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    Spiraling Laser Pulses Could Change the Nature of Graphene

    Spiraling Laser Pulses Could Change the Nature of Graphene

    A new study predicts that researchers could use spiraling pulses of laser light to change the nature of graphene, turning it from a metal into an insulator and giving it other peculiar properties that might be used to encode information.

    DNA Double Helix Does Double Duty in Assembling Arrays of Nanoparticles

    DNA Double Helix Does Double Duty in Assembling Arrays of Nanoparticles

    In a new twist on the use of DNA in nanoscale construction, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators put synthetic strands of the biological material to work in two ways: They used ropelike configurations of the DNA double helix to form a rigid geometrical framework, and added dangling pieces of single-stranded DNA to glue nanoparticles in place.

    Engineering Phase Changes in Nanoparticle Arrays

    Engineering Phase Changes in Nanoparticle Arrays

    Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have just taken a big step toward the goal of engineering dynamic nanomaterials whose structure and associated properties can be switched on demand. In a paper appearing in Nature Materials, they describe a way to selectively rearrange the nanoparticles in three-dimensional arrays to produce different configurations, or phases, from the same nano-components.

    Scientists Mix Matter and Anti-Matter to Resolve Decade-Old Proton Puzzle

    Scientists Mix Matter and Anti-Matter to Resolve Decade-Old Proton Puzzle

    This new result has allowed researchers to determine the reason behind a large discrepancy in the data between two different methods used to measure the proton's electric form factor.

    Visualizing How Radiation Bombardment Boosts Superconductivity

    Visualizing How Radiation Bombardment Boosts Superconductivity

    Study shows how heavy-ion induced atomic-scale defects in iron-based superconductors "pin" potentially disruptive quantum vortices, enabling high currents to flow unimpeded. The study opens a new way forward for designing and understanding superconductors that can operate in demanding high-current, high magnetic field applications, such as zero-energy-loss power transmission lines and energy-generating turbines.

    Researchers Watch Protein 'Quake' after Chemical Bond Break

    Researchers Watch Protein 'Quake' after Chemical Bond Break

    Scientists for the first time have precisely measured a protein's natural "knee-jerk" reaction to the breaking of a chemical bond - a quaking motion that propagated through the protein at the speed of sound.

    Supernova Hunting with Supercomputers

    Supernova Hunting with Supercomputers

    Using a "roadmap" of theoretical calculations and supercomputer simulations performed by Berkeley Lab's Daniel Kasen, astronomers observed a flash of light caused by a supernova slamming into a nearby star, allowing them to determine the stellar system from which a Type Ia supernova was born. This finding confirms one of two competing theories about Type Ia supernovae birth.

    A Little Drop Will Do It: Tiny Grains of Lithium Can Dramatically Improve the Performance of Fusion Plasmas

    A Little Drop Will Do It: Tiny Grains of Lithium Can Dramatically Improve the Performance of Fusion Plasmas

    Small amount of lithium produces surprisingly large improvement of performance of fusion plasma.

    ORNL Demonstrates First Large-Scale Graphene Composite Fabrication

    ORNL Demonstrates First Large-Scale Graphene Composite Fabrication

    One of the barriers to using graphene at a commercial scale could be overcome using a method demonstrated by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

    CLAIRE Brings Electron Microscopy to Soft Materials

    CLAIRE Brings Electron Microscopy to Soft Materials

    Berkeley Lab researchers, working at the Molecular Foundry, have invented a technique called "CLAIRE" that extends the incredible resolution of electron microscopy to the non-invasive nanoscale imaging of soft matter, including biomolecules, liquids, polymers, gels and foams.

    Intense Lasers Cook Up Complex, Self-Assembled Nanomaterials

    Intense Lasers Cook Up Complex, Self-Assembled Nanomaterials

    New technique developed at Brookhaven Lab makes nanomaterial self-assembly 1,000 times faster and could be used for industrial-scale solar panels and electronics

    Two Large Hadron Collider Experiments First to Observe Rare Subatomic Process

    Two Large Hadron Collider Experiments First to Observe Rare Subatomic Process

    Two experiments at the Large Hadron Collider at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland, have combined their results and observed a previously unseen subatomic process.

    Using Microbial Communities to Assess Environmental Contamination

    Using Microbial Communities to Assess Environmental Contamination

    A study sponsored by ENIGMA, a DOE "Scientific Focus Area Program" based at the Berkeley Lab has found that statistical analysis of DNA from natural microbial communities can be used to accurately identify environmental contaminants and serve as quantitative geochemical biosensors.

    ORNL Superhydrophobic Glass Coating Offers Clear Benefits

    ORNL Superhydrophobic Glass Coating Offers Clear Benefits

    A moth's eye and lotus leaf were the inspirations for an antireflective water-repelling, or superhydrophobic, glass coating that holds significant potential for solar panels, lenses, detectors, windows, weapons systems and many other products.

    'Chombo-Crunch' Sinks its Teeth into Fluid Dynamics

    'Chombo-Crunch' Sinks its Teeth into Fluid Dynamics

    Berkeley Lab scientists are breaking new ground in the modeling of complex flows in energy and oil and gas applications, thanks to a computational fluid dynamics and transport code dubbed "Chombo-Crunch."

    Out With Heavy Metal

    Out With Heavy Metal

    PNNL's new joining process enables the production of all-aluminum auto parts without rivets and fasteners that increase cost and weight.

    A Hot Start to the Origin of Life?

    A Hot Start to the Origin of Life?

    Researchers from Berkeley Lab and the University of Hawaii at Manoa have shown for the first time that cosmic hot spots, such as those near stars, could be excellent environments for the creation of molecular precursors to DNA.

    Compact Light Source Improves CT Scans

    Compact Light Source Improves CT Scans

    A new study shows that the recently developed Compact Light Source (CLS) - a commercial X-ray source with roots in research and development efforts at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - enables computer tomography scans that reveal more detail than routine scans performed at hospitals today. The new technology could soon be used in preclinical studies and help researchers better understand cancer and other diseases.

    Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2015

    Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2015

    1) 3-D face analysis. 2) Turbine-associated fish injuries. 3) Imaging atoms for better batteries.

    New Tool Shrinks Big Data in Biology Studies at SLAC's X-ray Laser

    New Tool Shrinks Big Data in Biology Studies at SLAC's X-ray Laser

    A team led by Stanford scientists has created software that tackles the big data problem for X-ray laser experiments at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The program allows researchers to tease out more details while using far fewer samples and less data and time. It can also be used to breathe new life into old data by reanalyzing and improving results from past experiments at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray free-electron laser, a DOE Office of Science User Facility.

    ORNL Researchers Probe Chemistry, Topography and Mechanics with One Instrument

    ORNL Researchers Probe Chemistry, Topography and Mechanics with One Instrument

    ORNL scientists combined atomic force microscopy and mass spectrometry into one instrument that can probe a polymer sample in three dimensions and overlay information about the topography of its surface, the atomic-scale mechanical behavior of the bulk sample, and subsurface chemistry. Their results are published in ACS Nano.

    Beetlejuice! Secrets of Beetle Sprays Unlocked at the Advanced Photon Source

    Beetlejuice! Secrets of Beetle Sprays Unlocked at the Advanced Photon Source

    Researchers using the Advanced Photon Source, a Department of Energy user facility at Argonne National Laboratory, have gotten the first-ever look inside the living beetle as it sprays. The results are published today in Science.

    Researchers Study How Metal Contamination Makes Gasoline Production Inefficient

    Researchers Study How Metal Contamination Makes Gasoline Production Inefficient

    Scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Utrecht University have identified key mechanisms of the aging process of catalyst particles that are used to refine crude oil into gasoline. This advance could lead to more efficient gasoline production.

    Electron Chirp: Cyclotron Radiation From Single Electrons Measured Directly for First Time

    Electron Chirp: Cyclotron Radiation From Single Electrons Measured Directly for First Time

    A group of almost 30 scientists and engineers from six research institutions reported the direct detection of cyclotron radiation from individual electrons April 20 in Physical Review Letters. They used a specially developed spectroscopic method that allowed them to measure the energy of electrons, one single electron at a time. The method provides a new way to potentially measure the mass of the neutrino, a subatomic particle that weighs at most two-billionths of a proton.

    Counting All Costs, Berkeley Lab Researchers Find that Saving Energy Is Still Cheap

    Counting All Costs, Berkeley Lab Researchers Find that Saving Energy Is Still Cheap

    Researchers at Berkeley Lab have conducted the most comprehensive study yet of the full cost of saving electricity by U.S. utility efficiency programs and now have an answer: 4.6 cents. That's the average total cost of saving a kilowatt-hour in 20 states from 2009 to 2013.