Berkeley Lab, Intel, Cray Harness the Power of Deep Learning to Better Understand the Universe

A collaboration between computational scientists at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center and engineers at Intel and Cray has yielded another first in the quest to apply deep learning to data-intensive science: CosmoFlow, the first large-scale science application to use the TensorFlow framework on a CPU-based high performance computing platform with synchronous training.

Unraveling How Spiderwebs Absorb Energy

Spiderwebs can withstand a predator's impact while still helping catch and detect small prey. Spiders architect these lightweight networks for strength and elasticity using different silks and geometric structures. Recently, researchers unraveled a new energy absorption mechanism that explains how spiderwebs can be simultaneously sensitive and impact-resistant. The research team reports their findings in Applied Physics Letters.

Modular Fluidic System Developed to Supply Radioisotope Used in Targeted Alpha Therapy

Laboratory automation applied to complex radiochemical isolation of astatine-211 from cyclotron-bombarded targets.

Argonne's New Combustion Synthesis Research Facility Heats Up High-Throughput Manufacturing of Nanomaterials

Argonne announces the availability of a new manufacturing technology that simplifies the manufacture of nanomaterials in high volumes. Known as Flame Spray Pyrolysis (FSP), the technology offers benefits over traditional methods used to manufacture the particle-based substances that are critical to producing a wide range of industrial materials.

Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 2018

ORNL story tips: Lab, field tests show improved building insulation performance; ORNL-developed software runs quantum programs on multiple quantum computers; ORNL moved single atoms below a crystal's surface; certain bacteria turns mercury into methylmercury at varying rates across species; ORNL hosts Molten Salt Reactor Workshop in Oct.

Changing the type of silicon etching drops solar power costs by more than 10 percent

Michigan Technological University and Aalto University researchers have found that using dry etched black silicon for passive emitter rear cell (PERC) solar cells increases the cost of individual cell production by 15.8 percent to 25.1 percent, but reduces the cost per unit power by 10.8 percent over those for industrial Czochralski silicon.

Cannibalistic Materials Feed on Themselves to Grow New Nanostructures

Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory induced a two-dimensional material to cannibalize itself for atomic "building blocks" from which stable structures formed. The findings provide insights that may improve design of 2D materials for fast-charging energy-storage and electronic devices.

Scientists Predict Superelastic Properties in a Group of Iron-Based Superconductors

A collaboration between scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and the Institute for Theoretical Physics at Goethe University Frankfurt am Main has computationally predicted a number of unique properties in a group of iron-based superconductors, including room-temperature super-elasticity.

Highest Precision Prediction of Muon "Wobble"

Comparing new prediction to measurements of muons' precession could potentially help scientists discover new subatomic particles.

Solar Eruptions May Not Have Slinky-like Shapes After All

Revisiting some older data, University of New Hampshire researchers discovered new information about the shape of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) - large-scale eruptions of plasma and magnetic field from the sun - that could one day help protect satellites in space as well as the electrical grid on Earth.

Mathematics Can Assist Cities in Addressing Unstructured Neighborhoods

New mathematical models developed by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory with collaborators at Sam Houston State University and the University of Chicago can help guide changes to the layout of poor urban neighborhoods to improve access to resources with minimum disruption and cost.

ATLAS Experiment Uncovers Higgs Boson Interactions with Heaviest Quarks

New direct evidence for Higgs interactions with top and bottom quarks confirms its role in generating mass for constituents of matter.

Putting ‚Äč'Public' Back Into Publication

Six years in the making, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Knowledgebase (KBase) program offers the most updated system for recording experimental methods

Protactinium and Its Periodic Intersection

The element's unusual electron structure and behavior are vital to understanding and exploiting the chemical bonding and reactivity of the heavy elements.

LHC scientists detect most favored Higgs decay

Today at CERN, the Large Hadron Collider collaborations ATLAS and CMS jointly announced the discovery of the Higgs boson transforming into bottom quarks as it decays. This is predicted to be the most common way for Higgs bosons to decay yet was a difficult signal to isolate because background processes closely mimic the subtle signal. This new discovery is a big step forward in the quest to understand how the Higgs enables fundamental particles to acquire mass.

Riding the Wave of Liquid:Liquid Interfaces

Crests of watery waves breaking in oil may be the gatekeepers to transport vital chemicals in industrial separation process.

Q&A: Shining X-ray light on perovskites for better solar cells

Four scientists discuss X-ray experiments at SLAC's synchrotron that reveal new insights into how a promising solar cell material forms.

A Device to Harvest Energy from Low-frequency Vibrations

A team of researchers from Penn State's Materials Research Institute and the University of Utah has developed a wearable energy harvesting device that could generate energy from the swing of an arm while walking or jogging. The device, about the size of a wristwatch, produces enough power to run a personal health monitoring system.

Generating Energy from Sandy Rivers: An Untapped Renewable Resource Ready for Prime Time?

Findings, detailed in a new paper published in Nature Energy, showed that the model hydrokinetic power plant can generate energy effectively and safely without undermining the stability of the river geomorphic environment.

Getting a Charge Out of MOFs

Researchers have made a MOF with the highest electron charge mobilities ever observed, along with a technique to improve the conductivity of other MOFs. The work was led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

How SLAC's 'Electronics Artists' Enable Cutting-Edge Science

A team of 12 design engineers develop application-specific integrated circuits, or ASICs, for X-ray science, particle physics and other research areas at SLAC. Their custom chips are tailored to extract meaningful features from signals collected in the lab's experiments and turn them into digital signals that can be further analyzed.

Report Confirms Wind Technology Advancements Continue to Drive Down Wind Energy Prices

Wind energy pricing remains attractive, according to an annual report released by the U.S. Department of Energy and prepared by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). At an average of around 2 cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh), prices offered by newly built wind projects in the United States are being driven lower by technology advancements and cost reductions.

From Great Prairie to Gigabytes: Sequencing the Genomes of a Microbial Ecosystem

The American Midwest's Great Prairie is one of the country's most important ecological systems and its soil microbes are essential to the carbon cycle. The Great Prairie Metagenome Grand Challenge is sequencing the genes of microbial communities to better understand their ecological role.

Novel X-Ray Optics Boost Imaging Capabilities at NSLS-II

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a new approach to 3-D x-ray imaging that can visualize bulky materials in great detail--an impossible task with conventional imaging methods. The novel technique could help scientists unlock clues about the structural information of countless materials, from batteries to biological systems.

Mixed Report Card for Low-Cost Indoor Air Quality Home Monitors

Indoor air researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) recently tested seven consumer-grade air quality monitors to see if they could detect fine particles emitted by common household activities, including cooking, burning candles, and smoking. All of the monitors tested by researchers were found to have either underreported or missed the presence of very small particles that can penetrate deeply into the lungs.