First demonstration of high-pressure metastability mapping with ultrafast X-ray diffraction shows objects aren't as large as previously thought.
Using genetic engineering, scientists improve biomass growth and conversion in woody and grassy feedstocks.
Novel observations suggest a great potential of measuring global gross primary production via solar-induced fluorescence.
Multiple plausible hypotheses in how maximum photosynthetic rates scale across the Earth lead to substantial variability in predicting carbon uptake.
Intuitive visual analytical model better explains complex architectural scenarios and offers general design principles.
Americium(III) is selectively and efficiently separated from europium(III) by an extractant in an ionic liquid.
The geometric complexities uncovered provide insights into how these mini-organs get assembled, potentially of interest for fuel production.
Defect-enhanced transport and complex phase growth are changing design rules for lithium-ion batteries.
Engineers develop wires that penetrate neurons and measure their activity
This is one in a series of profiles on directors of the SC-stewarded user facilities. This profile features Sergei Nagaitsev, director of the Fermilab Accelerator Complex.
Where does the heat go when a glass melts into a liquid? Not to changing the vibrations of atoms....
Engineered stacked perovskite layers harvest light or create light via layer edges.
Including phosphorus in predictions of photosynthesis may improve models of tropical forests where the supply of the nutrient is limited.
New open-source software simulates river and runoff resources.
Arctic Photosynthetic Capacity and Carbon Dioxide Assimilation Underestimated by Terrestrial Biosphere Models
New measurements offer data vital to projecting plant response to environmental changes.
Plasma physicists significantly improve the vertical stability of a Korean fusion device.
Crumpling reduces rigidity in an otherwise stiff material, making it less prone to catastrophic failure.
The magnetic noise caused by adsorbed oxygen molecules is "eating at" the phase stability of quantum bits, mitigating the noise is vital for future quantum computers.
Detector measures the energy a neutrino imparts to protons and neutrons to help explain the nature of matter and the universe.
Using two types of "designer" quantum dots, researchers are creating double-pane solar windows that generate electricity with greater efficiency and create shading and insulation for good measure. It's all made possible by a new window architecture which utilizes two different layers of low-cost quantum dots tuned to absorb different parts of the solar spectrum.
Simply applying a small voltage dramatically changes the atomic structure, vital to creating materials for advanced computer memory.
Large-scale simulations of quarks promise precise view of reactions of astrophysical importance.
For one of the strongest known materials, calculations clarify a long-standing debate about how atoms pack together.
Theory predicts that bending a film will control spin direction and create a spin current for next-generation electronics.
Cage-like molecules with internal chemical hooks remove three times more hazardous radioactive iodine compounds than current methods.