March 2020 Science Snapshots from Berkeley Lab
A new design has put the long-sought idea of artificial photosynthesis within reach
An advance in molecular moviemaking reveals the subtle, complex ways a simple molecule can shimmy and fly apart
Researchers observed atomic nuclei moving over distances of less than an angstrom in less than a trillionth of a second -- a level of resolution that can only be achieved with an X-ray free-electron laser.
Research led by a Princeton University graduate student demonstrates that machine learning can predict and avoid damaging disruptions to fusion facilities.
Atomic distortions emerging in the electrode during operation provide a "fast lane" for the transport of lithium ions.
Permanent magnets far stronger than those on refrigerator doors could be a solution for delivering fusion energy
Permanent magnets can, in principle, greatly simplify the design and production of the complex coils of stellarator fusion facilities.
Injecting pellets of hydrogen ice rather than puffing hydrogen gas improves fusion performance. Studies by PPPL and ORNL physicists compared the two methods on the DIII-D National Fusion Facility, looking ahead to the injection fueling planned for ITER.
New results from precision particle detectors at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) offer a fresh glimpse of the particle interactions that take place in the cores of neutron stars and give nuclear physicists a new way to search for violations of fundamental symmetries in the universe.
A forthcoming N = 126 Factory will investigate one of the great questions in physics and chemistry: how were the heavy elements from iron to uranium created?
Researchers from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have made a promising new advance for the lab's high-speed "electron camera" that could allow them to "film" tiny, ultrafast motions of protons and electrons in chemical reactions that have never been seen before.
Why do some people feel like they need three cups of coffee just to get through the day when others are happy with only one? Why do some people abstain entirely? New research suggests that our intake of coffee - the most popular beverage in America, above bottled water, sodas, tea, and beer - is affected by a positive feedback loop between genetics and the environment.
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have used Summit, the world's most powerful and smartest supercomputer, to identify 77 small-molecule drug compounds that might warrant further study in the fight against the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, which is responsible for the COVID-19 disease outbreak.
Many studies do not adequately consider the two-way nature of this relationship and its impact on grid resilience.
Berkeley Lab scientists tap into graphene's hidden talent as an electrically tunable superconductor, insulator, and magnetic device for the advancement of quantum information science
A potential drug target has been identified in a newly mapped protein of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The structure was solved by a team including the University of Chicago (U of C), the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and the University of California, Riverside School of Medicine (UCR).
Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory report fabricating and testing a superconducting nanowire device applicable to high-speed photon counting. This pivotal invention will allow nuclear physics experiments that were previously thought impossible.
Researchers have put a new technique based on machine learning to work uncovering the secrets of buried interfaces and edges in a material.
Laser-induced melting occurs nonuniformly in polycrystalline gold thin films--a finding that may be important for precision part micromachining.
ORNL's Story Tips: Antidote chasing, traffic control and automatic modeling, for March 2020
Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee achieved a rare look at the inner workings of polymer self-assembly at an oil-water interface to advance materials for neuromorphic computing and bio-inspired technologies.
New application of deep learning allows prediction of disruptions from raw, high-resolution data from fusion energy experiments.
Berkeley Lab scientists have made a surprising discovery that could help explain our risk for developing chronic diseases or cancers as we get older, and how our food decomposes over time.
Nuclear physicists have entered a new era for probing the strongest force in the universe at its very heart with a novel method of accessing the space between protons and neutrons in dense environments. The research, which was carried out at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, has been published in the journal Nature and opens the door for more precision studies of the strongest part of the strong nuclear force and the structure of neutron stars.
A cheap technique could detect neutrinos in polar ice, eventually allowing researchers to expand the energy reach of IceCube without breaking the bank.
In a multi-institutional field campaign with NOAA and other laboratories, researchers at Argonne National Laboratory are working to better identify and forecast the occurrence of cold pool events.