens

Elizabeth L. Jemison Clemson University

Einar Jensen Independent Scholar

Michael Jin University of Illinois at Chicago

Benjamin H. Johnson Loyola University Chicago

Joan Marie Johnson Northwestern University

Mary Ann Johnson Chicago Women's History Center

Michelle S. Johnson Independent Scholar

Val Marie Johnson Saint Mary's University

Walter Johnson Harvard University

Jennifer Dominique Jones University of Alabama

Jonathan Jones Binghamton University

Nancy Baker Jones Independent Scholar

Patrick D. Jones University of Nebraska

William Jones Independent Scholar

Cherisse Jones-Branch Arkansas State University

Frances Jones-Sneed Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts

Yevette Richards Jordan George Mason University

William S. Jordan, Iii University of Akron

Moon-Ho Jung University of Washington, Seattle

Mitch Kachun Western Michigan University

Andrew W. Kahrl University of Virginia

S. Deborah Kang California State University San Marcos

Daniel Katz Murphy Institute, City University of New York

Sherry Katz San Francisco State University

Polly Welts Kaufman University of Southern Maine

Gregory S. Kealey University of New Brunswick, Fredericton

Linda Kealey University of New Brunswick, Fredericton

Allan Keller Ohio State University-ATI

Kathleen Kennedy Missouri State University

Joshua Kercsmar Unity College

Christopher J. Kerns University of Colorado Boulder

Jennifer Kerns Portland State University

Barclay Key University of Arkansas at Little Rock

Denise Khor University of Massachusetts Boston

Jessie Kindig Columbia University

Farina King Northeastern State University

Nicole King University of Maryland Baltimore County

Shannon King The College of Wooster

Stewart King Clackamas Community College

Amy Kittelstrom Sonoma State University

Matthew Klingle Bowdoin College

James T. Kloppenberg Harvard University

Sarah Koenig Kalamazoo College

Lisa Kohlmeier La Sierra University

Shira Kohn Brooklyn College

Amy Kohout Colorado College

Jeffrey Kolnick Southwest Minnesota State University

Heather Miyano Kopelson University of Alabama

Nancy Koppelman The Evergreen State College

Clayton Koppes Oberlin College

Gary J. Kornblith Oberlin College

Gerard Koskovich Independent Scholar

Wendy Kozol Oberlin College

Michael Kramer Northwestern University

Paul A. Kramer Vanderbilt University

Rachel Kranson University of Pittsburgh

Max Krochmal Texas Christian University

William Kuby University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Kristy Kulski-Ingram Historian

Ethan J. Kytle California State University, Fresno

H. Peter L'Orange Idaho State Historic Preservation Office

Pamella R. Lach San Diego State University

Daniel Lachance Emory University

Tim Lacy Northwestern University & Independent Historian

Guy Lancaster Independent Scholar

Samantha Landau Showa Women's University

Michael Todd Landis Tarleton State University

Michele Landis Daubrt Stanford Law School

Tim Eldridge Landry Louisiana State University

Jennifer E. Langdon Creative-Egghead

Michael J. Lansing Augsburg College

Derek Larson The College of St. Benedict/St. John's University

Marjorie P. Lasky Diablo Valley College (emeritus)

Carol Lasser Oberlin College

Teishan Latner Philadelphia University

Chrissy Lau Texas A&M-Corpus Christi

Aubrey Lauersdorf The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Bruce Laurie Mass Amherst (emeritus)

Justin Law Independent Historian

Matthew Law Clark University

Mark Lawrence University of Texas at Austin

Steven F. Lawson Rutgers University

James Le Sueur University of Nebraska

Brant T. Lee University of Akron

Erica Lee University of California, Berkeley

Jacob Lee Indiana University, Bloomington

Philip Lee UDC David A. Clarke School of Law

Rhonda Mawhood Lee Independent Scholar

Robert Lee Brown University

Alison Lefkovitz New Jersey Institute of Technology

Christopher P. Lehman St. Cloud State University

Steve Leikin San Francisco State University

Jesse Lemisch` City University of New York

Adriane Lentz-Smith Duke University

Sharon M. Leon George Mason University

Justin Leroy University of California, Davis

Anne Lessy Yale University

Dan Letwin Penn State University

Lisa Levenstein University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Bruce Levine University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Susan Levine University of Illinois at Chicago

Jacob Leving American University

Peter Levy York College

Beth Lew-Williams Princeton University

Neil S. Lewis University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point (emeritus)

Rita Liberti California State University East Bay

Alex Lichtenstein Indiana University, Bloomington

Nhi Lieu National Coalition of Independent Scholars

Leslie Lindenauer Western Connecticut State University

Jana Lipman Tulane University

Benjamin D. Lisle Colby College

Amanda Littauer Northern Illinois University

Ellen Litwicki State University of New York at Fredonia

Craig Loftin California State University, Fullerton

Timothy J. Lombardo University of South Alabama

Mark H. Long Sea Education Association

Sarah Long Michigan State University

Erik Loomis University of Rhode Island

Deborah Louis Eastern Kentucky University

Laura Lovett University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Malinda Maynor Lowery UNC-Chapel Hill

Caroline Luce University of California Los Angeles

Matthew Luckett California State University, Dominguez Hills

Robert Luckett Jackson State University

Jennifer Luff Durham University

John R. Lundberg Tarrant County College South

Tom Lux Pacific Northwest Labor History Association

Staughton Craig Lynd Independent Scholar

Denise Lynn University of Southern Indiana

Cherstin M. Lyon California State University, San Bernardino

Mary Lyons-Carmona University of Nebraska at Omaha

Dawn B. Mabalon San Francisco State University

Robert Macdougall Western University

Robert Macieski University of New Hampshire

Daryl Maeda University of Colorado Boulder

Laurie Maffly-Kipp Washington University in St. Louis

Karen W. Mahar Siena College

Jose Alberto Maldonado Los Angeles MIssion College

Victoria A. Malko California State University, Fresno

Lonna M. Malmsheimer Dickinson College (emeritus)

Simeon Man UC San Diego

Jen Manion Amherst College

Kathleen Mapes SUNY Geneseo

Alejandra Marchevsky Cal State LA

Rebecca Marchiel University of Mississippi

Jack D. Marietta University of Arizona (emeritus)

Katherine Marino Ohio State University

Javier Marion Emmanuel College

Norman Markowtz Rutgers University, New Brunswick

Abigail Markwyn Carroll University

Daniel Markwyn Sonoma State University (emeritus)

James Marten Marquette University

Daisy Martin Stanford University

Frances Martin University of Connecticut, Storrs

Monica M. Martinez Brown University

Anne M. Martínez University of Groningen

Claire M. Massey Saarland University, Germany

Andrés Matías-Ortiz Mercy College

Valerie J. Matsumoto University of California, Los Angeles

Christopher Matthews Montclair State University

Glenna Matthews Independent Scholar

Brendan Matz The Dalton School

Tanya Maus Wilmington College

Elaine Tyler May University of Minnesota

Heather Mayer Portland Community College

Kyle Mays University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Michael McCann University of Washington

Erin Mccarthy Public historian

Daniel Robert Mcclure California State University, Fullerton

Sharon Mcconnell-Sidorick Independent Scholar

Malisa Mccown Independent Scholar / University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Austin Mccoy University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Kenja Mccray Atlanta Metropolitan State College

Erik S. Mcduffie University of Illinois

Laura Mcenaney Whittier College

Eliza Mcfeely Moorestown Friends School

Stephen P. Mcgrath Central Connecticut State University

Ivy Farr Mcintyre The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina

Sheila Mcintyre SUNY Potsdam

John Mckiernan-Gonzalez Texas State University

Charles Mckinney Rhodes College

J. Gregory Mclamb Haywood Community College

John T. Mcnay University of Cincinnati

Genna Rae Mcneil University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Karen Mcneill Historian

Catherine Mcneur Portland State University

Weldon Mcwilliams Dutchess Community College

Samira K. Mehta Albright College

Gabriel N. Mendes Vanderbilt University

Mary E. Mendoza University of Vermont

Monica L. Mercado Colgate University

Denise Meringolo UMBC

April Merleaux Florida International University

James H. Merrell Vassar College

Keri Leigh Merritt Independent Scholar

Jack Metzgar Roosevelt University

Deborah Meyer Pensacola State College

Michael J. Meyer

Missouri Dept. of Transportation, Historic Preservation Section

Robert Meyers Walden University (retired)

Molly C. Michelmore Washington & Lee University

Tony Michels University of Wisconsin-Madison

Georgia Abigail Mickey California State Polytechnic University Pomona

Elisa Miller Rhode Island College

Karen Miller LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Karl Hagstrom Miller University of Virginia

Wilbur R. Miller State University of New York, Stony Brook

Quincy Mills Vassar College

Sarah Milov University of Virginia

Nancy Raquel Mirabal University of Maryland, College Park

Mary Niall Mitchell Univerity of New Orleans

Ronald L. Mize Oregon State University

Natalia Molina University of California, San Diego

Marian Mollin Virginia Tech

Lyra Monteiro Rutgers University-Newark

Maria E. Montoya New York University

Matthew Mooney Santa Barbara City College

Isabell L. Moore UNC Chapel Hill

Anthony Mora University of Michigan

Elizabeth More Hebrew College

Bethany E. Moreton Dartmouth College

Brandon Morgan Central New Mexico Community College

Jennifer L. Morgan New York University

Lynda J. Morgan Mount Holyoke College

Zachary R. Morgan Penn State University

J. Brent Morris University of South Carolina Beaufort

Sara Moslener Central Michigan University

Donna Mote University of the South

Todd Moye University of North Texas

Stephen Mucher Bard College

Barry Ross Muchnick St. Mary's College of Maryland

Max Mueller University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Wanda Mullikin California State University Long Beach

Laura K. Muñoz Texas A&M-Corpus Christi

Priscilla Murolo Sarah Lawrence College

Erin L. Murphy Independent Scholar

Kevin P. Murphy University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

Sharon Ann Murphy Providence College

George Derek Musgrove UMBC

Amrita Chakrabarti Myers Indiana University-Bloomington

Premilla Nadasen Barnard College

Stan Nadel University of Portland--Salzburg Austria Center

José Luis Serrano Nájera CSU Long Beach and Fullerton

Alice Nash University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Steven E. Nash East Tennessee State University

Susan R. Near Montana Historical Society

Andrew Needham New York University

Hayley Negrin New York University

Joseph Bruce Nelson Dartmouth College

Megan Kate Nelson Writer

Caroline Newhall UNC Chapel Hill

Jeffrey Nichols Westminster College

Michelle Nickerson Loyola University Chicago

Becky Nicolaides UCLA

Ann Marie Nicolosi The College of New Jersey

Laura Beth Nielsen Northwestern University

Adriana P. Nieto Metropolitan State University of Denver

Lisa Nocks New Jersey Institute of Technology

Kenneth Noe Auburn University

Catherine Nolan-Ferrell University of Texas at San Antonio

Ellen Noonan New York University

Scott North Osaka University

Holly Kathryn Norton History Colorado

Julie Novkov University at Albany, SUNY

Jennifer L. Nye University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Greg O'Brien UNC-Greensboro

Jean O'Brien University of Minnesota

Susan Eva O'Donovan University of Memphis

Patrick W. O'Neil Methodist University

Colleen O'Neill Utah State University

Patricia O'Toole Biographer, Columbia University

Kathryn Oberdeck University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Leah Lagrone Ochoa Texas Christian University

Meredith Oda University of Nevada, Reno

Mairin Odle University of Alabama

Amy C. Offner University of Pennsylvania

Leslie Offutt Vassar College

Jeffrey O. G. Ogbar University of Connecticut

Danielle R. Olden University of Utah

Martin T. Olliff Troy University Dothan Campus

Gary Orfield UCLA

Annelise Orleck Dartmouth College

Paul Ortiz University of Florida

Katherine M.B. Osburn Arizona State University

Ann Ostendorf Gonzaga University

Deirdre Cooper Owens Queens College, CUNY

Jerrad P. Pacatte Rutgers University, New Brunswick

A. Naomi Paik University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Caitlin Parker CSU Long Beach

Jessica Parr University of New Hampshire, Manchester

Elaine Frantz Parsons Duquesne University

Jimmy Patiño University of Minnesota

Timothy Patrick Mccarthy Harvard University

Sandra Patton-Imani Drake University

Emily Pawley Dickinson College

Malgorzata J. Rymsza

Pawlowska American University

Stephen Pemberton New Jersey Institute of Technology

Aminta Perez Historian

Bernadette Perez University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

Elisabeth I. Perry Saint Louis University

Kennetta Hammond Perry East Carolina University

Anthony Petro Boston University

Jason Petrulis California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Jean Pfaelzer University of Delaware

Michael J. Pfeifer John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY

Christopher Phelps University of Nottingham

Dirk Philipsen Duke University

Lisa Phillips Indiana State University

Mary Phillips Lehman College, City University of New York

William Philpott University of Denver

William B. Pickett Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology (retired)

Marshall J. Pierson III Independent Scholar: Biblical Role of Civil Government

Peter C. Pihos Duke University

John R. Pincince Loyola University Chicago

Linda Pitelka Maryville University

Gina Marie Pitti Independent Scholar

Stephen Pitti Yale University

Carrie Pitzulo Colorado State University

Ann Marie Plane University of California, Santa Barbara

Rebecca Jo Plant University of California, San Diego

Elizabeth Pleck University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Don Polite University of South Carolina

Mica Pollock University of California, San Diego

Clark A. Pomerleau University of North Texas

William Scott Poole College of Charleston

Emily Pope-Obeda Emory University

Eric Porter University of California, Santa Cruz

Claire Potter The New School

Sarah Potter University of Memphis

Carolyn Powell Vol State Community College

Jon Powell University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Margaret Power Illinois Institute of Technology

Michael Shane Powers University of Arkansas

Cynthia Prescott University of North Dakota

Heather Munro Prescott Central Connecticut State University

Scott Gerard Prinster University of Wisconsin-Madison

Bradley Proctor Yale University

Elizabeth Stordeur Pryor Smith College

Lynn Purcell SUNY Cortland

Nancy L. Quam-Wickham California State University Long Beach

Carol Quirke SUNY Old Westbury

Megan Raby University of Texas at Austin

Peter Rachleff Macalester College (emeritus)

Patrick Rael Bowdoin College

Charity Rakestraw Western Governors University

Jessie Ramey Chatham University

Jorge Ramirez University of California at San Diego

Lisa Y. Ramos Alamo Colleges-San Antonio College

Barbara Ransby University of Illinois at Chicago

Gautham Rao American University

Raymond W. Rast Gonzaga University

Kristofer Ray Dartmouth College

Elena Razlogova Concordia University, Montreal

Leslie J. Reagan University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Marcus Rediker University of Pittsburgh

Julie L. Reed University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Christy Regenhardt The George Washington University

David A. Reichard California State University Monterey Bay

Josh Reid University of Washington

L. Chardé Reid Independent Scholar

Rachel B. Reinhard Independent Scholar

Michael Rembis University at Buffalo, SUNY

Steven D. Reschly Truman State University

Penne Restad UT Austin

Miriam Reumann University of Rhode Island

Susan M. Reverby Wellesley College

Colin E. Reynolds Phoenix Country Day School

Jane Rhodes University of Illinois at Chicago

Nik Ribianszky Georgia Gwinnett College

Jeremy Rich Marywood University

Ute Ritz-Deutch State University of New York at Cortland, SUNY

Daniel Rivers Ohio State University

Mary Rizzo Rutgers University-Newark

Blain Roberts California State University, Fresno

Andrew W. Robertson CUNY Graduate Center

Judith Rodenbeck University of California at Riverside

Anthony Bayani Rodriguez St. John's University

David Roediger University of Kansas

David Rogers Philadelphia Unversity

Renee Romano Oberlin College

Todd Romero University of Houston

Tom I. Romero, Ii University of Denver

Don Romesburg Sonoma State University

David Tyroler Romine Duke University

Ariel Ron Southern Methodist University

Jessica Roney Temple University

Ana Elizabeth Rosas University of California, Irvine

Richard Rosencrance Ii West Virginia University

Jim Ross University of Arkansas at Little Rock

Joshua Rothman University of Alabama

Mary Logan Rothschild Arizona State University (emeritus)

Lori Rotskoff Independent Scholar

Wendy L. Rouse San Jose State University

Rob Ruck University of Pittsburgh

Tim Ruckle Jr. Pacific Collegiate School

Andrew R. Ruis University of Wisconsin-Madison

Vicki L. Ruiz University of California, Irvine

Margaret Rung Roosevelt University

Theresa Runstedtler American University

Leila J. Rupp University of California, Santa Barbara

Amy J. Rutenberg Iowa State University

Peter Rutkoff Kenyon College

Marga Ryersbach Queensborough Community College, CUNY

Joan Saab University of Rochester

Honor Sachs Western Carolina University

Nicole Sackley University of Richmond

Douglas Sackman University of Puget Sound

Marcy S. Sacks Albion College

Linda K. Salvucci Trinity University

Kate Sampsell-Willmann Tacoma Community College

Enrique A. Sanabria University of New Mexico

Jeffrey Sanceri College of Alameda

Mark Sanchez University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Arlene Sanchez-Walsh Azusa Pacific University

Mark Forrest Sanders Santa Barbara City College

A. K. Sandoval-Strausz University of New Mexico

Julia Sandy Shepherd University

Aldo Lauria Santiago Rutgers University

Christen T. Sasaki San Francisco State University

Beryl Satter Rutgers University-Newark

Julie Saville University of Chicago

Virginia Scharff University of New Mexico

Cathy Schneider American University

Melody Schneider Edmonds Community College

Amy Schneidhorst Eisenberg Institute, University of Michigan

Rennie B. Schoepflin California State University, Los Angeles

Ann Schofield University of Kansas

Zachary M. Schrag George Mason University

Sanford Schram Hunter College, CUNY

Jeff Schramm Missouri University of Science and Technology

Donna Schuele California State University, Los Angeles

Jeff Schuhrke University of Illinois at Chicago

Debra L. Schultz Kingsborough Community College, CUNY

Rodney Schuyler University of Pittsburgh

Leslie Schwalm University of Iowa

Daryl Scott Howard University

Elizabeth M. Scott Illinois State University

Jennifer Scott The New School

Michelle R. Scott UMBC

Megan Seaholm University of Texas at Austin

John C. Seitz Fordham University

Robert O. Self Brown University

Christopher Sellers Stony Brook University

Jennifer Seltz Western Washington University

Laura Isabel Serna University of Southern California

Nayan Shah University of Southern California

Margaret Shanahan Secondary teacher (retired)

Kelly J. Shannon Florida Atlantic University

Tobin Miller Shearer University of Montana

Kristalyn Marie Shefveland University of Southern Indiana

Rachel Shelden University of Oklahoma

Jeffrey P. Shepherd University of Texas at El Paso

Kathleen L. Sheppard Missouri S&T

Beth Sherouse Emory University

Naoko Shibusawa Brown University

Charles J. Shindo Louisiana State University

John Shufelt Tunghai University, Brown University

Kristina Shull UC Irvine

James Sidbury Rice University

Daniel Sidorick Rutgers University, New Brunswick

Mario J. Sifuentez University of California, Merced

Nina Silber Boston university

David Silkenat University of Edinburgh

Kathryn M. Silva Claflin University

Christopher Simons University of Oklahoma

Brad Simpson University of Connecticut

Elizabeth Sine University of California, San Diego

Manisha Sinha University of Connecticut

Anthony C. Siracusa Vanderbilt University

Deborah L. Sitarski AAUW (retired)

William Skelton University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point (retired)

William E. Skidmore Rice University

Kathryn Kish Sklar SUNY Binghamton

Beth Slutsky University of California Davis

James Smethurst University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Dale Edwyna Smith Independent Scholar

Geoff Smith Queen's University

Kevin D. Smith State University of New York at Potsdam

Kimberly Smith Carleton College

Mark A. Smith Fort Valley State University

Richard Smith Independent Scholar

Shannon Smith College of St Benedict-St John's University

Sherry L. Smith Southern Methodist University

Elizabeth Smith-Pryor Kent State University

Gregory Smithers Virginia Commonwealth University

William Smoot Castilleja School

Susan Smulyan Brown University

Christina Snyder Indiana University

Sarah B. Snyder American University

Rose Soza War Soldier Northern Arizona University

José A. Soler UMass Dartmouth (retired)

Peggy Solic The Ohio State University

Diane Miller Sommerville Binghamton University, SUNY

Adam M. Sowards University of Idaho

James O'Neil Spady Soka University of America

Randy J. Sparks Tulane University

Michael Spear Kingsborough Community College, CUNY

Andrea Spears Autonomous University of Baja California

Ellen Griffith Spears University of Alabama

Darren Speece Sidwell Friends School

Robyn C. Spencer Lehman College, CUNY

Denise S. Spooner California State University, Fullerton (retired)

Rachel St. John University of California, Davis

Ronit Y. Stahl University of Pennsylvania

Kimberly Stahler Kent State University

Randy Stakeman Bowdoin College (emeritus)

Amy Dru Stanley University of Chicgo

Stefan Stawnychy Friends Seminary

Tracy Steffes Brown University

Werner Steger SUNY Dutchess

David Stein University of California, Los Angeles

Marc Stein San Francisco State University

Melissa Stein University of Kentucky

Mark E. Steiner South Texas College of Law

Alexandra Minna Stern University of Michigan

Jean-Marie Stevens Arizona State University

Russell Stevenson Michigan State University

James Brewer Stewart Macalester College

Timothy Stewart-Winter Rutgers University-Newark

Nancy L. Stockdale University of North Texas

Marijke Stoll University of Arizona

Jayme Millsap Stone University of Central Arkansas

Landon Storrs University of Iowa

Shelton Stromquist University of Iowa

Whitney Strub Rutgers University-Newark

Melissa N. Stuckey Independent Scholar

William Sturkey University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

David Suisman University of Delaware

Deirdre Sullivan Bellarmine College Prep

Raymond Sun Washington State University

Emily Sundstrom Saddleback College and Irvine Valley College

Jeremi Suri University of Texas at Austin

Joanna Swanger Earlham College

Sandra Swenson John Jay College of Criminal Justice

Donald C. Swift Edinboro University of Pennsylvania

Danielle J. Swiontek Santa Barbara City College

Kirsten Sword Indiana University (retired)

Nicholas Syrett University of Northern Colorado

Robert Taber Fayetteville State University

David Tamarin David Tamarin SUNY-Geneseo (emeritus)

Jennifer Tammi Ethical Culture Fieldston School

Jennifer W. Taylor University of South Carolina, Columbia

Kerry Taylor The Citadel

Orion Teal Missouri Western State University

Jeanne Theoharis Brooklyn College

Jennifer Thigpen Washington State University, Pullman

Douglas Thompson Mercer University

Shirley Thompson The University of Texas at Austin

Jennifer Thornton University of California, Riverside

Tamara Plakins Thornton SUNY Buffalo

Coll Thrush University of British Columbia

Emily Thuma University of California, Irvine

Elizabeth Todd-Breland University of Illinois at Chicago

Mary Anne Trasciatti Hofstra University

Samuel Truett University of New Mexico

Cecilia Tsu University of California, Davis

Lauren Turek Trinity University

Jennifer Turner Independent Scholar

Emily E. L.B. Twarog University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Judy Tzu-Chun Wu University of California, Irvine

Sharon Ullman Bryn Mawr College

Elisabeth Unruh Northern Illinois University

Andrew Urban Rutgers University

Cristina V. Groeger Harvard University

Omar Valerio-Jiménez University of Texas at San Antonio

Anne Valk Williams College

Mona Vance-Ali Mississippi University for Women

Lara Vapnek St. John's University

Joseph Varga Indiana University, BloomingtonZaragosa Vargas University of North Carolina, Chapel HillColleen Vasconcellos University of West GeorgiaWilliam Veeder Central New Mexico Community CollegeDaniel Velásquez University of North Carolina, Chapel HillTamara Venit-Shelton Claremont McKenna CollegeRon Verzuh Simon Fraser UniversityDean P. Veseprman Luther CollegeJames R. Vice Texas Tech UniversityMargaret A. Villanueva St. Cloud State University (emeritus)Jamie Wagman Saint Mary's CollegeShirley T. Wajda Michigan State UniversityDaniel Walkowitz New York UniversityWendy L. Wall Binghamton University, SUNYDavid Walsh Gettysburg CollegeEileen Walsh College of the DesertMarcella Sherfy Walter Independent ScholarMary Elizabeth Walters University of North Carolina, Chapel HillJason Morgan Ward Mississippi State UniversityCatherine Warren University of Nebraska at OmahaDwight D. Watson Texas State UniversityHarry L. Watson University of North Carolina at Chapel HillLaura Alice Watt Sonoma State UniversityStewart Weaver University of RochesterDevra Weber University of California RiversideSonnee D. Weedn Independent PractitionerJudith Weisenfeld Princeton UniversityJessica Weiss California State University East BayGaylynn Welch State University of New York, PotsdamAlexis Wells-Oghoghomeh Vanderbilt UniversityJoel Wendland Grand Valley State UniversityTisa Wenger Yale UniversityAnne Mitchell Whisnant East Carolina UniversityBrenda Battleson White University at BuffaloD. Anthony White Sonoma State UniversityE. Frances White New York University (emeritus)John W. White College of CharlestonKatherine White Independent ResearcherRichard White Stanford UniversityJohn D. Whitmer Shasta CollegeErin Whitson Binghamton University, SUNYRobert W. Widell, Jr. University of Rhode IslandSeth Wigderson University of Maine at AugustaHugh Wilford California State University, Long BeachDiana Williams University of Southern CaliforniaBridgett Williams-Searle College of Saint RoseRobert Willingham Roanoke CollegeAlan Scot Willis Northern Michigan UniversityChristopher Willoughby Tulane UniversityJocelyn Wills Brooklyn College, CUNYKaren S. Wilson University of California Los AngelesVeronica A. Wilson University of Pittsburgh at JohnstownGabriel Winant Yale UniversityBarbara Winslow Brooklyn College, CUNYDaniel Wishnnoff Suffolk County Community CollegeRyan Wisnor Pacific Northwest Labor History AssociationKate Wittenstein Gustavus Adolphus CollegeVictoria Saker Woeste American Bar FoundationCorinne Wohlford Fontbonne UniversityVictoria W. Wolcott University at BuffaloRobert P. Wolensky University of Wisconsin-Stevens PointMontgomery Wolf University of GeorgiaRobert S. Wolff Central Connecticut State UniversityAdam Wolkoff Independent ScholarKirsten Wood Florida International UniversityRue Wood Northwest Vista CollegeWarren C. Wood California Polytechnic University PomonaRobert H. Woodrum Perimeter College of Georgia State UniversityColleen Woods University of MarylandCookie Woolner University of MemphisStephen Wrenn East Stroudsburg UniversityNathan Wright Bryn Mawr CollegeEllen Wu Indiana University BloomingtonVictoria Wyatt University of VictoriaPeter G. Yackel HistorianMaggie Yancey The University of Tennessee, KnoxvilleVirginia Yans Rutgers University New BrunswickCynthia Gwynne Yaudes Indiana University, BloomingtonEric S. Yellin University of RichmondMari Yoshihara University of Hawai'iJames A. Young Edinboro University (emeritus)Jason Young University at BuffaloJeremy C. Young Dixie State UniversitySerena Zabin Carleton CollegeSherry Zane University of Connecticut, StorrsRobert Zecker St. Francis Xavier UniversityLinda Ziegenbein University of Massachusetts, AmherstDavid Zonderman North Carolina State University