University of New Hampshire

Professor Available to Discuss the Politics of Environmental Policymaking

21-Aug-2009 1:00 PM EDT, by University of New Hampshire

Newswise — Stacy VanDeveer, associate professor of political science at the University of New Hampshire, is available to discuss the complexities and contradictions regarding climate policy in North America, and the politics of U.S.-EU energy and environmental policymaking.

VanDeveer is the editor of two recent books:

• “Changing Climates in North American Politics: Institutions, Policymaking, and Multilevel Governance,” (MIT Press, 2009) investigates North American climate change policy at levels ranging from continental to municipal, from Mexico to Toronto to Portland, Maine.

• “Transatlantic Environment and Energy Politics,” (Ashgate, 2009) which analyzes climate change, product standards, chemical regulations, renewable energy policies, food safety, and genetically-modified organisms to examine areas of conflict and cooperation in the transatlantic relationship.

North American Climate Change PolicyContradictions in North American climate change policy are numerous and significant, according to VanDeveer. For example, the U.S. federal government rejected the Kyoto Protocol and mandatory greenhouse gas (GHG) restrictions, but California developed some of the world's most comprehensive climate change law and regulation. Canada's federal government ratified the Kyoto Protocol, but Canadian GHG emissions increased even faster than those of the United States. Mexico's state-owned oil company addressed climate change issues in the 1990s, in stark contrast to leading U.S. and Canadian energy firms.

“Although national climate policies vary widely, we found even greater policy conflict at the state, regional, and local levels. When states, provinces, cities, large corporations, NAFTA bodies, universities, NGOs, and private firms develop different and separate policy initiatives, it limits the effectiveness of coordinated multilevel climate change governance. And in North America, unlike much of Europe, climate change governance has been largely bottom-up rather than top-down,” VanDeveer says.

U.S.-EU Environment and Energy PoliticsAlthough the United States and European Union face common environmental and energy challenges, they often have taken different approaches to solving them, according to VanDeveer.

“The EU and the U.S. face many common environmental and energy challenges, such as the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, reduce toxics emissions and exposure, regulate electronic waste, develop policies on genetically modified organisms, and food and agricultural safety issues,” VanDeveer says. “But in recent years they have often taken very different approaches to regulating them – at different levels of government. Where the United States was the usual global leader on environmental and consumer safety regulation, the EU has now caught up and often taken the lead with more stringent regulation.”

VanDeveer says this means the European Union increasingly influences global standards more than does the United States, and the EU regulations increasingly force U.S. companies operating in Europe to abide by EU rules.

To improve the transatlantic relationship regarding environmental and energy policies, the book suggests that policy makers on each side of the Atlantic pay more attention to environmental and trade politics at multiple levels of government.

“In other words, while Washington and Brussels may have persistent differences, environmental leaders and some private sector organizations often have substantial agreements, and they are often in frequent contact,” VanDeveer says.

The European Union and the United States are the world’s two largest economies. With approximately 12 percent of global population in 2008, the United States and European Union together account for nearly half of global economic activity. As a result, they have significant influence on international decision making in economic, social, energy, resource and environmental outcomes around the globe. The policy positions adopted by the EU and the United States affect policy opportunities and choices in other parts of the world.

“The Obama administration has increased agreement around broad goals related to climate change, though there are many differences in terms of details. Also, both sides have moved closer together on issues such as agricultural safety and combating livestock diseases, and they tend to learn a great deal from one another around renewable energy issues and some waste and toxics standards. If the U.S. Congress and the Obama administration prove more willing to actually ratify treaties that the U.S. signs, it might also improve cooperation,” VanDeveer says.

Stacy VanDeveer is an associate professor of political science at the University of New Hampshire. His research interests include international environmental policymaking and its domestic impacts, the connections between environmental and security issues, and the role expertise in policy making. He has authored and co-authored numerous articles, book chapters, and working papers and reports. He has co-edited four books: “Changing Climates in North American Politics: Institutions, Policymaking, and Multilevel Governance,” (MIT Press, 2009), “Transatlantic Environment and Energy Politics,” (Ashgate, 2009), “EU Enlargement and the Environment: Institutional Change and Environmental Policy in Central and Eastern Europe” (Routledge, 2005), and “Saving the Seas: Values, Scientists, and International Governance,” (Maryland Sea Grant College, 1997).

The University of New Hampshire, founded in 1866, is a world-class public research university with the feel of a New England liberal arts college. A land, sea, and space-grant university, UNH is the state's flagship public institution, enrolling 11,800 undergraduate and 2,400 graduate students.

PHOTOStacy VanDeveer, associate professor of political science at UNHhttp://www.unh.edu/news/img/vandeveer.jpg

-30-

Filters close

Showing results

110 of 6051
Newswise: COVID-19 update: coping with increased cases, breakthrough infections, national masking mandates and vaccine requirements
Released: 29-Jul-2021 4:05 PM EDT
COVID-19 update: coping with increased cases, breakthrough infections, national masking mandates and vaccine requirements
Keck Medicine of USC

Keck Medicine of USC experts speak out on the continued physical and emotional consequences of COVID-19

Newswise: Federal Government Commitment Necessary to Protect Voting Rights for Historically Marginalized People, Fraga Testifies
Released: 29-Jul-2021 3:55 PM EDT
Federal Government Commitment Necessary to Protect Voting Rights for Historically Marginalized People, Fraga Testifies
University of Notre Dame

On July 27, Luis Fraga, the Rev. Donald P. McNeill, C.S.C., Professor of Transformative Latino Leadership at the University of Notre Dame, testified via Zoom at the House of Representatives Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties hearing on “The Need to Enhance the Voting Rights Act: Practice-Based Coverage.”

Released: 27-Jul-2021 12:05 PM EDT
Government Law Center Releases New Explainer on NY Redistricting
Albany Law School

The Government Law Center at Albany Law School has just released its latest explainer to help attorneys, politicians, and the public at large understand the complexities of New York’s redistricting process.

Released: 26-Jul-2021 12:40 PM EDT
GW Politics Poll Finds Varying Confidence in State and Local Elections
George Washington University

Democratic voters continue to have more faith in state and local elections than Republicans, according to new data from the George Washington University Politics Poll.

Newswise: Radiation Oncologists Urge Congress to Reverse Proposed CMS Cuts and Create More Equity in Access to Cancer Treatments
Released: 26-Jul-2021 11:30 AM EDT
Radiation Oncologists Urge Congress to Reverse Proposed CMS Cuts and Create More Equity in Access to Cancer Treatments
American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)

A record number of radiation oncologists met with Congressional leaders and staff last week as part of the largest American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Advocacy Day in the Society's history. The physicians urged Congressional leaders to intervene in response to consecutive Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) proposals that call for significant cuts to radiation oncology facilities.

Newswise:Video Embedded newswise-expert-panels-on-covid-19-pandemic-notable-excerpts-quotes-and-videos-available
VIDEO
Released: 26-Jul-2021 10:00 AM EDT
Newswise Expert Panels on COVID-19 Pandemic: Notable excerpts, quotes and videos available
Newswise

Newswise is hosting a series of Expert Panels discussion on unique aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic. This tip sheet includes some notable quotes from the panelists.

22-Jul-2021 8:00 AM EDT
National Poll: Parents Split on Whether to Vaccinate Younger Kids Against COVID
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Many parents are missing opportunities to discuss questions and concerns about the COVID vaccine for kids with a doctor.

Released: 20-Jul-2021 4:30 PM EDT
Small-Scale Worker Resistance Impacts Food Delivery Economy in China
Cornell University

Research from Cornell University has revealed a new form of bargaining power among Chinese platform-based food delivery workers, who conduct invisible mini-strikes by logging out of apps and airing grievances over.


Showing results

110 of 6051

close
2.10292