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    Carbon Nanotubes Could Make Efficient Solar Cells

    Using a carbon nanotube instead of traditional silicon, Cornell researchers have created the basic elements of a solar cell that hopefully will lead to much more efficient ways of converting light to electricity than now used in calculators and on rooftops.

    U.S. Energy Demand on the Decline Due to Population Migration

    U.S. Energy Demand on the Decline Due to Population Migration

    As Congress and the White House explore ways to encourage Americans to conserve energy, a new study by the University of Michigan shows that the average individual energy demand for heating and cooling has decreased over the past 50 years.

    Electrical Circuit Runs Entirely Off Power in Trees

    Electrical Circuit Runs Entirely Off Power in Trees

    For the first time researchers have run an electrical circuit entirely off power in trees. The findings suggest a new power source for wireless sensors.

    Marine Viruses May Contribute to Ocean Energy

    Marine Viruses May Contribute to Ocean Energy

    New research on marine viruses could change calculations of how energy is generated in the oceans, and might someday inspire new designs for better batteries and other photoelectric energy sources.

    Safer, Denser Acetylene Storage in an Organic Framework

    Safer, Denser Acetylene Storage in an Organic Framework

    The century-old challenge of storing and transporting acetylene safely may have been solved in principle by a team of scientists working at NIST.

    Researchers Boost Production of Biofuel that Could Replace Gasoline

    Researchers Boost Production of Biofuel that Could Replace Gasoline

    Engineers at Ohio State University have found a way to double the production of the biofuel butanol, which might someday replace gasoline in automobiles.

    Renewable Energies Will Benefit US Workers; Shifting to Wind & Solar Could Eliminate 130 Deaths Annually

    Renewable Energies Will Benefit US Workers; Shifting to Wind & Solar Could Eliminate 130 Deaths Annually

    Expansion of renewable energies should appreciably improve the health status of the 700,000 US workers employed in the energy sector, according to a commentary by Medical College of Wisconsin researchers, in Milwaukee. Their review is published in the August 19, 2009, issue of JAMA.

    First Report from New Nuclear Energy Standards Group Released

    First Report from New Nuclear Energy Standards Group Released

    NIST and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) have published a report on the inaugural meeting of the Nuclear Energy Standards Coordination Collaborative (NESCC), a new ANSI Standards Panel, co-chaired by NIST and ANSI, to address the current and future standards needs of the nuclear energy industry.

    Lean, Mean and Green: Where Emerging Energy Technology Is Going

    A highly efficient system for generating and distributing energy is lean, mean and green "" and could be as close as the nearest farm, according to a University of Connecticut professor.

    Plastics That Convert Light to Electricity Could Have a Big Impact

    Plastics That Convert Light to Electricity Could Have a Big Impact

    University of Washington researchers have found a way to measure exactly how much electrical current is carried by tiny bubbles and channels that form inside nanoscale solar cells, paving the way for development of more efficient materials.

    Gasoline-Diesel "~Cocktail': A Potent Recipe for Cleaner, More Efficient Engines

    Gasoline-Diesel "~Cocktail': A Potent Recipe for Cleaner, More Efficient Engines

    Diesel and gasoline fuel sources both bring unique assets and liabilities to powering internal combustion engines. But what if an engine could be programmed to harvest the best properties of both fuel sources at once, on the fly, by blending the fuels within the combustion chamber?

    Researchers on Chikyu Report Successful Riser-Drilling

    Researchers on Chikyu Report Successful Riser-Drilling

    For the first time in the history of scientific ocean drilling, researchers aboard the riser-equipped drilling vessel CHIKYU successfully drilled down to a depth of 1,603.7 meters beneath the sea floor into an earthquake-generating zone off the coast of Japan.

    Scientists Show How to Stack the Deck for Organic Solar Power

    Scientists Show How to Stack the Deck for Organic Solar Power

    A new class of economically viable solar power cells""cheap, flexible and easy to make""has come a step closer to reality as a result of recent work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), where scientists have deepened their understanding of the complex organic films at the heart of the devices.

    Circulating Fluidized Bed Technology Generates Power While Reducing Emissions

    Burning coal and biomass to generate power while reducing emissions at the same time, Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) technology uses fluidization to mix and circulate fuel particles with limestone as they burn in a low-temperature combustion process. Unlike conventional steam generators that burn the fuel in a massive high-temperature flame, CFB technology does not have burners or a flame within its furnace.

    Professor's Invention Lands First-Place Award, Could Save Million of Gallons of Fuel Every Day

    Professor's Invention Lands First-Place Award, Could Save Million of Gallons of Fuel Every Day

    It's called a Plug-in Hybrid Retrofit Kit. It could double the average mileage per gallon. If 50 percent of the automobiles in America used it, it could save 120 million gallons of fuel per day""globally, as much as 600 million gallons per day. It will reduce our dependence on oil. It will reduce carbon emissions and could create 2,000 new manufacturing jobs. A potential foreign market is growing daily.

    Students Make Biodiesel from Waste Vegetable Oil

    Students Make Biodiesel from Waste Vegetable Oil

    A group of Virginia Tech students have produced more than 200 gallons of biodiesel as part of a senior design project. They are using it in two pickup trucks.

    New SOFC Seal Could Help Bring Efficient Energy Technology to Market

    New SOFC Seal Could Help Bring Efficient Energy Technology to Market

    Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have great potential for stationary and mobile applications. But SOFCs have had a flaw "" the integrity of the seals within and between power-producing units. A materials science professor has invented a self-healing seal that will provide strength and long-term stability.

    A Genome May Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

    A Genome May Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

    Acquiring cheap genome sequence data can improve the quality of feedstocks used to create biofuels, according to a new study published in The Plant Genome.

    Home Energy Savings Are Made in the Shade

    Home Energy Savings Are Made in the Shade

    Trees positioned to shade the west and south sides of a house may decrease summertime electric bills by 5 percent on average, according to a recent study of California homes by researchers from NIST and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

    Smart Charger Controller Simplifies Electric Vehicle Recharging

    Smart Charger Controller Simplifies Electric Vehicle Recharging

    PNNL's Smart Charger Controller simplifies electric vehicle recharging, protects the grid and saves consumers money; device automatically activates the vehicle's battery to recharge at times of least stress on the grid.

    Biofuel Production: a Drink-Or-Drive Issue?

    Biofuel Production: a Drink-Or-Drive Issue?

    Federal requirements to increase the production of ethanol has developed into a "drink-or-drive issue" in the Midwest as a result of biofuel production's impact on water supplies and water quality, says an environmental engineering researcher at Missouri University of Science and Technology in the latest issue of the journal Environmental Science & Technology.

    Discovery of an Unexpected Boost for Solar Water-Splitting Cells

    Discovery of an Unexpected Boost for Solar Water-Splitting Cells

    A research team from Northeastern University and NIST has discovered, serendipitously, that a residue of a process used to build arrays of titania nanotubes--a residue that wasn't even noticed before this--plays an important role in improving the performance of the nanotubes in solar cells that produce hydrogen gas from water.

    Cheap and Efficient White Light LEDs

    Cheap and Efficient White Light LEDs

    Roughly 20 percent of the electricity consumed worldwide is used to light homes, businesses, and other private and public spaces. Though this consumption represents a large drain on resources, it also presents a tremendous opportunity for savings. Improving the efficiency of commercially available light bulbs -- even a little -- could translate into dramatically lower energy usage if implemented widely.

    New Approach to Splitting Water

    New Approach to Splitting Water

    Weizmann Institute scientists have identified a new mode of bond generation between oxygen atoms. This work is a step toward development of an efficient artificial catalyst for solar-driven splitting of water into oxygen and hydrogen, which is a major goal of renewable, clean energy research.

    "First Economical Process" for Making Biodiesel Fuel from Algae

    "First Economical Process" for Making Biodiesel Fuel from Algae

    Chemists are reporting development of what they termed the first economical, eco-friendly process to convert algae oil into biodiesel fuel "" a discovery they predict could one day lead to U.S. independence from petroleum as a fuel. The study is scheduled for presentation in March at the 237th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society.