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    University of Kentucky Grant Seeks to Turn Coal Into Carbon Fiber

    University of Kentucky Grant Seeks to Turn Coal Into Carbon Fiber

    UK's Center for Applied Energy Research (CAER) has received a $1.8 million U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) grant to transform coal tar pitch into high-value carbon fiber for use in aircraft, automobiles, sporting goods and other high-performance materials.

    Freeze Frame: Scientists Capture Atomic-Scale Snapshots of Artificial Proteins

    Freeze Frame: Scientists Capture Atomic-Scale Snapshots of Artificial Proteins

    Scientists at Berkeley Lab are the first to use cryo-EM (cryogenic electron microscopy), a Nobel Prize-winning technique originally designed to image proteins in solution, to image atomic changes in a synthetic soft material.

    Argonne Collaboration Shows Benefits of Better Corn Residue Management Strategies

    Argonne Collaboration Shows Benefits of Better Corn Residue Management Strategies

    Sustainable corn stover removal can maintain soil carbon stock, according a new Argonne-led study.

    Study Sheds Light on the Really Peculiar 'Normal' Phase of High-Temperature Superconductors

    Study Sheds Light on the Really Peculiar 'Normal' Phase of High-Temperature Superconductors

    Experiments at SLAC and Stanford probe the normal state more accurately than ever before and discover an abrupt shift in the behavior of electrons in which they suddenly give up their individuality and behave like an electron soup.

    Scientists devise catalyst that uses light to turn carbon dioxide to fuel

    Scientists devise catalyst that uses light to turn carbon dioxide to fuel

    In a recent study from Argonne, scientists have used sunlight and a catalyst largely made of copper to transform carbon dioxide to methanol.

    SLAC scientists invent a way to see attosecond electron motions with an X-ray laser

    SLAC scientists invent a way to see attosecond electron motions with an X-ray laser

    Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have invented a way to observe the movements of electrons with powerful X-ray laser bursts just 280 attoseconds, or billionths of a billionth of a second, long.

    Bank on it: Gains in one type of force produced by fusion disruptions are offset by losses in another

    Bank on it: Gains in one type of force produced by fusion disruptions are offset by losses in another

    Simulations show that halo currents can serve as a proxy for the total force produced by vertical disruptions.

    Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2019

    Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2019

    An additively manufactured polymer layer applied to specialized plastic proved effective to protect aircraft from lightning strikes in lab test; injecting shattered argon pellets into a super-hot plasma, when needed, could protect a fusion reactor's interior wall from runaway electrons; ORNL will celebrate the life and legacy of Dr. Liane Russell on December 20.

    Scientists find new way to identify, manipulate topological metals for spintronics

    Scientists find new way to identify, manipulate topological metals for spintronics

    A recent study gives researchers an easier way of finding Weyl semimetals and manipulating them for potential spintronic devices.

    Big trucks, little emissions

    Big trucks, little emissions

    Researchers reveal a new integrated, cost-efficient way of converting ethanol for fuel blends that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

    Building a better battery with machine learning

    Building a better battery with machine learning

    In two new papers, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have turned to the power of machine learning and artificial intelligence to dramatically accelerate battery discovery.

    Argonne and TAE Technologies heating up plasma energy research

    Argonne and TAE Technologies heating up plasma energy research

    Fusion power researchers at TAE Technologies employ Argonne supercomputers to develop magnetic fusion plasma confinement devices as a means to generate unlimited electricity.

    New study analyzes viability of sustainable fuels developed through ORNL process

    New study analyzes viability of sustainable fuels developed through ORNL process

    A technology developed at the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and scaled up by Vertimass LLC to convert ethanol into fuels suitable for aviation, shipping and other heavy-duty applications can be price-competitive with conventional fuels while retaining the sustainability benefits of bio-based ethanol, according to a new analysis.

    New material captures and converts toxic air pollutant into industrial chemical

    New material captures and converts toxic air pollutant into industrial chemical

    A team led by the University of Manchester has developed a metal-organic framework material providing a selective, reversible and repeatable capability to capture a toxic air pollutant, nitrogen dioxide, which is produced by combusting fossil fuels. The material then requires only water and air to convert the captured gas into nitric acid for industrial use.

    Theorists probe the relationship between 'strange metals' and high-temperature superconductors

    Theorists probe the relationship between 'strange metals' and high-temperature superconductors

    SLAC theorists have observed strange metallicity in a well-known model for simulating and describing the behavior of materials with strongly correlated electrons, which join forces to produce unexpected phenomena rather than acting independently.

    The Beauty of Imperfections: Linking Atomic Defects to 2D Materials' Electronic Properties

    The Beauty of Imperfections: Linking Atomic Defects to 2D Materials' Electronic Properties

    Scientists at Berkeley Lab have revealed how atomic defects emerge in transition metal dichalcogenides, and how those defects shape the 2D material's electronic properties. Their findings could provide a versatile yet targeted platform for designing 2D materials for quantum information science.

    High school students' data science contributions boost biomineralization research

    High school students' data science contributions boost biomineralization research

    Two high school students developed software to analyze images of diatoms--algae that produce silicon for constructing cell walls--to determine the differences between wild and genetically modified strains of these organisms. This work was instrumental to a research team interested in optimizing diatoms for biomineralization, the process of making materials from biological systems.

    Turning Up the Heat to Create New Nanostructured Metals

    Turning Up the Heat to Create New Nanostructured Metals

    The metallic thin films with 3-D interlocking nanostructures could be used in catalysis, energy storage, and biomedical sensing.

    Blowing bubbles: PPPL scientist confirms novel way to launch and drive current in fusion plasmas

    Blowing bubbles: PPPL scientist confirms novel way to launch and drive current in fusion plasmas

    PPPL physicist Fatima Ebrahimi has used high-resolution computer simulations to confirm the practicality of the CHI start-up technique. The simulations show that CHI could produce electric current continuously in larger, more powerful tokamaks than exist today to produce stable fusion plasmas.

    A four-way switch promises greater tunability of layered materials

    A four-way switch promises greater tunability of layered materials

    A team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Vanderbilt University made the first experimental observation of a material phase that had been predicted but never seen.

    Scientists discover ​"ripple" in flexible material that could improve electronic properties

    Scientists discover ​"ripple" in flexible material that could improve electronic properties

    Argonne scientists have discovered an intriguing new behavior in a two-dimensional material at the atomic level as it is stretched and strained, like it would be in an actual flexible device.

    AI for Plant Breeding in an Ever-Changing Climate

    AI for Plant Breeding in an Ever-Changing Climate

    In this Q&A, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Dan Jacobson talks about his team's work on a genomic selection algorithm, his vision for the future of environmental genomics, and the space where simulation meets AI.

    A New Parallel Strategy for Tackling Turbulence on Summit

    A New Parallel Strategy for Tackling Turbulence on Summit

    A team at Georgia Tech created a new turbulence algorithm optimized for the Summit supercomputer. It reached a performance of less than 15 seconds of wall-clock time per time step for more than 6 trillion grid points--a new world record surpassing the prior state of the art in the field for the size of the problem.

    Modeling Every Building in America Starts with Chattanooga

    Modeling Every Building in America Starts with Chattanooga

    An ORNL team used the Titan supercomputer to model every building serviced by the Electric Power Board of Chattanooga--all 178,368 of them--and discovered that EPB could potentially save $11-$35 million per year by adjusting electricity usage during peak critical times.