PNNL researchers have been able to observe in unprecedented detail how rust happens.
New method for alleviating the effects of "noise" in quantum information systems addresses a challenge that scientists around the globe are working to meet in the race toward a new era of quantum technologies.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory used machine learning to map vegetation in Alaskan tundra; ORNL taps machine learning to better predict home-to-work commuting; Univ of South Carolina investigates oxygen-reducing perovskites in fuel cells using ORNL neutrons; decades of data showed salt purity trends leading to inconsistent corrosion of alloys.
Characterizing carbon stored in deeper sediments below soils is critical for understanding the stability and dynamics of Earth's carbon pool.
New crime scene investigation technique offers a hard look at the traces that particles leave before fleeing the scene.
Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory described in the journal Science the first use of an electron microscope to directly identify isotopes in amino acids at the nanoscale without damaging the samples, which could open a new pathway for deeper, more comprehensive studies of the basic building blocks of life.
Scientists widely accept the existence of quarks, the elusive fundamental particles that make up protons and neutrons. But information about their properties is still lacking.
Scientists developed a method to better distinguish the tracks that particles leave behind in liquid argon.
A careful consideration of electric fields could lead to faster industrial processes that use less energy and release less waste.
Findings could rewrite textbooks about molecular structure for solvent ubiquitous in chemistry and biology.
Algae that turn carbon dioxide into fuel feedstock are enhanced by surrounding bacteria.
Element-selective method reveals interfacial properties of materials used for water purification, catalysis, energy conversion, and more.
New simulations led by researchers working at the Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have combined decades-old theories to provide new insight about the driving mechanisms in plasma jets that allows them to steal energy from black holes' powerful gravitational fields and propel it far from their gaping mouths.
The genetics of viruses living along a permafrost thaw gradient may help scientists better predict the pace of climate change.
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered the relaxation dynamics of a zero-field state in skyrmions, a spinning magnetic phenomenon that has potential applications in data storage and spintronic devices.
Mortality rates of moist tropical forests are on the rise due to environmental drivers and related mechanisms.
A new award-winning magnet technology invented at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory could help drive the nation's transition from gas-powered vehicles to electric and hybrid power more rapidly, at lower cost, and in a more environmentally friendly way.
To develop a future fusion reactor, scientists need to understand how and why plasma in fusion experiments moves into a "high-confinement mode" where particles and heat can't escape. Scientists at the Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory simulated the transition into that mode starting from the most basic physics principles.
New insights into molecular-level processes could help prevent corrosion and improve catalytic conversion.
The High Flux Isotope Reactor and the Spallation Neutron Source at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have reached new levels of increased science productivity. In 2018, a record high of more than 500 scientific instrument publications were produced between HFIR and SNS--based on neutron beamline experiments conducted by more than 1,200 US and international researchers who used the world-leading facilities.
Feature describes first direct sighting of a trigger for bursts of heat that can disrupt fusion reactions.
Scientists discover key types of microbes that degrade organic matter and release carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere.
An effect that Einstein helped discover 100 years ago offers new insight into a puzzling magnetic phenomenon
Experiments at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have seen for the first time what happens when magnetic materials are demagnetized at ultrafast speeds of millionths of a billionth of a second: The atoms on the surface of the material move, much like the iron bar did. The work, done at SLAC's Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray laser, was published in Nature earlier this month.
Like surfers catching ocean waves, particles within plasma can ride waves oscillating through the plasma during fusion energy experiments. Now a team of physicists led by PPPL has devised a faster method to determine how much this interaction contributes to efficiency loss in tokamaks.
In a recent study from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, scientists have combined two membrane-bound protein complexes to perform a complete conversion of water molecules to hydrogen and oxygen.