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    Scientists Drive Tiny Shock Waves Through Diamond

    Scientists Drive Tiny Shock Waves Through Diamond

    Researchers have used an X-ray laser to record, in detail never possible before, the microscopic motion and effects of shock waves rippling across diamond. The technique, developed at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, allows scientists to precisely explore the complex physics driving massive star explosions, which are critical for understanding fusion energy, and to improve scientific models used to study these phenomena.

    Autonomous Taxis Would Deliver Significant Environmental and Economic Benefits

    Autonomous Taxis Would Deliver Significant Environmental and Economic Benefits

    Imagine a fleet of driverless taxis roaming your city, ready to pick you up and take you to your destination at a moment's notice. While this may seem fantastical, it may be only a matter of time before it becomes reality. And according to a new study from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, such a system would both be cost-effective and greatly reduce per-mile emissions of greenhouse gases.

    Aluminum Clusters Shut Down Molecular Fuel Factory

    Aluminum Clusters Shut Down Molecular Fuel Factory

    When aluminum atoms bunch up, porous materials called zeolites lose their ability to convert oil to gasoline. An international team of scientists created the first 3-D atomic map of a zeolite in order to find out how to improve catalysts used to produce fuel, biofuel and other chemicals.

    New CMI Process Recycles Magnets From Factory Floor

    New CMI Process Recycles Magnets From Factory Floor

    A new recycling method developed by scientists at the Critical Materials Institute, a U.S. Department of Energy Innovation Hub led by the Ames Laboratory, recovers valuable rare-earth magnetic material from manufacturing waste.

    Homegrown Solution for Synchrotron Light Source

    Homegrown Solution for Synchrotron Light Source

    Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory advanced ngle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) to help study the electronic properties of new materials.

    Scientists Propose New Model of the Source of a Mysterious Barrier to Fusion Known as the "Density Limit"

    Scientists Propose New Model of the Source of a Mysterious Barrier to Fusion Known as the "Density Limit"

    Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have developed a detailed model of the source of a puzzling limitation on fusion reactions. The findings, published this month in Physics of Plasmas, complete and confirm previous PPPL research and could lead to steps to overcome the barrier if the model proves consistent with experimental data.

    Magnetic Attraction

    Magnetic Attraction

    Researchers studying a broad spectrum of science, including biofuel production processes, climate effects on carbon cycling in the soil and carbon transformations in the atmosphere will soon have access to EMSL's new 21 Tesla Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer. Scientists are eager to start getting molecular-level information for their research, and six inaugural studies were selected to use the new instrument through a Special Science Call.

    X-Rays and Electrons Join Forces To Map Catalytic Reactions in Real-Time

    X-Rays and Electrons Join Forces To Map Catalytic Reactions in Real-Time

    A new technique pioneered at Brookhaven National Laboratory reveals atomic-scale changes during catalytic reactions in real time and under real operating conditions.

    Helium 'Balloons' Offer New Path to Control Complex Materials

    Helium 'Balloons' Offer New Path to Control Complex Materials

    Researchers have developed a new method to manipulate a wide range of materials and their behavior using only a handful of helium ions.

    Studying the Canadian Oil Sands

    Studying the Canadian Oil Sands

    The Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory this week released a study that shows gasoline and diesel refined from Canadian oil sands has a higher carbon impact than fuels derived from conventional domestic crude sources.

    Silica 'Spiky Screws' Could Enhance Industrial Coatings, Additive Manufacturing

    Silica 'Spiky Screws' Could Enhance Industrial Coatings, Additive Manufacturing

    It took marine sponges millions of years to perfect their spike-like structures, but research mimicking these formations may soon alter how industrial coatings and 3-D printed to additively manufactured objects are produced.

    X Marks the Spot: Researchers Confirm Novel Method for Controlling Plasma Rotation to Improve Fusion Performance

    X Marks the Spot: Researchers Confirm Novel Method for Controlling Plasma Rotation to Improve Fusion Performance

    Timothy Stoltzfus-Dueck, a physicist at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), has demonstrated a novel method that scientists can use to manipulate the intrinsic - or self-generated - rotation of hot, charged plasma gas within fusion facilities called tokamaks.

    Sweeping Lasers Snap Together Nanoscale Geometric Grids

    Sweeping Lasers Snap Together Nanoscale Geometric Grids

    New technique developed by Brookhaven Lab scientists to rapidly create multi-layered, self-assembled grids could transform the manufacture of high-tech coatings for anti-reflective surfaces, improved solar cells, and touchscreen electronics.

    New 'Molecular Movie' Reveals Ultrafast Chemistry in Motion

    New 'Molecular Movie' Reveals Ultrafast Chemistry in Motion

    Scientists for the first time tracked ultrafast structural changes, captured in quadrillionths-of-a-second steps, as ring-shaped gas molecules burst open and unraveled. Ring-shaped molecules are abundant in biochemistry and also form the basis for many drug compounds. The study points the way to a wide range of real-time X-ray studies of gas-based chemical reactions that are vital to biological processes.

    New Tool on Horizon for Surgeons Treating Cancer Patients

    New Tool on Horizon for Surgeons Treating Cancer Patients

    Surgeons could know while their patients are still on the operating table if a tissue is cancerous, according to researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School.

    Argonne, Brandeis University Researchers Examine Infectious Bacterium's Natural Defenses

    Argonne, Brandeis University Researchers Examine Infectious Bacterium's Natural Defenses

    As a spinoff from their research aimed at fighting a specific parasite, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and Brandeis University may have found a way around an infectious bacterium's natural defenses.

    Study Finds a Way to Prevent Fires in Next-Generation Lithium Batteries

    Study Finds a Way to Prevent Fires in Next-Generation Lithium Batteries

    In a study that could improve the safety of next-generation batteries, researchers discovered that adding two chemicals to the electrolyte of a lithium metal battery prevents the formation of dendrites - "fingers" of lithium that pierce the barrier between the battery's halves, causing it to short out, overheat and sometimes burst into flame.

    Automating Microbial Genome Sequence Decontamination

    Automating Microbial Genome Sequence Decontamination

    A study in The ISME Journal describes a tool called ProDeGe developed by U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) scientists that is the first computational protocol for quick and automated removal of contaminant sequences from draft microbial genomes.

    Researchers Correlate Incidences of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Giant Cell Arteritis with Solar Cycles

    Researchers Correlate Incidences of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Giant Cell Arteritis with Solar Cycles

    New release reports correlation between incidences of rheumatoid arthritis and giant cell arteritis with solar cycles.

    New Optics Technology Opens Door to High-Resolution Atomic-Level Hard X-Ray Studies

    New Optics Technology Opens Door to High-Resolution Atomic-Level Hard X-Ray Studies

    An international collaboration involving two U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories has demonstrated a way to reach dramatically smaller focal sizes for hard X-rays, opening the door to research with hard X-rays at atomic-scale.

    Argonne Scientists Announce First Room-Temperature Magnetic Skyrmion Bubbles

    Argonne Scientists Announce First Room-Temperature Magnetic Skyrmion Bubbles

    Researchers at UCLA and Argonne National Laboratory announced today a new method for creating magnetic skyrmion bubbles at room temperature. The bubbles, a physics phenomenon thought to be an option for more energy-efficient and compact electronics, can be created with simple equipment and common materials.

    Newly Discovered Property Could Help Beat the Heat Problem in Computer Chips

    Newly Discovered Property Could Help Beat the Heat Problem in Computer Chips

    X-ray studies at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have for the first time observed an exotic property that could warp the electronic structure of a material in a way that reduces heat buildup and improves performance in ever-smaller computer components.

    Land Management Practices to Become Important as Biofuels Use Grows

    Land Management Practices to Become Important as Biofuels Use Grows

    The handling of agricultural crop residues appears to have a large impact on soil's ability to retain carbon, making land management practices increasingly important, according to researchers at Argonne National Laboratory.

    Scientists See Ripples of a Particle-Separating Wave in Primordial Plasma

    Scientists See Ripples of a Particle-Separating Wave in Primordial Plasma

    Scientists in the STAR collaboration at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, a particle accelerator exploring nuclear physics and the building blocks of matter at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, have new evidence for what's called a "chiral magnetic wave" rippling through the soup of quark-gluon plasma created in RHIC's energetic particle smashups. The findings are described in a paper that will be highlighted as an Editors' Suggestion in Physical Review Letters.

    BESC, Mascoma Develop Revolutionary Microbe for Biofuel Production

    BESC, Mascoma Develop Revolutionary Microbe for Biofuel Production

    Biofuels pioneer Mascoma LLC and the Department of Energy's BioEnergy Science Center have developed a revolutionary strain of yeast that could help significantly accelerate the development of biofuels from nonfood plant matter.