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    SLAC invention could make particle accelerators 10 times smaller

    SLAC invention could make particle accelerators 10 times smaller

    A team led by scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has invented a new type of accelerator structure that could make accelerators used for a given application 10 times shorter.

    Active learning accelerates redox-flow battery discovery

    Active learning accelerates redox-flow battery discovery

    In a new study from the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, researchers are accelerating the hunt for the best possible battery components by employing artificial intelligence.

    Automatic database creation for materials discovery: Innovation from frustration

    Automatic database creation for materials discovery: Innovation from frustration

    A collaboration between the University of Cambridge and Argonne has developed a unique method of generating automatic databases to support specific fields of science using AI and high-performance computing.

    Scientists develop forecasting technique that could help advance quest for fusion energy

    Scientists develop forecasting technique that could help advance quest for fusion energy

    An international group of researchers has developed a technique that forecasts how tokamaks might respond to unwanted magnetic errors. These forecasts could help engineers design fusion facilities that create a virtually inexhaustible supply of safe and clean fusion energy to generate electricity.

    New composite material revs up pursuit of advanced electric vehicles

    New composite material revs up pursuit of advanced electric vehicles

    Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory used new techniques to create a composite that increases the electrical current capacity of copper wires, providing a new material that can be scaled for use in ultra-efficient, power-dense electric vehicle traction motors.

    Not Your Average Refinery

    Not Your Average Refinery

    PNNL researchers outline how to convert stranded biomass to sustainable fuel using electrochemical reduction reactions in mini-refineries powered by renewable energy.

    Supercooled Water Is a Stable Liquid, Scientists Show for the First Time

    Supercooled Water Is a Stable Liquid, Scientists Show for the First Time

    First-ever measurements provide evidence that supercooled liquid water exists in two distinct structures that co-exist and vary in proportion dependent on temperature

    New Calculation Refines Comparison of Matter with Antimatter

    New Calculation Refines Comparison of Matter with Antimatter

    An international collaboration of theoretical physicists has published a new calculation relevant to the search for an explanation of the predominance of matter over antimatter in our universe. The new calculation gives a more accurate prediction for the likelihood with which kaons decay into a pair of electrically charged pions vs. a pair of neutral pions.

    Digging into soil organic matter

    Digging into soil organic matter

    A new study found patterns in how soil organic matter forms across a wide range of climate types. Understanding how soils break down or preserve organic matter is important because organic matter plays a central role in the kind of services soils can provide, such as whether they make good agricultural soils or if they can sequester carbon to slow climate change.

    Quirky Response to Magnetism Presents Quantum Physics Mystery

    Quirky Response to Magnetism Presents Quantum Physics Mystery

    The search is on to discover new states of matter, and possibly new ways of encoding, manipulating, and transporting information. One goal is to harness materials' quantum properties for communications that go beyond what's possible with conventional electronics. Topological insulators--materials that act mostly as insulators but carry electric current across their surface--provide some tantalizing possibilities. Scientists at Brookhaven Lab describe one such material that should be right just right for making qubits. But this material doesn't obey the rules.

    High-precision electrochemistry: The new gold standard in fuel cell catalyst development

    High-precision electrochemistry: The new gold standard in fuel cell catalyst development

    As part of an international collaboration, scientists at Argonne National Laboratory have made a pivotal discovery that could extend the lifetime of fuel cells that power electric vehicles by eliminating the dissolution of platinum catalysts.

    Scientists probe the chemistry of a single battery electrode particle both inside and out

    Scientists probe the chemistry of a single battery electrode particle both inside and out

    Cracks and chemical reactions on a battery particle's surface can sap its ability to store and release energy. Scientists probed a single charged particle the size of a red blood cell to see how interior and surface damage influence each other.

    Quantum light squeezes the noise out of microscopy signals

    Quantum light squeezes the noise out of microscopy signals

    Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory used quantum optics to advance state-of-the-art microscopy and illuminate a path to detecting material properties with greater sensitivity than is possible with traditional tools.

    Exploring Oxidative Pathways in Nuclear Fuel

    Exploring Oxidative Pathways in Nuclear Fuel

    An international team used PNNL microscopy to answer questions about how uranium dioxide--used in nuclear power plants--might behave in long-term storage.

    Researchers find unexpected electrical current that could stabilize fusion reactions

    Researchers find unexpected electrical current that could stabilize fusion reactions

    PPPL scientists have found that electrical currents can form in ways not known before. The novel findings could give researchers greater ability to bring the fusion energy that drives the sun and stars to Earth.

    Scientists find new way to measure important beam property

    Scientists find new way to measure important beam property

    In a new study from Argonne, researchers have measured important beam properties that will help scientists develop more focused beams for high-impact science.

    Story Tips: Cool smart walls, magnetism twist, fuel cost savings and polymers' impact

    Story Tips: Cool smart walls, magnetism twist, fuel cost savings and polymers' impact

    ORNL Story Tips: Cool smart walls, magnetism twist, fuel cost savings and polymers' impact

    SLAC researchers find evidence for quantum fluctuations near a quantum critical point in a superconductor

    SLAC researchers find evidence for quantum fluctuations near a quantum critical point in a superconductor

    Theory suggests that quantum critical points may be analogous to black holes as places where all sorts of strange phenomena can exist in a quantum material. Now scientists say that they have found strong evidence that QCPs and their associated fluctuations exist in a cuprate superconductor.

    Tungsten isotope helps study how to armor future fusion reactors

    Tungsten isotope helps study how to armor future fusion reactors

    A team of ORNL researchers working with tungsten to armor the inside of future fusion reactors had some surprising results when looking at the probability of contamination.

    Sulfur-scavenging bacteria could be key to making common component in plastic

    Sulfur-scavenging bacteria could be key to making common component in plastic

    Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Ohio State University discovered a new microbial pathway that produces ethylene, providing a potential avenue for biomanufacturing a common component of plastics, adhesives, coolants and other everyday products.

    Machine Learning Helps Plasma Physics Researchers Understand Turbulence Transport

    Machine Learning Helps Plasma Physics Researchers Understand Turbulence Transport

    UC San Diego researchers published a study that used the 'Comet' supercomputer at the San Diego Supercomputer Center on campus showing how machine learning produced a model for plasma turbulence.

    New Nitrogen Assembly Carbon catalyst has potential to transform chemical manufacturing

    New Nitrogen Assembly Carbon catalyst has potential to transform chemical manufacturing

    Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered a metal-free carbon-based catalyst that has the potential to be much less expensive and more efficient for many industrial concerns, including manufacturing of bio- and fossil fuels, electrocatalysis, and fuel cells.

    Natural Radiation Can Interfere with Quantum Computers

    Natural Radiation Can Interfere with Quantum Computers

    Radiation from natural sources in the environment can limit the performance of superconducting quantum bits, known as qubits. The discovery, reported in the journal Nature, has implications for the construction and operation of quantum computers.

    Revised code could help improve efficiency of fusion experiments

    Revised code could help improve efficiency of fusion experiments

    Researchers led by PPPL have upgraded a key computer code for calculating forces acting on magnetically confined plasma in fusion energy experiments. The upgrade will help scientists further improve the design of breakfast-cruller-shaped facilities known as stellarators.

    Scientists create protein models to explore toxic methylmercury formation

    Scientists create protein models to explore toxic methylmercury formation

    A team led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory created a computational model of the proteins responsible for the transformation of mercury to toxic methylmercury, marking a step forward in understanding how the reaction occurs and how mercury cycles through the environment.