Diverse Biofeedstocks Have High Ethanol Yields and Offer Biorefineries Flexibility

Evidence suggests that biorefineries can accept various feedstocks without negatively impacting the amount of ethanol produced per acre.

Opening Access to Explore the Synthetic Chemistry of Neptunium

New, easily prepared starting material opens access to learning more about a difficult-to-control element in nuclear waste.

Tiny Titanium Barrier Halts Big Problem in Fuel-Producing Solar Cells

New design coats molecular components and dramatically improves stability under tough, oxidizing conditions.

Turning Wood Scraps into Tape

A new chemical process converts a component of wasted wood pulp and other biomass into high-value pressure-sensitive adhesives.

Very Heavy Elements Deliver More Electrons

Scientists revise understanding of the limits of bonding for very electron-rich heavy elements.

Probing Water's "No-Man's Land" Temperature Region

Measuring the physical properties of water at previously unexplored temperatures offers insights into one of the world's essential liquids.

Novel Soil Bacteria with Unusual Genes Synthesize Unique Antibiotic Precursors

A large-scale soil project uncovered genetic information from bacteria with the capacity to make specialized molecules that could lead to new pharmaceuticals.

Warmer Temperatures Lengthen Growing Season, Increase Plants' Vulnerability to Frost

Experimental warming treatments show how peatland forests may respond to future environmental change.

Rising Stars Seek to Learn from the Master: Mother Nature

A trio of scientists was recognized for their early career successes in uncovering how microbes produce fuel, insights that could change our energy portfolio

How Plant Cells Decide When to Make Oil

Signaling mechanism details discovered, potentially leading to strategies to engineer plants that make more bio-oil.

Cryocooler Cools an Accelerator Cavity

Researchers demonstrated cryogen-free operation of a superconducting radio-frequency cavity that might ease barriers to its use in societal applications.

Shining Light on the Separation of Rare Earth Metals

New studies identify key molecular characteristics to potentially separate rare earth metals cleanly and efficiently with light.

Placing Atoms for Optimum Catalysts

Precise positioning of oxygens could help engineer faster, more efficient energy-relevant chemical transformations.

How to Make Soot and Stardust

Scientists unlock mystery that could help reduce emissions of fine particles from combustion engines and other sources.

Breaking the Symmetry Between Fundamental Forces

Scientists improve our understanding of the relationship between fundamental forces by re-creating the earliest moments of the universe.

Water Plays Unexpected Role in Forming Minerals

Water molecules line up tiny particles to attach and form minerals; understanding how this happens impacts energy extraction and storage along with waste disposal.

Heavy Particles Get Caught Up in the Flow

First direct measurement show how heavy particles containing a charm quark get caught up in the flow of early universe particle soup.

Seeing Between the Atoms

New detector enables electron microscope imaging at record-breaking resolution.

Scaling Up Single-Crystal Graphene

New method can make films of atomically thin carbon that are over a foot long.

Discovered: Optimal Magnetic Fields Suppress Instabilities in Tokamak Plasmas

U.S. and Korean scientists show how to find and use beneficial 3-D field perturbations to stabilize dangerous edge-localized modes in plasma.

New Electron Glasses Sharpen Our View of Atomic-Scale Features

A new approach to atom probe tomography promises more precise and accurate measurements vital to semiconductors used in computers, lasers, detectors, and more.

Getting an Up-Close, 3-D View of Gold Nanostars

Scientists can now measure 3-D structures of tiny particles with properties that hold promise for advanced sensors and diagnostics.

Small, Short-Lived Drops of Early Universe Matter

Particle flow patterns suggest even small-scale collisions create drops of early universe quark-gluon plasma.

Tuning Terahertz Beams with Nanoparticles

Scientists uncover a way to control terahertz radiation using tiny engineered particles in a magnetic field, potentially opening the doors for better medical and environmental sensors.

Carbon Nanotubes Give Two Excitons for the Price of One

Efficient generation of photon pairs from modified carbon nanotubes shows path to new types of light sources.